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Volume 45(2); March 2012
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Editorial
Thanks to Our Peer Reviewers of 2011
Yunhwan Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):61-61.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.61
  • 4,860 View
  • 57 Download
PDF
Summary
Original Articles
Interaction Between Persistent Organic Pollutants and C-reactive Protein in Estimating Insulin Resistance Among Non-diabetic Adults
Ki-Su Kim, Nam-Soo Hong, David R Jacobs, Duk-Hee Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):62-69.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.62
  • 9,919 View
  • 81 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Chronic inflammation is now thought to play a key pathogenetic role in the associations of obesity with insulin resistance and diabetes. Based on our recent findings on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) including the lack of an association between obesity and either insulin resistance or diabetes prevalence among subjects with very low concentrations of POPs, we hypothesized that POP concentrations may be associated with inflammation and modify the associations between inflammation and insulin resistance in non-diabetic subjects.

Methods

Cross-sectional associations among serum POPs, C-reactive protein (CRP), and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were investigated in 748 non-diabetic participants aged ≥20 years. Nineteen types of POPs in 5 subclasses were selected because the POPs were detectable in ≥60% of the participants.

Results

Among the five subclasses of POPs, only organochlorine (OC) pesticides showed positive associations with CRP concentrations, while polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) showed inverse associations with CRP concentrations. There were statistically significant interactions between CRP and OC pesticides and between CRP and PCBs, in estimating HOMA-IR (P for interaction <0.01 and <0.01, respectively). CRP was not associated with HOMA-IR among subjects with low concentrations of OC pesticides or PCBs, while CRP was strongly associated with HOMA-IR among subjects with high concentrations of these POPs.

Conclusions

In the current study, OC pesticides were associated with increased levels of CRP, a marker of inflammation, and both OC pesticides and PCBs may also modify the associations between CRP and insulin resistance.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Is Physical Activity an Efficient Strategy to Control the Adverse Effects of Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Context of Obesity? A Narrative Review
    Quentin A. Serrano, Sébastien Le Garf, Vincent Martin, Serge S. Colson, Nicolas Chevalier
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2024; 25(2): 883.     CrossRef
  • The associations between endocrine disrupting chemicals and markers of inflammation and immune responses: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Zhiqin Liu, Yao Lu, Kunxia Zhong, Chenchen Wang, Xi Xu
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety.2022; 234: 113382.     CrossRef
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    Rafael Vanni, Renata Maksoud Bussuan, Renato Luiz Rombaldi, Alberto K. Arbex
    Current Diabetes Reviews.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Influence of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides on the inflammatory milieu. A systematic review of in vitro, in vivo and epidemiological studies
    F.M. Peinado, F. Artacho-Cordón, R. Barrios-Rodríguez, J.P. Arrebola
    Environmental Research.2020; 186: 109561.     CrossRef
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Suicide Rate Differences by Sex, Age, and Urbanicity, and Related Regional Factors in Korea
Kyu-Seok Cheong, Min-Hyeok Choi, Byung-Mann Cho, Tae-Ho Yoon, Chang-Hun Kim, Yu-Mi Kim, In-Kyung Hwang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):70-77.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.70
Correction in: J Prev Med Public Health 2012;45(3):209
  • 15,654 View
  • 174 Download
  • 48 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Identify the characteristics related to the suicide rates in rural and urban areas of Korea and discover the factors that influence the suicide rate of the rural and urban areas.

Methods

Using the data on causes of death from 2006 to 2008, the suicide rates were calculated and compared after age-standardization based on gender, age group and urbanicity. And, in order to understand the factors that influence suicide rate, total 10 local characteristics in four domains - public service, social integration, residential environment, and economic status - were selected for multiple regression analysis.

Results

The suicide rates were higher in men than women, in rural areas than urban, and in older people than the younger. Generally, although there were variations according to age group and urbanicity, suicide rates were significantly related to residential environment and regional economic status but not related to regional welfare spending and social integration. In addition, the population over the age of 65 years, only regional economic status has significantly influence on their suicide rates.

Conclusions

The influence of characteristics of regions on suicide rate is various by age-group, gender, and urbanicity. Therefore, in order to lower suicide rate and reduce the gap between regions, various approaches must be adopted by taking into account the socioeconomic characteristics of the regions.

Summary

Citations

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    Sung-Wan Kim, Woo-Young Park, Honey Kim, Min Jhon, Ju-Wan Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Seon-Young Kim, Seunghyoung Ryu, Ju-Yeon Lee, Il-Seon Shin, Jae-Min Kim
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Vaccine Storage Practices and the Effects of Education in Some Private Medical Institutions
Saerom Lee, Hyun-Sul Lim, Ohyon Kim, Jeonggyeong Nam, Yeongsun Kim, Hyungrae Woo, Woojin Noh, Kyenam Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):78-89.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.78
  • 9,619 View
  • 80 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Although vaccination rates have increased, problems still remain in the storage and handling of vaccines. This study focused on inspecting actual vaccine storage status and awareness, and comparing them before and after education was provided.

Methods

In the primary inspection, a status survey checklist was completed by visual inspection. A questionnaire on the awareness of proper vaccine storage and handling was also administered to vaccine administrators in private medical institutions in 4 regions in Gyeongsangbuk-province. One-on-one education was then carried out, and our self-produced manual on safe vaccine storage and management methods was provided. In the secondary inspection, the investigators visited the same medical institutions and used the same questionnaire and checklist used during the primary inspection. The results before and after education were compared, by treating each appropriate answer as 1 point.

Results

The average checklists score was 9.74 (out of 15 points), which increased significantly after education was provided (by 0.84, p<0.001). The participants demonstrated improved practices in recording storage temperatures (p=0.016), storing vaccines in the center of the refrigerator (p=0.004), storing vaccines with other medication and non-medical items (p=0.031) after education. The average score calculated from the questionnaires was 10.48 (out of 14 points), which increased after education (by 1.03, p<0.001).

Conclusions

This study suggests that vaccine storage practices and awareness are inadequate, but can be partially improved by providing relevant education. Repetitive education and policy-making are required to store vaccines safely because one-off education and unenforced guidelines offer limited efficacy.

Summary

Citations

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Factors Affecting Public Prejudice and Social Distance on Mental Illness: Analysis of Contextual Effect by Multi-level Analysis
Hyeongap Jang, Jun-Tae Lim, Juhwan Oh, Seon-Young Lee, Yong-Ik Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):90-97.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.90
  • 9,937 View
  • 136 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

While there have been many quantitative studies on the public's attitude towards mental illnesses, it is hard to find quantitative study which focused on the contextual effect on the public's attitude. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that affect the public's beliefs and attitudes including contextual effects.

Methods

We analyzed survey on the public's beliefs and attitudes towards mental illness in Korea with multi-level analysis. We analyzed the public's beliefs and attitudes in terms of prejudice as an intermediate outcome and social distance as a final outcome. Then, we focused on the associations of factors, which were individual and regional socio-economic factors, familiarity, and knowledge based on the comparison of the intermediate and final outcomes.

Results

Prejudice was not explained by regional variables but was only correlated with individual factors. Prejudice increased with age and decreased by high education level. However, social distance controlling for prejudice increased in females, in people with a high education level, and in regions with a high education level and a high proportion of the old. Therefore, social distance without controlling for prejudice increased in females, in the elderly, in highly educated people, and in regions with a high education and aged community.

Conclusions

The result of the multi-level analysis for the regional variables suggests that social distance for mental illness are not only determined by individual factors but also influenced by the surroundings so that it could be tackled sufficiently with appropriate considering of the relevant regional context with individual characteristics.

Summary

Citations

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The Association Between Serum Albumin Levels and Metabolic Syndrome in a Rural Population of Korea
Hye Min Cho, Hyeon Chang Kim, Ju-Mi Lee, Sun Min Oh, Dong Phil Choi, Il Suh
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):98-104.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.98
  • 11,095 View
  • 106 Download
  • 20 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

A positive association between serum albumin levels and metabolic syndrome has been reported in observation studies, but it has not been established in the Korean population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between serum albumin levels and the presence of metabolic syndrome among a sample of apparently healthy Korean adults.

Methods

This cross-sectional study analyzed data of 3189 community-dwelling people (1189 men and 2000 women) who were aged 40 to 87 years and were living in a rural area in Korea. Serum albumin levels were classified into quartile groups for each sex. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines with an adjusted waist circumference cut-off value (≥90 cm for men and ≥85 cm for women). An independent association between serum albumin levels and metabolic syndrome was assessed by multiple logistic regression analysis.

Results

Higher serum albumin levels were associated with increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome. The odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of the prevalence of metabolic syndrome for the highest versus the lowest serum albumin quartiles was 2.81 (1.91 to 4.14) in men and 1.96 (1.52 to 2.52) in women, after adjusting for age, smoking status, alcohol consumption, and physical activity. When each metabolic abnormality was analyzed separately, higher serum albumin levels were significantly associated with hypertriglyceridemia and hyperglycemia in both sexes, and with abdominal obesity in men.

Conclusions

These results suggest that higher serum albumin levels are positively associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults.

Summary

Citations

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Cigarette Smoking and Serum Bilirubin Subtypes in Healthy Korean Men: The Korea Medical Institute Study
Jaeseong Jo, Heejin Kimm, Ji Eun Yun, Kyu Jang Lee, Sun Ha Jee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):105-112.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.105
  • 12,398 View
  • 75 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Cigarette smoking is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Bilirubin is a potent antioxidant and its concentration decreases in smokers. However, studies about the association between cigarette smoking and bilirubin are scarce and most are limited to total bilirubin. Additionally, bilirubin is highly related to hemoglobin. Therefore, this study evaluates the association between bilirubin subtypes and cigarette smoking in healthy Korean men independently of hemoglobin.

Methods

This study included 48 040 Korean men aged 30 to 87 years who visited the Korea Medical Institute for routine health examinations from January to December, 2007. The association of smoking with total, direct, and indirect bilirubin was assessed by logistic regression analysis taking into consideration differences in subjects and smoking characteristics.

Results

Current smokers had lower bilirubin concentrations than never-smokers and ex-smokers. Smoking amount and duration were inversely significantly associated with total, direct, and indirect bilirubin. In a multivariable adjusted model, compared to never-smokers, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of current smokers with the highest number of pack-years were 1.7 (1.6 to 1.9) for total, 1.5 (1.4 to 1.6) for direct, and 1.7 (1.6 to 1.9) for indirect bilirubin. After further adjustment for hemoglobin, this association became stronger (OR [95% CI], 2.1 [1.9 to 2.2] for total; 1.9 [1.8 to 2.0] for direct; 2.0 [1.9 to 2.2] for indirect bilirubin).

Conclusions

In this study, bilirubin subtypes are inversely associated with smoking status, smoking amount, and smoking duration in healthy Korean men independently of hemoglobin. Further studies are needed to investigate this association in healthy Korean women.

Summary

Citations

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    Udi Shapira, Rafael Y. Brezinski, Ori Rogowski, David Zeltser, Shlomo Berliner, Itzhak Shapira, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty, Elizabeth Fireman
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    Na Hyun Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Joo Young Lee, Ju-Mi Lee, Il Suh
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    M. C. Benton, R. A. Lea, D. Macartney-Coxson, C. Bellis, M. A. Carless, J. E. Curran, M. Hanna, D. Eccles, G. K. Chambers, J. Blangero, L. R. Griffiths
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    Jung-eun Lim, Heejin Kimm, Sun Ha Jee, Suminori Akiba
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    Kwok-Leung Ong, Matthew A. Allison, Bernard M. Y. Cheung, Ben J. Wu, Philip J. Barter, Kerry-Anne Rye, Shree Ram Singh
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Trends in Gender-based Health Inequality in a Transitional Society: A Historical Analysis of South Korea
Heeran Chun, Sung-Il Cho, Young-Ho Khang, Minah Kang, Il-Ho Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):113-121.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.113
  • 9,559 View
  • 95 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study examined the trends in gender disparity in the self-rated health of people aged 25 to 64 in South Korea, a rapidly changing society, with specific attention to socio-structural inequality.

Methods

Representative sample data were obtained from six successive, nationwide Social Statistics Surveys of the Korean National Statistical Office performed during 1992 to 2010.

Results

The results showed a convergent trend in poor self-rated health between genders since 1992, with a sharper decline in gender disparity observed in younger adults (aged 25 to 44) than in older adults (aged 45 to 64). The diminishing gender gap seemed to be attributable to an increase in women's educational attainment levels and to their higher status in the labor market.

Conclusions

The study indicated the importance of equitable social opportunities for both genders for understanding the historical trends in the gender gap in the self-reported health data from South Korea.

Summary

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Letter to the Editor
Ankle-brachial Index, Peripheral Arterial Disease, and Diabetic Retinopathy
Hasan Kutsi Kabul, Aydogan Aydogdu, Ilker Tasci, Young-Hoon Lee, Min-Ho Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):122-124.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.122
  • 6,373 View
  • 68 Download
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PDF
Summary

Citations

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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health