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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2004;37(3): 246-252.
Factors Associated with Performance of National Cancer Screening Program in Korea.
Kui Son Choi, Jeong Hee Yang, Su Yeon Kye, Sun Hee Lee, Eun Cheol Park, Hai Rim Shin, Chang Min Kim
1Research Institute, National Cancer Center, Korea. ecpark@ncc.re.kr
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Korea.
OBJECTIVES: Cancer is the leading cause of death in Korea. Therefore, a National Cancer Screening Program (NCSP) was launched in 1999. This study planned to evaluate the performance of the NCSP to identifying the influencing factors in relation to characteristic public health centers. METHODS: To analyze the performance, the database of the NCSP records for 2002 was used. The performance index was measured by the goal achievement rate, which was defined by the real number of screenees against the expected number of screenees. Also, a survey was conducted by a self-administered questionnaire to identify the factors associated with the goal achievement rate. The questionnaire was divided into two sections. In the first section, the individual characteristics of the program coordinator in each public health center were measured, and second section was comprised of questions about the organizational characteristics associated with the NCSP. A total of 121 subjects from 241 public health centers completed the questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the 121 public health centers (50.2% response rate), the average goal achievement rate was 72.8%. The results of the regression model showed that public health centers located in rural area (parameter estimates=38.2) and had great support from a head of center or province (parameter estimates=0.20) and tended to have higher goal achievement rates. However, the characteristics of the program coordinator, especially their knowledge of and attitude toward cancer screening, were not significantly related to the goal achievement rates. CONCLUSIONS: It appears that the most important associated factors to the goal achievement rate in the NSCP were the location of the public health center and the support for the NCSP from the head of the center or province.
Key words: Cancer; Screening; Performance
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