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Volume 53(6); November 2020
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COVID-19: Original Articles
Anticipating the Need for Healthcare Resources Following the Escalation of the COVID-19 Outbreak in the Republic of Kazakhstan
Yuliya Semenova, Lyudmila Pivina, Zaituna Khismetova, Ardak Auyezova, Ardak Nurbakyt, Almagul Kauysheva, Dinara Ospanova, Gulmira Kuziyeva, Altynshash Kushkarova, Alexandr Ivankov, Natalya Glushkova
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):387-396.   Published online October 5, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.395
  • 5,191 View
  • 259 Download
  • 14 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The lack of advance planning in a public health emergency can lead to wasted resources and inadvertent loss of lives. This study is aimed at forecasting the needs for healthcare resources following the expansion of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in the Republic of Kazakhstan, focusing on hospital beds, equipment, and the professional workforce in light of the developing epidemiological situation and the data on resources currently available.
Methods
We constructed a forecast model of the epidemiological scenario via the classic susceptible-exposed-infected-removed (SEIR) approach. The World Health Organization’s COVID-19 Essential Supplies Forecasting Tool was used to evaluate the healthcare resources needed for the next 12 weeks.
Results
Over the forecast period, there will be 104 713.7 hospital admissions due to severe disease and 34 904.5 hospital admissions due to critical disease. This will require 47 247.7 beds for severe disease and 1929.9 beds for critical disease at the peak of the COVID-19 outbreak. There will also be high needs for all categories of healthcare workers and for both diagnostic and treatment equipment. Thus, Republic of Kazakhstan faces the need for a rapid increase in available healthcare resources and/or for finding ways to redistribute resources effectively.
Conclusions
Republic of Kazakhstan will be able to reduce the rates of infections and deaths among its population by developing and following a consistent strategy targeting COVID-19 in a number of inter-related directions.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Weiwei Zhang, Shiyong Liu, Nathaniel Osgood, Hongli Zhu, Ying Qian, Peng Jia
    Systems Research and Behavioral Science.2023; 40(1): 207.     CrossRef
  • Assessing the medical resources in COVID-19 based on evolutionary game
    Keyu Guo, Yikang Lu, Yini Geng, Jun Lu, Lei Shi, Alessandro Borri
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(1): e0280067.     CrossRef
  • Restenosis of Coronary Arteries in Patients with Coronavirus Infection: Case Series
    Gulnara Batenova, Lyudmila Pivina, Evgeny Dedov, Altay Dyussupov, Zhanar Zhumanbayeva, Yerbol Smail, Tatyana Belikhina, Laura Pak, Diana Ygiyeva, Bruno Megarbane
    Case Reports in Medicine.2023; 2023: 1.     CrossRef
  • Is It Possible to Predict COVID-19? Stochastic System Dynamic Model of Infection Spread in Kazakhstan
    Berik Koichubekov, Aliya Takuadina, Ilya Korshukov, Anar Turmukhambetova, Marina Sorokina
    Healthcare.2023; 11(5): 752.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing Antibiotic Consumption in Adult Population of Kazakhstan
    Nazym Iskakova, Zaituna Khismetova, Dana Suleymenova, Zhanat Kozhekenova, Zaituna Khamidullina, Umutzhan Samarova, Natalya Glushkova, Yuliya Semenova
    Antibiotics.2023; 12(3): 560.     CrossRef
  • Study of seroprevalence of SARS‐CoV‐2 in Kazakhstan
    Mukhtar Kulimbet, Timur Saliev, Gulzhan Alimbekova, Dinara Ospanova, Kundyzay Tobzhanova, Dariga Tanabayeva, Baurzhan Zhussupov, Ildar Fakhradiyev
    Epidemiology and Infection.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Editorial: Public health challenges in post-Soviet countries during and beyond COVID-19
    Natalya Glushkova, Yuliya Semenova, Antonio Sarria-Santamera
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Epidemiological and Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Kazakhstan: An Agent-Based Modeling
    Berik Koichubekov, Aliya Takuadina, Ilya Korshukov, Marina Sorokina, Anar Turmukhambetova
    Healthcare.2023; 11(22): 2968.     CrossRef
  • Seropositivity of SARS-CoV-2 in the Population of Kazakhstan: A Nationwide Laboratory-Based Surveillance
    Yuliya Semenova, Zhanna Kalmatayeva, Ainash Oshibayeva, Saltanat Mamyrbekova, Aynura Kudirbekova, Ardak Nurbakyt, Ardak Baizhaxynova, Paolo Colet, Natalya Glushkova, Alexandr Ivankov, Antonio Sarria-Santamera
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(4): 2263.     CrossRef
  • The lessons of COVID-19, SARS, and MERS: Implications for preventive strategies
    Yuliya Semenova, Varvara Trenina, Lyudmila Pivina, Natalya Glushkova, Yersin Zhunussov, Erlan Ospanov, Geir Bjørklund
    International Journal of Healthcare Management.2022; 15(4): 314.     CrossRef
  • Coronary Heart Disease and Coronavirus Disease 2019: Pathogenesis, Epidemiology, Association with Myocardial Revascularization
    Gulnara Batenova, Evgeny Dedov, Maksim Pivin, Igor Nikitin, Olga Ettinger, Yerbol Smail, Diana Ygiyeva , Lyudmila Pivina
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 10(F): 319.     CrossRef
  • Impact of the SARS-CoV-2 Outbreak on the Epidemiology and Treatment Outcomes of Fractures of the Proximal Femur in Kazakhstan
    Bekzat Beisenov, Maksut Kulzhanov, Tatyana Popova, Assel Yermekbayeva, Nurlat Beikutuly, Kanat Tezekbayev, Shynar Tanabayeva, Ildar Fakhradiyev
    Experimental and Applied Biomedical Research (EABR).2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Clinical characteristics and risk factors for disease severity and mortality of COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus in Kazakhstan: A nationwide study
    Azhar Dyusupova, Raida Faizova, Oksana Yurkovskaya, Tatiana Belyaeva, Tatiana Terekhova, Amina Khismetova, Antonio Sarria-Santamera, Dmitry Bokov, Alexandr Ivankov, Natalya Glushkova
    Heliyon.2021; 7(3): e06561.     CrossRef
  • Comparative Analysis Of Triage Systems At Emergency Departments Of Different Countries: Implementation In Kazakhstan
    Lyudmila Pivina, Assylzhan M. Messova, Yersin T. Zhunussov, Zhanar Urazalina, Zhanna Muzdubayeva, Diana Ygiyeva, Murat Muratoglu, Gulnara Batenova, Sharbanu Uisenbayeva, Yulia Semenova
    Russian Open Medical Journal.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
The Effectiveness of Community-based Social Distancing for Mitigating the Spread of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Turkey
Hasan Durmuş, Mehmet Enes Gökler, Selma Metintaş
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):397-404.   Published online November 2, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.381
  • 4,826 View
  • 193 Download
  • 13 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The objective of this study was to demonstrate the effects of community-based social distancing interventions after the first coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) case in Turkey on the course of the pandemic and to determine the number of prevented cases.
Methods
In this ecological study, the interventions implemented in response to the first COVID-19 cases in Turkey were evaluated and the effect of the interventions was demonstrated by calculating the effective reproduction number (Rt) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coro navirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) when people complied with community-based social distancing rules.
Results
Google mobility scores decreased by an average of 36.33±22.41 points (range, 2.60 to 84.80) and a median of 43.80 points (interquartile range [IQR], 24.90 to 50.25). The interventions caused the calculated Rt to decrease to 1.88 (95% confidence interval, 1.87 to 1.89). The median growth rate was 19.90% (IQR, 10.90 to 53.90). A positive correlation was found between Google mobility data and Rt (r=0.783; p<0.001). The expected number of cases if the growth rate had not changed was predicted according to Google mobility categories, and it was estimated to be 1 381 922 in total. Thus, community-based interventions were estimated to have prevented 1 299 593 people from being infected.
Conclusions
Community-based social distancing interventions significantly decreased the Rt of COVID-19 by reducing human mobility, and thereby prevented many people from becoming infected. Another important result of this study is that it shows health policy-makers that data on human mobility in the community obtained via mobile phones can be a guide for measures to be taken.
Summary

Citations

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    Takana M. Silubonde-Moyana, Catherine E. Draper, Shane A. Norris
    Preventive Medicine.2023; 172: 107499.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of social distancing measures and lockdowns for reducing transmission of COVID-19 in non-healthcare, community-based settings
    Caitriona Murphy, Wey Wen Lim, Cathal Mills, Jessica Y. Wong, Dongxuan Chen, Yanmy Xie, Mingwei Li, Susan Gould, Hualei Xin, Justin K. Cheung, Samir Bhatt, Benjamin J. Cowling, Christl A. Donnelly
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Predisposing, Enabling, and Reinforcing Factors of COVID-19 Prevention Behavior in Indonesia: A Mixed-methods Study
    Putri Winda Lestari, Lina Agestika, Gusti Kumala Dewi
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(1): 21.     CrossRef
  • The effect of social movements on COVID-19 case increases and death in Turkey
    Mehmet Akif Gun, Onder Hanci
    Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.2023; 20: 101260.     CrossRef
  • Improvement in knowledge and perception about the controlling of COVID-19: best practice of apothecary student
    Chynthia Pradiftha Sari, Suci Hanifah, Yulianto Yulianto, Dian Medisa, Zahrotun Nafiah, Muhammad Alfian Lutfi
    Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education and Research.2023; 13(2): 6.     CrossRef
  • OKUL ÇOCUKLARINDA COVID-19 YÖNETİMİNDE UYGULANAN ALGORİTMALAR VE SONUÇLARININ TOPLUMSAL HAREKETLİLİK VERİLERİ ARACILIĞIYLA KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI
    Serkan YILDIZ, Erhan ŞİMŞEK, Ali Ramazan BENLİ
    Kırıkkale Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi.2023; 25(1): 1.     CrossRef
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    Hellen Kevillyn Brito de SOUZA, Jonatas Silva de OLIVEIRA, Crislayne Felix da SILVA, Maria das Graças Wanderley de Sales CORIOLANO, Carla Cabral dos Santos Accioly LINS
    Revista de Odontologia da UNESP.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Changes in the weight status of school children in Turkey during the COVID-19 lockdown period
    Hasan Durmuş, Yavuzalp Solak
    Early Child Development and Care.2022; 192(14): 2226.     CrossRef
  • In-depth Correlation Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 Effective Reproduction Number and Mobility Patterns: Three Groups of Countries
    Mounir Ould Setti, Sylvain Tollis
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2022; 55(2): 134.     CrossRef
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    Yijin Wu, Quan Zhang, Meiyu Li, Qingduo Mao, Linzi Li
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Derya YENİBERTİZ, Berna AKINCI ÖZYÜREK, Filiz KOÇ, Mehmet Enes GÖKLER, Tijen ŞENGEZER
    ESTÜDAM Halk Sağlığı Dergisi.2021; 6(1): 11.     CrossRef
  • An online survey to assess preparedness among orthopedic professionals toward resuming practice amid the COVID-19 pandemic
    Sudeep Kumar, Anup Kumar, KV Charan Teja, MohammedRoshen Abdul Razek, AlapatiHari Venkata Bramesh, Ravi Kumar
    Journal of Orthopaedic Diseases and Traumatology.2021; 4(2): 20.     CrossRef
  • The effect of different COVID-19 public health restrictions on mobility: A systematic review
    Mark A. Tully, Laura McMaw, Deepti Adlakha, Neale Blair, Jonny McAneney, Helen McAneney, Christina Carmichael, Conor Cunningham, Nicola C. Armstrong, Lee Smith, Sanjay Kumar Singh Patel
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(12): e0260919.     CrossRef
COVID-19: Perspective
Interpretation of the Basic and Effective Reproduction Number
Jun-Sik Lim, Sung-Il Cho, Sukhyun Ryu, Son-Il Pak
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):405-408.   Published online October 20, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.288
  • 6,408 View
  • 362 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
In epidemiology, the basic reproduction number (R0) is a term that describes the expected number of infections generated by 1 case in a susceptible population. At the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, R0 was frequently referenced by the public health community and the wider public. However, this metric is often misused or misinterpreted. Moreover, the complexity of the process of estimating R0 has caused difficulties for a substantial number of researchers. In this article, in order to increase the accessibility of this concept, we address several misconceptions related to the threshold characteristics of R0 and the effective reproduction number (Rt). Moreover, the appropriate interpretation of the metrics is discussed. R0 should be considered as a population-averaged value that pools the contact structure according to a stochastic transmission process. Furthermore, it is necessary to understand the unavoidable time lag for Rt due to the incubation period of the disease.
Summary

Citations

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Original Articles
Age-period-cohort Analysis of Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Using the National Health and Nutrition Survey in Japan
Tasuku Okui
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):409-418.   Published online August 13, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.159
  • 7,933 View
  • 202 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study conducted an age-period-cohort (APC) analysis of trends in healthy lifestyle behaviors in Japan.
Methods
We used National Health and Nutrition Survey data on salt intake and prevalence of smoking, drinking, and physical activity between 1995 and 2018 in Japan. Age groups were defined from 20 years to 69 years old in 10-year increments. Cohorts were defined for each age group of each year with a 1-year shift, and cohorts born in 1926-1935 (first cohort) until 1989-1998 (last cohort) were examined. We conducted a Bayesian APC analysis, calculating estimated values for each behavior by age group, period, and cohort.
Results
Estimated salt intake decreased from cohorts born in the 1930s to the 1960s, but increased thereafter in both genders, and the magnitude of increase was larger for men. Estimated smoking prevalence increased in the cohorts starting from the 1930s for men and the 1940s for women, and then decreased starting in the cohorts born in the 1970s for both genders. Although estimated drinking prevalence decreased starting in the cohorts born in approximately 1960 for men, for women it increased until the cohorts born in approximately 1970. Estimated physical activity prevalence decreased starting in the cohorts born in the 1940s in both genders, but the magnitude of decrease was larger for women.
Conclusions
Trends in cohort effects differed by gender, which might be related to changes in the social environment for women. Improvements in dietary and exercise habits are required in more recently born cohorts of both genders.
Summary

Citations

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  • Old story, new twist: reducing salt and increasing potassium intake as a social issue according to the INTERMAP Japan
    Junichi Yatabe, Kazuya Ishida, Midori Sasaki Yatabe
    Hypertension Research.2023; 46(2): 526.     CrossRef
  • Subtype prevalence and baseline visual acuity by age in Japanese patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration
    Tomoko Sawada, Tsutomu Yasukawa, Hiroko Imaizumi, Hisashi Matsubara, Kazuhiro Kimura, Hiroto Terasaki, Hiroto Ishikawa, Tomoya Murakami, Masaru Takeuchi, Yoshinori Mitamura, Yutaro Mizusawa, Yoshihiro Takamura, Toshinori Murata, Jiro Kogo, Masahito Ohji
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology.2023; 67(2): 149.     CrossRef
  • Age, Period, and Cohort Analysis of Smoking Intensity Among Current Smokers in Malaysia, 1996–2015
    Chien Huey Teh, Sanjay Rampal, Kuang Hock Lim, Omar Azahadi, Aris Tahir
    Nicotine and Tobacco Research.2023; 25(7): 1340.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Secular Trends in Esophageal Cancer Mortality in China and Japan during 1990–2019: An Age-Period-Cohort Analysis
    Ruiqing Li, Jinyi Sun, Tong Wang, Lihong Huang, Shuwen Wang, Panglin Sun, Chuanhua Yu
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(16): 10302.     CrossRef
  • Estimation of the Effect of Salt-Intake Reduction on Cardiovascular Mortality Decline between 1950 and 2017 in Japan: A Retrospective Simulation Study
    Takehiro Sugiyama, Nayu Ikeda, Kazuko Minowa, Nobuo Nishi
    Nutrients.2022; 14(18): 3747.     CrossRef
  • An analysis of predictors for heavy alcohol drinking using nationally representative survey data in Japan
    Tasuku Okui
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • An Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of Prevalence and Consultation Rate for Dyslipidemia in Japan
    Tasuku Okui
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2021; 33(1): 46.     CrossRef
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    Tasuku Okui
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(21): 8159.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic Disparities in All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality Rates among Municipalities in Japan, 1999–2019
    Tasuku Okui
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(24): 9213.     CrossRef
Association Between Parental Marital Status and Types of Suicidal Behavior Among Korean Adolescents: A Cross-sectional Study
Yoon Sik Park, Eun-Cheol Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):419-428.   Published online September 21, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.004
  • 3,410 View
  • 172 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Adolescent suicide is a global problem. This study aimed to identify associations between parental marital status and suicidal behavior.
Methods
This study analyzed 118 715 middle and high school students from the 13th and 14th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. The odds ratios (ORs) of suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts were calculated based on parental marital status, living situation, and socioeconomic factors. The data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression.
Results
When compared to those living with 2 married biological parents, the ORs of suicidal ideation among adolescents living with either remarried or no parents were 1.34 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.17 to 1.53) and 1.36 (95% CI, 1.11 to 1.66), respectively. For suicidal planning, the OR of those living with 1 remarried biological parent was 1.24 (95% CI, 1.01 to 1.52), and that of those living without parents was 1.28 (95% CI, 0.95 to 1.73), when compared to adolescents living with 2 married biological parents. For suicide attempts, when compared to adolescents with 2 married biological parents, the OR of those living with 1 remarried biological parent was 1.48 (95% CI, 1.17 to 1.87) and that of those living without parents was 2.02 (95% CI, 1.44 to 2.83). For adolescents living with 1 remarried biological parent, suicidal behavior was strongly associated with having no siblings and were weakly associated with not living with grandparents.
Conclusions
Suicidal behavior among adolescents was associated with the remarriage and loss of parents. Therefore, special attention and interventions are needed for adolescents in those situations.
Summary

Citations

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  • Family Functioning and Suicide Attempts in Mexican Adolescents
    Francisco Alejandro Ortiz-Sánchez, Aniel Jessica Leticia Brambila-Tapia, Luis Shigeo Cárdenas-Fujita, Christian Gabriel Toledo-Lozano, María Alejandra Samudio-Cruz, Benjamín Gómez-Díaz, Silvia García, Martha Eunice Rodríguez-Arellano, Edgar Oswaldo Zamora
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Public Sector Workers’ Mental Health in Argentina: Comparative Psychometrics of the Perceived Stress Scale
Agustín Ramiro Miranda, Ana Veronica Scotta, Ana Lucía Méndez, Silvana Valeria Serra, Elio Andrés Soria
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):429-438.   Published online October 5, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.229
  • 4,632 View
  • 167 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Given that Argentinian public-sector workers are highly exposed to stressful conditions, and that the psychometric properties of the widely used Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) should be evaluated in different settings, this work aimed to compare the psychometric properties of the Latin American Spanish PSS-10 and PSS-4 and to identify the optimal scale for stress assessment.
Methods
A sample of 535 participants was randomly divided into 2 groups to evaluate dimensionality by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. The reliability of both scales was also evaluated. Convergent validity was estimated using the Executive Complaints Questionnaire, the average variance extracted, and the composite reliability. Discriminant validity was based on the correlation with the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale and the phi-square correlation between the components.
Results
The factor analyses supported bidimensionality of the PSS-10 (stress and coping), which showed a better fit than the PSS-4. Moreover, the reliability of the PSS-10 was higher, whereas the PSS-4 did not achieve adequate values of internal consistency. The PSS-10 was also correlated significantly with all validation scales, and presented proper internal convergent and divergent validity.
Conclusions
The PSS-10 is a reliable and structurally valid instrument to measure perceived stress and coping in a Latin American Spanish-speaking population with high work demands, and the findings of this study expand our knowledge on the geographical and sociocultural applicability of the PSS.
Summary

Citations

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    Norfadhillaton Zahari, Maniam Kaliannan
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    Ana Veronica Scotta, Mariela Valentina Cortez, Agustín Ramiro Miranda
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  • COVID-19-related stress in postpartum women from Argentina during the second wave in 2021: Identification of impairing and protective factors
    Agustín R. Miranda, Mariela V. Cortez, Ana V. Scotta, Elio A. Soria
    Midwifery.2022; 108: 103290.     CrossRef
  • Memory enhancement in Argentinian women during postpartum by the dietary intake of lignans and anthocyanins
    Agustín R. Miranda, Mariela V. Cortez, Ana V. Scotta, Luisina Rivadero, Silvana V. Serra, Elio A. Soria
    Nutrition Research.2021; 85: 1.     CrossRef
  • Triggering of postpartum depression and insomnia with cognitive impairment in Argentinian women during the pandemic COVID-19 social isolation in relation to reproductive and health factors
    Agustín Ramiro Miranda, Ana Veronica Scotta, Mariela Valentina Cortez, Elio Andrés Soria
    Midwifery.2021; 102: 103072.     CrossRef
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    Jenna Guma, Katelyn Klimowich, Juming Pan, Philip Collins, Danielle Cooley
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Effects of Income Level on the Association Between Hypertension and Depression: 2010-2017 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
San Kang, Hyeon Chang Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):439-446.   Published online October 8, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.337
  • 3,422 View
  • 135 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study analyzed the associations of hypertension (HTN) with symptoms and diagnosis of depression by income level among Korean adults.
Methods
This study was based on the 2010-2017 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data; a total of 29 425 adults (aged 20 years or older) were analyzed. HTN was defined as a systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg, or use of hypertensive medications. Depression symptoms were evaluated based on a questionnaire about depression-related symptoms. A depression diagnosis was defined based on questionnaire responses indicating that a participant had been diagnosed with depression. Household income was divided into higher or lower income ranges based on the median income of the participants. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the associations between HTN and depression symptoms/diagnosis in the higher-income and lower-income groups.
Results
In the higher-income group, the odds ratio (OR) for the association between HTN and depression symptoms was 1.15 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.97 to 1.37), and the OR for the association between HTN and depression diagnosis was 1.41 (95% CI, 1.13 to 1.76). In the lower-income group, the OR for the association between HTN and depression symptoms was 1.18 (95% CI, 1.04 to 1.34), whereas the OR for the association between HTN and depression diagnosis was 0.82 (95% CI, 0.70 to 0.97).
Conclusions
The associations of HTN with symptoms and diagnosis of depression differed by income level.
Summary

Citations

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The Relationships Among Occupational Safety Climate, Patient Safety Climate, and Safety Performance Based on Structural Equation Modeling
Hamed Aghaei, Zahra Sadat Asadi, Mostafa Mirzaei Aliabadi, Hassan Ahmadinia
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):447-454.   Published online October 22, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.350
  • 3,741 View
  • 206 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships among hospital safety climate, patient safety climate, and safety outcomes among nurses.
Methods
In the current cross-sectional study, the occupational safety climate, patient safety climate, and safety performance of nurses were measured using several questionnaires. Structural equation modeling was applied to test the relationships among occupational safety climate, patient safety climate, and safety performance.
Results
A total of 211 nurses participated in this study. Over half of them were female (57.0%). The age of the participants tended to be between 20 years and 30 years old (55.5%), and slightly more than half had less than 5 years of work experience (51.5%). The maximum and minimum scores of occupational safety climate dimensions were found for reporting of errors and cumulative fatigue, respectively. Among the dimensions of patient safety climate, non-punitive response to errors had the highest mean score, and manager expectations and actions promoting patient safety had the lowest mean score. The correlation coefficient for the relationship between occupational safety climate and patient safety climate was 0.63 (p<0.05). Occupational safety climate and patient safety climate also showed significant correlations with safety performance.
Conclusions
Close correlations were found among occupational safety climate, patient safety climate, and nurses’ safety performance. Therefore, improving both the occupational and patient safety climate can improve nurses’ safety performance, consequently decreasing occupational and patient-related adverse outcomes in healthcare units.
Summary

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    Mohsen Mahdinia, Iraj Mohammadfam, Ahmad Soltanzadeh, Mostafa Mirzaei Aliabadi, Hamed Aghaei
    International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics.2023; 29(1): 36.     CrossRef
  • Fatigue in nurses and medication administration errors: A scoping review
    Tracey Bell, Madeline Sprajcer, Tracey Flenady, Ashlyn Sahay
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  • Family Support to Improve Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in the Informal Sector
    Sukismanto Sukismanto, Hartono Hartono, Sumardiyono Sumardiyono, Tri Rejeki Andayani
    Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences.2023; 19(2): 175.     CrossRef
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    Yu Mei Li, Yi Fan Luo
    International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors affecting nurses' attitudes towards risks in the work environment: A cross‐sectional study
    Sibel Gülen, Ülkü Baykal, Nilgün Göktepe
    Journal of Nursing Management.2022; 30(7): 3264.     CrossRef
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    Behzad Fouladi Dehaghi, Gholamheidar Teimori-Boghsani, Davood Rahmani, Leila Ibrahimi Ghavamabadi, Sajad Zare
    Work.2022; 73(4): 1255.     CrossRef
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    Carla Barros, Pilar Baylina, Rúben Fernandes, Susana Ramalho, Pedro Arezes
    Safety and Health at Work.2022; 13(4): 415.     CrossRef
Effects of the Out-of-pocket Payment Exemption in the Public Health Center on Medical Utilization of the Korean Elderly
Kiryong Nam, Eunhye Park, Yuhjin Chung, Chang-yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):455-464.   Published online October 20, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.341
  • 2,831 View
  • 128 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The distribution of hospitals in Korea is unbalanced in terms of accessibility. Many local public health centers (PHCs) exempt out-of-pocket payments (OOPs) based on local government laws to increase coverage. However, this varies across administrative regions, as many make this exemption for the elderly, while others do not. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the OOP exemption at local PHCs among elderly individuals.
Methods
This study used online data on Korean national law to gather information on individual local governments’ regulations regarding OOP exemptions. Individual-level data were gathered from the 2018 Community Health Survey and regional-level data from public online sources.
Results
The study analyzed 132 regions and 44 918 elderly people. A statistical analysis of rate differences and 2-level multiple logistic regression were carried out. The rate difference according to whether elderly individuals resided in areas with the OOP exemption was 1.97%p (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07 to 2.88) for PHC utilization, 1.37%p (95% CI, 0.67 to 2.08) for hypertension treatment, and 2.19%p (95% CI, 0.63 to 3.74) for diabetes treatment. The regression analysis showed that OOP exemption had an effect on hypertension treatment, with a fixed-effect odds ratio of 1.25 (95% CI, 1.05 to 1.48).
Conclusions
The OOP exemption at PHCs can affect medical utilization in Korea, especially for hypertension treatment. The OOP exemption should be expanded to improve healthcare utilization in Korea.
Summary
Birth Patterns and Delayed Breastfeeding Initiation in Indonesia
Tika Dwi Tama, Erni Astutik, Septa Katmawanti, Jauhari Oka Reuwpassa
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):465-475.   Published online October 26, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.212
  • 4,122 View
  • 158 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study was conducted to examine the association between birth patterns (defined in terms of birth order and interval) with delayed breastfeeding initiation in Indonesia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using data from the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey 2017. The weighted number of respondents was 5693 women aged 15-49 years whose youngest living child was less than 2 years old. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to evaluate associations between birth patterns and delayed breastfeeding initiation after adjusting for other covariates. Results: This study found that 40.2% of newborns in Indonesia did not receive timely breastfeeding initiation. Birth patterns were significantly associated with delayed breastfeeding initiation. Firstborn children had 77% higher odds of experiencing delayed breastfeeding initiation (adjusted odds ratio, 1.77; 95% confidence interval, 1.02 to 3.04; p<0.05) than children with a birth order of 4 or higher and a birth interval ≤ 2 years after adjusting for other variables. Conclusions: Firstborn children had higher odds of experiencing delayed breastfeeding initiation. Steps to provide a robust support system for mothers, especially first-time mothers, such as sufficient access to breastfeeding information, support from family and healthcare providers, and national policy enforcement, will be effective strategies to ensure better practices regarding breastfeeding initiation.
Summary

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    Samuel Hailegebreal, Yosef Haile, Binyam Tariku Seboka, Ermias Bekele Enyew, Tamiru Shibiru, Zeleke Abebaw Mekonnen, Shegaw Anagaw Mengiste, James Mockridge
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(9): e0273793.     CrossRef
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    Sirajuddin, Saifuddin Sirajuddin, Amran Razak, Ansariadi, Ridwan M Thaha, Toto Sudargo
    Journal of Public Health Research.2021; 10(2): jphr.2021.2235.     CrossRef
Association Between Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers and the Risk of Lung Cancer Among Patients With Hypertension From the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort
Sungji Moon, Hae-Young Lee, Jieun Jang, Sue K. Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):476-486.   Published online November 3, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.405
  • 4,089 View
  • 144 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The objective of this study was to estimate the risk of lung cancer in relation to angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) use among patients with hypertension from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with hypertension who started to take antihypertensive medications and had a treatment period of at least 6 months. We calculated the weighted hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of lung cancer associated with ARB use compared with calcium channel blocker (CCB) use using inverse probability treatment weighting. Results: Among a total of 60 469 subjects with a median follow-up time of 7.8 years, 476 cases of lung cancer were identified. ARB use had a protective effect on lung cancer compared with CCB use (HR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.59 to 0.96). Consistent findings were found in analyses considering patients who changed or discontinued their medication (HR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.32 to 0.77), as well as for women (HR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.34 to 0.93), patients without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.56 to 1.00), never-smokers (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.99), and non-drinkers (HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.49 to 0.97). In analyses with different comparison antihypertensive medications, the overall protective effects of ARBs on lung cancer risk remained consistent. Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that ARBs could decrease the risk of lung cancer. More evidence is needed to establish the causal effect of ARBs on the incidence of lung cancer.
Summary

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    Kayeong Shin, Jiwoo Yang, Yeuni Yu, Eunjeong Son, Kihun Kim, Yun Hak Kim
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Brief Report
Reproductive Health Services for Adolescents With Hearing Impairment in Indonesia: Expectations and Reality
Ni Luh Putu Suariyani, Desak Putu Yuli Kurniati, Desak Nyoman Widyanthini, Luh Putu Wulandari Artha
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):487-491.   Published online October 20, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.033
  • 3,337 View
  • 161 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Reproductive health education is essential for adolescents with hearing impairment. Since they communicate using specialized language (i.e., sign language), specialized reproductive health services in sign language is a necessity. This study aimed to describe the needs, availability, and expectations of reproductive health services among adolescents with hearing impairment. Methods: This study used a qualitative approach. It was carried out at a school for children with special needs in the city of Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Data were collected by in-depth interviews. The informants were 6 adolescents with hearing impairment aged 16-17 years and 4 other key informants, including school staff and health officers. The data were then analyzed using the thematic method. Results: We found that the informants had insufficient knowledge regarding reproductive health. There was no specific subject in the curriculum regarding this issue. Teachers did not specifically provide reproductive health information. The health service unit in the school had not been utilized well for this purpose. Furthermore, no reproductive health services were provided due to the limited number of healthcare workers who could use sign language. Conclusions: The awareness and intentions of adolescents with hearing impairment regarding access to reproductive health services remain low. Health service units at schools should be optimized to enable schools to provide reproductive health information and services for these adolescents.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health