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Original Articles
The Relationship of Socioeconomic and Behavioral Risk Factors With Trends of Overweight in Korea
Jin Hee Shin, Matthew E. Dupre, Truls Østbye, Gwen Murphy, Mina Silberberg
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(6):310-318.   Published online November 17, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.001
  • 8,422 View
  • 114 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Previous studies have shown that overweight (including obesity) has increased significantly in Korea in recent decades. However, it remains unclear whether this change has been uniform among all Koreans and to what extent socioeconomic and behavioral factors have contributed to this increase.
Methods
Changes in overweight were estimated using data from the 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007-2009, and 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n=55 761).
Results
Overweight increased significantly among men but not among women between 1998 and 2012. Changes in socioeconomic and behavioral factors over the time period were not associated with overall trends for both men and women. However, we found significant differences in the prevalence of overweight relative to key risk factors. For men, overweight increased at a significantly greater rate among the non-exercising (predicted probability [PP] from 0.23 to 0.32] and high-calorie (PP from 0.18 to 0.37) groups compared to their active and lower-calorie counterparts, respectively. For women, overweight increased only among the non-exercising (PP from 0.27 to 0.28) and low-income (PP from 0.31 to 0.36) groups during this period.
Conclusions
These findings suggest that programs aimed at reducing overweight should target Korean men and women in specific socioeconomic and behavioral risk groups differentially.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Recent Trends in Blood Pressure According to Economic Status: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey From 2005 to 2015
    Hyun-Young Shin, Hee-Taik Kang
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2018; 30(3): 266.     CrossRef
  • Recent trends in the prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity in Korean adults: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1998 to 2014
    Hyun-Young Shin, Hee-Taik Kang
    Journal of Epidemiology.2017; 27(9): 413.     CrossRef
The Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and the Framingham Risk Score in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Intervention Over the Last 17 Years by Gender: Time-trend Analysis From the Mayo Clinic PCI Registry
Moo-Sik Lee, Andreas J. Flammer, Hyun-Soo Kim, Jee-Young Hong, Jing Li, Ryan J. Lennon, Amir Lerman
J Prev Med Public Health. 2014;47(4):216-229.   Published online July 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2014.47.4.216
  • 13,404 View
  • 108 Download
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aims to investigate trends of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor profiles over 17 years in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients at the Mayo Clinic. Methods: We performed a time-trend analysis within the Mayo Clinic PCI Registry from 1994 to 2010. Results were the incidence and prevalence of CVD risk factors as estimate by the Framingham risk score. Results: Between 1994 and 2010, 25 519 patients underwent a PCI. During the time assessed, the mean age at PCI became older, but the gender distribution did not change. A significant trend towards higher body mass index and more prevalent hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and diabetes was found over time. The prevalence of current smokers remained unchanged. The prevalence of ever-smokers decreased among males, but increased among females. However, overall CVD risk according to the Framingham risk score (FRS) and 10-year CVD risk significantly decreased. The use of most of medications elevated from 1994 to 2010, except for β-blockers and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors decreased after 2007 and 2006 in both baseline and discharge, respectively. Conclusions: Most of the major risk factors improved and the FRS and 10-year CVD risk declined in this population of PCI patients. However, obesity, history of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, diabetes, and medication use increased substantially. Improvements to blood pressure and lipid profile management because of medication use may have influenced the positive trends.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Can conventional cardiovascular risk prediction models be improved by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomic signatures?
    Remya Sudevan
    European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.2023; 30(3): 241.     CrossRef
  • Worse outcomes of ACS patients without versus with traditional cardiovascular risk factors
    Arthur Shiyovich, Tal Ovdat, Robert Klempfner, Roy Beigel, Majdi Halabi, Avinoam Shiran, Keren Skalsky, Avital Porter, Katia Orvin, Ran Kornowski, Alon Eisen
    Journal of Cardiology.2022; 79(4): 515.     CrossRef
  • Heterogeneity of Treatment Effects for Intensive Blood Pressure Therapy by Individual Components of FRS: An Unsupervised Data-Driven Subgroup Analysis in SPRINT and ACCORD
    Yaqian Wu, Jianling Bai, Mingzhi Zhang, Fang Shao, Honggang Yi, Dongfang You, Yang Zhao
    Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Radial artery access is under‐utilized in women undergoing PCI despite potential benefits: Mayo Clinic PCI Registry
    Rebecca C. Chester, Syeda A. Mina, Bradley Lewis, Nan Zhang, Richard Butterfield, Eric H. Yang
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions.2020; 95(4): 675.     CrossRef
  • Temporal trends of patients with acute coronary syndrome and multi-vessel coronary artery disease - from the ACSIS registry
    Arthur Shiyovich, Nir Shlomo, Tal Cohen, Zaza Iakobishvili, Ran Kornowski, Alon Eisen
    International Journal of Cardiology.2020; 304: 8.     CrossRef
  • Retinopathy predicts stroke but not myocardial infarction in type 2 diabetes: the Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase II
    Jocelyn J. Drinkwater, Timothy M. E. Davis, Valentina Hellbusch, Angus W. Turner, David G. Bruce, Wendy A. Davis
    Cardiovascular Diabetology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Trends of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: Soroka Acute Myocardial Infarction II (SAMI II) Project
    Ygal Plakht, Abeer Abu Eid, Harel Gilutz, Arthur Shiyovich
    Angiology.2019; 70(6): 530.     CrossRef
  • Sedentary lifestyle and Framingham risk scores: a population-based study in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia
    AlJohara M. AlQuaiz, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Ambreen Kazi, Mohammad Ali Batais, Ali M. Al-Hazmi
    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Use of Global Risk Score for Cardiovascular Evaluation of Rural Workers in Southern Brazil
    Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Marlise Capa Verde Almeida de Mello, Daiani Modernel Xavier, Jordana Cezar Vaz, Maria Denise Schimith
    The Scientific World Journal.2018; 2018: 1.     CrossRef
  • 12-year trends in cardiovascular risk factors (2002-2005 through 2011-2014) in patients with cardiovascular diseases: Tehran lipid and glucose study
    SeyedHossein Rabani, Mahsa Sardarinia, Samaneh Akbarpour, Fereidoun Azizi, Davood Khalili, Farzad Hadaegh, Katriina Aalto-Setala
    PLOS ONE.2018; 13(5): e0195543.     CrossRef
  • Cardiovascular risk factors in Middle Eastern patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: Results from the first Jordanian percutaneous coronary intervention study
    Ayman J. Hammoudeh, Imad A. Alhaddad, Yousef Khader, Ramzi Tabbalat, Eyas Al-Mousa, Akram Saleh, Mohamad Jarrah, Assem Nammas, Mahmoud Izraiq
    Journal of the Saudi Heart Association.2017; 29(3): 195.     CrossRef
  • Changing Trends of Atherosclerotic Risk Factors Among Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction and Acute Ischemic Stroke
    Shikhar Agarwal, Karan Sud, Badal Thakkar, Venu Menon, Wael A. Jaber, Samir R. Kapadia
    The American Journal of Cardiology.2017; 119(10): 1532.     CrossRef
  • Cardiovascular manifestations of renovascular hypertension in diabetic mice
    Sonu Kashyap, Sean Engel, Mazen Osman, Yousif Al-Saiegh, Asarn Wongjarupong, Joseph P. Grande
    PeerJ.2016; 4: e1736.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Outcomes According to Diabetic Status in Patients Treated With Biodegradable Polymer Sirolimus-Eluting Stents Versus Durable Polymer Everolimus-Eluting Stents
    Anna Franzone, Thomas Pilgrim, Dik Heg, Marco Roffi, David Tüller, André Vuilliomenet, Olivier Muller, Stéphane Cook, Daniel Weilenmann, Christoph Kaiser, Peiman Jamshidi, Lorenz Räber, Stefan Stortecky, Peter Wenaweser, Peter Jüni, Stephan Windecker
    Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
Factors Related to Increasing Trends in Cigarette Smoking of Adolescent Males in Rural Areas of Korea
Nam Soo Hong, Sin Kam, Keon Yeop Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2013;46(3):139-146.   Published online May 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.3.139
  • 9,686 View
  • 105 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Cigarette smoking prevalence among adolescent males in rural areas of Korea has increased in recent years. The aim of this study was to explore the factors related to increasing trends in cigarette smoking among adolescent males living in rural areas.

Methods

The raw data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey from 2006 to 2009 were used. Data were analyzed by using the method of complex survey data analysis considering complex sampling design. Multiple logistic regression models were used to explore the factors affecting cigarette smoking. We evaluated the linear time trends in the prevalence of factors that were related to current smoking status and the linear time trends in cigarette smoking in groups stratified by the exposure to each factor using logistic regression models. Finally, we examined the contributions of the factors to the time trends in cigarette smoking by adjusting for each of those factors in the baseline regression models and changes in the adjusted odds ratio by survey year.

Results

A statistically significant increasing trend in smoking was observed after adjusting for the factors affecting cigarette smoking. Significant factors related to cigarette use were perceived stress, experience with depression, current alcohol drinking, exposure to secondhand smoke, and academic performance. The factor related to increasing trends in cigarette smoking was academic performance.

Conclusions

Stress about academic performance is an important factor affecting the increase in cigarette smoking among adolescent males in a rural area of Korea.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association of health-risk behaviors with perceived academic performance among middle and high school students: A cross-sectional study in Shanghai, China
    Chunyan Luo, Xuelai Wang, Yanting Yang, Qiong Yan, Lijing Sun, Dongling Yang, Hadi Ghasemi
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(5): e0285261.     CrossRef
  • Türkiye'de Bir Çocuk Hastanesinde Motivasyonel Görüşme Kullanarak Ergenlerde Sigara Bırakma Müdahalesi: Bir Pilot Çalışma
    Demet TAŞ, Alkım ÖDEN
    Turkish Journal of Pediatric Disease.2020; : 1.     CrossRef
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    So Young Kim, Songyong Sim, Hyo Geun Choi
    Scientific Reports.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between Family and Friend Smoking Status and Adolescent Smoking Behavior and E-Cigarette Use in Korea
    Myoung Joung, Mi Han, Jong Park, So Ryu
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2016; 13(12): 1183.     CrossRef
  • A systematic review of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure and smoking behaviors: Smoking status, susceptibility, initiation, dependence, and cessation
    Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli, Jonathan Kodet
    Addictive Behaviors.2015; 47: 22.     CrossRef
  • Risk Factors for Current Smoking Among American and South Korean Adolescents, 2005–2011
    Sung Suk Chung, Kyoung Hwa Joung
    Journal of Nursing Scholarship.2014; 46(6): 408.     CrossRef
  • Physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in university students in the city of Leon, Mexico
    Maciste H. Macías-Cervantes, Victoriano Pérez-Vázquez, Antonio E. Rivera-Cisneros, Andrés Martínez-Rivera, Joel Ramírez-Emiliano, Carlos Kornhauser
    Health.2013; 05(11): 1861.     CrossRef
Special Article
Global Trends in Mercury Management
Dae-Seon Kim, Kyunghee Choi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(6):364-373.   Published online November 29, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.6.364
  • 11,231 View
  • 103 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

The United Nations Environmental Program Governing Council has regulated mercury as a global pollutant since 2001 and has been preparing the mercury convention, which will have a strongly binding force through Global Mercury Assessment, Global Mercury Partnership Activities, and establishment of the Open-Ended Working Group on Mercury. The European Union maintains an inclusive strategy on risks and contamination of mercury, and has executed the Mercury Export Ban Act since December in 2010. The US Environmental Protection Agency established the Mercury Action Plan (1998) and the Mercury Roadmap (2006) and has proposed systematic mercury management methods to reduce the health risks posed by mercury exposure. Japan, which experienced Minamata disease, aims vigorously at perfection in mercury management in several ways. In Korea, the Ministry of Environment established the Comprehensive Plan and Countermeasures for Mercury Management to prepare for the mercury convention and to reduce risks of mercury to protect public health.

Summary

Citations

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  • The role of the macroalgae Ulva lactuca on the cellular effects of neodymium and mercury in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis
    Marta Cunha, Alessandro Nardi, Bruno Henriques, Amadeu M.V.M. Soares, Eduarda Pereira, Francesco Regoli, Rosa Freitas
    Chemosphere.2024; : 141908.     CrossRef
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    Dirk G. Baur, Allan Trench, Sam Ulrich
    Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment.2023; 13(3): 1200.     CrossRef
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    Juan D. Ospina-Correa, Juan G. Osorio-Cachaya, Angela M. Henao-Arroyave, Diego A. Palacio-Acevedo, Jim Giraldo-Builes
    TecnoLógicas.2021; 24(50): e1683.     CrossRef
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    Mizuki Kojima, Kazuaki Mawatari, Takahiro Emoto, Risa Nishisaka-Nonaka, Thi Kim Ngan Bui, Takaaki Shimohata, Takashi Uebanso, Masatake Akutagawa, Yohsuke Kinouchi, Takahiro Wada, Masayuki Okamoto, Hiroshi Ito, Kenji Tojo, Tomo Daidoji, Takaaki Nakaya, Aki
    Microorganisms.2020; 8(7): 1014.     CrossRef
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    Brij Mohan Sharma, Ondřej Sáňka, Jiří Kalina, Martin Scheringer
    Environment International.2019; 125: 300.     CrossRef
  • Mercury concentrations in environmental media at a hazardous solid waste landfill site and mercury emissions from the site
    Young-Ji Han, Pyung-Rae Kim, Gang-San Lee, Jae-In Lee, Seam Noh, Seok-Min Yu, Kwang-Su Park, Kwang-Seol Seok, Hyuk Kim, Young-Hee Kim
    Environmental Earth Sciences.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Zhengkai Tao, Shijin Dai, Xiaoli Chai
    Atmospheric Environment.2017; 170: 303.     CrossRef
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    J. P. Sykes, J. P. Wright, A. Trench, P. Miller
    Applied Earth Science.2016; 125(1): 21.     CrossRef
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    Luis Moreno-Merino, Maria Emilia Jiménez-Hernández, Almudena de la Losa, Virginia Huerta-Muñoz
    Science of The Total Environment.2015; 526: 187.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Changes in Dietary Behavior Among Adolescents and Their Association With Government Nutrition Policies in Korea, 2005-2009
Sang Geun Bae, Jong Yeon Kim, Keon Yeop Kim, Soon Woo Park, Jisuk Bae, Won Kee Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(1):47-59.   Published online January 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.1.47
  • 12,451 View
  • 107 Download
  • 35 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study was conducted to observe recent changes in adolescents' dietary behavior and indirectly evaluate the effects of the government's nutritional policies in Korea.

Methods

We analyzed the secular trends in seven dietary behaviors using the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey data from 2005 to 2009. Through literature review, we included the policies implemented for the improvement of adolescents'dietary behaviors during the same periods.

Results

The significant linear trends were observed in all dietary behaviors (p<0.05). Overall, all behaviors except the fruit intake rate were desirably changed during five years but undesirable changes were observed between 2008 and 2009 in all behaviors. Within those periods, several policies were implemented including 'Ban on carbonated-beverages in school', 'Green Food Zone', etc. Despite confirmed evidence of their effects, the policies on individual behavior such as nutrition education didn't influence the prevalence of dietary behaviors because they were conducted to too limited persons. Polices on the school environmental improvement, such as ban on carbonated beverage in school, were more effective because they decreased the exposure of undesirable food environment. However, for effect of Green Food Zone improving community environment we couldn't come to a conclusion because of too short period after full implementation.

Conclusions

Among government nutrition policies conducted from 2005 to 2009, those on environmental improvement, especially in school, were more effective than those on individual behavior. Therefore, the development and implement of policies on school environmental improvement are needed in Korea.

Summary

Citations

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    Oliver Huse, Erica Reeve, Phillip Baker, Daniel Hunt, Colin Bell, Anna Peeters, Kathryn Backholer
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    Jaqueline Aragoni da Silva, Kelly Samara da Silva, Mônica Costa Silva, Pablo Magno da Silveira, Giovâni Firpo Del Duca, Jucemar Benedet, Markus Vinicius Nahas
    Ciência & Saúde Coletiva.2020; 25(2): 613.     CrossRef
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    Nutrients.2020; 12(7): 2143.     CrossRef
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    Shin Bin Tan, Mariana Arcaya
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    Berthold Koletzko, Christopher C.M. Boey, Cristina Campoy, Susan E. Carlson, Namsoo Chang, Maria Antonia Guillermo-Tuazon, Sadhana Joshi, Christine Prell, Seng Hock Quak, Damayanti Rusli Sjarif, Yixiang Su, Sarayut Supapannachart, Yuichiro Yamashiro, Sask
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    Appetite.2013; 71: 388.     CrossRef
Trends in Cigarette Use Behaviors Among Adolescents by Region in Korea
Nam Soo Hong, Keon Yeop Kim, Soon-Woo Park, Jong-Yeon Kim, Jisuk Bae, Won Kee Lee, Ki Su Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(4):176-184.   Published online July 29, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.4.176
  • 10,317 View
  • 63 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Understanding recent trends in cigarette smoking among adolescents is important in order to develop strategies to prevent cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to compare recent trends in cigarette smoking for adolescents living in rural areas, small towns and metropolitan cities in Korea.

Methods

The raw data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) from 2005 to 2009 were used. Data were analyzed by using the method of complex survey data analysis considering complex sampling design. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate significant linear time trends in cigarette smoking. The indicators of cigarette use behaviors were 'current smoking rate', 'frequent smoking rate', 'heavy smoking rate' and 'smoking experience rate before 13 years of age'. All analyses were conducted according to gender.

Results

Statistically significant increasing trends in current smoking rate and frequent smoking rate were observed and borderline significant increasing trends in heavy smoking rate were shown among rural boys. Among metropolitan city boys, statistically significant increasing trends were also seen for frequent smoking. Statistically significant decreasing trends in current smoking rate were observed among small town and metropolitan city girls. Smoking experience rate before 13 years of age for rural girls decreased significantly.

Conclusions

Cigarette smoking prevalence among adolescents in the rural areas has increased in the last five years especially among boys. Our findings suggest that anti-tobacco program for adolescents should be conducted primarily for those in rural areas.

Summary

Citations

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English Abstract
The Trend of Risk-adjusted Hospital Mortality Rates of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Patients from 2001 to 2003.
Kwang Soo Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2007;40(1):29-35.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.1.29
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To assess whether the risk-adjusted inhospital mortality rates for non-emergent and isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) patients exhibited a consistent trend from 2001 to 2003. METHODS: The data used in this study came from CABG claims that were submitted to a Korean Health Insurance Review Agency (HIRA) in 2001, 2002, and 2003. Study datasets included data from 17 tertiary hospitals, which had at least 25 claims each year over 3 years. The interhospital differences in patients' risk-factors were identified and controlled in the risk-adjustment model. Actual and predicted mortality rates for each hospital were calculated in 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2001+2002, and were then examined to identify consistent rate patterns over time. Kappa analysis was applied to assess the agreements between rates. RESULTS: Hospitals with lower-than-expected inpatient mortality rates showed more consistent rates than those with higher-than-expected mortality rates. The mortality rates that were calculated based on data obtained over multiple years had less variation among hospitals than rates based on single year data. Based on the Kappa score, the highest agreement was found when the rates were compared between the 2-year combined data (2001+2002) and 2003. CONCLUSIONS: Consistent patterns over 3 years were most evident for hospitals which had lower-than expected mortality rates. Policy makers can use this information to identify the degree of outcomes in hospitals and help motivate or channel the behaviors of providers.
Summary
Original Articles
Medical Service Utilization and Trends among Korean Elderly in the Last One Year of Life.
Jee Jeon Yi, Ki Soon Park, Seung Hum Yu, Jeong In Kim, Jae Yong Park, Wang Kun Yoo, Sang Wook Yi
Korean J Prev Med. 2003;36(4):325-331.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To analyze medical service utilization and trends among the elderly in the last year of life. METHOD: The subjects of this study were people that had died at the age sixty-five and above between January 1st and June 30th 2000 The names of the deceased and their dates of death were collected from the data of the funeral-expenses-receivers of the National Health Insurance Corporation (NHIC). This data was merged with that of the individual medical expenses of the NHIC. RESULTS: In the first half of 2000, 84.2% of the funeral-expenses-receivers (53, 063) utilized medical services during the year prior to their death; 51.0% (27, 042) were female and 49.0% (26, 021) male. In the last twelve months of life, the medical fees, the number of days receiving medical services and the number of days receiving medicine were 3, 107, 935 Won, 47.88 and 153.21, respectively, for each person. As the age of the groups increased, the level of medical service utilization decreased; the change was more obvious in female group. The level of medical service utilization during the twelve months prior to death drastically increased around the time of death. CONCLUSIONS: This study, from an analysis of the level of medical service utilization prior to death, shows a concentrated volume of medical services during a certain time period prior to death.
Summary
Trends of Preventive Medicine Research according to The Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine and Qualitative Meta-analysis on Articles of Lead Poisoning.
Chun Bae Kim, Jung Ae Rhee, Jong Ku Park, Seok Joon Sohn
Korean J Prev Med. 1999;32(2):113-122.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to describe the trends of original research in the Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine, and to evaluate the quality of original articles about lead poisoning. METHOD: The data for the analysis of trends in preventive medicine research was taken from a total of 829 original articles published in the Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine from 1968 to 1997. The qualitative meta-analysis was measured against a checklist of evaluation criteria, which were divided into 10 categories, with 46 articles on lead poisoning. The evaluation process was performed independently by two evaluators. RESULTS: The number of articles per 100 members over the study period increased by almost 4 pieces in the early 1980s, and by more than 9 pieces in the mid-1990s. In the major classifications of subjects, environmental and industrial health, epidemiology and health statistics, and health policy and management published 370 pieces (44.6%), 137 pieces (16.5%), 322 pieces (38.9%) respectively. In the order of the number of articles, five themes about health significance, including metal exposure (73 pieces), diseases associated with exposure to organic solvents (45 pieces), air pollution (36 pieces), maternal and child health (32 pieces), and occupational health (30 pieces) received consistent attention throughout the years 1968-1997. The overall mean score of article quality about lead poisoning was 37.8 out of 50. Of the articles any information on the purpose and hypothesis described well. Of those the originality of the subjects, the form of articles (including tables and figures), and the number of inappropriate words of abstracts showed very low score. For multiple regression analyses, the number of joint research institutes and the acceptance of research grants about the article quality were statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The number of original research reports in the Korean J Prev Med has recently increased and their subjects have diversified. Of the basis of this study, the articles need improvement in the areas of abstracts, tables and illustrations (figures), etc. The Korean Society for Preventive Medicine will revise contribution regulations for manuscripts submitted to the Korean J Prev Med. Future studies should address these issues and perform the quantitative mata-analysis about the specific subjects including the quality of articles.
Summary
Changes and Trends in the Newly Established Clinics in Korea.
Byung Soon Choi, Ok Ryun Moon
Korean J Prev Med. 1992;25(4):357-373.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
After medical insurance came into effect in Korea, health care system has undergone tremendous changes. Changing patterns of newly established clinics is one of them. To investigate changes and trends, a total of 10,184 clinics which were newly established from 1981 to 1990 were analysed. Data were obtained from the file of contracting medical facilities of the Federation of Medical Insurance Societies. The proportion of newly establishied clinics has increased gradually, so that they amount to 13% of the total medical facilities in Korea. Meanwhile, the number of newly established medium-size hospitals and general hospitals have decreased. The number of newly established clinics per 100, 000 populations has increased in the all areas, but the rate of increase has decreased in the cities except in 6 major cities in 1990. The rate of increase in newly established clinics surpasses that of population increase. This study has identified the trend of young physicians' early driving into their solo medical practice than before. This indicates chance of the medical specialty training nowadays toughen due to the limited openings in residency programs. However, the sex ratio of physicians at newly established clinics has not changed. The decreasing tendency to open medical practice without beds and the increasing size of clinics are found in this study(The size has been measured in terms of medical manpower, of beds, and of medical equipment in this study). Two thirds of general practitioners have opened their clinics without beds, although such trend has been less in the case of specialists. All three indicators show increasing size, especially in the case of rural clinics. However, among them, the number of medical equipments has increased most significantly from 8.9 items in 1981 to 12.9 in 1990.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health