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Volume 54(5); September 2021
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Special Article
Measuring the Burden of Disease in Korea, 2008-2018
Yoon-Sun Jung, Young-Eun Kim, Hyesook Park, In-Hwan Oh, Min-Woo Jo, Minsu Ock, Dun-Sol Go, Seok-Jun Yoon
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):293-300.   Published online September 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.478
  • 7,163 View
  • 404 Download
  • 27 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
The study aims to examine the current status and differences in the burden of disease in Korea during 2008-2018. We calculated the burden of disease for Koreans from 2008 to 2018 using an incidence-based approach. Disability adjusted life years (DALYs) were expressed in units per 100 000 population by adding years of life lost (YLLs) and years lived with disability (YLDs). DALY calculation results were presented by gender, age group, disease, region, and income level. To explore differences in DALYs by region and income level, we used administrative district and insurance premium information from the National Health Insurance Service claims data. The burden of disease among Koreans showed an increasing trend from 2008 to 2018. By 2017, the burden of disease among men was higher than that among women. Diabetes mellitus, low back pain, and chronic lower respiratory disease were ranked high in the burden of disease; the sum of DALY rates for these diseases accounted for 18.4% of the total burden of disease among Koreans in 2018. The top leading causes associated with a high burden of disease differed slightly according to gender, age group, and income level. In this study, we measured the health status of Koreans and differences in the population health level according to gender, age group, region, and income level. This data can be used as an indicator of health equity, and the results derived from this study can be used to guide community-centered (or customized) health promotion policies and projects, and for setting national health policy goals.
Summary
Korean summary
이 논문에서는 장애보정생존년수라는 지표를 활용하여 2008-2018년 한국인의 질병부담 산출결과를 제시하였으며, 성별·연령군별·질환별 질병부담 수준의 차이 뿐만 아니라 지역 및 소득수준의 사회경제적 수준에 따른 질병부담의 격차도 함께 제시하였다.

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  • Prioritization of Injury Prevention and Management Programs and Research and Development (R&D) Projects: Survey Using the Delphi Technique and Analytic Hierarchy Process
    Won Kyung Lee, Minsu Ock, Ju Ok Park, Changsoo Kim, Beom Sok Seo, Jeehee Pyo, Hyun Jin Park, Ui Jeong Kim, Eun Jeong Choi, Shinyoung Woo, Hyesook Park
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2024; 36(1): 78.     CrossRef
  • Widening disparities in the national prevalence of diabetes mellitus for people with disabilities in South Korea
    I. Hwang, S.Y. Kim, Y.Y. Kim, J.H. Park
    Public Health.2024; 226: 173.     CrossRef
  • Trends in Healthy Life Expectancy (HALE) and Disparities by Income and Region in Korea (2008–2020): Analysis of a Nationwide Claims Database
    Yoon-Sun Jung, Young-Eun Kim, Minsu Ock, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Measuring the Burden of Disease in Korea Using Disability-Adjusted Life Years (2008–2020)
    Yoon-Sun Jung, Young-Eun Kim, Minsu Ock, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Opioid Prescription and Long-term Survival Outcomes in Adults: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Korea
    Tak Kyu Oh, In-Ae Song
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Changes in tuberculosis burden and its associated risk factors in Guizhou Province of China during 2006–2020: an observational study
    Yun Wang, Huijuan Chen, Xiaoqi Zeng, Long Liao, Xiaolong Lu, Aihua Zhang
    BMC Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Burden and Regional Disparities in the Firearm Mortality Profiles in Brazil: A Systematic Analysis of Findings From the Global Burden of Disease 2019
    Paula Protti, Beatriz Remondes Sequeira, Luiza Morais de Oliveira, Francisco Winter dos Santos Figueiredo
    AJPM Focus.2024; 3(3): 100228.     CrossRef
  • Trends of Gaps Between Health-Adjusted Life Expectancy and Life Expectancy at the Regional Level in Korea Using a Group-Based Multi-Trajectory Modeling Approach (2008–2019)
    Chung-Nyun Kim, Yoon-Sun Jung, Young-Eun Kim, Minsu Ock, Dal-Lae Jin, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Self-Care for Nurses Who Care for Others: The Effectiveness of Meditation as a Self-Care Strategy
    Junghyun Kwon
    Religions.2023; 14(1): 90.     CrossRef
  • Trends and Patterns of Cancer Burdens by Region and Income Level in Korea: A National Representative Big Data Analysis
    Yoon-Sun Jung, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Cancer Research and Treatment.2023; 55(2): 408.     CrossRef
  • Relevance Index Regional Variation by Each Disease and Its Essential Medical Field: A Retrospective Data Analysis From 2016-2020 in Korea
    Young-Eun Kim, Jeehee Pyo, Haneul Lee, HyeRan Jeong, Young-Kwon Park, Jeong-Wook Seo, Minsu Ock, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Allergic diseases and COVID-19 pandemic: facing unprecedented challenges
    Min Ji Koo, Seong Ho Cho
    Life Cycle.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Trend of Women’s Health Research in Korea, 2012–2020: Topic and Text Network Analysis
    Ji Eun Park, Saerom Kim, Myoung-Hee Kim, Taemi Kim, Seung-Ah Choe, Hye Sook Min
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales at a long-term care facility in Seoul, Korea: surveillance and intervention mitigation strategies
    Yoojin Park, Euncheol Son, Young June Choe, Cho Ryok Kang, Sangmi Roh, Young Ok Hwang, Sung-il Cho, Jihwan Bang
    Epidemiology and Health.2023; 45: e2023057.     CrossRef
  • Correlation of health-related quality of life for older adults with diabetes mellitus in South Korea: theoretical approach
    Gi Won Choi, Sun Ju Chang
    BMC Geriatrics.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Allergic diseases, COVID-19 pandemic, and underlying mechanisms
    Min Ji Koo, Seong Ho Cho, Stephen Turner, Jung-Hyun Kim, Nikolaos G. Papadopoulos
    Life Cycle.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between depression, anemia and physical activity using isotemporal substitution analysis
    Hee-kyoung Nam, Jungmi Park, Sung-il Cho
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Increased risk of cancer and cancer-related mortality in middle-aged Korean women with prediabetes and diabetes: a population-based study
    Thi Xuan Mai Tran, Soyeoun Kim, Huiyeon Song, Boyoung Park
    Epidemiology and Health.2023; 45: e2023080.     CrossRef
  • Incidence and case fatality rates of stroke in Korea, 2011-2020
    Jenny Moon, Yeeun Seo, Hyeok-Hee Lee, Hokyou Lee, Fumie Kaneko, Sojung Shin, Eunji Kim, Kyu Sun Yum, Young Dae Kim, Jang-Hyun Baek, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Epidemiology and Health.2023; : e2024003.     CrossRef
  • DALY Estimation Approaches: Understanding and Using the Incidence-based Approach and the Prevalence-based Approach
    Young-Eun Kim, Yoon-Sun Jung, Minsu Ock, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2022; 55(1): 10.     CrossRef
  • A Review of the Types and Characteristics of Healthy Life Expectancy and Methodological Issues
    Young-Eun Kim, Yoon-Sun Jung, Minsu Ock, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2022; 55(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Measuring Trends in the Socioeconomic Burden of Disease in Korea, 2007-2015
    Tae Eung Kim, Ru-Gyeom Lee, So-Youn Park, In-Hwan Oh
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2022; 55(1): 19.     CrossRef
  • Burden of Cancer Due to Cigarette Smoking and Alcohol Consumption in Korea
    Yoon-Sun Jung, Seok-Jun Yoon
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(6): 3493.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Sleep Quality and Anxiety in Korean Adolescents
    Hyunkyu Kim, Seung Hoon Kim, Sung-In Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2022; 55(2): 173.     CrossRef
  • Active Surveillance Versus Immediate Surgery for Low-Risk Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma Patients in South Korea: A Cost-Minimization Analysis from the MAeSTro Study
    Kyungsik Kim, June Young Choi, Su-jin Kim, Eun Kyung Lee, Young Ki Lee, Jun Sun Ryu, Kyu Eun Lee, Jae Hoon Moon, Young Joo Park, Sun Wook Cho, Sue K. Park
    Thyroid.2022; 32(6): 648.     CrossRef
  • Projection of Cancer Incidence and Mortality From 2020 to 2035 in the Korean Population Aged 20 Years and Older
    Youjin Hong, Sangjun Lee, Sungji Moon, Soseul Sung, Woojin Lim, Kyungsik Kim, Seokyung An, Jeoungbin Choi, Kwang-Pil Ko, Inah Kim, Jung Eun Lee, Sue K. Park
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2022; 55(6): 529.     CrossRef
  • Classification of Type 2 Diabetes Incidence Risk and the Health Behavior of the 30–50-Year-Old Korean Adults: Latent Class Analysis
    Roma Seol, Jin-Ho Chun
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(24): 16600.     CrossRef
Systematic Review
A Systematic Review of Spatial and Spatio-temporal Analyses in Public Health Research in Korea
Han Geul Byun, Naae Lee, Seung-sik Hwang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):301-308.   Published online August 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.160
  • 5,171 View
  • 209 Download
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Despite its advantages, it is not yet common practice in Korea for researchers to investigate disease associations using spatio-temporal analyses. In this study, we aimed to review health-related epidemiological research using spatio-temporal analyses and to observe methodological trends.
Methods
Health-related studies that applied spatial or spatio-temporal methods were identified using 2 international databases (PubMed and Embase) and 4 Korean academic databases (KoreaMed, NDSL, DBpia, and RISS). Two reviewers extracted data to review the included studies. A search for relevant keywords yielded 5919 studies.
Results
Of the studies that were initially found, 150 were ultimately included based on the eligibility criteria. In terms of the research topic, 5 categories with 11 subcategories were identified: chronic diseases (n=31, 20.7%), infectious diseases (n=27, 18.0%), health-related topics (including service utilization, equity, and behavior) (n=47, 31.3%), mental health (n=15, 10.0%), and cancer (n=7, 4.7%). Compared to the period between 2000 and 2010, more studies published between 2011 and 2020 were found to use 2 or more spatial analysis techniques (35.6% of included studies), and the number of studies on mapping increased 6-fold.
Conclusions
Further spatio-temporal analysis-related studies with point data are needed to provide insights and evidence to support policy decision-making for the prevention and control of infectious and chronic diseases using advances in spatial techniques.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 국내 시공간 분석을 활용한 역학연구를 체계적 문헌고찰을 통해 검토하였다. 의료이용, 형평성, 건강행동 관련 주제가 가장 많았고, 두 가지 이상의 공간분석 기법을 적용한 사례가 늘었으며, 단순 지도화를 적용한 연구가 가장 많았다. 향후 시공간 분석 결과를 이용해 질병 예방과 관리 정책에 적극적으로 활용할 필요가 있다.

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  • Group I pharmaceuticals of IARC and associated cancer risks: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Woojin Lim, Sungji Moon, Na Rae Lee, Ho Gyun Shin, Su-Yeon Yu, Jung Eun Lee, Inah Kim, Kwang-Pil Ko, Sue K. Park
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Don Enrico Buebos-Esteve, Nikki Heherson A. Dagamac
    Acta Tropica.2024; 255: 107225.     CrossRef
  • Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Leptospirosis Hotspot Areas and Its Association With Hydroclimatic Factors in Selangor, Malaysia: Protocol for an Ecological Cross-sectional Study
    Muhammad Akram Ab Kadir, Rosliza Abdul Manaf, Siti Aisah Mokhtar, Luthffi Idzhar Ismail
    JMIR Research Protocols.2023; 12: e43712.     CrossRef
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Original Articles
The Effect of the Physical Factors of Parents and Children on Stunting at Birth Among Newborns in Indonesia
Kencana Sari, Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):309-316.   Published online August 29, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.120
  • 5,237 View
  • 443 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study examined stunting at birth and its associations with physical factors of parents and children in Indonesia.
Methods
This study analyzed secondary data from the national cross-sectional Indonesian Basic Health Survey 2018, conducted across 34 provinces and 514 districts/cities. Birth length data were available for 756 newborns. Univariable, bivariable, and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to determine associations between the physical factors of parents and children and stunting at birth.
Results
In total, 10.2% of children aged 0 months were stunted at birth (10.7% of males and 9.5% of females). Stunting at birth was associated with the mother’s age at first pregnancy, parity, parents’ heights, parents’ ages, and gestational age. Children from mothers with short statures (height <145.0 cm) and fathers with short statures (height <161.9 cm) had an almost 6 times higher likelihood of being stunted at birth (adjusted odds ratio, 5.93; 95% confidence interval, 5.53 to 6.36). A higher maternal age at first pregnancy had a protective effect against stunting. However, other variables (firstborn child, preterm birth, and both parents’ ages being <20 or >35 years) corresponded to a 2-fold higher likelihood of stunting at birth compared to the reference.
Conclusions
These findings provide evidence that interventions to reduce stunting aimed at pregnant females should also consider the parents’ stature, age, and parity, particularly if it is the first pregnancy and if the parents are short in stature or young. Robust programs to support pregnant females and monitor children’s heights from birth will help prevent intergenerational stunting.
Summary

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  • How do household living conditions and gender-related decision-making influence child stunting in Rwanda? A population-based study
    Jean Nepo Utumatwishima, Ingrid Mogren, Aline Umubyeyi, Ali Mansourian, Gunilla Krantz, Olutosin Ademola Otekunrin
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(3): e0290919.     CrossRef
  • Understanding Pediatric Health Trends in Papua: Insights From SUSENAS, RISKESDAS, Remote Sensing, and Its Relevance to Prabowo and Gibran’s Free Lunch and Milk Program
    Rezzy Eko Caraka, Khairunnisa Supardi, Puspita Anggraini Kaban, Robert Kurniawan, Prana Ugiana Gio, Yunho Kim, Syihabuddin Ahmad Mufti, Rung-Ching Chen, Muhammad Khahfi Zuhanda, Avia Enggar Tyasti, Noor Ell Goldameir, Bens Pardamean
    IEEE Access.2024; 12: 51536.     CrossRef
  • Stunting predictors among children aged 0-24 months in Southeast Asia: a scoping review
    Via Eliadora Togatorop, Laili Rahayuwati, Raini Diah Susanti, Julianus Yudhistira Tan
    Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Stunting at birth: linear growth failure at an early age among newborns in Hawassa city public health hospitals, Sidama region, Ethiopia: a facility-based cross-sectional study
    Haileyesus Ejigu, Zelalem Tafese
    Journal of Nutritional Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Socio-economic and agricultural factors associated with stunting of under 5-year children: findings from surveys in mountains, dry zone and delta regions of rural Myanmar (2016–2017)
    Min Kyaw Htet, Tran Thanh Do, Thet Wah, Thant Zin, Myat Pan Hmone, Shahreen Raihana, Elizabeth Kirkwood, Lwin Mar Hlaing, Michael J Dibley
    Public Health Nutrition.2023; 26(8): 1644.     CrossRef
  • Predictor of Stunting Among Children 0-24 Months Old in Indonesia: A Scoping Review
    Via Eliadora Togatorop, Laili Rahayuwati, Raini Diah Susanti
    Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini.2023; 7(5): 5654.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of Incident Stunting in Elementary School Children in Endemic Area Iodine Deficiency Disorders Enrekang Regency
    Nur Abri, Saifuddin Sirajuddin, Burhanuddin Bahar, Nurhaedar Jafar, Syamsiar S. Russeng, Zakaria Zakaria, Veni Hadju, Abdul Salam, Abdul Razak Thaha
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 10(E): 161.     CrossRef
Association Between Cohabitation Status and Sleep Quality in Families of Persons With Dementia in Korea: A Cross-sectional Study
Seung Hoon Kim, Minah Park, Sung Hoon Jeong, Sung-In Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):317-329.   Published online August 14, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.077
  • 5,518 View
  • 157 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The aim of this study was to identify the association between cohabitation status and sleep quality in family members of people with dementia (PwDs).
Methods
Data of 190 365 participants aged ≥19 years from the 2018 Korea Community Health Survey were analyzed. Participants were categorized according to their cohabitation status with PwDs. Multiple logistic regression and ordinal logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the relationship between the cohabitation status of PwDs’ relatives and sleep quality measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and PSQI subscales.
Results
Compared to participants without PwDs in their families, both cohabitation and non-cohabitation with PwDs were associated with poor sleep quality (cohabitation, male: odds ratio [OR],1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08 to 1.52; female: OR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.20 to 1.64; non-cohabitation, male: OR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.05 to 1.24; female: OR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.14 to 1.33). In a subgroup analysis, non-cohabiting family members showed the highest odds of experiencing poor sleep quality when the PwD lived alone (male: OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.14 to 1.91; female: OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.24 to 2.01). Cohabiting male and female participants had higher odds of poor subjective sleep quality and use of sleeping medications than non-cohabiting male and female participants, respectively.
Conclusions
The residence of PwDs and cohabitation status may contribute to poor sleep quality among PwDs’ family members. The circumstances faced by cohabiting and non-cohabiting family members should be considered when evaluating sleep quality in family members of PwDs, and appropriate interventions may be needed to improve sleep quality in both cohabiting and non-cohabiting family members.
Summary
Korean summary
2018년 지역사회건강조사를 이용하여 190 365명을 대상으로 가족 중 치매환자 유무 및 치매환자와의 동거여부와 수면의 질 사이의 연관성을 분석하였다. 치매환자와의 동거여부와 상관없이 가족 중 치매환자가 존재하는 것은 낮은 수면의 질과 유의한 연관성이 있었다. 가족 중 치매환자가 있지만 동거하지 않는 가족 구성원의 경우 치매환자가 혼자 살 때 낮은 수면의 질과의 연관성이 가장 높게 나타났다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association Between Sleep Quality and Anxiety in Korean Adolescents
    Hyunkyu Kim, Seung Hoon Kim, Sung-In Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2022; 55(2): 173.     CrossRef
  • Association of compliance with COVID-19 public health measures with depression
    Ju An Byun, Tae Jun Sim, Tae Yoon Lim, Sung-In Jang, Seung Hoon Kim
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Tobacco Control Stakeholder Perspectives on the Future of Tobacco Marketing Regulation in Indonesia: A Modified Delphi Study
Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti, Mary Assunta, Becky Freeman
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):330-339.   Published online August 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.181
  • 4,395 View
  • 113 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Tobacco control in Indonesia is very lenient compared to international standards. This study explored the perspectives of tobacco control stakeholders (TCSs) on the likelihood of advancing tobacco marketing regulation in Indonesia.
Methods
Data were collected from TCSs who were members of the Indonesia Tobacco Control Network group in a modified Delphi study. We collected the data in 2 waves using a questionnaire that comprised a set of closed and open-ended questions. For this paper, we analysed 2 of the 3 sections of the questionnaire: (1) tobacco advertising, promotions, and sponsorship (TAPS) bans, and (2) marketing and retailing regulations. We conducted a descriptive analysis of the scores using Stata/IC.13 and summarised the comments for each item.
Results
The TCSs viewed the measures/strategies across all aspects of TAPS and tobacco marketing regulation as highly desirable, but provided varied responses on their feasibility. They rated political feasibility lower than technical feasibility for most measures. Advancing TAPS measures and prohibition of selling to minors were considered more attainable by sub-national governments, while prohibition of tobacco corporate social responsibility was considered as the least feasible measure in the next 5 years.
Conclusions
Despite little optimism for substantial national-level change, there is a positive expectation that sub-national governments will strengthen their tobacco control regulation. It is paramount that the government reduce tobacco industry leverage by implementing Article 5.3 of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Extending advocacy networks beyond tobacco control groups and framing tobacco control more effectively are necessary steps.
Summary

Citations

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  • Tobacco policy (in)coherence in Mozambique: an examination of national and subnational stakeholder perspectives
    Nicole Nguenha, Charo Rodriguez, Jeffrey Drope, Stella Aguinaga Bialous, Benedito Cunguara, Raphael Lencucha
    Health Policy and Planning.2024; 39(4): 333.     CrossRef
  • Changes in Compliance With Bans on Tobacco Product Display and Advertising at Traditional and Modern Point-of-Sale Retailers in Depok, Indonesia, 2019–2021
    Qinghua Nian, Ryan David Kennedy, Dina Ariani, Kathy Wright, Jennifer L Brown, Tara Singh Bam, Made Kerta Duana, Diah Setyawati Dewanti
    Nicotine and Tobacco Research.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Achieving a tobacco-free Bangladesh by 2040: a qualitative analysis of the tobacco advertising environment and prohibitions in Bangladesh
    Arsenios Tselengidis, Sally Adams, Becky Freeman, Syed Mahbubul Alam, Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti, Jo Cranwell
    BMJ Open.2023; 13(5): e069620.     CrossRef
Social Intelligence Counseling Intervention to Reduce Bullying Behaviors Among Thai Lower Secondary School Students: A Mixed-method Study
Samith Jueajinda, Orapin Stiramon, Chatchai Ekpanyaskul
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):340-351.   Published online August 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.110
  • 6,586 View
  • 152 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To develop and investigate the effectiveness of an integrative counseling intervention for enhancing social intelligence and reducing bullying behaviors among lower secondary school students in Bangkok, Thailand.
Methods
An interventional mixed-method design was employed in 2 phases. Phase 1 involved the development of a qualitative method-based integrative counseling program from key informants using the eclecticism technique. In phase 2, a randomized controlled trial with a wait-list control was conducted and qualitative research was performed with students who demonstrated bullying behaviors. Demographic data, Social Intelligence Scale (SIS) scores, and Bullying-Behavior Scale (BBS) scores were collected at baseline. Changes in SIS scores and qualitative findings obtained from in-depth interviews were examined after counseling ended, and BBS scores were collected again 1 month later.
Results
The developed social intelligence counseling program included eight 1-hour weekly sessions consisting of 3 components: (1) social awareness, (2) social information processing, and (3) social skills. After receiving this intervention, scores for the SIS overall (p<0.001) and all of its components (p<0.05) were significantly enhanced in the experimental group compared to the control group. Moreover, the mean BBS scores in the experimental group significantly decreased 1 month after counseling (p=0.001). With regard to the qualitative research results, the experimental students demonstrated improvements in all components of social intelligence.
Conclusions
The results indicated that a preventive counseling program may enhance social intelligence, decrease bullying behaviors among lower secondary school students, and prevent further incidents of school violence. However, further studies in various population subgroups should also be performed.
Summary

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    Liangqi Shen, Shan Jiang, Shilin Tan
    Research on Social Work Practice.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Model for social intelligence and teachers’ innovative work behavior: serial mediation
    Rita Aryani, Widodo Widodo, Susila Susila
    Cogent Education.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Promoting Kindness Through the Positive Theatrical Arts: Assessing Kuwait’s Boomerang Programme
    Louise Lambert, Mohsen Joshanloo, Meg A. Warren, Kayla Christiani, Tim Lomas, Brettjet Cody, Intisar Al Sabah, Ali El Chalabi, Gaya Kruchlik
    Psychological Studies.2023; 68(1): 101.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Noise Exposure, Annoyance, and Loudness Perception and Cognitive-Social Performance of Mine Workers in 2022: A Descriptive study
    Rohollah Fallah Madvari, Hanie Dameshghi, Hamideh Bidel, Reyhane Sefidkar, Milad Abbasi, Ehsan Abouee, Mahdi Jafari Nodoushan
    Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.2023; 22(5): 507.     CrossRef
  • Hemispheric Cortical, Cerebellar and Caudate Atrophy Associated to Cognitive Impairment in Metropolitan Mexico City Young Adults Exposed to Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution
    Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Jacqueline Hernández-Luna, Partha S. Mukherjee, Martin Styner, Diana A. Chávez-Franco, Samuel C. Luévano-Castro, Celia Nohemí Crespo-Cortés, Elijah W. Stommel, Ricardo Torres-Jardón
    Toxics.2022; 10(4): 156.     CrossRef
Socioeconomic Predictors of Diabetes Mortality in Japan: An Ecological Study Using Municipality-specific Data
Tasuku Okui
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):352-359.   Published online August 14, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.215
  • 3,575 View
  • 141 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The aim of this study was to examine the geographic distribution of diabetes mortality in Japan and identify socioeconomic factors affecting differences in municipality-specific diabetes mortality.
Methods
Diabetes mortality data by year and municipality from 2013 to 2017 were extracted from Japanese Vital Statistics, and the socioeconomic characteristics of municipalities were obtained from government statistics. We calculated the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of diabetes for each municipality using the empirical Bayes method and represented geographic differences in SMRs in a map of Japan. Multiple linear regression was conducted to identify the socioeconomic factors affecting differences in SMR. Statistically significant socioeconomic factors were further assessed by calculating the relative risk of mortality of quintiles of municipalities classified according to the degree of each socioeconomic factor using Poisson regression analysis.
Results
The geographic distribution of diabetes mortality differed by gender. Of the municipality-specific socioeconomic factors, high rates of single-person households and unemployment and a high number of hospital beds were associated with a high SMR for men. High rates of fatherless households and blue-collar workers were associated with a high SMR for women, while high taxable income per-capita income and total population were associated with low SMR for women. Quintile analysis revealed a complex relationship between taxable income and mortality for women. The mortality risk of quintiles with the highest and lowest taxable per-capita income was significantly lower than that of the middle-income quintile.
Conclusions
Socioeconomic factors of municipalities in Japan were found to affect geographic differences in diabetes mortality.
Summary

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  • Worldwide burden and trends of diabetes among people aged 70 years and older, 1990–2019: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019
    Shimin Jiang, Tianyu Yu, Dingxin Di, Ying Wang, Wenge Li
    Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Neighborhood Deprivation on Mortality in Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Patients: A Countrywide Population-Based Korean Retrospective Cohort Study, 2002–2013
    Kyoung-Hee Cho, Juyeong Kim, Young Choi, Tae-Hyun Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(7): 4324.     CrossRef
  • Depression, cognitive dysfunction and other factors associated with 5-year overall mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a pilot prospective observational study
    E. G. Starostina, M. N. Volodina, I. V. Starostin
    Diabetes mellitus.2022; 25(4): 327.     CrossRef
Public Preferences for Allocation Principles for Scarce Medical Resources in the COVID-19 Pandemic in Korea: Comparisons With Ethicists’ Recommendations
Ji-Su Lee, Soyun Kim, Young Kyung Do
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):360-369.   Published online August 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.333
  • 3,900 View
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  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to investigate public preferences regarding allocation principles for scarce medical resources in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, particularly in comparison with the recommendations of ethicists.
Methods
An online survey was conducted with a nationally representative sample of 1509 adults residing in Korea, from November 2 to 5, 2020. The degree of agreement with resource allocation principles in the context of the medical resource constraints precipitated by the COVID-19 pandemic was examined. The results were then compared with ethicists’ recommendations. We also examined whether the perceived severity of COVID-19 explained differences in individual preferences, and by doing so, whether perceived severity helps explain discrepancies between public preferences and ethicists’ recommendations.
Results
Overall, the public of Korea agreed strongly with the principles of “save the most lives,” “Koreans first,” and “sickest first,” but less with “random selection,” in contrast to the recommendations of ethicists. “Save the most lives” was given the highest priority by both the public and ethicists. Higher perceived severity of the pandemic was associated with a greater likelihood of agreeing with allocation principles based on utilitarianism, as well as those promoting and rewarding social usefulness, in line with the opinions of expert ethicists.
Conclusions
The general public of Korea preferred rationing scarce medical resources in the COVID-19 pandemic predominantly based on utilitarianism, identity and prioritarianism, rather than egalitarianism. Further research is needed to explore the reasons for discrepancies between public preferences and ethicists’ recommendations.
Summary
Korean summary
코로나19 대유행으로 가시화된 의료자원의 부족 상황에서 서로 다른 의료자원 배분 원칙에 대한 일반 대중의 선호를 조사한 연구이다. 제시된 여러 원칙 중에서, 공리주의, 한국인 아이덴티티, 약자우선주의에 기초한 배분 원칙이 가장 높은 선호를 보였다. 이러한 결과는, 일반 상황과 달리 감염병 대유행 상황에서는 공리주의에 기초한 배분 원칙을 강화하되 사회적 유용성도 자원 배분의 주요 원칙으로 받아들일 수 있다는 윤리학자들의 견해와는 차이를 보인다.

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  • Explicit discrimination and ingroup favoritism, but no implicit biases in hypothetical triage decisions during COVID-19
    Nico Gradwohl, Hansjörg Neth, Helge Giese, Wolfgang Gaissmaier
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Health Professional vs Layperson Values and Preferences on Scarce Resource Allocation
    Russell G. Buhr, Ashley Huynh, Connie Lee, Vishnu P. Nair, Ruby Romero, Lauren E. Wisk
    JAMA Network Open.2024; 7(3): e241958.     CrossRef
  • What are the views of Quebec and Ontario citizens on the tiebreaker criteria for prioritizing access to adult critical care in the extreme context of a COVID-19 pandemic?
    Claudia Calderon Ramirez, Yanick Farmer, Andrea Frolic, Gina Bravo, Nathalie Orr Gaucher, Antoine Payot, Lucie Opatrny, Diane Poirier, Joseph Dahine, Audrey L’Espérance, James Downar, Peter Tanuseputro, Louis-Martin Rousseau, Vincent Dumez, Annie Descôtea
    BMC Medical Ethics.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Consensual ideas for prioritizing patients: correlates of preferences in the allocation of medical resources
    Adrian Furnham, Charlotte Robinson, Simmy Grover
    Ethics & Behavior.2023; 33(7): 568.     CrossRef
  • Public voices on tie-breaking criteria and underlying values in COVID-19 triage protocols to access critical care: a scoping review
    Claudia Calderon Ramirez, Yanick Farmer, Marie-Eve Bouthillier
    Discover Health Systems.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Hepatitis A Outbreak in a Facility for the Disabled, Gyeonggi Province, Korea: An Epidemiological Investigation
Yeonhwa Chang, Chanhee Kim, Nayoung Kim, Joon Jai Kim, Heeyoung Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):370-375.   Published online September 2, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.349
  • 3,028 View
  • 102 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Objectives
The number of cases of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infections has sharply increased in Korea, especially among young adults. In this study, an HAV outbreak in a facility for disabled people was investigated, and we found epidemiological differences both between 2 different generations and between generally abled and disabled groups.
Methods
We analyzed the incubation period and attack rate of an HAV outbreak and investigated the prevalence of HAV antibodies among the staff and residents of a facility for the disabled. We performed a retrospective cohort study during the HAV outbreak, which lasted from February 8 to 25, 2019, including examinations of HAV antibody tests and post-exposure HAV vaccination for the staff or residents of the facility.
Results
There were 9 confirmed cases in 2 staff members and 7 residents. Among 53 people (30 staff and 23 residents), except for the 9 confirmed cases and 1 staff member with a known history of HAV infection, HAV seroprevalence was seen in 16.7% of the staff under 40 years of age and 95.2% of those over 40 years of age, while the corresponding rates in the residents were 0.0% and 58.8%, respectively.
Conclusions
This result implies that it is necessary to prioritize HAV vaccination for vulnerable groups and workers of residential care facilities.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 장애인 거주시설에서 발생한 A형간염 유행 사례를 다루고 있다. 그 결과 거주시설 소속의 장애인들은 종사자들보다 높은 발병률(attack rate)을 나타냈을 뿐만 아니라, 비슷한 연령의 일반 인구집단보다 낮은 항체유병률을 나타내는 것으로 확인되었다. 거주시설 소속의 장애인들과 같이 취약한 인구집단은 예방접종 이력을 확인하기 어려울 뿐만 아니라 병원체에 자연스럽게 노출 기회가 적을 수밖에 없기 때문에, 예방접종 정책 수립 시 우선 접종의 대상으로 고려될 필요가 있다.

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  • The Shifting Epidemiology of Hepatitis A in the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region
    Nina G. Gloriani, Sheriah Laine M. de Paz-Silava, Robert D. Allison, Yoshihiro Takashima, Tigran Avagyan
    Vaccines.2024; 12(2): 204.     CrossRef
  • A Study on the Detection Rate of Hepatitis A from Gastroenteritis Patients and the Genotype Analysis of Hepatitis A Virus in Busan
    Sun Hee Park, Chanhee Kim, Summi Lee, Jihye Jeong, Junghye Choi, Seung Ju Lee
    Journal of Bacteriology and Virology.2023; 53(2): 74.     CrossRef
  • A Study on the Detection Rate of Hepatitis A from Gastroenteritis Patients and the Genotype Analysis of Hepatitis A Virus in Busan
    Sun Hee Park, Chanhee Kim, Summi Lee, Jihye Jeong, Junghye Choi, Seung Ju Lee
    Journal of Bacteriology and Virology.2023; 53(2): 74.     CrossRef
Case Report
Effective Decontamination and Remediation After Elemental Mercury Exposure: A Case Report in the United States
Kelly Johnson-Arbor, Brian Schultz
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):376-379.   Published online August 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.345
  • 2,635 View
  • 88 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Elemental mercury exposure can result in significant toxicity. Source decontamination and remediation are often required after larger elemental mercury exposures, but the details of these processes are infrequently reported. In the case described herein, a 64-year-old woman and her husband were exposed to elemental mercury in their home after the husband purchased it online for the purpose of recreational barometer calibration. After the mercury reportedly spilled during the calibration process, a vacuum cleaner was used to decontaminate the affected surface; this led to extensive mercury contamination of the home. The couple was relocated from the home while remediation occurred over the course of several weeks. Vacuum cleaning of an elemental mercury spill can lead to extensive volatilization and recirculation of mercury vapor. For smaller mercury spills, careful removal of visible mercury beads by using an eyedropper, cardboard, and masking tape is recommended. Larger spills require professional decontamination and remediation and may necessitate involvement of governmental resources. Vacuum cleaning should not be used as an initial method of decontamination after elemental mercury exposure. Careful attention to source decontamination can reduce the emotional and financial costs associated with extensive remediation after elemental mercury exposure.
Summary

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  • Environmental fate of aquatic pollutants and their mitigation by phycoremediation for the clean and sustainable environment: A review
    S. Thanigaivel, Saranya Vinayagam, Lalitha Gnanasekaran, R. Suresh, Matias Soto-Moscoso, Wei-Hsin Chen
    Environmental Research.2024; 240: 117460.     CrossRef
Correspondences
Saving Our Healthcare Workers Again During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Philippines
Dalmacito A. Cordero Jr.
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):380-381.   Published online September 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.482
  • 2,925 View
  • 106 Download
  • 3 Crossref
PDF
Summary

Citations

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  • Turnover intention and coronaphobia among frontline nurses during the second surge of COVID‐19: The mediating role of social support and coping skills
    Dennis C. Fronda, Leodoro J. Labrague
    Journal of Nursing Management.2022; 30(3): 612.     CrossRef
  • The Saga of Filipino Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Dalmacito A. Cordero
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2022; 34(8): 889.     CrossRef
  • Ending the Stigma on Filipino Male Health Care Workers Through Public Support
    Dalmacito A. Cordero
    American Journal of Men's Health.2022; 16(5): 155798832211313.     CrossRef
Saving Our Healthcare Workers Again During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Philippines
Youngrong Lee, Sun Jae Jung
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):382-383.   Published online September 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.483
  • 3,003 View
  • 106 Download
AbstractSummary PDF
Summary
Korean summary
코로나 19 판데믹에 관련하여 세계 곳곳에서 의료진의 번아웃 및 정신건강에의 문제가 제기되고 있다. 필리핀 의료진의 노력 및 실태를 다룬 앞선 논문에 대하여, 의료진에 대한 적절한 보상 및 정신건강에의 모니터링의 중요성을 다시금 깨닫게 된다.

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health