Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Search

Page Path
HOME > Search
25 "Adult"
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Funded articles
Original Articles
The Trajectory of Depressive Symptoms Across Years of Community Care Utilization Among Older Adults: A 14-Year Follow-up Study Using the ‘Korean Welfare Panel Survey’
Il-Ho Kim, Cheong-Seok Kim, Min-Hyeok Jeong
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(6):495-503.   Published online October 6, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.23.022
  • 980 View
  • 83 Download
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Objectives
While older adults using community care services are known to be vulnerable for depression, community care utilization (CCU) may help to improve the mental health of these elderly. To date, however, it is much less clear how CCU affects depressive symptoms in the elderly population. This study focuses on the trajectory of depressive symptoms across years of CCU among older adults in Korea.
Methods
Using the 2006-2019 Korean Welfare Panel Survey, this study is focused on elderly born in 1940 or earlier and selected 3281 persons for baseline interviews in 2006. This consisted of 35 800 person-year observations during a period of 14 years. Panel data analysis were employed to construct years of CCU.
Results
After controlling for covariates, linear term of years using community care was negatively associated with depressive symptoms, but a quadratic term was positively significant. The trajectory of depressive symptoms across the years of CCU follows a U-shaped curve. Older adults in the first year of using community care reported the highest level of depressive symptoms. However, a significant and steady decrease in depressive symptoms was observed during the following 9 years of CCU, which then gradually increased. The level of depressive symptoms at the 14th year of using community care remains significantly lower than the level at the outset of its utilization.
Conclusions
This finding implies that CCU could be beneficial for improving mental health among older adults.
Summary
Korean summary
한국복지패널조사(2006-2019년)를 활용하여 지역사회 돌봄서비스의 이용기간(14년 간)에 따른 우울변화궤적을 분석하였다. 분석결과, 지난 14년간 돌봄서비스 이용기간에 따른 우울증상의 궤적은 U자형을 따랐다. 즉 노인은 돌봄서비스를 이용한 첫 해에 가장 높은 우울 수준을 보고하였으며, 이후 9년간 지속적으로 감소하였다가, 점차 증가하는 추세를 보였다.
Key Message
Using the 2006-2019 Korean Welfare Panel Survey, this study focuses on the trajectory of depressive symptoms across years of CCU among older adults in Korea. The trajectory of depressive symptoms across the years of CCU follows a U-shaped curve. Older adults in the first year of using community care reported the highest level of depressive symptoms. However, a significant and steady decrease in depressive symptoms was observed during the following 9 years of CCU, which then gradually increased.
Knowledge of Sarcopenia and Associated Factors Among the Malaysian General Public: A Cross-sectional Study
Soon Lean Keng, Noor Hazlisa Che Seman, K.Mangaikresh Krishnan, Chook Jack Bee, Joyce Leong Whye Sook, Siti Fairuz Ismail, Ooi Pei Boon, Peh Suat Cheng
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(2):164-171.   Published online March 5, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.399
  • 2,708 View
  • 197 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Sarcopenia has emerged as a significant aging-related disease that affects many facets of societal-level and patient-level public health. This study analysed knowledge of sarcopenia and associated socio-demographic factors among the general public of Malaysia in order to effectively improve its prevention and countermeasures.
Methods
A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in Selangor, Malaysia, using Google Forms among 202 Malaysian adults from January 1, 2021 to March 31, 2021. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge scores. The continuous variables were evaluated using the independent t-test, Mann–Whitney test, and one-way analysis of variance test. The Spearman correlation coefficient was employed to determine the correlation between socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge score levels.
Results
The final analysis included 202 participants. The mean±standard deviation age was 49.03±12.65. Only 6.9% of participants had good knowledge of sarcopenia and were aware of sarcopenia’s characteristics, consequences, and treatments. Post-hoc comparisons using the Dunnett T3 test showed statistical significance in mean knowledge score and age group (p=0.011) and education level (p≤0.001). The Mann–Whitney test revealed that gender (p=0.026) and current smoking status (p=0.023) significantly influenced knowledge scores.
Conclusions
The general public’s knowledge of sarcopenia was found to be poor to moderate and associated with age and education status. Therefore, education and interventions by policymakers and healthcare professionals to improve public knowledge of sarcopenia in Malaysia are needed.
Summary
“Leisure Life Satisfaction:” Will It Have a Beneficial Impact on Depression Among Older Adults in Community Care Settings in Korea?
Il-Ho Kim, Cheong-Seok Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(4):398-406.   Published online July 7, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.160
  • 2,693 View
  • 100 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Objectives
While the risk of depression is expected to substantially increase among older adults receiving community care, leisure life satisfaction can be regarded as a key component in enhancing the mental health of those receiving community care. However, it is not yet known whether community care utilization increases the risk of depression, or what role is played by leisure life satisfaction in these settings. This study investigated the relationship between community care utilization and depression, as well as the main effect and the moderating role of leisure life satisfaction on the link between community care utilization and depression among older adults.
Methods
This study, using the 2019 Korean Welfare Panel Survey, conducted multiple regression analysis on data from 4494 elderly people aged 65 years or older.
Results
After controlling for potential covariates, older community care recipients were more likely to report symptoms of depression than those who did not receive community care. Meanwhile, leisure life satisfaction was negatively associated with depression in older adults. The test for interaction between community care utilization and leisure life satisfaction revealed that leisure life satisfaction significantly attenuated the link between depression and community care utilization.
Conclusions
The findings of this study imply that leisure life satisfaction could play a meaningful role in improving the mental health of older adults receiving community care. Welfare policies affecting older adults should consider leisure life satisfaction as an important resource for reducing depression in community care settings.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 2019년 한국복지패널조사의 4,494명의 노인들을 대상으로 돌봄노인의 우울 수준과 여가생활 만족의 조절효과를 검증하였다. 연구결과, 돌봄노인의 우울증상이 일반노인에 비하여 유의하게 높았다(p<0.001). 반면 여가생활 만족은 돌봄서비스 이용노인의 우울 증상을 조절하는 효과가 있었다. 이 연구의 결과는 여가생활 만족이 돌봄노인의 정신건강을 향상시키는데 의미 있는 역할을 할 수 있다는 것을 암시한다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Leisure and Happiness of the Elderly: A Machine Learning Approach
    Eui-Jae Kim, Hyun-Wook Kang, Seong-Man Park
    Sustainability.2024; 16(7): 2730.     CrossRef
  • Social engagement and subjective health among older adults in South Korea: Evidence from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006–2018)
    Bo Zhao, Ji Eon Kim, Jiyoung Moon, Eun Woo Nam
    SSM - Population Health.2023; 21: 101341.     CrossRef
  • Do the various leisure forms have equal effects on mental health? A longitudinal analysis of self-selected leisure activities
    Junyi Bian, Zubing Xiang
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Development of a prediction model for the depression level of the elderly in low-income households: using decision trees, logistic regression, neural networks, and random forest
    Kyu-Min Kim, Jae-Hak Kim, Hyun-Sill Rhee, Bo-Young Youn
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Trajectory of Depressive Symptoms Across Years of Community Care Utilization Among Older Adults: A 14-Year Follow-up Study Using the ‘Korean Welfare Panel Survey’
    Il-Ho Kim, Cheong-Seok Kim, Min-Hyeok Jeong
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(6): 495.     CrossRef
The Determinants of Undiagnosed Hypertension Among Indonesian Adults: A Cross-sectional Study Based on the 2014-2015 Indonesia Family Life Survey
Yeni Mahwati, Dieta Nurrika, Kamaluddin Latief
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(1):60-67.   Published online January 6, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.500
  • 3,930 View
  • 240 Download
  • 5 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study investigated the determinants of undiagnosed hypertension among Indonesian adults.
Methods
This study involved an analysis of secondary data from the 2014 Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) on 5914 Indonesian adults (≥40 years). The determinant variables examined in this cross-sectional study were education level, monthly per capita expenditures (PCE), whether the participant experienced headaches in the morning, and other general health variables. The outcome variable was undiagnosed hypertension, which was defined as participants with hypertension who had not received a hypertension diagnosis from a health professional and had never been prescribed medication for treating hypertension. The data were analyzed using logistic regression.
Results
A total of 3322 participants (56.2%) were found to have undiagnosed hypertension. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of undiagnosed hypertension were significantly higher among those who completed primary school or lower (OR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.29 to 1.98), had low monthly PCE (OR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.13 to 1.43), did not report experiencing headaches in the morning (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.76 to 2.21), and reported a general health status of healthy (OR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.82 to 2.30) than those who had a higher education level, had high monthly PCE, experienced headaches in the morning, and were unhealthy.
Conclusions
Education level, monthly PCE, the experience of headaches in the morning, and general health status were associated with undiagnosed hypertension. The monitoring system for detecting undiagnosed hypertension cases must be strengthened. Health promotion is also necessary to reduce the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors associated with diabetes mellitus among adults: Findings from the Indonesian Family Life Survey-5
    Mohammed Alfaqeeh, Sofa D. Alfian, Rizky Abdulah
    Endocrine and Metabolic Science.2024; 14: 100161.     CrossRef
  • The mediating effect of sleep disturbance on the association between hypertension and depression: a national data analysis
    Kamaluddin Latief, Samuel Akyirem, Siriluk Sithichoksakulchai, Dieta Nurrika, Mokh. Sujarwadi, Faizul Hasan
    Clinical Hypertension.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Body Mass Index Asian populations category and stroke and heart disease in the adult population: a longitudinal study of the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) 2007 and 2014
    Kamaluddin Latief, Dieta Nurrika, Min-Kuang Tsai, Wayne Gao
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and associated factors of undiagnosed hypertension among adults in the Central African Republic
    Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Determinants of Depression in Indonesian Youth: Findings From a Community-based Survey
Indri Yunita Suryaputri, Rofingatul Mubasyiroh, Sri Idaiani, Lely Indrawati
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(1):88-97.   Published online December 28, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.113
  • 4,427 View
  • 230 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study investigated the determinants of depression in adolescents and young adults.
Methods
The present study analyzed data from the 2018 Indonesia Basic Health Survey (Riset Kesehatan Dasar; RISKESDAS). The study subjects were adolescents (15-17 years old) and young adults (18-24 years old). In total, 64 179 subjects were included. Univariable, bivariable, and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to determine associations between youths’ characteristics, risky behavior, chronic disease, parents’ health, and youths’ depression.
Results
The prevalence of depression was 5.1% in adolescents and 5.6% in young adults. The risk factors for depression in adolescents were being women (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 3.53; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.89 to 4.30; p<0.001), an ex-smoker (aOR, 2.99; 95% CI, 2.10 to 4.25; p<0.001), or a current smoker (aOR, 2.60; 95% CI, 1.97 to 3.44; p<0.001); consuming alcohol (aOR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.33 to 3.01; p=0.001), having a chronic disease (aOR, 2.64; 95% CI, 1.41 to 4.96; p=0.002); maternal depression (aOR, 2.47; 95% CI, 1.97 to 3.09; p<0.001); and paternal depression (aOR, 2.63; 95% CI, 1.98 to 3.50; p<0.001). In young adults, the risk factors were being women (aOR, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.82 to 2.75; p<0.001) or an ex-smoker (aOR, 2.47; 95% CI, 1.67 to 3.67; p<0.001), consuming alcohol (aOR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.89 to 3.09; p<0.001), maternal depression (aOR, 3.12; 95% CI, 2.54 to 3.84; p<0.001), and paternal depression (aOR, 2.80; 95% CI, 2.17 to 3.63; p<0.001).
Conclusions
Being women, smoking, drinking alcohol, having a chronic disease, and having a parent with depression were crucial factors associated with youth depression. Mental health screening, prevention, and treatment should involve collaboration among primary healthcare, schools, universities, professionals, and families.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Mental health issues and quality of life amongst school-based adolescents in Indonesia
    Andry Juliansen, Rivaldo Steven Heriyanto, Michelle Patricia Muljono, Charista Lydia Budiputri, Yulita Delfia Sari Sagala, Gilbert Sterling Octavius
    Journal of Medicine, Surgery, and Public Health.2024; 2: 100062.     CrossRef
  • Social participation among individuals with depression is associated with the use of informal healthcare facilities: findings from the Indonesian family life survey-5
    Sofa D. Alfian, Clara F. Kusuma, Imam A. Wicaksono, Irma M. Puspitasari, Martin Wawruch, Rizky Abdulah
    Current Psychology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Response of the Hormone Cortisol as a Biomarker of Stress and Its Influence on Blood Glucose Levels After 6 Weeks of Routine Tahajjud in Healthy Young Men
    Yusni Yusni, Safrizal Rahman
    Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Barriers and facilitators to access mental health services among people with mental disorders in Indonesia: A qualitative study
    Lafi Munira, Pranee Liamputtong, Pramon Viwattanakulvanid
    Belitung Nursing Journal.2023; 9(2): 110.     CrossRef
Investigating the Relationship Between Accessibility of Green Space and Adult Obesity Rates: A Secondary Data Analysis in the United States
Junhyoung Kim, Sujung Lee, William Ramos
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(3):208-217.   Published online May 18, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.625
  • 3,831 View
  • 154 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Objectives
In spite of the importance of green space for reducing obesity-related problems, there has been little exploration of whether access to green space (e.g., parks and recreational facilities) influences the obesity rate of adults in the United States. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationships among accessibility of green space, obesity rates, and socioeconomic and demographic variables among adults living in the State of Indiana, United States.
Methods
We conducted a secondary data analysis to investigate the relationships among accessibility to green space, obesity rates, and socio-demographic variables with employing Geographic Information System in order to measure the accessibility of green space.
Results
This study found that accessibility of green space served as a strong predictor of reduced obesity rates among adults (β=-2.478; p<0.10). In addition, adults with higher education levels, as well as better access to green space, were found to have even lower obesity rates (β=-0.188; p<0.05). Other control variables such as unemployment rates, food security, and physical inactivity are additional factors that influence obesity rates among adults.
Conclusions
Accessibility of green space may play an important role in facilitating physical activity participation and reducing obesity rates.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 미국 인디애나 주의 녹지공간의 접근성 (공원 및 레크레이션 시설), 성인 비만 및 다양한 변수 (교육열, 실업률 및 임금) 사이의 관계를 분석하기위해 지리정보시스템 (GIS) 와 다중회귀 방법을 함께 사용하였습니다. 이 연구는 녹지공간의 접근성이 성인 비만율을 감소시키는 역활을 한다고 밝혀내었습니다. 녹지공간 접근성이 높은 카운티는 접근성이 낮은 카운티에 비해 성인들의 비만 가능성이 낮다는것을 시사하였습니다. 게다가, 녹지공간에 더 잘 접근할 뿐만 아니라 더 높은 교육 수준을 가진 카운티는 더 낮은 비만율을 가지고 있다는것으로 밝혀졌습니다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Reimagining Urban Spaces: Green Spaces, Obesity, and Health Resilience in an Era of Extreme Heat
    Lucy Tu, Sammer Marzouk, Kimberly N. Dowdell, Fatima Cody Stanford
    Journal of Urban Health.2024; 101(2): 344.     CrossRef
  • Household food insecurity and associated factors in the Northeast of Iran: a cross-sectional study
    Mohammad Reza Honarvar, Masoomeh Gholami, Zahra Abdollahi, Farzaneh Sadeghi Ghotbabadi, Farhad Lashkarboluki, Majid Najafzadeh, Mohsen Mansouri, Gholamreza Veghari, Nasser Behnampour
    BMC Nutrition.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Body Mass Index and Diagnosis of Overweight or Obesity in Veterans Administration Population
    Onur Baser, Erdem Baser, Gabriela Samayoa
    Healthcare.2023; 11(11): 1529.     CrossRef
  • Non-traditional data sources in obesity research: a systematic review of their use in the study of obesogenic environments
    Julia Mariel Wirtz Baker, Sonia Alejandra Pou, Camila Niclis, Eugenia Haluszka, Laura Rosana Aballay
    International Journal of Obesity.2023; 47(8): 686.     CrossRef
  • A review of factors influencing sensitive skin: an emphasis on built environment characteristics
    Xiangfeng Chen, Jing Wen, Wenjuan Wu, Qiuzhi Peng, Xiangfen Cui, Li He
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Neighborhood Social Environment and Body Mass Index: The Mediating Role of Mental Wellbeing
    Shayna D. Cunningham, Jennifer Mandelbaum, Fatma M. Shebl, Mark Abraham, Kathleen O’Connor Duffany
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2023; 20(16): 6602.     CrossRef
  • Association of decreases in PM2.5 levels due to the implementation of environmental protection policies with the incidence of obesity in adolescents: A prospective cohort study
    Xiaohua Liang, Fangchao Liu, Fengchao Liang, Yanling Ren, Xian Tang, Shunqing Luo, Daochao Huang, Wei Feng
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety.2022; 247: 114211.     CrossRef
Objectively Measured Physical Activity of Vietnamese Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: Opportunities to Intervene
Vuong Van Do, Jonine Jancey, Ngoc Minh Pham, Chung Thanh Nguyen, Minh Van Hoang, Andy H. Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(2):101-108.   Published online February 22, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.213
  • 5,048 View
  • 147 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To objectively determine and compare the physical activity (PA) levels of adults newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and adults without T2D in Vietnam using an accelerometer.
Methods
A total of 120 participants with newly diagnosed T2D and 120 adults without T2D were recruited from a large hospital in Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam. All participants wore an ActiGraph GT3X accelerometer for at least 5 days, including 1 weekend day. Freedson cut-off points were used to estimate different intensities of PA. In addition, comparisons between groups were made with respect to achieving the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) recommended PA guidelines.
Results
Men with T2D had significantly lower levels of PA than men without T2D. The respective multivariable-adjusted mean values of daily step count, daily light-intensity, moderate-intensity, and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA were approximately 14%, 19%, and 22% lower in the men with T2D than in their non-T2D counterparts. However, women with T2D accumulated a greater number of steps per day than women without T2D. Only 59.2% of the adults with T2D met the minimum recommended level of PA (WHO and IDF), compared to 74.2% of adults without T2D (p<0.05). After adjusting for potential confounders, participants with T2D experienced 50.0% significantly lower odds of achieving PA recommendations.
Conclusions
Vietnamese men with T2D were less physically active than those without T2D, and adults with T2D were less likely to meet PA guidelines. The results suggest a need for integrating PA into the self-management of this chronic condition.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Accelerometer-Measured Physical Activity Data Sets (Global Physical Activity Data Set Catalogue) That Include Markers of Cardiometabolic Health: Systematic Scoping Review
    Jonah J C Thomas, Amanda J Daley, Dale W Esliger, Victoria E Kettle, April Coombe, Emmanuel Stamatakis, James P Sanders
    Journal of Medical Internet Research.2023; 25: e45599.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Risk for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Among Faculty Members and Administrative Staff of a Saudi University
    Abdullah I Al Shuwaysh, Eduardo L Fabella, Mohammed Al Hassan, Yasser Taher Al Hassan, Abdullah Al Hassan, Hussam Al Majed, Ahmad Al Nahwi, Hassan Al Howayshel, Ali Al Abdi
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Physical Activity Assessment of Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Using Accelerometer-Based Cut Points: Scoping Review
    Ioana A Moldovan, Alexa Bragg, Anna S Nidhiry, Barbara A De La Cruz, Suzanne E Mitchell
    Interactive Journal of Medical Research.2022; 11(2): e34433.     CrossRef
  • Sex Differences in Physical Activity Among Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes Across the Life Span: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    Mary O. Whipple, Ana J. Pinto, Layla A. Abushamat, Audrey Bergouignan, Kristina Chapman, Amy G. Huebschmann, Kevin S. Masters, Kristen J. Nadeau, Rebecca L. Scalzo, Irene E. Schauer, Deirdre Rafferty, Jane E.B. Reusch, Judith G. Regensteiner
    Diabetes Care.2022; 45(9): 2163.     CrossRef
  • Walking activity in a large cohort of boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
    Donovan J. Lott, Tanja Taivassalo, Claudia R. Senesac, Rebecca J. Willcocks, Ann M. Harrington, Kirsten Zilke, Hilary Cunkle, Catherine Powers, Erika L. Finanger, William D. Rooney, Gihan I. Tennekoon, Krista Vandenborne
    Muscle & Nerve.2021; 63(2): 192.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of a Singaporean Community-Based Physical Activity and Nutrition Intervention: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
    Elaine Yee-Sing Wong, Anthony P. James, Andy H. Lee, Jonine Jancey
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2021; 33(2-3): 196.     CrossRef
  • Physical Activity and Plasma Glucose Control among Diabetic Patients Attending Outpatients Clinics in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Tam Ngoc Nguyen, Tam Thi Nguyen, Maria Hagströmer, Thang Pham, Ingeborg van der Ploeg, Carl Johan Sundberg, Huyen Thi Thanh Vu
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(3): 1182.     CrossRef
Factors Related to Smoking Status Among Young Adults: An Analysis of Younger and Older Young Adults in Korea
Yeji Lee, Kang-Sook Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(2):92-100.   Published online January 22, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.201
  • 7,065 View
  • 267 Download
  • 19 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Objectives
Young adulthood represents a critical developmental period during which the use of tobacco may begin or cease. Furthermore, differences in smoking behaviors between younger (aged 18-24 years) and older (aged 25-34 years) young adults may exist. This study aimed to characterize patterns related to current smoking in younger and older young adults.
Methods
This study used data acquired from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted from 2013 to 2014. A total of 2069 subjects were categorized as younger (712 subjects) and older (1357 subjects) young adults. The chi-square test was used to assess the relationships between smoking status and socio-demographic, health-related, and smoking-related factors. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to assess the factors affecting current smoking in these age groups.
Results
The current smoking prevalence was 18.3% among the younger young adults and 26.0% among the older young adults. Sex, education level, occupation, perceived health status, alcohol consumption, and electronic cigarette use were related to current smoking in both age groups. Secondhand smoke exposure at home and stress levels showed significant relationships with smoking in younger and older young adults, respectively.
Conclusions
Strong correlations were found between the observed variables and smoking behaviors among young adults. Determining the factors affecting smoking and designing interventions based on these factors are essential for smoking cessation in young adults.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 국민건강영양조사 제 6기 2013-2014년도 자료를 이용하였으며, 대상자 중 청년(18-34세)인 총 2,069명의 자료를 활용하여 전기 청년(18-24세)과 후기 청년(25-34세)인 두 연령 집단(18-24세, 25-34세)으로 나누어서 각 집단의 현재 흡연에 미치는 요인을 분석하고자 하였다. 본 연구 결과, 두 연령 집단 모두에서 성별, 대학교육 여부, 직업, 자가보고 건강수준, 음주, 그리고 평생 전자담배 사용은 현재 흡연과 유의한 관련이 있게 나타났으며, 가정실내 간접흡연 노출은 전기 청년에서만, 스트레스 정도는 후기 청년에서만 유의한 관련이 있었다. 본 연구는 전기 청년과 후기 청년에서 사회경제적 요인, 건강관련 요인, 흡연 관련 요인이 중요한 예측인자로 나타난 것을 알 수 있었으며 이에 따른 맞춤형 금연 프로그램의 적용이 필요할 것으로 시사한다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Smoking effects on labor income: new evidence for Brazil
    Leandro Pinheiro Vieira, Rafael Mesquita Pereira
    EconomiA.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • National prevalence of smoking among adolescents at tobacco tax increase and COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea, 2005–2022
    Seohyun Hong, Selin Woo, Seokjun Kim, Jaeyu Park, Myeongcheol Lee, Sunyoung Kim, Ai Koyanagi, Lee Smith, Min Seo Kim, Guillermo F. López Sánchez, Elena Dragioti, Masoud Rahmati, Guillaume Fond, Laurent Boyer, Jiyeon Oh, Hojae Lee, Dong Keon Yon
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Using an ecological model of health behaviour to identify factors associated with smoking behaviour among Buddhist novices in Thailand: a cross-sectional digital survey
    Sarunya Benjakul, Saroj Nakju, Wisit Thitavisiddho (Wongsai), Thawatchai Junjula
    BMJ Open.2024; 14(4): e082734.     CrossRef
  • Predictors Of Tobacco Smoking Initiation Among Indonesian Teenagers: The 2019 Global Youth Tobacco Survey
    Hani Salsabila Deva, Ferry Efendi, Candra Panji Asmoro, Ronal Surya Aditya, Lisa McKenna, Abdullah Saleh Alruwaili
    F1000Research.2024; 13: 410.     CrossRef
  • Who Are the Young Adults in Portugal? Daily Usage of Social Media and Mobile Phones, in a No-Kids and No-Independent Housing Context—Results from a Representative Online Survey
    Eduardo Antunes, Inês Amaral, Rita Basílio Simões, Ana Marta M. Flores
    Youth.2023; 3(4): 1101.     CrossRef
  • The Influence of Lifestyle on High-Density Lipoprotein Concentration among Mexican Emerging Adults
    Karla Paulina Luna-Castillo, Andres López-Quintero, Lucrecia Carrera-Quintanar, Iris Monserrat Llamas-Covarrubias, José Francisco Muñoz-Valle, Fabiola Márquez-Sandoval
    Nutrients.2023; 15(21): 4568.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with smoking intensity among adult smokers: findings from the longitudinal cohort of the Tehran lipid and glucose study
    Marjan Abbasi-Dokht-Rafsanjani, Samaneh Hosseinzadeh, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Fereidoun Azizi, Davood Khalili
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Smoking-related behaviour changes among Korean men after the 2015 tobacco price increase: assessing the implications for the tobacco endgame using a reconstructed retrospective cohort study
    Seulgi Kim, Sung-il Cho
    BMJ Open.2022; 12(1): e051712.     CrossRef
  • Electronic Cigarette Use and Other Factors Associated with Cigarette Smoking among Thai Undergraduate Students
    Phantara Chulasai, Surarong Chinwong, Purida Vientong, John J. Hall, Dujrudee Chinwong
    Healthcare.2022; 10(2): 240.     CrossRef
  • Association between smokeless tobacco use and cigarette smoking amount by age
    Jin-Won Noh, Min-Hee Kim, Yejin Lee, Young Dae Kwon, Kyoung-Beom Kim, Hae-Jeung Lee, Ki-Bong Yoo
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Developmental trajectories of tobacco use and risk factors from adolescence to emerging young adulthood: a population-based panel study
    Seong Yeon Kim, Sung-il Cho
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Tobacco Cessation Intervention for Young People
    Avni Gakkhar , Ashok Mehendale, Shivansh Mehendale
    Cureus.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effects of College Students' Dual Use of Electronic Cigarette and Conventional Cigarette on Depression
    Hee Jin Kim, Bokim Lee, Min Kyung Song, Jinhwa Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2021; 32(2): 186.     CrossRef
  • A Cross-Sectional Evaluation of Cigarette Smoking in the Brazilian Youth Population
    Emerson Silveira Brito, Marina Bessel, Thayane Dornelles, Flávia Moreno, Gerson Pereira, Eliana Márcia Da Ros Wendland
    Frontiers in Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Tobacco use and E-cigarette regulation: Perspectives of University Students in the Asia-Pacific
    Heather Wipfli, Mahfuzur Rahman Bhuiyan, Xuezheng Qin, Yuliya Gainullina, Erlinda Palaganas, Masamine Jimba, Junko Saito, Karin Ernstrom, Rema Raman, Mellissa Withers
    Addictive Behaviors.2020; 107: 106420.     CrossRef
  • Trajectory of smoking and early bladder cancer risk among Korean young adult men
    Yongho Jee, Keum Ji Jung, Joung Hwan Back, Sun Mi Lee, Seung Hwan Lee
    Cancer Causes & Control.2020; 31(10): 943.     CrossRef
  • Symptom clusters in childhood cancer survivors in Korea: A latent class analysis
    Hye Chong Hong, Young Man Kim, Ari Min
    European Journal of Cancer Care.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Abstinence from Smoking: A Retrospective Study of Male College Students Enrolled in a Smoking Cessation Service
    Yeji Lee, Kang-Sook Lee, Haena Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2019; 16(18): 3363.     CrossRef
  • Experience and Current Use of Heated Tobacco Products in Korean Military Personnel
    Eunjoo Kwon, Eun-Hee Nah, Seon Cho, Jieun Chu, Suyoung Kim
    Korean Journal of Health Promotion.2019; 19(4): 221.     CrossRef
What Explains Socioeconomic Inequality in Health-related Quality of Life in Iran? A Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Yahya Salimi, Ghobad Moradi, Bijan Nouri
J Prev Med Public Health. 2018;51(5):219-226.   Published online August 7, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.012
  • 6,263 View
  • 208 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aimed to explain the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) gap between the poorest and the wealthiest quintiles in the capitals of Kermanshah and Kurdistan Provinces (Kermanshah and Sanandaj), in western Iran.
Methods
This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 1772 adults. Data on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status (SES), lifestyle factors, body mass index, and HRQoL of participants were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The slope and relative indices of inequality (SII and RII, respectively) were employed to examine socioeconomic inequality in poor HRQoL. Blinder-Oaxaca (BO) decomposition was used to quantify the contribution of explanatory variables to the gap in the prevalence of poor HRQoL between the wealthiest and the poorest groups.
Results
The overall crude and age-adjusted prevalence of poor HRQoL among adults was 32.0 and 41.8%, respectively. The SII and RII indicated that poor HRQoL was mainly concentrated among individuals with lower SES. The absolute difference (%) in the prevalence of poor HRQoL between the highest and lowest SES groups was 28.4. The BO results indicated that 49.9% of the difference was explained by different distributions of age, smoking behavior, physical inactivity, chronic health conditions, and obesity between the highest and lowest SES groups, while the remaining half of the gap was explained by the response effect.
Conclusions
We observed a pro-rich distribution of poor HRQoL among adults in the capitals of Kermanshah and Kurdistan Provinces. Policies and strategies aimed at preventing and reducing smoking, physical inactivity, chronic health conditions, and obesity among the poor may reduce the gap in poor HRQoL between the highest and lowest SES groups in Iran.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Why is there a gap in self-rated health among people with hypertension in Zambia? A decomposition of determinants and rural‒urban differences
    Chris Mweemba, Wilbroad Mutale, Felix Masiye, Peter Hangoma
    BMC Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life variation by socioeconomic status: Evidence from an Iranian population-based study
    Sulmaz Ghahramani, Maryam Hadipour, Payam Peymani, Sahar Ghahramani, KamranB Lankarani
    Journal of Education and Health Promotion.2023; 12(1): 287.     CrossRef
  • What explains the large disparity in child stunting in the Philippines? A decomposition analysis
    Valerie Gilbert T Ulep, Jhanna Uy, Lyle Daryll Casas
    Public Health Nutrition.2022; 25(11): 2995.     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life by household income in Chile: a concentration index decomposition analysis
    Rodrigo Severino, Manuel Espinoza, Báltica Cabieses
    International Journal for Equity in Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
The Impact of the Financial Crisis on Lifestyle Health Determinants Among Older Adults Living in the Mediterranean Region: The Multinational MEDIS Study (2005-2015)
Alexandra Foscolou, Stefanos Tyrovolas, George Soulis, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Dimitra Tyrovola, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Labros Sidossis, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos
J Prev Med Public Health. 2017;50(1):1-9.   Published online December 19, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.101
  • 12,048 View
  • 335 Download
  • 32 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
By the end of the 2000s, the economic situation in many European countries started to deteriorate, generating financial uncertainty, social insecurity and worse health status. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the recent financial crisis has affected the lifestyle health determinants and behaviours of older adults living in the Mediterranean islands.
Methods
From 2005 to 2015, a population-based, multi-stage convenience sampling method was used to voluntarily enrol 2749 older adults (50% men) from 20 Mediterranean islands and the rural area of the Mani peninsula. Lifestyle status was evaluated as the cumulative score of four components (range, 0 to 6), that is, smoking habits, diet quality (MedDietScore), depression status (Geriatric Depression Scale) and physical activity.
Results
Older Mediterranean people enrolled in the study from 2009 onwards showed social isolation and increased smoking, were more prone to depressive symptoms, and adopted less healthy dietary habits, as compared to their counterparts participating earlier in the study (p<0.05), irrespective of age, gender, several clinical characteristics, or socioeconomic status of the participants (an almost 50% adjusted increase in the lifestyle score from before 2009 to after 2009, p<0.001).
Conclusions
A shift towards less healthy behaviours was noticeable after the economic crisis had commenced. Public health interventions should focus on older adults, particularly of lower socioeconomic levels, in order to effectively reduce the burden of cardiometabolic disease at the population level.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Lifestyle changes during the economic crisis: a Sri Lankans survey
    Piumika Sooriyaarachchi, Ranil Jayawardena
    Journal of Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Motivation for health behaviour: A predictor of adherence to balanced and healthy food across different coastal Mediterranean countries
    Marija Ljubičić, Marijana Matek Sarić, Ivo Klarin, Ivana Rumbak, Irena Colić Barić, Jasmina Ranilović, Ayman EL-Kenawy, Maria Papageorgiou, Elena Vittadini, Maša Černelič Bizjak, Raquel Guiné
    Journal of Functional Foods.2022; 91: 105018.     CrossRef
  • Nutritional status and associated factors of older persons in sub-Saharan Africa: a scoping review
    Paul Obeng, Henneh Kwaku Kyereh, Jacob Owusu Sarfo, Edward Wilson Ansah, Priscilla Yeye Adumoah Attafuah
    BMC Geriatrics.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Post-lockdown changes in diet in Italy and the USA: Return to old habits or structural changes?
    Gabriele Scozzafava, Caterina Contini, Francesca Gerini, Leonardo Casini
    Agricultural and Food Economics.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and weight status in children: the role of parental feeding practices
    Vassiliki Costarelli, Maria Michou, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Christos Lionis
    International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition.2021; 72(1): 112.     CrossRef
  • Consumers’ attitude toward dietary supplements and functional food: a prospective survey in a Greek population sample
    Evangelia Tsartsou, Nikolaos Proutsos, Iakovos Papadopoulos, Vangelis Tzouvelekas, Elias Castanas, Marilena Kampa
    Hormones.2021; 20(1): 177.     CrossRef
  • The CASSIOPEA Study (Economic Crisis and Adherence to the Mediterranean diet: poSSIble impact on biOmarkers of inflammation and metabolic PhEnotypes in the cohort of the Moli-sAni Study): Rationale, design and characteristics of participants
    Marialaura Bonaccio, Simona Costanzo, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Amalia De Curtis, Marco Olivieri, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
    Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases.2021; 31(4): 1053.     CrossRef
  • Impacts of the 2008 Great Recession on dietary intake: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rosemary H. Jenkins, Eszter P. Vamos, David Taylor-Robinson, Christopher Millett, Anthony A. Laverty
    International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Household food spending, parental and childhood’s diet quality, in financial crisis: a cross-sectional study in Greece
    Rena I Kosti, Aikaterini Kanellopoulou, Venetia Notara, George Antonogeorgos, Andrea Paola Rojas-Gil, Ekaterina N Kornilaki, Areti Lagiou, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
    European Journal of Public Health.2021; 31(4): 822.     CrossRef
  • Changes in lifestyle, diet, and body weight during the first COVID 19 ‘lockdown’ in a student sample
    K. Palmer, A. Bschaden, N. Stroebele-Benschop
    Appetite.2021; 167: 105638.     CrossRef
  • A Generation Shift in Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Its Association with Biological Markers and Health in Dalmatia, Croatia
    Jelena Šarac, Dubravka Havaš Auguštin, Mario Lovrić, Sarah Stryeck, Iva Šunić, Natalija Novokmet, Saša Missoni
    Nutrients.2021; 13(12): 4564.     CrossRef
  • Sex and age in relation to health and nutrition literacy levels in a sample of Greek adults
    Maria Michou, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Christos Lionis, Vassiliki Costarelli
    International Journal of Health Promotion and Education.2020; 58(5): 229.     CrossRef
  • Changes in the Provision of Family Care to Frail Older People in Familistic Welfare States: Lessons From Israel and Italy
    Aviad Tur-Sinai, Georgia Casanova, Giovani Lamura
    Journal of Aging and Health.2020; 32(9): 972.     CrossRef
  • Economic crises, behavioral changes and hospitalization due to affective disorders in Brazil between 2003 and 2017: a nationwide cross-sectional study
    André Oliveira Werneck, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Danilo Rodrigues Silva
    Sao Paulo Medical Journal.2020; 138(2): 167.     CrossRef
  • A Decade of Crisis in the European Union: Lessons from Greece*
    Alexia Katsanidou, Zoe Lefkofridi
    JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies.2020; 58(S1): 160.     CrossRef
  • Impact of a Moderately Hypocaloric Mediterranean Diet on the Gut Microbiota Composition of Italian Obese Patients
    Silvia Pisanu, Vanessa Palmas, Veronica Madau, Emanuela Casula, Andrea Deledda, Roberto Cusano, Paolo Uva, Sarah Vascellari, Francesco Boi, Andrea Loviselli, Aldo Manzin, Fernanda Velluzzi
    Nutrients.2020; 12(9): 2707.     CrossRef
  • The association of sodium intake with successful aging, in 3,349 middle-aged and older adults: Results from the ATTICA and MEDIS cross-sectional epidemiological studies
    Alexandra Foscolou, Elena Critselis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Christina Chrysohoou, Nenad Naumovski, Loukianos Rallidis, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Labros S. Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
    Nutrition and Healthy Aging.2020; 5(4): 287.     CrossRef
  • Access to health care in an age of austerity: disabled people’s unmet needs in Greece
    Elena S. Rotarou, Dikaios Sakellariou
    Critical Public Health.2019; 29(1): 48.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic and psychosocial determinants of adherence to the Mediterranean diet in a general adult Italian population
    Emilia Ruggiero, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Francesca Bracone, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello, Marialaura Bonaccio, Licia Iacoviello, Americo Bonanni, Marialaura Bonac
    European Journal of Public Health.2019; 29(2): 328.     CrossRef
  • Development & validation of the Greek version of the nutrition literacy scale
    Maria Michou, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Vassiliki Costarelli
    Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism.2019; 12(1): 61.     CrossRef
  • Cardiovascular disease risk status during the years of the financial crisis: The Greek case
    Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Alexandra Foscolou
    Hellenic Journal of Cardiology.2019; 60(3): 189.     CrossRef
  • Development and validation of the Greek version of the comprehensive parental feeding questionnaire
    Maria Michou, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Eirini Mamalaki, Maria Yannakoulia, Vassiliki Costarelli
    Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism.2019; 12(2): 211.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic inequalities in relation to health and nutrition literacy in Greece
    Maria Michou, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Christos Lionis, Vassiliki Costarelli
    International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition.2019; 70(8): 1007.     CrossRef
  • Dietary Patterns and Their Association with Anxiety Symptoms among Older Adults: The ATTICA Study
    Maria F. Masana, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Natasa Kollia, Christina Chrysohoou, John Skoumas, Josep Maria Haro, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Charalambos Papageorgiou, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos
    Nutrients.2019; 11(6): 1250.     CrossRef
  • Excess body weight and abdominal obesity in relation to selected psychosocial characteristics in primary school children
    Ioannis Vassiloudis, Vassiliki Costarelli
    Nutrition & Food Science.2019; 50(4): 739.     CrossRef
  • Alarming endoscopic data in young and older asymptomatic people: Results of an open access, unlimited age colonoscopic screening for colorectal cancer
    Vasileios Panteris, Nikolaos Vasilakis, Maria Demonakou, Eleni Kornarou, Eftyxios Ktenas, Emanuella Rapti, George Spithakis, Konstantina Katopodi, Maria Horti, Stefani Vgenopoulou, John Triantafyllidis, Apostolos Papalois, Panagiotis Karantan
    Molecular and Clinical Oncology.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Demographic-Specific Rates for Life Events in the Cardiovascular Health Study and Comparisons With Other Studies
    Peter P Vitaliano, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Lee E Williams, Michalina A Montano, Joan E Russo
    Innovation in Aging.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic status and impact of the economic crisis on dietary habits in Italy: results from the INHES study
    Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Americo Bonanni, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
    Journal of Public Health.2018; 40(4): 703.     CrossRef
  • Impact of the financial crisis on COPD burden: Greece as a case study
    Ourania S. Kotsiou, Spyridon Zouridis, Marinos Kosmopoulos, Konstantinos I. Gourgoulianis
    European Respiratory Review.2018; 27(147): 170106.     CrossRef
  • Ten-Year Trends (1999–2010) of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among the Balearic Islands’ Adult Population
    Maria Bibiloni, Mónica González, Alicia Julibert, Isabel Llompart, Antoni Pons, Josep Tur
    Nutrients.2017; 9(7): 749.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic profile of the Mediterranean healthy Eating, Lifestyle and Aging (MEAL) study cohort
    Antonio Mistretta, Stefano Marventano, Alessio Platania, Justyna Godos, Fabio Galvano, Giuseppe Grosso
    Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism.2017; 10(2): 131.     CrossRef
  • The prevalence of depression in rheumatoid arthritis in China: A systematic review
    Xin Fu, Zhi-Jun Li, Chun-Jun Yang, Liangshu Feng, Lemeng Sun, Yang Yao, Yu-Ting Huang
    Oncotarget.2017; 8(32): 53623.     CrossRef
Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy on the Survival of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-positive Adult Patients in Andhra Pradesh, India: A Retrospective Cohort Study, 2007-2013
Ram Bajpai, Himanshu Chaturvedi, Lakshmanan Jayaseelan, Pauline Harvey, Nicole Seguy, Laxmikant Chavan, Pinnamaneni Raj, Arvind Pandey
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(6):394-405.   Published online October 28, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.073
  • 7,414 View
  • 167 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The survival outcomes of antiretroviral treatment (ART) programs have not been systematically evaluated at the state level in India. This retrospective study assessed the survival rates and factors associated with survival among adult human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in Andhra Pradesh, India.
Methods
The present study used data from 139 679 HIV patients aged ≥15 years on ART who were registered from 2007 to 2011 and were followed up through December 2013. The primary end point was death of the patient. Mortality densities (per 1000 person-years) were calculated. Kaplan-Meier and Cox-regression models were used to estimate survival and explore the factors associated with survival.
Results
The overall median follow-up time was 16.0 months (2.0 months for the deceased and 14.0 months for those lost to follow-up). Approximately 13.2% of those newly initiated on ART died during follow-up. Of those deaths, 56% occurred in the first three months. The crude mortality rate was 80.9 per 1000 person-years at risk. The CD4 count (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR],4.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.36 to 5.46 for <100 cells/mm3 vs. >350 cells/mm3), functional status (aHR, 3.05; 95% CI, 2.82 to 3.30 for bedridden vs. normal), and body weight (aHR, 3.69; 95% CI, 3.42 to 3.97 for <45 kg vs. >60 kg) were strongly associated with the survival of HIV patients.
Conclusions
The study findings revealed that high mortality was observed within the first three months of ART initiation. Patients with poor baseline clinical characteristics had a higher risk of mortality. Expanded testing and counseling should be encouraged, with the goal of ensuring early enrollment into the program followed by the initiation of ART in HIV-infected patients.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association Between Body Mass Index Variation and Early Mortality Among 834 Ethiopian Adults Living with HIV on ART: A Joint Modelling Approach
    Animut Alebel, David Sibbritt, Pammla Petrucka, Daniel Demant
    Infectious Diseases and Therapy.2023; 12(1): 227.     CrossRef
  • Prognoses of the HIV Infection Under Long-Time Arv Therapy: The Role of Timely Treatment Initiation and the Drugs' Effectiveness
    Ramón E. R. González, Pedro Hugo de Figueirêdo, Sergio Galvao Coutinho
    SSRN Electronic Journal .2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Rate and Predictors of Mortality Among Adults on Antiretroviral Therapy at Debre Markos Referral Hospital, North West Ethiopia
    Haddis Birhanu, Atsede Alle, Molla Yigzaw Birhanu
    HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care.2021; Volume 13: 251.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Mortality Among Adult HIV-Infected Patients Taking Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in Harari Hospitals, Ethiopia
    Abdi Birhanu, Tariku Dingeta, Moti Tolera
    HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care.2021; Volume 13: 727.     CrossRef
  • Cost-effectiveness of a novel strategy of HIV/AIDS care in Armed Forces: A stochastic model with Monte Carlo simulation
    S. Shankar, Santosh Karade, Rajul K. Gupta, M.V. Singh
    Medical Journal Armed Forces India.2020; 76(3): 284.     CrossRef
  • How varying CD4 criteria for treatment initiation was associated with mortality of HIV-patients? A retrospective analysis of electronic health records from Andhra Pradesh, India
    Ram Bajpai, Himanshu K Chaturvedi, Josip Car
    Journal of Global Health.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Survival after Long-Term ART Exposure: Findings from an Asian Patient Population Retained in Care beyond 5 Years on ART
    Rimke Bijker, Sasisopin Kiertiburanakul, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Sanjay Pujari, Ly P Sun, Oon T Ng, Man P Lee, Jun Y Choi, Kinh V Nguyen, Yu J Chan, Tuti P Merati, Do D Cuong, Jeremy Ross, Awachana Jiamsakul
    Antiviral Therapy.2020; 25(3): 131.     CrossRef
  • Survival rate and mortality risk factors among TB–HIV co-infected patients at an HIV-specialist hospital in Myanmar: A 12-year retrospective follow-up study
    Zaw Zaw Aung, Yu Mon Saw, Thu Nandar Saw, Nwe Oo, Hnin Nwe Ni Aye, Sithu Aung, Htun Nyunt Oo, Su Myat Cho, Moe Khaing, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Eiko Yamamoto, Nobuyuki Hamajima
    International Journal of Infectious Diseases.2019; 80: 10.     CrossRef
Replication of Early B-cell Factor 1 (EBF1) Gene-by-psychosocial Stress Interaction Effects on Central Adiposity in a Korean Population
Hyun-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min, Kyoung-Bok Min
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(5):253-259.   Published online July 10, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.028
  • 9,962 View
  • 157 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Central obesity plays a major role in the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and cancer. Chronic stress may be involved in the pathophysiology of central obesity. Although several large-scale genome-wide association studies have reported susceptibility genes for central adiposity, the effects of interactions between genes and psychosocial stress on central adiposity have rarely been examined. A recent study focusing on Caucasians discovered the novel gene , which was associated with central obesity-related traits via interactions with stress levels. We aimed to evaluate EBF1 gene-by-stress interaction effects on central adiposity traits, including visceral adipose tissue (VAT), in Korean adults.
Methods
A total of 1467 Korean adults were included in this study. We selected 22 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the EBF1 gene and analyzed their interactions with stress on central adiposity using additive, dominant, and recessive genetic modeling.
Results
The four SNPs that had strong linkage disequilibrium relationships (rs10061900, rs10070743, rs4704967, and rs10056564) demonstrated significant interactions with the waist-hip ratio in the dominant model (pint<0.007). In addition, two other SNPs (rs6556377 and rs13180086) were associated with VAT by interactions with stress levels, especially in the recessive genetic model (pint<0.007). As stress levels increased, the mean values of central adiposity traits according to SNP genotypes exhibited gradual but significant changes (p<0.05).
Conclusions
These results suggest that the common genetic variants for EBF1 are associated with central adiposity through interactions with stress levels, emphasizing the importance of managing stress in the prevention of central obesity.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Nipping Adipocyte Inflammation in the Bud
    Michael J. Griffin
    Immunometabolism.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Emerging Role of Zfp217 in Adipogenesis
    Hong Xiang, Zhu-Xia Zhong, Yong-Dong Peng, Si-Wen Jiang
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2017; 18(7): 1367.     CrossRef
Influence of Asthma on the Longitudinal Trajectories of Cigarette Use Behaviors From Adolescence to Adulthood Using Latent Growth Curve Models
Jisuk Bae
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(2):111-117.   Published online March 24, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.053
  • 8,954 View
  • 76 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
While epidemiologic research indicates that the prevalence of risk-taking behaviors including cigarette smoking among young people with asthma is substantial, the longitudinal patterns of cigarette smoking in this vulnerable population have received little attention. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in the longitudinal trajectories of cigarette use behaviors from adolescence to adulthood between young people with and without asthma.
Methods
Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) during the years 1994 to 1995 (Wave I, adolescence), 2001 to 2002 (Wave III, young adulthood), and 2007 to 2008 (Wave IV, adulthood) were analyzed (n=12 244). Latent growth curve models were used to examine the longitudinal trajectories of cigarette use behaviors during the transition to adulthood according to asthma status.
Results
Regardless of asthma status, the trajectory means of cigarette use behaviors were found to increase, and then slightly decrease from adolescence to adulthood. In total participants, there were no statistically significant differences in initial levels and changes in cigarette use behaviors according to asthma status. However, in select sex and race subgroups (i.e., females and non-whites), former asthmatics showed greater escalation in cigarette use behaviors than did non-asthmatics or current asthmatics.
Conclusions
This study indicated that the changing patterns of cigarette use behaviors during the transition to adulthood among young people with asthma are comparable to or even more drastic than those among young people without asthma.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Depressive Symptom Trajectories Across Adolescence and Adulthood Among Individuals With Asthma
    Nicole M Ruppe, Ashley H Clawson, Rachel L Ankney, Ginger Welch, Larry L Mullins, John M Chaney
    Journal of Pediatric Psychology.2023; 48(6): 572.     CrossRef
  • Understanding the challenges faced by adolescents and young adults with allergic conditions: A systematic review
    Marta Vazquez‐Ortiz, Elizabeth Angier, Katharina Blumchen, Pasquale Comberiati, Bettina Duca, Audrey DunnGalvin, Claudia Gore, Valérie Hox, Britt Jensen, Helena Pite, Alexandra F. Santos, Silvia Sanchez, Cherry Alviani, Teresa Garriga‐Baraut, Rebecca Knib
    Allergy.2020; 75(8): 1850.     CrossRef
  • Medical Comorbidity and Complications
    Scott E. Hadland, Leslie Renee Walker
    Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America.2016; 25(3): 533.     CrossRef
Gender Differences in Hypertension Control Among Older Korean Adults: Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project
Sang Hui Chu, Ji Won Baek, Eun Sook Kim, Katherine M. Stefani, Won Joon Lee, Yeong-Ran Park, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(1):38-47.   Published online January 14, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.043
  • 10,928 View
  • 135 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Controlling blood pressure is a key step in reducing cardiovascular mortality in older adults. Gender differences in patients’ attitudes after disease diagnosis and their management of the disease have been identified. However, it is unclear whether gender differences exist in hypertension management among older adults. We hypothesized that gender differences would exist among factors associated with hypertension diagnosis and control among community-dwelling, older adults.
Methods
This cross-sectional study analyzed data from 653 Koreans aged ≥60 years who participated in the Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. Multiple logistic regression was used to compare several variables between undiagnosed and diagnosed hypertension, and between uncontrolled and controlled hypertension.
Results
Diabetes was more prevalent in men and women who had uncontrolled hypertension than those with controlled hypertension or undiagnosed hypertension. High body mass index was significantly associated with uncontrolled hypertension only in men. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that in women, awareness of one’s blood pressure level (odds ratio [OR], 2.86; p=0.003) and the number of blood pressure checkups over the previous year (OR, 1.06; p=0.011) might influence the likelihood of being diagnosed with hypertension. More highly educated women were more likely to have controlled hypertension than non-educated women (OR, 5.23; p=0.013).
Conclusions
This study suggests that gender differences exist among factors associated with hypertension diagnosis and control in the study population of community-dwelling, older adults. Education-based health promotion strategies for hypertension control might be more effective in elderly women than in elderly men. Gender-specific approaches may be required to effectively control hypertension among older adults.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predictive Performance of Pender’s Health Promotion Model for Hypertension Control in Iranian Patients


    Fatemeh Gorbani, Hassan Mahmoodi, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Abdolreza Shaghaghi
    Vascular Health and Risk Management.2020; Volume 16: 299.     CrossRef
  • CHANGES OF LIFE QUALITY SCORE DEPENDING ON THE ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION DEGREE IN THE GENDER ASPECT
    O.A. Alifer
    Medical Science of Ukraine (MSU).2020; 16(2): 16.     CrossRef
  • Pathogenetic features of the combined course of arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus 2 type
    O.M. Bilovol, L.R. Bobronnikova, O.V. Al-Trawneh
    Shidnoevropejskij zurnal vnutrisnoi ta simejnoi medicini.2017; 2017(1): 4.     CrossRef
Differences in Cigarette Use Behaviors by Age at the Time of Diagnosis With Diabetes From Young Adulthood to Adulthood: Results From the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Jisuk Bae
J Prev Med Public Health. 2013;46(5):249-260.   Published online September 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.5.249
  • 8,435 View
  • 66 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Previous observations propose that risk-taking behaviors such as cigarette smoking are prevailing among young people with chronic conditions including diabetes. The purpose of this study was to examine whether cigarette smoking is more prevalent among diabetics than non-diabetics and whether it differs by age at the time of diagnosis with diabetes from young adulthood (YAH) to adulthood (AH).

Methods

We used US panel data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health Study) during the years 2001 to 2002 (Wave III, YAH) and 2007 to 2008 (Wave IV, AH). Multivariate logistic regression models were applied to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of cigarette use behaviors according to age at the time of diagnosis with diabetes, after adjusting for demographic and selected behavioral factors.

Results

Of 12 175 study participants, 2.6% reported having been diagnosed with diabetes up to AH. Early-onset diabetics (age at diagnosis <13 years) were more likely than non-diabetics to report frequent cigarette smoking (smoking on ≥20 days during the previous 30 days) in YAH (OR, 3.34; 95% CI, 1.27 to 8.79). On the other hand, late-onset diabetics (age at diagnosis ≥13 years) were more likely than non-diabetics to report heavy cigarette smoking (smoking ≥10 cigarettes per day during the previous 30 days) in AH (OR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.03 to 2.30).

Conclusions

The current study indicated that diabetics are more likely than non-diabetics to smoke cigarettes frequently and heavily in YAH and AH. Effective smoking prevention and cessation programs uniquely focused on diabetics need to be designed and implemented.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • 5. Facilitating Positive Health Behaviors and Well-being to Improve Health Outcomes:Standards of Care in Diabetes—2023
    Nuha A. ElSayed, Grazia Aleppo, Vanita R. Aroda, Raveendhara R. Bannuru, Florence M. Brown, Dennis Bruemmer, Billy S. Collins, Marisa E. Hilliard, Diana Isaacs, Eric L. Johnson, Scott Kahan, Kamlesh Khunti, Jose Leon, Sarah K. Lyons, Mary Lou Perry, Priya
    Diabetes Care.2023; 46(Supplement): S68.     CrossRef
  • 5. Facilitating Behavior Change and Well-being to Improve Health Outcomes:Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2022

    Diabetes Care.2022; 45(Supplement): S60.     CrossRef
  • 5. Facilitating Behavior Change and Well-being to Improve Health Outcomes:Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2021

    Diabetes Care.2021; 44(Supplement): S53.     CrossRef
  • 5. Facilitating Behavior Change and Well-being to Improve Health Outcomes:Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2020

    Diabetes Care.2020; 43(Supplement): S48.     CrossRef
  • 5. Lifestyle Management:Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2019

    Diabetes Care.2019; 42(Supplement): S46.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health