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Volume 54(4); July 2021
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COVID-19: Original Articles
Factors Affecting Public Non-compliance With Large-scale Social Restrictions to Control COVID-19 Transmission in Greater Jakarta, Indonesia
Bunga Christitha Rosha, Indri Yunita Suryaputri, Irlina Raswanti Irawan, Prisca Petty Arfines, Agus Triwinarto
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(4):221-229.   Published online June 24, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.101
  • 6,212 View
  • 418 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The Indonesian government issued large-scale social restrictions (called Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, or PSBB) at the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic to control the spread of COVID-19 in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi (Greater Jakarta). Public compliance poses a challenge when implementing large-scale social restrictions, and various factors have contributed to public non-compliance with the regulation. This study aimed to determine the degree of non-compliance and identify the factors that contributed to public non-compliance with the PSBB in Greater Jakarta, Indonesia.
Methods
This was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional design. A total of 839 residents of Greater Jakarta participated in this study. Data were collected online using a Google Form, and convenience sampling was undertaken. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to explore the relationships between public non-compliance with the PSBB regulation and socio-demographic variables, respondents’ opinion of the PSBB, and social capital.
Results
A total of 22.6% of subjects reported participating in activities that did not comply with the PSBB. The variables that most affected non-compliance with the PSBB were age, gender, income, opinion of the PSBB, and social capital.
Conclusions
Strengthening social capital and providing information about COVID-19 prevention measures, such as washing one’s hands with soap, wearing masks properly, and maintaining social distancing, is essential. Robust public understanding will foster trust and cooperation with regard to COVID-19 prevention efforts and provide a basis for mutual agreement regarding rules/penalties.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Disentangling youth non-compliance with COVID-19 restrictions from gender, socioeconomic vulnerability and poor mental health: lessons from the first wave in Catalonia
    Eva Padrosa, Mireia Bolíbar
    Journal of Youth Studies.2023; 26(6): 786.     CrossRef
  • Indonesian Ulema Council Fatwa on Religious Activities During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Investigation of Muslim Attitudes and Practices
    Yusuf Hanafi, Ahmad Taufiq, Muhammad Saefi, M. Alifudin Ikhsan, Tsania Nur Diyana, Andy Hadiyanto, Yedi Purwanto, Muhammad Fahmi Hidayatullah
    Journal of Religion and Health.2023; 62(1): 627.     CrossRef
  • Why Do We Not Follow Lifesaving Rules? Factors Affecting Nonadherence to COVID-19 Prevention Guidelines in Indonesia: Healthcare Professionals’ Perspectives
    Nelsensius Klau Fauk, Alfonsa Liquory Seran, Christopher Raymond, Maria Silvia Merry, Roheena Tahir, Gregorius Abanit Asa, Paul Russell Ward
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(14): 8502.     CrossRef
  • The COVID-19 Health Protocol among University Students: Case Studies in Three Cities in Indonesia
    D. Daniel, Arif Kurniawan, Ajeng Rahastri Indah Pinawati, Morrin Choirunnisa Thohira, Md Annaduzzaman
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(17): 10630.     CrossRef
  • The converging influence of social, economic and psychological factors on public responsiveness to the COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa
    Lu-Anne Swart, Naiema Taliep, Ghouwa Ismail, Ashley van Niekerk
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The impact of working in COVID-19 hospital on indonesian nurses’ mental health and wellbeing: a qualitative study
    Gregorius Abanit Asa, Nelsensius Klau Fauk, Melkianus Ratu, Paul Russell Ward
    BMC Nursing.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Associations Between Compliance With Non-pharmaceutical Interventions and Social-distancing Policies in Korea During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Yu Seong Hwang, Heui Sug Jo
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(4):230-237.   Published online June 16, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.139
  • 5,124 View
  • 180 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study explored changes in individuals’ behavior in response to social distancing (SD) levels and the “no gatherings of more than 5 people” (NGM5) rule in Korea during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
Methods
Using survey data from the COVID-19 Behavior Tracker, exploratory factor analysis extracted 3 preventive factors: maintenance of personal hygiene, avoiding going out, and avoiding meeting people. Each factor was used as a dependent variable. The chi-square test was used to compare differences in distributions between categorical variables, while binary logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with high compliance with measures to prevent transmission.
Results
In men, all 3 factors were significantly associated with lower compliance. Younger age groups were associated with lower compliance with maintenance of personal hygiene and avoiding meeting people. Employment status was significantly associated with avoiding going out and avoiding meeting people. Residence in the capital area was significantly associated with higher compliance with personal hygiene and avoiding venturing out. Increasing SD levels were associated with personal hygiene, avoiding going out, and avoiding meeting people. The NGM5 policy was not significantly associated with compliance.
Conclusions
SD levels, gender, age, employment status, and region had explanatory power for compliance with non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). Strengthening social campaigns to inspire voluntary compliance with NPIs, especially focused on men, younger people, full-time workers, and residents of the capital area is recommended. Simultaneously, efforts need to be made to segment SD measures into substrategies with detailed guidance at each level.
Summary
Korean summary
이 연구에서는 대한민국 정부가 COVID-19 방역 정책으로 시행한 ‘사회적 거리두기 단계 조절’과 ‘5인 이상 집합 금지 조치’에 대한 개인의 순응도를 파악하였다. 이를 위해 영국 임페리얼 대학이 2020년 4월부터 2021년 4월까지 24회에 걸쳐 한국인 총 13,300명에게 개인 행동을 조사한 공개 데이터를 분석하였다. 그 결과, 더 높은 수준의 사회적 거리두기 단계 – 특히 다중이용시설들이 폐쇄되는 2.5 단계 -에서 비약물적 중재 조치의 순응도와 더 강한 상관관계를 보였다. 그러나 5인 이상 집합금지는 순응도와 유의한 상관관계를 보이지 않아 사람들이 모임 인원을 제한할 뿐 지속적으로 모임을 하는 것으로 해석된다. 연령, 성별, 직업 구분, 거주지와 같은 인구-사회학적 특성들이 순응도에 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났으므로, 낮은 순응도를 보이는 인구집단의 순응도를 고취시킬 수 있도록 세부적인 전략 (예: 재택근무, 온라인회의, 온라인 수업 권장 등)이 필요하다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Behavioural Sciences Contribution to Suppressing Transmission of Covid-19 in the UK: A Systematic Literature Review
    Gill Hubbard, Chantal den Daas, Marie Johnston, Jennifer Dunsmore, Mona Maier, Rob Polson, Diane Dixon
    International Journal of Behavioral Medicine.2024; 31(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Real-time forecasting of COVID-19 spread according to protective behavior and vaccination: autoregressive integrated moving average models
    Chieh Cheng, Wei-Ming Jiang, Byron Fan, Yu-Chieh Cheng, Ya-Ting Hsu, Hsiao-Yu Wu, Hsiao-Han Chang, Hsiao-Hui Tsou
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Unequal Effects of Social Distancing Policy on Subway Ridership during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Seoul, South Korea
    Jaeyoung Ha, Suyoung Jo, Hee-kyoung Nam, Sung-il Cho
    Journal of Urban Health.2022; 99(1): 77.     CrossRef
  • Do the Self-Reported Changes in Physical Activity After the Emergence of the COVID-19 Pandemic Associate With Major Depression According to Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity Status?
    Jeong Hyun Ahn, Jin Young Nam
    Journal of Physical Activity and Health.2022; 19(7): 518.     CrossRef
  • Different patterns of excess all-cause mortality by age and sex in Hungary during the 2nd and 3rd waves of the COVID-19 pandemic
    Vince Fazekas-Pongor, Zsófia Szarvas, Norbert D. Nagy, Anna Péterfi, Zoltán Ungvári, Viktor J. Horváth, Szilvia Mészáros, Adam G. Tabák
    GeroScience.2022; 44(5): 2361.     CrossRef
  • Generic Logic Model for Coronavirus Disease-2019 Responses Based on the South Korean Experience
    Hae-ryoung Chun, Kyuhyun Yoon, Hana Kim, Eunsil Cheon, Jaeyoung Ha, Sangwoo Tak, Sung-il Cho
    Risk Management and Healthcare Policy.2021; Volume 14: 4765.     CrossRef
Did the Timing of State Mandated Lockdown Affect the Spread of COVID-19 Infection? A County-level Ecological Study in the United States
Megh M. Trivedi, Anirudha Das
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(4):238-244.   Published online July 2, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.071
  • 3,487 View
  • 115 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Previous pandemics have demonstrated that several demographic, geographic, and socioeconomic factors may play a role in increased infection risk. During this current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, our aim was to examine the association of timing of lockdown at the county level and aforementioned risk factors with daily case rate (DCR) in the United States.
Methods
A cross-sectional study using publicly available data was performed including Americans with COVID-19 infection as of May 24, 2020. The United States counties with >100 000 population and >50 cases per 100 000 people were included. The independent variable was the days required from the declaration of lockdown to reach the target case rate (50/100 000 cases) while the dependent (outcome) variable was the DCR per 100 000 on the day of statistical calculation (May 24, 2020) after adjusting for multiple confounding socio-demographic, geographic, and health-related factors. Each independent factor was correlated with outcome variables and assessed for collinearity with each other. Subsequently, all factors with significant association to the outcome variable were included in multiple linear regression models using stepwise method. Models with best R2 value from the multiple regression were chosen.
Results
The timing of mandated lockdown order had the most significant association on the DCR per 100 000 after adjusting for multiple socio-demographic, geographic and health-related factors. Additional factors with significant association with increased DCR include rate of uninsured and unemployment.
Conclusions
The timing of lockdown order was significantly associated with the spread of COVID-19 at the county level in the United States.
Summary

Citations

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  • Predisposing, Enabling, and Reinforcing Factors of COVID-19 Prevention Behavior in Indonesia: A Mixed-methods Study
    Putri Winda Lestari, Lina Agestika, Gusti Kumala Dewi
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(1): 21.     CrossRef
  • Assessing the Impacts of COVID-19 and Social Isolation on Mental Health in the United States of America
    Alexander Fulk, Raul Saenz-Escarcega, Hiroko Kobayashi, Innocent Maposa, Folashade Agusto
    COVID.2023; 3(6): 807.     CrossRef
  • Understanding mental health trends during COVID-19 pandemic in the United States using network analysis
    Hiroko Kobayashi, Raul Saenz-Escarcega, Alexander Fulk, Folashade B. Agusto, Karina Cardoso Meira
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(6): e0286857.     CrossRef
  • Conspiratorial Ideation Is Associated with Lower Perceptions of Policy Effectiveness: Views from Local Governments during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Adam Mayer, Stacia Ryder
    Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of social distancing measures and lockdowns for reducing transmission of COVID-19 in non-healthcare, community-based settings
    Caitriona Murphy, Wey Wen Lim, Cathal Mills, Jessica Y. Wong, Dongxuan Chen, Yanmy Xie, Mingwei Li, Susan Gould, Hualei Xin, Justin K. Cheung, Samir Bhatt, Benjamin J. Cowling, Christl A. Donnelly
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of Closures and Openings on Public Health in the Time of COVID-19: A Cross-Country and Temporal Trend Analysis
    Long Chu, R. Quentin Grafton, Tom Kompas, Mary-Louise McLaws
    SAGE Open.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association mining based approach to analyze COVID-19 response and case growth in the United States
    Satya Katragadda, Raju Gottumukkala, Ravi Teja Bhupatiraju, Azmyin Md. Kamal, Vijay Raghavan, Henry Chu, Ramesh Kolluru, Ziad Ashkar
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
Sources of Infection Among Confirmed Cases of COVID-19 in Jeju Province, Korea
Moonkyong Hwang, Jong-Myon Bae
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(4):245-250.   Published online June 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.286
  • 3,291 View
  • 117 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Jeju Province in Korea reported 627 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases between January 20, 2020, and March 31, 2021. This study analyzed the sources of infection among confirmed cases in Jeju Province, a self-governed island.
Methods
The sources of infection were broadly categorized as follows: (1) infections from overseas (confirmed patients who reported travel overseas or contact with overseas travelers); (2) infections from outside Jeju Province (confirmed patients who had visited other provinces or had contact with individuals who had traveled to other provinces in Korea); and (3) unknown sources of infection (confirmed patients who were infected following contact with an infected person whose source of infection was unknown). The chi-square test was used to analyze the differences in the distributions of related variables for each source of infection.
Results
Of the 627 confirmed cases, 38 (6.1%) were infections from overseas sources, 199 (31.7%) were from outside of Jeju Province, and 390 (62.2%) were from unknown sources. Jeju Province had no cases with an unknown source of infection during the first and second waves of the nationwide outbreak.
Conclusions
Infections from overseas sources could be blocked from spreading to local communities in Jeju Province by conducting screening at the airport, along with the preemptive suspension of visa-free entry. In addition, considering the scale of the nationwide outbreak, measures must be established to delay outbreaks from unknown sources of infection caused by sources outside Jeju Province.
Summary
Korean summary
제주도 COVID-19 확진지의 감염원은 다음의 3가지로 대분할 수 있었다. (1) 해외유입 감염원: 해외 방문력이 있거나 해외 방문력이 있는 확진자와 접촉한 적이 있는 확진자; (2) 도외유입 감염원: 국내 타시도 방문력이 있거나 타시도 확진자와 접촉한 적이 있는 확진자; (3) 감염원 미상: 감염경로를 특정할 수 없는 도내 확진자와 이들과 접촉하여 확진자가 된 경우. 이중 해외유입군에 대하여는 선제적인 무비자 중지 결정과 함께 공항만에서의 선별검사를 시행하여 해외유입에 의한 지역사회 전파 가능성을 막을 수 있음을 확인하였다. 반면, 전국의 유행 크기와 맞물러, 도외 유입군으로 인한 감염미상군 발생 시점을 최대한 미룰 수 있는 방안들을 개발할 필요가 있겠다.

Citations

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  • The Impact of the South Korean Local Government's Public Health and Healthy Urban Planning Policies in Combating COVID-19
    Fatih ULAŞAN
    Kent Akademisi.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors for Severe Disease of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in a Low Case Fatality Rate Region in Korea
    Misun Kim, Jeong Rae Yoo, Sang Taek Heo, Hyang Ran Lee, Hyunjoo Oh
    Infection & Chemotherapy.2021; 53(4): 718.     CrossRef
Special Articles
Trends of the Global Hepatitis C Disease Burden: Strategies to Achieve Elimination
Nathalie Brunner, Philip Bruggmann
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(4):251-258.   Published online June 24, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.151
  • 4,340 View
  • 120 Download
  • 21 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Hepatitis C infection is responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates globally as well as for significant indirect costs. The disease burden caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is comparable to the one caused by human immunodeficiency virus or tuberculosis. Today, simple detection methods, highly effective and easy to administer therapies and efficient preventative measures are available to combat hepatitis C. Nevertheless, in most countries around the world, the World Health Organization target of eliminating this infectious disease and its consequences by 2030 are not being met. Significant gaps in care for hepatitis C sufferers still exist, the shortcomings ranging from education and treatment to aftercare. Hepatitis C infection was and still is not on the radar of most politicians and health authorities. National programmes and strategies to combat the disease exist or are being developed in many countries. However, for these to be implemented efficiently and successfully, clear political commitment, strong civil society actors, well-functioning public health structures and the relevant support from global donors are needed.
Summary

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    Ahmed N. Farrag, Ahmed M. Kamel, Iman A. El‐Baraky
    Reviews in Medical Virology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Barriers and advocacy needs for hepatitis C services in prisons: Informing the prisons hepatitis C advocacy toolkit
    Shelley J Walker, Lok B Shrestha, Andrew R Lloyd, Olivia Dawson, Yumi Sheehan, Julia Sheehan, Nonso B C Maduka, Joaquin Cabezas, Matthew J Akiyama, Nadine Kronfli
    International Journal of Drug Policy.2024; 126: 104386.     CrossRef
  • Metagenomic Detection of Divergent Insect- and Bat-Associated Viruses in Plasma from Two African Individuals Enrolled in Blood-Borne Surveillance
    Gregory S. Orf, Ana Olivo, Barbara Harris, Sonja L. Weiss, Asmeeta Achari, Guixia Yu, Scot Federman, Dora Mbanya, Linda James, Samuel Mampunza, Charles Y. Chiu, Mary A. Rodgers, Gavin A. Cloherty, Michael G. Berg
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  • Gastrointestinal tract and viral pathogens
    Gowthami Sai Kogilathota Jagirdhar, Yashwitha Sai Pulakurthi, Himaja Dutt Chigurupati, Salim Surani
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  • Hepatitis C virus seroprevalence, testing, and treatment capacity in public health facilities in Ghana, 2016–2021; A multi-centre cross-sectional study
    Yvonne Ayerki Nartey, Rafiq Okine, Atsu Seake-Kwawu, Georgia Ghartey, Yaw Karikari Asamoah, Ampem Darko Jnr Siaw, Kafui Senya, Amoako Duah, Alex Owusu-Ofori, Opei Adarkwa, Seth Agyeman, Sally Afua Bampoh, Lindsey Hiebert, Henry Njuguna, Neil Gupta, John W
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    Ghirmay Ghebrekidan Ghebremeskel, Michael Berhe Solomon, Oliver Okoth Achila, Samuel Tekle Mengistu, Rahel Frezghi Asmelash, Araia Berhane Mesfin, Mohammed Elfatih Hamida
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    Luis Falcato, Simone Temperli, Philip Bruggmann, Franz Immer
    Exploration of Digestive Diseases.2023; 2(6): 297.     CrossRef
  • ВИВЧЕННЯ ЕФЕКТИВНОСТІ ВІТАМІНУ D В СКЛАДІ КОМПЛЕКСНОЇ ТЕРАПІЇ ХРОНІЧНОГО ГЕПАТИТУ С ПОЄДНАНОГО З ХРОНІЧНИМ ПАНКРЕАТИТОМ
    Ольга Бучок , М. Дербак
    Grail of Science.2023; (34): 360.     CrossRef
  • Impact of the direct acting antivirals on chronic hepatitis C prevalence on the Swiss organ transplantation list: a retrospective analysis
    Luis Falcato, Simone Temperli, Philip Bruggmann, Franz Immer
    Exploration of Digestive Diseases.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • THE EFFECT OF COMPLEX THERAPY INCLUDING VITAMIN D ON THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEPATITIS C COMBINED WITH CHRONIC PANCREATITIS
    M. A. Derbak, O. V. Buchok, O. O. Boldizhar, M. M. Bletskan, V. V. Svistak
    Bulletin of Problems Biology and Medicine.2023; 1(2): 166.     CrossRef
  • Intrafamilial transmission risk factors and preventive measures followed by household contacts of hepatitis C patients
    Amala Abdulla Saad Ahmed, Saneya Mohamed Rizk, Nabila Abdel-Kader Abdeldaiem
    Egyptian Nursing Journal.2023; 20(2): 159.     CrossRef
  • Another Step Toward Hepatitis C Elimination: An Economic Evaluation of an Irish National Birth Cohort Testing Program
    Paul G. Carty, Conor Teljeur, Cillian F. De Gascun, Paddy Gillespie, Patricia Harrington, Aiden McCormick, Michelle O’Neill, Susan M. Smith, Mairin Ryan
    Value in Health.2022; 25(12): 1947.     CrossRef
  • Oncogenic viruses, cancer biology, and innate immunity
    Maria C White, Xinjun Wu, Blossom Damania
    Current Opinion in Immunology.2022; 78: 102253.     CrossRef
Network Analysis in Systems Epidemiology
JooYong Park, Jaesung Choi, Ji-Yeob Choi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(4):259-564.   Published online July 7, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.190
  • 3,999 View
  • 143 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Traditional epidemiological studies have identified a number of risk factors for various diseases using regression-based methods that examine the association between an exposure and an outcome (i.e., one-to-one correspondences). One of the major limitations of this approach is the “black-box” aspect of the analysis, in the sense that this approach cannot fully explain complex relationships such as biological pathways. With high-throughput data in current epidemiology, comprehensive analyses are needed. The network approach can help to integrate multi-omics data, visualize their interactions or relationships, and make inferences in the context of biological mechanisms. This review aims to introduce network analysis for systems epidemiology, its procedures, and how to interpret its findings.
Summary
Korean summary
본 리뷰는 시스템역학연구에 활용할 수 있는 네트워크 분석의 간략한 개념과 분석 절차 그리고 결과 해석에 대하여 소개하고 있다. 기존 역학연구의 주요 한계점은 생물학적 기전과 같은 복잡한 관계를 충분히 설명하지 못한다는 것이다. 최근 역학 연구에서 대규모의 오믹스 데이터가 활용 가능하게 됨에 따라 통합적 분석의 필요성이 제기되고 있고, 네트워크 분석 기법이 이런 다중 오믹스 데이터들을 포괄적으로 분석하는데 활용 될 수 있을 것이다.

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    Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Sevil Sönmez, Matthew S. Thiese, Mubo Olufemi, Lazaros K. Gallos
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Environmental Epidemiology.2022; 6(2): e185.     CrossRef
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    Entropy.2022; 25(1): 21.     CrossRef
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Scoping Review
The Most Important Social Determinants of Slum Dwellers’ Health: A Scoping Review
Farhad Nosrati Nejad, Mohammad Reza Ghamari, Seyed Hossein Mohaqeqi Kamal, Seyed Saeed Tabatabaee, Raheleh Ganjali
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(4):265-274.   Published online July 8, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.073
  • 4,669 View
  • 221 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Given the importance of social determinants of health in promoting the health of slum residents, this study was conducted with the aim of identifying the main dimensions and components of these determinants.
Methods
This scoping review study was conducted according to the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews). A comprehensive search was performed of PubMed, ProQuest, Scopus, and Web of Science for articles conducted from 2010 to the end of 2019. Studies were selected based on inclusion criteria, with a special focus on studies dealing with the social determinants of physical and mental health or illness.
Results
Thirty-three articles were selected to extract information on the social determinants of health. After reviewing the articles, 7 main dimensions (housing, socioeconomic status of the family, nutrition, neighborhood characteristics, social support and social capital, occupational factors, and health behaviors) and 87 components were extracted as social determinants of health among slum dwellers.
Conclusions
This framework could be used by planners, managers, and policy-makers when making decisions affecting the health of these settlements’ residents due to the common characteristics of slums around the world, especially in developing countries.
Summary

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  • Deprivation and Its Association with Child Health and Nutrition in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area of Uganda
    Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Peter Waiswa, Ronald Wasswa, Ties Boerma, Cauane Blumenberg, Abdoulaye Maiga
    Journal of Urban Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Health & Place.2023; 83: 103076.     CrossRef
  • Identifying, Measuring, and Ranking Social Determinants of Health for Health Promotion Interventions Targeting Informal Settlement Residents
    Farhad Nosrati Nejad, Mohammad Reza Ghamari, Seyed Hossein Mohaqeqi Kamal, Seyed Saeed Tabatabaee
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(4): 327.     CrossRef
  • Do Community-based Livelihood Interventions Affect Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of Young People in Slum Areas of Uganda: a Difference-in-difference with Kernel Propensity Score Matching Analysis
    Andre M. N. Renzaho, Joseph K. Kamara, Daniel Doh, Paul Bukuluki, Rashidul A. Mahumud, Moses Galukande
    Journal of Urban Health.2022; 99(1): 164.     CrossRef
Original Articles
The Effect of an Empowerment Program on the Health-promoting Behaviors of Iranian Women Workers: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Fatemeh Noori, Zahra Behboodimoghadam, Shima Haghani, Shahzad Pashaeypoor
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(4):275-283.   Published online June 24, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.088
  • 3,265 View
  • 119 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The workplace is an ideal place for encouraging health-promoting behaviors. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the effect of an empowerment program on the health-promoting behaviors of women workers.
Methods
This randomized clinical trial was conducted with 80 women workers employed at a food packaging facility in 2020. The subjects were selected using convenience sampling and were classified into intervention and control groups using block randomization. An empowerment program for women workers was conducted across 6 sessions based on an empowerment model. Data collection tools included a demographic questionnaire and the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II, which participants completed both before the program and 8 weeks after the last session. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16 using descriptive analysis and inferential statistics.
Results
There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in various health-promoting behaviors before the program. However, the intervention group’s scores for nutrition (34.92±1.09 vs. 27.87±4.23), physical activity (24.40±2.94 vs. 17.40±5.03), stress management (26.35±2.60 vs. 23.05±4.27), spiritual growth (34.02±3.00 vs. 30.22±5.40), interpersonal relationships (30.82±2.38 vs. 27.60±4.61), and health responsibility (31.60±2.71 vs. 28.22±4.59) were significantly higher than the control group’s 8 weeks after the program had ended. Moreover, there was a significant difference in the total score of health-promoting behaviors for the intervention group compared to the control group (179.00±9.22 vs. 151.42±20.25, p=0.001).
Conclusions
An empowerment program for women workers led to significant improvements in the health-promoting behaviors of the participants. Similar programs can ultimately improve women’s health in the workplace.
Summary

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    M. Rocío Jiménez-Mérida, Manuel Vaquero-Abellán, José M. Alcaide-Leyva, Vanesa Cantón-Habas, Elena Raya-Cano, Manuel Romero-Saldaña
    Healthcare.2023; 11(8): 1160.     CrossRef
Association Between Parity and Low Bone Density Among Postmenopausal Korean Women
Eunsun Seo, Yongrong Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(4):284-292.   Published online June 24, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.162
  • 3,517 View
  • 128 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Low bone density (LBD) in the postmenopausal period has long been a pervasive public health concern; however, the association between parity and LBD has yet to be fully elucidated. Thus, we investigated the association between parity and LBD in postmenopausal Korean women.
Methods
This study used baseline data from 1287 Korean postmenopausal women aged 40 years or older enrolled in the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center community-based cohort study conducted in Korea from 2013 to 2017. The main exposure was parity (nullipara, 1, 2, 3+). The main outcome was LBD, including osteopenia and osteoporosis, based on bone mineral density measured using quantitative computed tomography of the lumbar spine (L1-2).
Results
The mean age of participants was 57.1 years, and the median parity was 2. Of the 1287 participants, 594 (46.2%) had osteopenia and 147 (11.4%) had osteoporosis. No significant difference in the prevalence of LBD was found between nullipara and parous women, whereas higher parity was associated with a higher risk of LBD among parous women; the adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for the presence of LBD was 1.40 (0.97 to 2.02) for a parity of 2 and 1.95 (1.23 to 3.09) for a parity of 3 relative to a parity of 1.
Conclusions
Women who have given birth multiple times may be at greater risk of bone loss after menopause; therefore, they should be a major target population for osteoporosis prevention.
Summary
Korean summary
40-64세 폐경 여성 1287명을 대상으로 과거 출산 횟수와 골밀도의 관련성을 평가하였다. 정량적 전산화 단층촬영(QCT)으로 L1-L2의 평균 골무기질밀도(bone mineral density, BMD)를 측정하였으며, 그 값이 120mg/cm3 미만이면 골밀도 감소가 있는 것으로 정의하였다. 나이, 비만도, 폐경후기간, 직업, 소득, 교육, 결혼, 흡연, 음주, 신체활동, 질병력 등을 보정하여도, 출산횟수가 많을수록 평균 골밀도는 낮고 골밀도감소의 빈도는 높은 경향이 관찰되었다.

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  • The Heterogeneity of Post-Menopausal Disease Risk: Could the Basis for Why Only Subsets of Females Are Affected Be Due to a Reversible Epigenetic Modification System Associated with Puberty, Menstrual Cycles, Pregnancy and Lactation, and, Ultimately, Meno
    David A. Hart
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2024; 25(7): 3866.     CrossRef
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    Yuan Li, Jinquan Lai, Wenbo Wu, Shuyi Ling, Yuqing Dai, Zhisheng Zhong, Xiaodong Chen, Yuehui Zheng
    Calcified Tissue International.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Bridging the Gap: Pregnancy—And Lactation—Associated Osteoporosis
    Mara Carsote, Maria Roxana Turturea, Ana Valea, Cristian Buescu, Claudiu Nistor, Ionut Florin Turturea
    Diagnostics.2023; 13(9): 1615.     CrossRef
  • Associations of breastfeeding duration and the total number of children breastfed with self-reported osteoarthritis in Korea women 50 years and older: a cross-sectional study
    Dajeong Ham, Sanghyuk Bae
    Epidemiology and Health.2023; 45: e2023044.     CrossRef
  • Association between parity and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women
    Yimei Yang, Shanshan Wang, Hui Cong
    BMC Women's Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health