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Original Articles
A Peer-support Mini-counseling Model to Improve Treatment in HIV-positive Pregnant Women in Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
Artha Camellia, Plamularsih Swandari, Gusni Rahma, Tuti Parwati Merati, I Made Bakta, Dyah Pradnyaparamita Duarsa
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(3):238-247.   Published online April 11, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.516
  • 1,780 View
  • 118 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Low adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) therapy in pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) increases the risk of virus transmission from mother to newborn. Increasing mothers’ knowledge and motivation to access treatment has been identified as a critical factor in prevention. Therefore, this research aimed to explore barriers and enablers in accessing HIV care and treatment services.
Methods
This research was the first phase of a mixed-method analysis conducted in Kupang, a remote city in East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. Samples were taken by purposive sampling of 17 people interviewed, consisting of 6 mothers with HIV, 5 peer facilitators, and 6 health workers. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, observations, and document review. Inductive thematic analysis was also performed. The existing data were grouped into several themes, then relationships and linkages were drawn from each group of informants.
Results
Barriers to accessing care and treatment were lack of knowledge about the benefits of ARV; stigma from within and the surrounding environment; difficulty in accessing services due to distance, time, and cost; completeness of administration; drugs’ side effects; and the quality of health workers and HIV services.
Conclusions
There was a need for a structured and integrated model of peer support to improve ARV uptake and treatment in pregnant women with HIV. This research identified needs including mini-counseling sessions designed to address psychosocial barriers as an integrated approach to support antenatal care that can effectively assist HIV-positive pregnant women in improving treatment adherence.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Letter to the Editor: Supporting the Sick and the Vulnerable
    Fides A. del Castillo
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(4): 392.     CrossRef
  • Author Response: Supporting the Sick and the Vulnerable
    Artha Camellia, Gusni Rahma
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(4): 394.     CrossRef
Open Communication About Reproductive Health Is Associated With Comprehensive HIV Knowledge and a Non-stigmatising Attitude Among Indonesian Youth: A Cross-sectional Study
Gede Benny Setia Wirawan, Ni Luh Zallila Gustina, Pande Putu Januraga
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(4):342-350.   Published online June 13, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.581
  • 6,535 View
  • 143 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention among youth seems under-prioritised compared to other key populations. HIV knowledge and stigma are important parts of HIV prevention. To inform HIV prevention among youths, this study quantitatively analysed the associations between open communication regarding sexuality and sexual health, comprehensive HIV knowledge, and non-stigmatising attitudes in Indonesia.
Methods
This study used data from the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2017. The analysis included unmarried men and women aged 15-25 years old. Comprehensive HIV knowledge and a stigmatising attitude were defined according to the IDHS 2017. Open communication about sexuality and sexual health was defined as the number of people with whom participants could openly discuss these topics in their direct network of friends, family, and service providers, with a scale ranging from 0 to a maximum of 7. Primary analysis used binomial logistic regression with weighting adjustments.
Results
The final analysis included 22 864 respondents. Twenty-two percent of youth had no one in their direct network with whom to openly discuss sexual matters, only 14.1% had comprehensive HIV knowledge, and 85.9% showed stigmatising attitudes. Youth mostly discussed sex with their friends (55.2%), and were less likely to discuss it with family members, showing a predominant pattern of peer-to-peer communication. Multivariate analysis showed that having a larger network for communication about sexuality and sexual health was associated with more HIV knowledge and less stigmatising attitudes.
Conclusions
Having more opportunities for open sex communication in one’s direct social network is associated with more HIV knowledge and less stigmatising attitudes.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Scoping Review of Knowledge, Awareness, Perceptions, Attitudes, and Risky Behaviors of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Southeast Asia
    Vimala Balakrishnan, Kok Khuen Yong, Chiong Kian Tiong, Nicholas Jian Shen Ng, Zhao Ni
    Healthcare.2023; 11(8): 1093.     CrossRef
Prevalence and Factors Affecting Discrimination Towards People Living With HIV/AIDS in Indonesia
Rimawati Aulia Insani Sadarang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(2):205-212.   Published online March 24, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.502
  • 2,993 View
  • 130 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aimed to identify the behaviors associated with discrimination towards people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in Indonesia and to determine the factors affecting discrimination.
Methods
Secondary data from the 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey were analyzed using a cross-sectional design. Discrimination was assessed based on the questions (1) “Should children infected with HIV/AIDS be allowed to attend school with non-infected children?” and (2) “Would you buy fresh vegetables from a farmer or shopkeeper known to be infected with HIV/AIDS?” Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the factors affecting discrimination, with adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) used to show the strength, direction, and significance of the associations among factors.
Results
In total, 68.9% of 21 838 individuals showed discrimination towards PLHA. The odds of discrimination were lower among women (aOR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.55 to 0.71), rural dwellers (aOR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.75 to 0.89), those who understood how HIV is transmitted from mother to child (aOR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.73 to 0.89), and those who felt ashamed of their own family’s HIV status (aOR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.52 to 0.61). The odds were higher among individuals who knew how to reduce the risk of getting HIV/AIDS (aOR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.15 to 1.39), how HIV/AIDS is transmitted (aOR, 3.49; 95% CI, 3.09 to 3.95), and were willing to care for an infected relative (aOR, 2.78; 95% CI, 2.47 to 3.13). A model consisting of those variables explained 69% of the variance in discrimination.
Conclusions
Gender, residence, knowledge, and attitudes related to HIV/AIDS were explanatory factors for discrimination against PLHA. Improvements in HIV/AIDS education programs are needed to prevent discrimination.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Employment Discrimination for People Living with HIV in China: The Challenges of Law vs. Practice
    Ziyi Xie, Zhizhuang Duan
    Labor History.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • A Peer-support Mini-counseling Model to Improve Treatment in HIV-positive Pregnant Women in Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
    Artha Camellia, Plamularsih Swandari, Gusni Rahma, Tuti Parwati Merati, I Made Bakta, Dyah Pradnyaparamita Duarsa
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(3): 238.     CrossRef
Special Article
Trends of the Global Hepatitis C Disease Burden: Strategies to Achieve Elimination
Nathalie Brunner, Philip Bruggmann
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(4):251-258.   Published online June 24, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.151
  • 4,341 View
  • 120 Download
  • 21 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Hepatitis C infection is responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates globally as well as for significant indirect costs. The disease burden caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is comparable to the one caused by human immunodeficiency virus or tuberculosis. Today, simple detection methods, highly effective and easy to administer therapies and efficient preventative measures are available to combat hepatitis C. Nevertheless, in most countries around the world, the World Health Organization target of eliminating this infectious disease and its consequences by 2030 are not being met. Significant gaps in care for hepatitis C sufferers still exist, the shortcomings ranging from education and treatment to aftercare. Hepatitis C infection was and still is not on the radar of most politicians and health authorities. National programmes and strategies to combat the disease exist or are being developed in many countries. However, for these to be implemented efficiently and successfully, clear political commitment, strong civil society actors, well-functioning public health structures and the relevant support from global donors are needed.
Summary

Citations

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  • Opportunities and challenges for the application of artificial intelligence paradigms into the management of endemic viral infections: The example of Chronic Hepatitis C Virus
    Ahmed N. Farrag, Ahmed M. Kamel, Iman A. El‐Baraky
    Reviews in Medical Virology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Barriers and advocacy needs for hepatitis C services in prisons: Informing the prisons hepatitis C advocacy toolkit
    Shelley J Walker, Lok B Shrestha, Andrew R Lloyd, Olivia Dawson, Yumi Sheehan, Julia Sheehan, Nonso B C Maduka, Joaquin Cabezas, Matthew J Akiyama, Nadine Kronfli
    International Journal of Drug Policy.2024; 126: 104386.     CrossRef
  • Metagenomic Detection of Divergent Insect- and Bat-Associated Viruses in Plasma from Two African Individuals Enrolled in Blood-Borne Surveillance
    Gregory S. Orf, Ana Olivo, Barbara Harris, Sonja L. Weiss, Asmeeta Achari, Guixia Yu, Scot Federman, Dora Mbanya, Linda James, Samuel Mampunza, Charles Y. Chiu, Mary A. Rodgers, Gavin A. Cloherty, Michael G. Berg
    Viruses.2023; 15(4): 1022.     CrossRef
  • Gastrointestinal tract and viral pathogens
    Gowthami Sai Kogilathota Jagirdhar, Yashwitha Sai Pulakurthi, Himaja Dutt Chigurupati, Salim Surani
    World Journal of Virology.2023; 12(3): 136.     CrossRef
  • Hepatitis C virus seroprevalence, testing, and treatment capacity in public health facilities in Ghana, 2016–2021; A multi-centre cross-sectional study
    Yvonne Ayerki Nartey, Rafiq Okine, Atsu Seake-Kwawu, Georgia Ghartey, Yaw Karikari Asamoah, Ampem Darko Jnr Siaw, Kafui Senya, Amoako Duah, Alex Owusu-Ofori, Opei Adarkwa, Seth Agyeman, Sally Afua Bampoh, Lindsey Hiebert, Henry Njuguna, Neil Gupta, John W
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(6): e0287580.     CrossRef
  • Association of NK Cells with the Severity of Fibrosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C
    Anna Kleczka, Bogdan Mazur, Krzysztof Tomaszek, Andrzej Gabriel, Radosław Dzik, Agata Kabała-Dzik
    Diagnostics.2023; 13(13): 2187.     CrossRef
  • Rapid and sensitive LAMP/CRISPR-powered diagnostics to detect different hepatitis C virus genotypes using an ITO-based EG-FET biosensing platform
    Hsin-Ying Ho, Wei-Sin Kao, Piyush Deval, Chia-Yen Dai, Yen-Hsu Chen, Ming-Lung Yu, Che-Hsin Lin, Ling-Shan Yu
    Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical.2023; 394: 134278.     CrossRef
  • Hepatitis C and hepatocellular carcinoma in Latin America: Elimination as a path to cancer prevention
    Spencer Goble, Angelo Z. Mattos, Manuel Mendizabal, Jose D. Debes
    Annals of Hepatology.2023; 28(6): 101149.     CrossRef
  • Self-awareness of hepatitis C infection in the United States: A cross-sectional study based on the National Health Nutrition and Examination Survey
    Karthik Gnanapandithan, Maged P. Ghali, Yury E. Khudyakov
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(10): e0293315.     CrossRef
  • The Prevalence of Transfusion-Transmitted Diseases Among Blood Donors in the Central Blood Bank in Makkah, Saudi Arabia
    Mohammad Albshri, Palanisamy Manikandan, Mamdouh Allahyani, Abdulelah Aljuaid, Mazen M Almehmadi, Kamal Alzabeedi, Mohamed Babalgaith, Mosa Alghamdi, Faris Alharbi, Mohammed Alhazmi
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessment of the influence of vitamin D level on the course of chronic hepatitis C in comorbidity with chronic pancreatitis
    M.A. Derbak, O.V. Buchok, T.M. Ganych, O.A. Rishko, V.V. Timashev
    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY (Ukraine).2023; 19(7): 478.     CrossRef
  • Real-world treatment outcome of direct-acting antivirals and patient survival rates in chronic hepatitis C virus infection in Eritrea
    Ghirmay Ghebrekidan Ghebremeskel, Michael Berhe Solomon, Oliver Okoth Achila, Samuel Tekle Mengistu, Rahel Frezghi Asmelash, Araia Berhane Mesfin, Mohammed Elfatih Hamida
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • DYNAMICS IN MAIN CLINICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL INDICATORS IN PATIENTS WITH COMORBIDITY OF CHRONIC HEPATITIS C AND CHRONIC PANCREATITIS FOLLOWING INTEGRATED THERAPY INCLUDING VITAMIN D
    M.A. Derbak, O.V. Buchok, O.O. Boldizhar, O.A. Rishko, M.M. Bletskan
    Актуальні проблеми сучасної медицини: Вісник Української медичної стоматологічної академії.2023; 23(4): 84.     CrossRef
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    Mariya A. Derbak, Olha V. Buchok, Taras M. Ganich, Mariya V. Rivis, Yana V. Lazur, Viktoriya M. Polyak-Tovt, Volodymyr V. Timashev
    Wiadomości Lekarskie.2023; 76(11): 2359.     CrossRef
  • Impact of the direct acting antivirals on chronic hepatitis C prevalence on the Swiss organ transplantation list: a retrospective analysis
    Luis Falcato, Simone Temperli, Philip Bruggmann, Franz Immer
    Exploration of Digestive Diseases.2023; 2(6): 297.     CrossRef
  • ВИВЧЕННЯ ЕФЕКТИВНОСТІ ВІТАМІНУ D В СКЛАДІ КОМПЛЕКСНОЇ ТЕРАПІЇ ХРОНІЧНОГО ГЕПАТИТУ С ПОЄДНАНОГО З ХРОНІЧНИМ ПАНКРЕАТИТОМ
    Ольга Бучок , М. Дербак
    Grail of Science.2023; (34): 360.     CrossRef
  • Impact of the direct acting antivirals on chronic hepatitis C prevalence on the Swiss organ transplantation list: a retrospective analysis
    Luis Falcato, Simone Temperli, Philip Bruggmann, Franz Immer
    Exploration of Digestive Diseases.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    M. A. Derbak, O. V. Buchok, O. O. Boldizhar, M. M. Bletskan, V. V. Svistak
    Bulletin of Problems Biology and Medicine.2023; 1(2): 166.     CrossRef
  • Intrafamilial transmission risk factors and preventive measures followed by household contacts of hepatitis C patients
    Amala Abdulla Saad Ahmed, Saneya Mohamed Rizk, Nabila Abdel-Kader Abdeldaiem
    Egyptian Nursing Journal.2023; 20(2): 159.     CrossRef
  • Another Step Toward Hepatitis C Elimination: An Economic Evaluation of an Irish National Birth Cohort Testing Program
    Paul G. Carty, Conor Teljeur, Cillian F. De Gascun, Paddy Gillespie, Patricia Harrington, Aiden McCormick, Michelle O’Neill, Susan M. Smith, Mairin Ryan
    Value in Health.2022; 25(12): 1947.     CrossRef
  • Oncogenic viruses, cancer biology, and innate immunity
    Maria C White, Xinjun Wu, Blossom Damania
    Current Opinion in Immunology.2022; 78: 102253.     CrossRef
Original Articles
The Effects of Socio-demographic Characteristics on Indonesian Women’s Knowledge of HIV/AIDS: A Cross-sectional Study
Putu Erma Pradnyani, Arief Wibowo, Mahmudah
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(2):109-114.   Published online February 28, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.256
  • 6,026 View
  • 240 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to characterize Indonesian women’s knowledge of HIV/AIDS and to investigate the effects of socio-demographic characteristics thereupon with the goal of supporting the prevention and early detection of HIV/AIDS.
Methods
This cross-sectional study was conducted using secondary data from the standard Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) in 2012. A total of 34 984 subjects ranged in age from 15 years to 49 years. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test and logistic regression to identify the effects of socio-demographic characteristics on Indonesian women’s knowledge of HIV/AIDS.
Results
All socio-demographic characteristics except marital status were related to knowledge of HIV/AIDS among Indonesian women in the univariate analysis (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that only age group, education level, location of residence, and wealth index were related to Indonesian women’s knowledge of HIV/AIDS (p<0.05).
Conclusions
Indonesian women’s insufficient knowledge related to HIV/AIDS shows that the provision of accurate and comprehensive information related to HIV/AIDS are components of prevention and control interventions that should be improved. With greater knowledge, women are expected to be more likely to determine their own and their partners’ human immunodeficiency virus status and to take appropriate preventive steps.
Summary

Citations

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  • The knowledge mapping of HIV/AIDS in Indonesians living on six major islands using the Indonesian version of the HIV-KQ-18 instrument
    Bustanul Arifin, M. Rifqi Rokhman, Zulkarnain Zulkarnain, Dyah Aryani Perwitasari, Marianti Mangau, Saidah Rauf, Rasuane Noor, Retna Siwi Padmawati, Muhammad Nasrum Massi, Jurjen van der Schans, Maarten J. Postma, Nelsensius Klau Fauk
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(11): e0293876.     CrossRef
  • Polygamy and safe sex negotiation among married women: evidence from Cameroon
    Satveer Dhillon, Daniel Amoak, George N. Chidimbah Munthali, Yujiro Sano, Roger Antabe, Isaac Luginaah
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Trends and correlates of low HIV knowledge among ever-married women of reproductive age: Evidence from cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 1996–2014
    Md. Tariqujjaman, Md. Mehedi Hasan, Mohammad Abdullah Heel Kafi, Md. Alamgir Hossain, Saad A. Khan, Nadia Sultana, Rashidul Azad, Md. Arif Hossain, Mahfuzur Rahman, Mohammad Bellal Hossain, Mpho Keetile
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(5): e0286184.     CrossRef
  • Determination of Women’s Level of Knowledge and Attitudes towards AIDS
    Gülpınar ASLAN, Ayşe Berivan BAKAN
    Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi.2023; 7(3): 522.     CrossRef
  • Comprehensive Knowledge about HIV/AIDS among Women of Reproductive Age in India
    Aritro Bhattacharyya, Ritankar Chakraborty, Tapasya Raj, Bijaya Kumar Padhi, Jagdish Khubchandani, Prakasini Satapathy, Sarvesh Rustagi, Vijay Kumar Chattu
    Epidemiologia.2023; 4(4): 492.     CrossRef
  • Adaptation and validation of the HIV Knowledge Questionnaire-18 for the general population of Indonesia
    Bustanul Arifin, M. Rifqi Rokhman, Zulkarnain Zulkarnain, Dyah Aryani Perwitasari, Marianti Manggau, Saidah Rauf, Rasuane Noor, Retna Siwi Padmawati, Maarten J. Postma, Muhammad Nasrum Massi, Jurjen van der Schans
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Open Communication About Reproductive Health Is Associated With Comprehensive HIV Knowledge and a Non-stigmatising Attitude Among Indonesian Youth: A Cross-sectional Study
    Gede Benny Setia Wirawan, Ni Luh Zallila Gustina, Pande Putu Januraga
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2022; 55(4): 342.     CrossRef
  • The roles of women empowerment on attitude for safer sex negotiation among Indonesian married women
    I Gusti Ngurah Edi Putra, Tashi Dendup, Pande Putu Januraga
    Women & Health.2021; 61(1): 95.     CrossRef
  • Women's autonomy in household decision-making and safer sex negotiation in sub-Saharan Africa: An analysis of data from 27 Demographic and Health Surveys
    Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Richard Gyan Aboagye, Joshua Okyere, Wonder Agbemavi, Mawulorm Akpeke, Eugene Budu, Farrukh Ishaque Saah, Vivian Tackie, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
    SSM - Population Health.2021; 14: 100773.     CrossRef
  • Independent predictors of comprehensive knowledge of HIV in general population: findings from the Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015-16)
    Kyaw Lwin Show, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Khin Thet Wai, San Hone, Htun Nyunt Oo
    F1000Research.2021; 9: 5.     CrossRef
  • Independent predictors of comprehensive knowledge of HIV in general population: findings from the Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015-16)
    Kyaw Lwin Show, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Khin Thet Wai, San Hone, Htun Nyunt Oo
    F1000Research.2020; 9: 5.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Comprehensive Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Among People Aged 15–49 Years in Ethiopia: A Multilevel Analysis


    Bereket Kefale, Yitayish Damtie, Melaku Yalew, Bezawit Adane, Mastewal Arefaynie
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Male to Female Heterosexual Transmission of HIV in Korea: Transmission Rate and Risk Factors.
Unyeong Go, Mee Kyung Kee, Byeong Sun Choi, Chun Kang, Kyoung Mee Do, Ju Hyun Lee, Joo Shil Lee
Korean J Prev Med. 1999;32(2):228-235.
  • 2,639 View
  • 32 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Despite the importance of human immunodefi-ciency virus(HIV) transmission through heterosexual contact, the features of heterosexual transmission has not been well studied in Korea. So we conducted a cross sectional study to determine the transmission rates in married couples and assess risk factors for male to female heterosexual transmission of HIV. METHODS: 169 HIV-infected males and their female sex partners were recruited from 1985 to June 1998. We examined female sex partners HIV infection status and interviewed male index partners and their female sex partners about demographic characteristics and sexual practices. We analysed heterosexual transmission rate by epidemiologic characteristics, disease status and sexual practices. And we assessed risk factors for HIV infection by univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: 30 female sex partners were infected at enrollment, yielding an transmission rate of 17.8%. Among couples who had used condoms consistently, none of the female sex partners was infected with HIV. In univariate analysis the significant risk factors were full blown AIDS status (OR=4.1, 95% CI: 1.49-11.43) and low CD4 T cell count of index partners at enrollment (OR=7.8, 95% CI: 2.19-27.80). In multivariate analysis HIV-1 RNA levels was significant risk factor when adjusted by CD4 T cell counts and mean sexual contacts per month (OR=19.2, 95% CI: 1.03-357.59) CONCLUSION: The risk of male to female heterosexual transmission increased with advanced stages of HIV infection in the index male partners.
Summary
Epidemiological characteristics of HIV infected homosexuals in Korea(1992).
Young Keol Cho, Yung Oh Shin, Young Bong Kim
Korean J Prev Med. 1993;26(4):541-550.
  • 1,763 View
  • 23 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
In order to investigate psychological and behavioral characteristics homosexuals and to present evidence that homosexuals are in danger of HIV infection in Korea, this study was done by self-administered questionnaire and then direct interview with the 28(35%) HIV infected homosexual/bisexuals of 79 HIV infected persons reported in 1992. Homosexuals without heterosexual activity were 9 and the others were bisexuals. Sixty-five percent of respondents had a guilty conscience for their homosexual activity. Twenty(71%) were in twenties and 5(18%) in thirties. Twelve(43%) were detected via health card checking by health office, 21% by blood donation, 18% by hospital visit, and 7% by partner notification. Motivations for homosexual activity were curiosity(36%), temptation or recommendation(14%) and compulsion(11%). Eighteen(72%) never used condom on anal sex. Nine of 26 respondents had experience for anal sex with foreigners. Fourteen(54%) of 26 respondents had history for sexually transmitted diseases. Fightly percent did not have sexual contact after HIV infection and the others usually used condom. It was confirmed that over 57% of the respondents were infected within 1 year before HIV diagnosis and over 82% within 2 years. These data suggest that HIV infection among homosexual group is rapidly spreading.
Summary
Sexual Behavioral Characteristics and the Knowledge of HIV/AIDS among Men who have Sex with Men in Republic of Korea.
Mee Kyung Kee, Chul Min Park, Chang Gok Chang, Un Yeong Go
J Prev Med Public Health. 2004;37(3):220-224.
  • 1,900 View
  • 76 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To investigate the sexual behavioral characteristics and HIV/AIDS knowledge among men who have sex with men (MSM), one of the HIV high risk groups. METHODS: A three month survey among individuals who were able to be contacted was carried out over the entire Republic of Korea, between May and August, 2001. 348 individuals completed a self-administered questionnaire. The data collected included demographic information, sexual behavior and AIDS knowledge. RESULTS: Eighty-seven and ninety-two per cent of the 348 MSM were aged 20-39 years and had never been married, respectively. Fifty-five per cent of participants reported at least one sexual contact with women, and a quarter of the MSM surveyed had engaged in high-risk sexual behavior (more than 6 partners) during the previous year. About twenty per cent of the MSM had anal sex as their favorite way of having sex, and seventy-four per cent did not use condoms regularly due to loss of enjoyment, and were more likely to be engaged in risky behaviors. Only ten per cent had a regular HIV test history, and most had obtained knowledge or information on HIV/AIDS through the mass media. CONCLUSIONS: A large proportion of the MSM in Korea still remain at an elevated risk for contracting HIV infection. Change in high-risk sexual behaviors will prevent the spread of HIV infection among the MSM population, which requires public health education for preventive interventions, and should be culturally and socially specific in order to be effective.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health