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6 "Sang Gyu Lee"
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Original Article
The Combined Effect of Subjective Body Image and Body Mass Index (Distorted Body Weight Perception) on Suicidal Ideation
Jaeyong Shin, Young Choi, Kyu-Tae Han, Sung-Youn Cheon, Jae-Hyun Kim, Sang Gyu Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(2):94-104.   Published online March 14, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.055
  • 10,337 View
  • 141 Download
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Mental health disorders and suicide are an important and growing public health concern in Korea. Evidence has shown that both globally and in Korea, obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing some psychiatric disorders. Therefore, we examined the association between distorted body weight perception (BWP) and suicidal ideation.
Methods
Data were obtained from the 2007-2012 Korea National Health and Nutritional Evaluation Survey (KNHANES), an annual cross-sectional nationwide survey that included 14 276 men and 19 428 women. Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to investigate the associations between nine BWP categories, which combined body image (BI) and body mass index (BMI) categories, and suicidal ideation. Moreover, the fitness of our models was verified using the Akaike information criterion.
Results
Consistent with previous studies, suicidal ideation was associated with marital status, household income, education level, and perceived health status in both genders. Only women were significantly more likely to have distorted BWP; there was no relationship among men. In category B1 (low BMI and normal BI), women (odds ratio [OR], 2.25; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.48 to 3.42) were more likely to express suicidal ideation than women in category B2 (normal BMI and normal BI) were. Women in overweight BWP category C2 (normal BMI and fat BI) also had an increased OR for suicidal ideation (OR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.48 to 3.42). Those in normal BWP categories were not likely to have suicidal ideation. Among women in the underweight BWP categories, only the OR for those in category A2 (normal BMI and thin BI) was significant (OR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.13 to 1.59).
Conclusions
Distorted BWP should be considered an important factor in the prevention of suicide and for the improvement of mental health among Korean adults, especially Korean women with distorted BWPs.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association between Weight Status and Mental Health among Korean Adolescents: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study
    Youngha Choi, Jeana Hong
    Children.2023; 10(4): 620.     CrossRef
  • Association between body shape misperception and unhealthy eating behaviors among Korean adolescents
    Yejin Kim, Bomgyeol Kim, Vasuki Rajaguru, Sang Gyu Lee, Tae Hyun Kim
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2023; 17(6): 1143.     CrossRef
  • Effects of metabolic syndrome and obesity on suicidality in individuals with bipolar disorder
    Christoph Stenzel, Nina Dalkner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Armin Birner, Susanne A. Bengesser, Frederike T. Fellendorf, Andreas Fink, Eva Fleischmann, Melanie Lenger, Alexander Maget, Martina Platzer, Robert Queissner, Elena Schönthaler, Adelina Tmava-
    Journal of Affective Disorders.2022; 311: 1.     CrossRef
  • Body image distortion among Brazilian and Portuguese women with children: A comparative study between the ELSA-Brasil and Generation XXI cohorts
    Ana Luísa Patrão, Maria da Conceição Almeida, Ana Henriques, Sheila M. Alvim Matos, Henrique Barros, Rosane Harter Griep, Estela M.L. Aquino
    Preventive Medicine.2022; 164: 107316.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and factors associated with suicidal ideation amongst college students in the Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality, South Africa
    Adeyinka A. Alabi, Olawumi K. Oladimeji, Oladele V. Adeniyi
    South African Family Practice.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between Subjective Body Image, Body Mass Index and Psychological Symptoms in Chinese Adolescents: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study
    Yueyun Zhang, Baozhong Liu, Long Sun
    Healthcare.2021; 9(10): 1299.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with psychological stress and distress among Korean adults: the results from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Yejin Cheon, Jinju Park, Bo Yoon Jeong, Eun Young Park, Jin-Kyoung Oh, E Hwa Yun, Min Kyung Lim
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Misclassification of Self-Reported Body Mass Index Categories
    Romy Freigang, Anne-Kathrin Geier, Gordian Lukas Schmid, Thomas Frese, Andreas Klement, Susanne Unverzagt
    Deutsches Ärzteblatt international.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Self-perceptions of body weight status according to age-groups among Korean women: A nationwide population-based survey
    Boyoung Park, Ha Na Cho, Eunji Choi, Da Hea Seo, Sue Kim, Yeong-Ran Park, Kui Son Choi, Yumie Rhee, Yongjoo Kim
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(1): e0210486.     CrossRef
  • Does perceived overweight increase risk of depressive symptoms and suicidality beyond objective weight status? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Ashleigh Haynes, Inge Kersbergen, Angelina Sutin, Michael Daly, Eric Robinson
    Clinical Psychology Review.2019; 73: 101753.     CrossRef
  • Secular trends in the prevalence of weight misperception among Korean adults, 2001–2013
    Seonho Kim, Wi-Young So
    Obesity Research & Clinical Practice.2018; 12(4): 346.     CrossRef
  • Association between body mass index and suicidal ideation among seniors in Shandong, China
    Long Sun, Chengchao Zhou
    Comprehensive Psychiatry.2018; 82: 68.     CrossRef
  • Body weight misperception and psychological distress among young South Korean adults: the role of physical activity
    Eun-Young Lee, Maxine Myre, Jongnam Hwang, Heeran Chun, Eunchul Seo, Roman Pabayo, John C. Spence
    Global Health Research and Policy.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Association between Inappropriate Weight Control Behaviors and Suicide Ideation and Attempt among Korean Adolescents
    Sang Ah Lee, Suk-Yong Jang, JaeYong Shin, Yeong Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam, Eun-Cheol Park
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2016; 31(10): 1529.     CrossRef
English Abstract
Effects of Personal Exposure to Nitrogen Dioxide on Peak Expiratory Flow in Asthmatic Patients.
Ho Jang Kwon, Sang Gyu Lee, Young Koo Jee, Sang Rok Lee, Seung Sik Hwang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2007;40(1):59-63.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.1.59
  • 4,958 View
  • 38 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) has been inconsistently associated with gradual decreases in lung function. Here, we studied the effects of NO2 exposure in asthmatics by examining the association between changes in lung function and concentrations of NO2 which were personally measured. METHODS: Peak expiratory flow (PEF) and daily personal exposures to NO2 were recorded on 28 patients with asthma (confirmed by methacholine provocation test) over 4 weeks. We used generalized estimating equations to assess the relationship between personal NO2 exposure and PEF, adjusting for potential confounders such as age, gender, outdoor particulate matter, temperature, humidity, and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. RESULTS: The personal NO2 exposures were higher than the corresponding ambient levels. The mean personal: ambient ratio for NO2 was 1.48. The personal NO2 exposures were not associated with the morning PEF, evening PEF, or the diurnal PEF variability. However, environmental tobacco smoke was negatively associated with both the morning and evening PEF. CONCLUSIONS: Among the asthmatic adults who participated in this study, we found no apparent impact of personal NO2 exposures on the peak expiratory flow.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The statistical evaluation and comparison of ADMS-Urban model for the prediction of nitrogen dioxide with air quality monitoring network
    Audrius Dėdelė, Auksė Miškinytė
    Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Acute effects of air pollution on peak expiratory flow rates and symptoms among asthmatic patients in Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Phongtape Wiwatanadate, Chalerm Liwsrisakun
    International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health.2011; 214(3): 251.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Comparing Difference of Volume of Psychiatric Treatments between the Patient with Health Insurance and Those with Medical Assistance: For Inpatients of Korean Psychiatric Hospitals.
Dae Hee Lee, Eun Cheol Park, Chung Mo Nam, Sang Gyu Lee, Dong Han Lee, Seung Hum Yu
Korean J Prev Med. 2003;36(1):33-38.
  • 2,241 View
  • 28 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To assess the difference in the volume of psychiatric treatments provided to health insurance inpatients, compared with those on medical assistance (the medical aid program) Korean psychiatric hospitals, and to determine factors which affect the volume of the services. METHODS: 21 psychiatrists, from 3 Korean psychiatric hospitals recorded the frequencies psychiatric treatments provided to inpatients in one week (February18-24, 2002). The records of 329 patients were analyzed through t-tests, and random effectmixed model analyses to define the difference between the two groups, and to find other factors affecting the volume of service. RESULTS: A significant difference in the volume of psychiatric treatments provided was observed between the health insurance and medical assistance groups. The variation in the volume of service between hospitals was prominent, and other factors (gender, agegroup, length of stay and mental disorder) were also found to be significant. The patients on medical assistance received only 70% of the psychiatric treatments of those on health insurance. CONCLUSIONS: More effort is required to improve the methods of payment to increase the level of fee scheduling for medical assistance. Further studies on the mechanisms causing these differences in the volume of service are required.
Summary
Cigarette Smoking, Alcohol and Cancer Mortality in Men: The Kangwha Cohort Study.
Sang Gyu Lee, Chung Mo Nam, Sang Wook Yi, Hee Chul Ohrr
Korean J Prev Med. 2002;35(2):123-128.
  • 2,969 View
  • 33 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVE
To examine the relationship between cigarette smoking, alcohol and cancer mortality in men in the Kangwha cohort after 12 years and 10 months of follow up. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 2,681 men in the Kangwha cohort aged over 55 in 1985. Number of deaths and the time to death from all cancers and other cause were measured and the data for the smoking and drinking habits were obtained from the baseline survey data in 1985. All subjects were categorized into four groups according to their smoking habits: non-smokers, ex-smokers, moderate-smokers (1-19 cigarettes per day), heavy-smokers (> or =20 cigarettes per day). In addition, they were also categorized according to their drinking habits: non-drinkers, light-drinkers (< or =1 drink per week), moderate-drinkers (<3 drinks per day), heavy-drinkers (> or =3 drinks per day). The cancer specific death rates were calculated according to their smoking and drinking status. The adjusted risk ratio for all cancer deaths according to their smoking and drinking status were estimated using the Cox's proportional hazard regression model. RESULTS: Using nonsmokers as the reference category, the adjusted risk ratio for all cancer deaths were 1.573(95% CI=1.003-2.468) for heavy-smokers. For lung cancer deaths, the adjusted risk ratios were 3.540(95% CI=1.251-10.018) for moderate-smoker and 4.114(95% CI=1.275-13.271) for heavy-smokers. Compared to non-drinkers, the adjusted risk ratio for stomach cancer was 2.204(95% CI=1.114-4.361) for light-drinkers. CONCLUSION: Smoking is the most significant risk factor for cancer deaths particularly lung cancer.
Summary
Current Status of Hospital-based Health Promotion Programs in Korea and the Factors Influencing Their Introduction.
Sang Gyu Lee, Choon Seon Park, Myung Guen Kang, Myung Il Hahm, Soon Young Lee, Woo Hyun Cho
Korean J Prev Med. 2001;34(4):399-407.
  • 2,131 View
  • 24 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To investigate the current status of hospital-based health promotion programs in Korea and to elucidate the factors which affect to the process of implementation. METHODS: We conducted a mail survey of all 875 hospitals in Korea from March to May 2001. In reference to 12 specific kinds of health promotion programs, hospital CEOs were asked whether their hospital have such programs, whether they are fully staffed and whether the program is paid for by the patients. Contextual factors(location, hospital type, number of beds, length of operation, public/private status, economic level of the community, the level of competition) and organizational factors (the extent of market, compatibility with vision, formalization), strategic types of the CEOs (defender/analyser/prospector) were also surveyed. The relationships between each variable and the implementation of health promotion services, activation of services, and the target groups(patient/community resident) were analyzed by univariate analysis and the independent effects of these variables were examined with multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: 106 of 125 hospitals responding (84.8%) had more than one health promotion program. However, they showed fluctuations in the adoption rate of each programs, meaning that comprehensive health promotion services were not provided. Many programs were not fully staffed and few hospitals had paid programs. In factors affecting health promotion service implementation, private hospitals showed a higher rate in implementation than public hospitals. In contrast, when the competition among nearby hospitals was intense, the level of implementation of service lowered. In the strategic type of the CEOs, the prospectors were shown to have instituted more health promotion programs in their hospitals and the analysers had a greater tendency to have programs for community residents than the defenders. CONCLUSION: Considering the above results, contextual factors may contribute greatly to the introduction of health promotion services in Korean hospital, although the CEO's personal preference and organizational factors play a larger role in the activation of services. Additionally, the CEO's personal preference may be the major influencing factor in the introduction of programs for community residents.
Summary
English Abstract
Public Perceptions of the Risk of Asian Dust Storms in Seoul and its Metropolitan Area.
Hyoung June Im, Ho Jang Kwon, Mina Ha, Sang Gyu Lee, Seung Sik Hwang, Eun Hee Ha, Soo Hun Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2006;39(3):205-212.
  • 2,038 View
  • 62 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
In spite of the recent increased concern for Asian dust storms, there are few studies concerning how dangerous the general public recognizes these dust storms to be. This study examined the public's perceptions of the risk of the Asian dust storms and also the source of the information concerning the risk. METHODS: A telephone interview survey using a standardized questionnaire was done for the adults living in Seoul and its metropolitan area from May 15th, 2003 to May 16th, 2003. The contents of the questionnaire were the sociodemographic characteristics, the perceptions of risk to the Asian dust storms, and the coping strategy of the study participants. RESULTS: The study participants get their information on Asian dust storms mainly from TV newscasts and they have a good knowledge of them. They regard it as one of the most dangerous health risks, along with dioxin. They think that it is associated with allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and bronchial asthma, etc. Of the 500 study participants, 201(40.2%) persons suffered bodily discomforts during the Asian dust storm period. CONCLUSIONS: Although there are uncertainties about the health risks of Asian dust storms, the public thinks these dust storms are very dangerous to health in many ways. This negative perception will not disappear easily. To fill the gap of the public's perceptions of the risk and the objective evidence of its health effects, more studies about its health effects and the methods to reduce exposure are required.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health