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Household Overcrowding in Iran, a Low-middle-income Country: How Major of a Public Health Concern Is It?
Leila Jansar Hosseini, Ali Hussein Samadi, Abraha Woldemichael, Masoumeh Najaf Gharebelagh, Satar Rezaei, Enayatollah Homaie Rad
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(1):73-80.   Published online January 11, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.568
  • 3,735 View
  • 116 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Household overcrowding (HC) can contribute to both physical and mental disorders among the members of overcrowded households. This study aimed to measure the status of HC and its main determinants across the provinces of Iran.
Methods
Data from 39 864 households from the 2016 Iranian Household Income and Expenditures Survey were used in this study. The Equivalized Crowding Index (ECI) and HC index were applied to measure the overcrowding of households. Regression models were estimated to show the relationships between different variables and the ECI.
Results
The overall, urban, and rural prevalence of HC was 8.2%, 6.3%, and 10.1%, respectively. The highest prevalence of HC was found in Sistan and Baluchestan Province (28.7%), while the lowest was found in Guilan Province (1.8%). The number of men in the household, rural residency, the average age of household members, yearly income, and the household wealth index were identified as the main determinants of the ECI and HC.
Conclusions
The study demonstrated that the ECI and HC were higher in regions near the borders of Iran than in other regions. Therefore, health promotion and empowerment strategies are required to avoid the negative consequences of HC, and screening programs are needed to identify at-risk families.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Social determinants of health and diabetes: Results from a cohort study in Iran
    SeyedJalal Hashemi, Mehrnoosh Jasemzadeh, Nader Saki, Bahman Cheraghian, Sara Sarvandian, Ali Montazeri, Maedeh Raeisizadeh, Marzieh Araban
    Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior.2023; 6(2): 86.     CrossRef
  • Inadequate housing and pulmonary tuberculosis: a systematic review
    Ju-Yeun Lee, Namhee Kwon, Ga-yeon Goo, Sung-il Cho
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Food Security in Households of People Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: A Cross-sectional Study in a Subdivision of Darjeeling District, West Bengal
Pallabi Dasgupta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Dilip Kumar Das
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(4):240-248.   Published online July 19, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.023
  • 8,840 View
  • 147 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) adversely impacts food security in households of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Little research has focused on food insecurity among PLWHA in India. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of and factors relating to food security in households of PLWHA in the Siliguri subdivision of Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.
Methods
A cross-sectional community-based study was carried out among 173 PLWHA residing in Siliguri and registered at the Anti-retroviral Therapy Centre of North Bengal Medical College & Hospital. Data was collected at the household level with interviews of PLWHA using a food security survey instrument. We analyzed the associations using logistic regression.
Results
The prevalence of household food security among the participants was 50.9% (88/173). Five years or more of schooling, higher socioeconomic class and males were found to be significantly associated with a higher likelihood of food security. A later stage of the disease and the presence of other family members with HIV/AIDS were significantly associated with a lower likelihood of food security. The major coping strategies to deal with food insecurity in the acute phase HIV infection included borrowing money (56.1%), followed by spousal support, loans from microfinance institutions, banks, or money lenders, borrowing food, or selling agricultural products.
Conclusions
The present study revealed that only about half of households with PLWHA were food secure. Prior interventions relating to periods of food and economic crisis as well as strategies for sustaining food security and economic status are needed in this area.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Measuring Food Insecurity in India: A Systematic Review of the Current Evidence
    Fiona H. McKay, Alice Sims, Paige van der Pligt
    Current Nutrition Reports.2023; 12(2): 358.     CrossRef
  • Food insecurity and associated factors among adult HIV patients on anti-retroviral therapy in Dessie referral hospital, South Wollo Zone, North central Ethiopia
    Amanuel Demisse, Melake Demena, Behailu Hawulte Ayele, Abrham Mengistu, Dickson Abanimi Amugsi
    PLOS Global Public Health.2022; 2(9): e0000445.     CrossRef
  • The short-term effects of COVID-19 outbreak on dietary diversity and food security status of Iranian households (A case study in Tehran province)
    Mohammad Reza Pakravan-Charvadeh, Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Saeed Gholamrezai, Hassan Vatanparast, Cornelia Flora, Ashkan Nabavi-Pelesaraei
    Journal of Cleaner Production.2021; 281: 124537.     CrossRef
  • High magnitude of food insecurity and malnutrition among people living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: A call for integration of food and nutrition security with HIV treatment and care Programme
    Fikadu Tadesse Nigusso, Azwihangwisi Helen Mavhandu-Mudzusi
    Nutrition and Health.2021; 27(2): 141.     CrossRef
  • Food insecurity status and associated factors among rural households in the north of Iran
    Maryam Shakiba, Arsalan Salari, Marjan Mahdavi-Roshan
    Nutrition and Health.2021; 27(3): 301.     CrossRef
  • Added socioeconomic burden of non-communicable disease on HIV/AIDS affected households in the Asia Pacific region: A systematic review
    Sithara Wanni Arachchige Dona, Shalika Bohingamu Mudiyanselage, Jennifer J Watts, Rohan Sweeney, Ben Coghlan, Ishani Majmudar, Julie Abimanyi-Ochom
    The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific.2021; 9: 100111.     CrossRef
  • Elevated highly sensitive C-reactive protein and d-dimer levels are associated with food insecurity among people living with HIV in Pune, India
    Sandesh Patil, Dileep Kadam, Nicky Mehtani, Shashikala Sangle, Ivan Marbaniang, Vandana Kulkarni, Dhananjay Shere, Prasad Deshpande, Gauri Dhumal, Nishi Suryavanshi, Nikhil Gupte, Robert Bollinger, Andrea DeLuca, Neetal Nevrekar, Pramila Menon, Rama Kawad
    Public Health Nutrition.2019; 22(11): 2022.     CrossRef
  • Growth pattern in Ethiopian infants – the impact of exposure to maternal HIV infection in relation to socio-economic factors
    John König Walles, Taye Tolera Balcha, Niclas Winqvist, Per Björkman
    Global Health Action.2017; 10(1): 1296726.     CrossRef
Socioeconomic Disparities in Osteoporosis Prevalence: Different Results in the Overall Korean Adult Population and Single-person Households
Jungmee Kim, Joongyub Lee, Ju-Young Shin, Byung-Joo Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(2):84-93.   Published online March 6, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.047
  • 10,163 View
  • 104 Download
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The present study was conducted in order to examine the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and osteoporosis prevalence in Korea and to assess whether different associations are found in single-person households.
Methods
A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, from 2008 to 2011. The study subjects were people aged ≥ 50 years with osteoporosis as defined by bone mineral density. Multivariate logistic models were used to estimate prevalence odds ratios (pORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Gender differences in the likelihood of osteoporosis were analyzed based on household income, education level, and residential area.
Results
There were 8221 osteoporosis patients aged ≥ 50 years, of whom 927 lived in single-person households. There was a gender-specific association between osteoporosis prevalence and all three SES factors that we analyzed: income, education, and residential area. After adjusting for age, SES, and health behaviors, including body mass index (BMI), low household income was only significantly associated with osteoporosis in men, whereas education level had an inverse relationship with osteoporosis only in women (p= 0.01, p<0.001, respectively). However, after controlling for age and BMI, rural residency was only associated with osteoporosis in women living in single-person households (pOR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.05 to 2.43).
Conclusions
The Korean adult population showed a gender-specific relationship between SES and osteoporosis prevalence, with a different pattern found in single-person households.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Assessment of osteoporosis knowledge and its determinants among tuberculosis patients in tertiary care hospital Malaysia: A prospective study
    Zohra Bhatti, Madeeha Laghari, Amer Hayat Khan, Bandeh Ali Talpur, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman
    Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases.2024; 34: 100416.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of osteoporosis and incidence of related fractures in developed economies in the Asia Pacific region: a systematic review
    Manju Chandran, Katherine Brind’Amour, Saeko Fujiwara, Yong-Chan Ha, Hai Tang, Jawl-Shan Hwang, James Tinker, John A. Eisman
    Osteoporosis International.2023; 34(6): 1037.     CrossRef
  • Current issues in evaluation and management of osteoporosis in Thailand
    Nipith Charoenngam, Chatlert Pongchaiyakul
    Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia.2023; 9(2): 53.     CrossRef
  • Regular Exercise and Weight-Control Behavior Are Protective Factors against Osteoporosis for General Population: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis from Taiwan Biobank Participants
    Chih-Yi Hsu, Chun-Ying Huang, Ching-Hua Hsieh, Peng-Chen Chien, Chih-Chun Chen, Shao-Yun Hou, Shao-Chun Wu
    Nutrients.2022; 14(3): 641.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and diagnosis experience of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women over 50: Focusing on socioeconomic factors
    Min Hyeok Choi, Ji Hee Yang, Jae Seung Seo, Yoon-ji Kim, Suk-Woong Kang, Jose M. Moran
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(3): e0248020.     CrossRef
  • Influence of Residence Area and Basic Livelihood Conditions on the Prevalence and Diagnosis Experience of Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women Aged over 50 Years: Evaluation Using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data
    Suk-Woong Kang, Ji-Hee Yang, Won-Chul Shin, Yoon-Ji Kim, Min-Hyeok Choi
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(18): 9478.     CrossRef
  • Effects of different living conditions on the risk of osteoporosis in Chinese community-dwelling elderly: a 3-year cohort study
    Xing Yu, Yuanyuan Zhang, Peipei Han, Liyuan Fu, Xiaoyu Chen, Lin Hou, Peiyu Song, Yong Zhao, Qi Guo
    Journal of International Medical Research.2020; 48(8): 030006052094345.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of Bone Mineral Screening Behavior among Three Ethno-Cultural Groups of Women in Israel
    Offer E. Edelstein, Netta Achdut, Iris Vered, Orly Sarid
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(17): 6138.     CrossRef
  • Validation of an integrated service model, Health-RESPECT, for older patients in long-term care institution using information and communication technologies: protocol of a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Jung-Yeon Choi, Kwang-il Kim, Hongsoo Kim, Young-il Jung, In-Hwan Oh, Seungyeon Chun, Gi-Soo Kim, Jae-Young Lim, Jin Young Ko
    BMJ Open.2020; 10(10): e038598.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Health Status and Nutrient Intake by Household Type in the Elderly Population
    Hee-Sook Lim, Mi-Nam Lee
    Journal of Bone Metabolism.2019; 26(1): 25.     CrossRef
  • The Association between Socioeconomic Status, Handgrip Strength, and Osteoporotic Status in Elderly Women
    Dong-Hyun Kim, Jin-Kyung Cho, Hyunsik Kang
    Exercise Science.2018; 27(2): 134.     CrossRef
  • Association between sleep duration and osteoporosis risk in middle-aged and elderly women: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    Sajjad Moradi, Sakineh Shab-bidar, Shahab Alizadeh, Kurosh Djafarian
    Metabolism.2017; 69: 199.     CrossRef
  • Association between household size, residential area, and osteoporosis: analysis of 2008 to 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Sung-Woo Kim, Kwi-Hyun Bae, Jung-Beom Seo, Jae-Han Jeon, Won-Kee Lee, In-Kyu Lee, Jung-Guk Kim, Keun-Gyu Park
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2016; 31(4): 712.     CrossRef
  • A cross-sectional study for estimation of associations between education level and osteoporosis in a Chinese men sample
    Cai-Xia Yu, Xiu-Zhen Zhang, Keqin Zhang, Zihui Tang
    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health