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Development of a Social Contact Survey Instrument Relevant to the Spread of Infectious Disease and Its Application in a Pilot Study Among Korean Adults
Hyang Soon Oh, Youngran Yang, Mikyung Ryu
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(2):106-116.   Published online February 9, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.251
  • 3,987 View
  • 127 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study aimed to develop a valid social contact survey instrument and to verify its feasibility for use among Korean adults.
Methods
The Delphi technique was used to develop an instrument to assess social contacts, which was then applied in a cross-sectional pilot study. A panel of 15 medical professionals reviewed the feasibility and validity of each item. The minimum content validity ratio was 0.49. Thirty participants used the developed measure to record contacts during a 24-hour period.
Results
After a systematic review, the survey instrument (parts I and II) was developed. Part I assessed social contact patterns over a 24-hour period, and part II assessed perceptions of contacts in daily life and preventive behaviors (hand hygiene and coughing etiquette). High validity and feasibility were found. In the pilot study, the 30 participants had a combined total of 198 contacts (mean, 6.6 daily contacts per person). The participants’ age (p=0.012), occupation (p<0.001), household size (p<0.001), education (p<0.001), personal income (p=0.003), and household income (p<0.001) were significantly associated with the number of contacts. Contacts at home, of long duration, and of daily frequency were relatively likely to be physical. Assortative mixing was observed between individuals in their 20s and 50s. Contact type differed by location, duration, and frequency (p<0.001).
Conclusions
The developed social contact survey instrument demonstrated high validity and feasibility, suggesting that it is viable for implementation.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구에서는 감염접촉전파에 대한 인식과 사회적접촉을 측정 도구를 델파이 방법으로 개발하여 국내최초로 한국 성인의 사회적접촉을 측정하였다. 참여자 30명은 24시간 동안 총 198명을 접촉하였으며(6.6명/일/인), 접촉자수는 연령 (p=0.012), 직업(p<0.001), 가구수 (p<0.001), 교육수준 (p<0.001), 개인소득 (p=0.003), 가구소득 (p<0.001)에 따라 차이가 있었다. 동질성 혼합(assortative mixing)은 20대와 50대에서 보였으며, 접촉유형은 접촉장소, 접촉기간, 접촉빈도에 따라 유의하였다(p<0.001). 향후 국내 사회적 접촉 양상과 특성에 관한 전국적인 후속연구를 제언한다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A pilot study investigating the social contact patterns of Korean elderly
    Hyang Soon Oh, Sun Young Jeong, Youngran Yang
    Public Health Nursing.2021; 38(5): 926.     CrossRef
  • Prospective Diary Survey of Preschool Children's Social Contact Patterns: A Pilot Study
    Hyang Soon Oh, Mikyung Ryu
    Child Health Nursing Research.2020; 26(4): 393.     CrossRef
Knowledge, Perceptions, and Self-reported Performance of Hand Hygiene Among Registered Nurses at Community-based Hospitals in the Republic of Korea: A Cross-sectional Multi-center Study
Hyang Soon Oh
J Prev Med Public Health. 2018;51(3):121-129.   Published online May 14, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.17.188
  • 9,719 View
  • 328 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
To assess the nurses’ hand hygiene (HH) knowledge, perception, attitude, and self-reported performance in small- and medium-sized hospitals after Middle East Respiratory Syndrome outbreak.
Methods
The structured questionnaire was adapted from the World Health Organization’s survey. Data were collected between June 26 and July 14, 2017.
Results
Nurses showed scores on knowledge (17.6±2.5), perception (69.3±0.8), self-reported HH performance of non-self (86.0±11.0), self-reported performance of self (88.2±11.0), and attitude (50.5±5.5). HH performance rate of non-self was Y1=36.678+ 0.555X1 (HH performance rate of self) (adjusted R2=0.280, p<0.001). The regression model for performance was Y4=18.302+0.247X41 (peception)+0.232X42 (attitude)+0.875X42 (role model); coefficients were significant statistically except attitude, and this model significant statistically (adjusted R2=0.191, p<0.001).
Conclusions
Advanced HH education program would be developed and operated continuously. Perception, attitude, role model was found to be a significant predictors of HH performance of self. So these findings could be used in future HH promotion strategies for nurses.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Hand hygiene knowledge, perception, and self-reported performance among nurses in Kelantan, Malaysia: a cross-sectional study
    Mohamad Hazni Abd Rahim, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim
    BMC Nursing.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Behavioural intention of hand hygiene compliance in an average Ecuadorian hospital
    Pía Escudero, Mireia Urrea Ayala, Natalia Romero, Cintia Pullas, Domenica Reina, Edison Daniel Miranda Brazales, María José Ayora Pérez, Ignacio Peñaherrera Suárez, Emily Granadillo, Miguel Martín
    Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira.2022; 68(9): 1172.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Self-Reported Hand Hygiene Performance among Nurses at Tertiary Care Hospitals in East Coast Malaysia
    Mohamad Hazni Abd Rahim, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim, Siti Suraiya Md Noor, Norhana Mohamed Fadzil
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(2): 409.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Perception, and Performance of Hand Hygiene and Their Correlation among Nursing Students in Republic of Korea
    Hyang Soon Oh
    Healthcare.2021; 9(7): 913.     CrossRef
  • Hand hygiene in surgery in Benin: opportunities and challenges
    Carine Laurence Yehouenou, Angèle Modupe Dohou, Ariane Dessièdé Fiogbe, Marius Esse, Cyriaque Degbey, Anne Simon, Olivia Dalleur
    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Healthcare Workers’ Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding the World Health Organization’s “My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene”: Evidence From a Vietnamese Central General Hospital
    Huy Van Nguyen, Hieu Trung Tran, Long Quynh Khuong, Thanh Van Nguyen, Na Thi Nhi Ho, An Thi Minh Dao, Minh Van Hoang
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2020; 53(4): 236.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, perception, performance, and attitude regarding hand hygiene and related factors among infection control nurses in South Korea: A cross-sectional study
    Hyang Soon Oh
    American Journal of Infection Control.2019; 47(3): 258.     CrossRef
Current Status of Infection Prevention and Control Programs for Emergency Medical Personnel in the Republic of Korea
Hyang Soon Oh, Dong Choon Uhm
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(6):330-341.   Published online November 25, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.058
  • 10,134 View
  • 117 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Emergency medical personnel (EMPs) are pre-hospital emergency responders who are at risk of exposure to infections and may also serve as a source for the transmission of infections. However, few studies of infection control have specifically addressed EMPs in the Republic of Korea (hereafter Korea). The goal of this study was to assess the current status of infection prevention and control programs (IPCPs) for EMPs in Korea.
Methods
A cross-sectional survey was conducted to quantitatively assess the resources and activities of IPCPs. A total of 907 EMPs in five metropolitan cities completed a structured questionnaire from September 2014 to January 2015. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, multi-response analysis, and the chi-square test.
Results
The mean age of the participants was 34.8±15.1 years. IPCPs were found to have weaknesses with regard to the following resources: the assignment of infection control personnel (ICP) (79.5%), hand hygiene resources such as waterless antiseptics (79.3%), the use of paper towels (38.9%), personal protective equipment such as face shields (46.9%), and safety containers for sharps and a separated space for the disposal of infectious waste (10.1%). Likewise, the following activities were found to be inadequately incorporated into the workflow of EMPs: education about infection control (77.5%), post-exposure management (35.9%), and the decontamination of items and spaces after use (88.4%). ICP were found to have a significant effect on the resources and activities of IPCPs (p<0.001). The resources and activities of IPCPs were found to be significantly different among the five cities (p<0.001).
Conclusions
IPCPs for EMPs showed some limitations in their resources and activities. IPCPs should be actively supported, and specific IPCP activities for EMPs should be developed.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Evaluation of the characteristics of infection prevention and control programs and infection control committees in Brazilian hospitals: A countrywide cross-sectional study
    Beatriz Arns, Crepin Aziz Jose Oluwafoumi Agani, Guilhermo Prates Sesin, Jaqueline Driemeyer C. Horvath, Débora Vacaro Fogazzi, Fernanda Kelly Romeiro Silva, Lauren Sezera Costa, Adriano Jose Pereira, Antônio Paulo Nassar Junior, Bruno Tomazini, Camila Di
    Antimicrobial Stewardship & Healthcare Epidemiology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • “Hand hygiene perception and self-reported hand hygiene compliance among emergency medical service providers: a Danish survey”
    Heidi Storm Vikke, Svend Vittinghus, Martin Betzer, Matthias Giebner, Hans Jørn Kolmos, Karen Smith, Maaret Castrén, Veronica Lindström, Marja Mäkinen, Heini Harve, Christian Backer Mogensen
    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
English Abstract
Education of Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response in Healthcare-associated Colleges - Current Status and Learning Objectives Development.
Hagyung Lee, Byung Chul Chun, Sung Eun Yi, Hyang Soon Oh, Sun Ju Wang, Jang Wook Sohn, Jee Hee Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):225-231.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.225
  • 3,853 View
  • 69 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Bioterrorism (BT) preparedness and response plans are particularly important among healthcare workers who will be among the first involved in the outbreak situations. This study was conducted to evaluate the current status of education for BT preparedness and response in healthcare-related colleges/junior colleges and to develop learning objectives for use in their regular curricula. METHODS: We surveyed all medical colleges/schools, colleges/junior colleges that train nurses, emergency medical technicians or clinical pathologists, and 10% (randomly selected) of them that train general hygienists in Korea. The survey was conducted via mail from March to July of 2007. We surveyed 35 experts to determine if there was a consensus of learning objectives among healthcare workers. RESULTS: Only 31.3% of medical colleges/schools and 13.3% of nursing colleges/junior colleges had education programs that included BT preparedness and responses in their curricula. The most common reason given for the lack of BT educational programs was 'There is not much need for education regarding BT preparedness and response in Korea'. None of the colleges/junior colleges that train clinical pathologists, or general hygienists had an education program for BT response. After evaluating the expert opinions, we developed individual learning objectives designed specifically for educational institutions. CONCLUSIONS: There were only a few colleges/junior colleges that enforce the requirement to provide education for BT preparedness and response in curricula. It is necessary to raise the perception of BT preparedness and response to induce the schools to provide such programs.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predictors of bioterrorism preparedness among clinical nurses: A cross-sectional study
    Suhyun Lee, Yujeong Kim
    Nurse Education Today.2023; 122: 105727.     CrossRef
  • An Assessment of Knowledge and Attitude of Iranian Nurses Towards Bioterrorism
    Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Noureddin Niknam, Nahid Aghaei, Tahereh Yaghoubi
    Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health