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Teachers\' Negative Attitudes and Limited Health Literacy Levels as Risks for Low Awareness of Epilepsy
Gulay Yilmazel1corresp_iconorcid

DOI: [Accepted]
Published online: November 13, 2023
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Faculty of Health Science, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey
Corresponding author:  Gulay Yilmazel,
Received: 20 July 2023   • Revised: 5 November 2023   • Accepted: 6 November 2023

For students with epilepsy, schools are a critical environment for managing the disease properly. This study examined awareness of epilepsy, attitudes toward epilepsy, and health literacy among school teachers in Turkey.
This study was conducted in a city in Turkey with 1408 public school teachers from June 2021 to September 2021.
The median scores of the scales were 5, 29, and 32 for epilepsy awareness, epilepsy attitudes, and health literacy, respectively. Epilepsy awareness was higher in women, and epilepsy attitudes were more positive in women than men (p<0.05). While epilepsy awareness was higher in primary school teachers, epilepsy attitudes were more positive in secondary school teachers (p<0.05). Epilepsy awareness was lower in secondary school teachers (odds ratio [OR], 1.27), those who did not have an individual with epilepsy in their family/social environment (OR, 1.57), those who did not have a student with epilepsy in their class (OR, 1.45), and in those who had not witnessed an epilepsy seizure (OR, 1.19) (p<0.001, <0.05). Compared to those with positive attitudes regarding epilepsy, epilepsy awareness was 1.36 times lower in those with negative attitudes. Epilepsy awareness was 1.92 times lower in those with limited health literacy than those with adequate health literacy (p<0.001).
In this study, low epilepsy awareness, negative epilepsy attitudes, and limited health literacy were common among teachers. The findings from this study suggest that panels, workshops, and health training on epilepsy should be organized for school teachers and included at regular intervals in certified first-aid practices.

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