Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Previous issues

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Previous issues
10 Previous issues
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Authors
Volume 41(6); November 2008
Prev issue Next issue
English Abstracts
Keywords Network Analysis of Articles in the North Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine 1997~2006.
Minsoo Jung, Dongjun Chung, Mankyu Choi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):365-372.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.365
  • 5,123 View
  • 102 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
There are very few researches on North Korea's academic activities. Furthermore, it is doubtful that the available data are reliable. This study investigated research activities and knowledge structure in the field of Preventive Medicine in North Korea with a network analysis using co-authors and keywords. METHODS: The data was composed of the North Korean Journal of preventive medicine ranged from Vol. 1 of 1997 to Vol. 4 of 2006. It was the matrix of 1,172 articles by 1,567 co-authors. We applied R procedure for keywords abstraction, and then sought for the outcome of network forms by spring-KK and shrinking network. RESULTS: To comprehend the whole networks explicitly demonstrated that the academic activities in North Korea's preventive medicine were predisposed to centralization as similar as South Korea's, but on the other aspect they were prone to one-off intermittent segmentation. The principal co-author networks were formulated around some outstanding medical universities seemingly in addition to possible intervention by major researchers. The knowledge structure of network was based on experimentation judging from keywords such as drug, immunity, virus detection, infection, bacteria, anti-inflammation, etc. CONCLUSIONS: Though North Korea is a socialist regime, there were network of academic activities, which were deemed the existence of inducive mechanism affordable for free research. Article keywords has laid greater emphasis on experiment-based bacterial detection, sustainable immune system and prevention of infection. The kind of trend was a consistent characteristic in preventive medicine of North Korea having close correlation with Koryo medical science.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Frequently covered diseases in North Korean internal medicine journal Internal Medicine [Naegwa]—Secondary publication
    Shin Ha, Yo Han Lee
    Science Editing.2019; 6(2): 99.     CrossRef
  • Systematic review of evidence on public health in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
    John J Park, Ah-Young Lim, Hyung-Soon Ahn, Andrew I Kim, Soyoung Choi, David HW Oh, Owen Lee-Park, Sharon Y Kim, Sun Jae Jung, Jesse B Bump, Rifat Atun, Hee Young Shin, Kee B Park
    BMJ Global Health.2019; 4(2): e001133.     CrossRef
  • An Analysis of Infectious Disease Research Trends in Medical Journals From North Korea
    Do-Hyeon Park, Min-Ho Choi, Ah-Young Lim, Hee Young Shin
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2018; 51(2): 109.     CrossRef
  • Bibliometric and content analysis of medical articles in the PubMed database published by North Korean authors from 1997 to July 2017
    Geum Hee Jeong, Sun Huh
    Science Editing.2017; 4(2): 70.     CrossRef
  • Bibliometric Investigation on Preventive Medicine in North Korea
    Minsoo Jung
    The Health Care Manager.2013; 32(3): 253.     CrossRef
  • South Korean Study in a Public Health -Preventive Medicine and Sports Environment-
    Dan Silviu Radut, You Jin Kim, Byung Nam Min, Ki Jeoung Cho, Jong Young Lee
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2009; 42(4): 209.     CrossRef
The Prevalence of Atrophic Gastritis and Intestinal Metaplasia according to Gender, Age and Helicobacter Pylori Infection in a Rural Population.
Hyun Ja Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Tae Joon Byun, Chang Soo Eun, Kyu Sang Song, Yong Sung Kim, Dong Soo Han
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):373-379.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.373
  • 6,001 View
  • 168 Download
  • 23 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia according to gender, age and Helicobacter pylori infection in a rural population in Korea. METHODS: Between April 2003 and January 2007, 713 subjects (298 men and 415 women, age range: 18-85) among the 2,161 adults who participated in a populationbased survey received gastrointestinal endoscopy. All the subjects provided informed consent. Multiple biopsy specimens were evaluated for the presence of atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia. The presence of Helicobacter pylori was determined using CLO and histology testing. RESULTS: The age-adjusted prevalence of atrophic gastritis was 42.7% for men and 38.1% for women and the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia was 42.5% for men and 32.7% for women. The prevalence of atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia increased significantly with age for both men and women (p for trend<0.001). The ageadjusted prevalence of Helicobacter pylori was similar for men (59.0%) and women (56.7%). The subjects with Helicobacter pylori infection showed a significantly higher prevalence of intestinal metaplasia (44.3%) compared with that (26.8%) of the noninfected subjects (p<0.001). However, the prevalence of atrophic gastritis was not statistically different between the Helicobacter pyloriinfected subjects and the noninfected individuals. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the prevalence of atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia is higher for a Korean rural population than that for a Western population; this may be related to the high incidence of gastric cancer in Koreans. Especially, the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia was high for the subjects with Helicobacter pylori infection. The multistep process of gastric carcinogenesis and the various factors contributing to each step of this process need to be determined by conducting future follow-up studies.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The impact of physical disability on the risk of gastric cancer incidence in elderly patients with diabetes: a focus on regional disparity
    Mingee Choi, Woo-Ri Lee, Kyu-Tae Han, Woorim Kim
    Cancer Causes & Control.2024; 35(4): 705.     CrossRef
  • Validation of a Novel Endoscopic Feature that Predicts Helicobacter pylori-negative Status: Does the Scratch Sign Reflect H. pylori Non-infection?
    Jun-young Seo, Hyo-Jin Cho, Sang Jong Park, Ah Young Lee, Sang-Jung Kim, Ji Yong Ahn
    The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research.2023; 23(3): 197.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Practice Guideline for Gastritis in Korea
    Seung Joo Kang, Jae Gyu Kim, Hee Seok Moon, Myeong-Cherl Kook, Jong Yeul Lee, Chang Seok Bang, Chung Hyun Tae, Eun Jeong Gong, Su Youn Nam, Hyun Jung Kim
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalencia y localización gástrica del Helicobacter pylori en pacientes con atrofia y metaplasia intestinal en una institución de alta complejidad en Colombia
    Claudia Corso, Diego Mauricio Aponte, Javier Preciado, Jorge Medina-Parra, Luis Carlos Sabbagh Sanvicente
    Revista colombiana de Gastroenterología.2022; 37(3): 289.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and the incidence of the associated malignant and peptic ulcer disease (PUD) at Nelson Mandela Academic Hospital: a retrospective analysis
    Stephen Z. Molaoa
    Journal of Drug Assessment.2021; 10(1): 57.     CrossRef
  • Revisiting Therapeutic Strategies for H. pylori Treatment in the Context of Antibiotic Resistance: Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies
    Ioana Alexandra Cardos, Dana Carmen Zaha, Rakesh K. Sindhu, Simona Cavalu
    Molecules.2021; 26(19): 6078.     CrossRef
  • Novel treatment for gastric intestinal metaplasia, a precursor to cancer
    Shiu Kum Lam, George Lau
    JGH Open.2020; 4(4): 569.     CrossRef
  • Prediagnostic Smoking and Alcohol Drinking and Gastric Cancer Survival: A Korean Prospective Cohort Study
    Shin Ah Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Kyu Sang Song, Chan Hyuk Park, Chang Soo Eun, Dong Soo Han, Yong Sung Kim, Hyun Ja Kim
    The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology.2019; 73(3): 141.     CrossRef
  • Gastro-duodenal disease in Africa: Literature review and clinical data from Accra, Ghana
    Timothy N Archampong, Richard H Asmah, Cathy J Richards, Vicki J Martin, Christopher D Bayliss, Edília Botão, Leonor David, Sandra Beleza, Carla Carrilho
    World Journal of Gastroenterology.2019; 25(26): 3344.     CrossRef
  • Chronic atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia surrounding diffuse-type gastric cancer: Are they just bystanders in the process of carcinogenesis?
    Seung Yong Shin, Jie-Hyun Kim, Jaeyoung Chun, Young Hoon Yoon, Hyojin Park, Dajun Deng
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(12): e0226427.     CrossRef
  • Observation Time for Complete Endoscopy in Gastric Cancer Screening
    Jae Myung Park
    The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research.2018; 18(1): 13.     CrossRef
  • Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia Is the Most Common Histopathological Phenotype among Endoscopically Diagnosed Atrophic Gastritis Patients in North-East China
    Tayyab Hamid Malik, Caihan Zhao, Jafer Mohammed AlAhmed, Sohaib Ahmad Alam, Hong Xu
    Open Journal of Gastroenterology.2017; 07(02): 65.     CrossRef
  • Demographic and socioeconomic influences on Helicobacter pylori gastritis and its pre‐neoplastic lesions amongst US residents
    R. M. Genta, K. O. Turner, A. Sonnenberg
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics.2017; 46(3): 322.     CrossRef
  • Longer Observation Time Increases Proportion of Neoplasms Detected by Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    Jae Myung Park, Sol Mi Huo, Han Hee Lee, Bo-In Lee, Ho Jin Song, Myung-Gyu Choi
    Gastroenterology.2017; 153(2): 460.     CrossRef
  • Chemoprevention of Gastric Cancer: Helicobacter pylori Eradication
    Eun Jin Kim, Hang Lak Lee
    The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research.2017; 17(4): 166.     CrossRef
  • Review of Atrophic Gastritis and Intestinal Metaplasia as a Premalignant Lesion of Gastric Cancer
    Yo Han Park, Nayoung Kim
    Journal of Cancer Prevention.2015; 20(1): 25.     CrossRef
  • Chronic Tamoxifen Use Is Associated with a Decreased Risk of Intestinal Metaplasia in Human Gastric Epithelium
    Chang Mo Moon, Seok-Hyung Kim, Sang Kil Lee, Jiyeon Hyeon, Ja Seung Koo, Sangheun Lee, Jean S. Wang, Won Jae Huh, Shradha S. Khurana, Jason C. Mills
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences.2014; 59(6): 1244.     CrossRef
  • Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in Korea, 2013 revised edition
    Sang Gyun Kim, Hye‐Kyung Jung, Hang Lak Lee, Jae Young Jang, Hyuk Lee, Chan Gyoo Kim, Woon Geon Shin, Ein Soon Shin, Yong Chan Lee
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.2014; 29(7): 1371.     CrossRef
  • Risk factors for intestinal metaplasia in concomitant gastric and duodenal ulcer disease
    JUN-BO HONG, LIANG XIA, WEI ZUO, AN-JIANG WANG, SHAN XU, HUI-FANG XIONG, YOU-XIANG CHEN, XUAN ZHU, NONG-HUA LU
    Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine.2014; 7(4): 929.     CrossRef
  • Atrophic Gastritis: Pathophysiology and Etiology
    Ho Suk Kang, Jeong Hwan Kim
    The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research.2013; 13(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Pathophysiology and Epidemiology of Intestinal Metaplasia
    Joon Sung Kim, Byung-Wook Kim
    The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research.2013; 13(2): 73.     CrossRef
  • Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment ofHelicobacter pyloriInfection in Korea, 2013 Revised Edition
    Sang Gyun Kim, Hye-Kyung Jung, Hang Lak Lee, Jae Young Jang, Hyuk Lee, Chan Gyoo Kim, Woon Geon Shin, Ein Soon Shin, Yong Chan Lee
    The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology.2013; 62(1): 3.     CrossRef
  • Surveillance Strategy of Atrophic Gastritis and Intestinal Metaplasia in a Country with a High Prevalence of Gastric Cancer
    Woon Geon Shin, Heung Up Kim, Ho June Song, Su Jin Hong, Ki-Nam Shim, In-Kyung Sung, Jae Gyu Kim
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences.2012; 57(3): 746.     CrossRef
An Estimation of the National Cancer Incidence in Korea for 2000-2002 Using the Databases of 8 Population-based Regional Cancer Registries.
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):380-386.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.380
  • 4,541 View
  • 38 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Valid data on the national cancer incidence (NCI) is the data should be needed to plan, monitor and evaluate the national cancer control programs. The purpose of this study was to estimate the NCI for 2000-2002 from 8 population-based cancer registries database in Korea (KRCR DB). METHODS: We defined the expected number of cancer cases in each registry as the number of observed cases and then adding to the weighted observed cases, according to sex, age groups, and the proportion of the population covered by each registry for the population of the eight regions and the population of all areas with excluding the 8 regions. From the expected number of total cancer incidents, the estimated NCI was calculated by dividing the expected number of cancer cases by the number of the total population. The standard error (SE) of the estimated incidence was also taken from the expected number of total cancer incidents. RESULTS: The overall estimated crude rates in 2000-2002 were 267.1 and 219.0 per 100,000 for men and women, respectively. The overall age-standardized rates (ASR) were 290.1 and 180.7 per 100,000, respectively. Compared with the ASRs obtained from Korea National Cancer Incidence database (KNCI DB), the estimated ASRs from the KRCR DB did not show statistically significant differences except for some cancers in women. For the aspect of the SE, index of DCO(death certificate only) and of MV(microscopically verified), the estimated ASRs from the KRCR DB are more accurate and they have higher quality rather than the calculated ASRs from the KNCI DB. CONCLUSIONS: We found that this developed method using the KRCR DB is valid and it could be another strategy for estimating the NCI in Korea.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Citrus Fruit Intake and Breast Cancer Risk: A Quantitative Systematic Review
    Jung-Kook Song, Jong-Myon Bae
    Journal of Breast Cancer.2013; 16(1): 72.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Usefulness of Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in the Surgical Treatment of Malignant Melanoma
    Sung Mo Hur, Sung Hoon Kim, Se Kyung Lee, Wan Wook Kim, Jae Hyuck Choi, Sangmin Kim, So Young Lim, Jai Kyung Pyon, Goo Hyun Mun, Jun-Ho Choe, Jeong Eon Lee, Jee Soo Kim, Seok-Jin Nam, Jung-Hyun Yang, Jung-Han Kim
    Journal of the Korean Surgical Society.2010; 79(3): 163.     CrossRef
  • Construction and Validation of Hospital-Based Cancer Registry Using Various Health Records to Detect Patients with Newly Diagnosed Cancer: Experience at Asan Medical Center
    Hwa Jung Kim, Jin Hee Cho, Yongman Lyu, Sun Hye Lee, Kyeong Ha Hwang, Moo-Song Lee
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2010; 43(3): 257.     CrossRef
  • A Validation of Estimating the National Cancer Incidence in Korea using the Databases of 7 Population-based Regional Cancer Registries except Seoul

    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2009; 42(2): 130.     CrossRef
  • Explaining Cancer Incidence in the Jejudo Population
    Jong-Myon Bae
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2009; 42(1): 67.     CrossRef
The Concept and Measurement of Food Security.
Kirang Kim, Mi Kyung Kim, Young Jeon Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):387-396.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.387
  • 5,822 View
  • 207 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
During the past two decades, food deprivation and hunger have been recognized to be not just the concerns of only underdeveloped or developing countries, but as problems for many affluent Western nations as well. Many countries have made numerous efforts to define and measure the extent of these problems. Based on these efforts, the theory and practice of food security studies has significantly evolved during the last decades. Thus, this study aims to provide a comprehensive review of the concept and measurement of food security. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this review, we introduce the definition and background of food security, we describe the impact of food insecurity on nutrition and health, we provide its measurements and operational instruments and we discuss its applications and implications. Some practical information for the use of the food security index in South Korea is also presented. CONCLUSIONS: Food security is an essential element in achieving a good nutritional and health status and it has an influence to reduce poverty. The information about the current understanding of food security can help scientists, policy makers and program practitioners conduct research and maintain outreach programs that address the issues of poverty and the promotion of food security.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comparison of Health Status and Life Satisfaction According to Food Security in Single-Person Households of Elderly Population
    Dong Hoon Jung, Jae Won Han, Wonha Kim, Hee-Sook Lim
    Clinical Nutrition Research.2024; 13(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Perceived Food Store Environment on Malnutrition and Frailty among the Food-Insecure Elderly in a Metropolitan City
    Yu-Mi Kim, Narae Yang, Kirang Kim
    Nutrients.2021; 13(7): 2392.     CrossRef
  • Basic Concepts and Detailed Dimensions of Food Security and Related Indicators for Policy Development and Evaluation
    Sohyun Park, Ji-Yun Hwang, Jae Eun Shim, Kirang Kim
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2021; 26(6): 429.     CrossRef
  • The effects of a personalized nutrition intervention program on food security, health and nutritional status of low-income older adults in Seoul city
    Yeyeon Lee, Narae Yang, Minjeong Shin, Kyung-Eun Lee, Chang Hee Yoo, Kirang Kim
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2020; 53(4): 416.     CrossRef
  • Health and nutritional status of Korean adults according to age and household food security: Using the data from 2010~2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Geun Ah Park, Sung Hee Kim, Seok Joong Kim, Yoon Jung Yang
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2017; 50(6): 603.     CrossRef
  • Association of food insecurity and depression in Korean adults
    Kowoon Lee, Hye-Sook Yoo
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2016; 17(1): 62.     CrossRef
  • Food deserts in Korea? A GIS analysis of food consumption patterns at sub-district level in Seoul using the KNHANES 2008-2012 data
    Dohyeong Kim, Chang Kil Lee, Dong Yeon Seo
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2016; 10(5): 530.     CrossRef
  • Socio-demographic Characteristics, Nutrient Intakes and Mental Health Status of Older Korean Adults depending on Household Food Security: Based on the 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Yoon Jung Yang
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2015; 20(1): 30.     CrossRef
  • Nutritional status of toddlers and preschoolers according to household income level: overweight tendency and micronutrient deficiencies
    Kirang Kim, Sam Cheol Shin, Jae Eun Shim
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2015; 9(5): 547.     CrossRef
  • Food Insecurity and Related Risk Factors in the Elderly: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013 Data
    Hye-Sang Lee
    Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association.2015; 21(4): 308.     CrossRef
  • Factors contributing to participation in food assistance programs in the elderly population
    Seo Ah Hong, Kirang Kim
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2014; 8(4): 425.     CrossRef
  • A Qualitative Study on Attitude, Acceptability, and Adaptation for Home-delivered Meal Services in the Korean Elderly from the Perspective of Life Context
    Ji-Yun Hwang, Bokyoung Kim, Kirang Kim
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2014; 19(5): 459.     CrossRef
  • Development of Evaluation Indicators for a Children's Dietary Life Safety Index in Korea
    Hae Rang Chung, Tong-Kyung Kwak, Young-Sun Choi, Hye-Young P. Kim, Jung-Sug Lee, Jung-Hwa Choi, Na-Young Yi, Sehyug Kwon, Youn-Ju Choi, Soon-Kyu Lee, Myung-Hee Kang
    The Korean Journal of Nutrition.2011; 44(1): 49.     CrossRef
  • Development of Food Security Measures for Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Kirang Kim, Seo Ah Hong, Sung Ok Kwon, Se-Young Oh
    The Korean Journal of Nutrition.2011; 44(6): 551.     CrossRef
  • Development and Validation of Food Security Measure
    Kirang Kim, Mi Kyung Kim
    The Korean Journal of Nutrition.2009; 42(4): 374.     CrossRef
Usefulness of Color Vision Test for Early Detection of Neurological Damages by Neurotoxic Substances.
Eun Hee Lee, Kyungho Choi, Hong Jae Chae, Domyung Paek
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):397-406.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.397
  • 3,528 View
  • 110 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
This paper reviews the published literature that is concerned with color vision impairment from industrial and environmental exposure to neurotoxic substances, and we evaluated whether testing for color vision impairment could be an affordable procedure for assessing these neurotoxic effects. In general, most cases of congenital color vision impairment are red-green, and blue-yellow impairment is extremely rare. However, most of the acquired color vision impairment that is related to age, alcohol or environmental factors is blue-yellow impairment. Therefore, many studies have been performed to identify this relationship between exposure to neurotoxic substances, such as organic solvents and heavy metals, and the prevalence of blueyellow color vision impairment. The test for color vision impairment is known to be very sensitive to the early signs of nervous system dysfunction and this can be useful for making the early diagnosis of neurotoxic effects from exposure to very low concentrations of toxic substances.
Summary
The Association of Cardiovascular Risk Factors with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Health Checkup Examinees.
Jae Hee Yu, Kang Sook Lee, Seon Young Lee, A Rum Hong, Yong Sang Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):407-412.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.407
  • 4,655 View
  • 42 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of nonalcoholic fatty liver and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: This study was conducted to investigate the association of nonalcoholic fatty liver and cardiovascular risk factors for adult men (n=2976) and women (n=2442) who were over 19 years old, after excluding the HBsAg(+) or anti-HCV(+) patients and the men and women with increased alcohol intake (men: 40 g/week, women: 20 g/week). RESULTS: Compared with the normal liver subjects, the nonalcoholic fatty liver subjects showed a significantly increased frequency of abnormal systolic blood pressure (> or =120 mmHg), fasting blood sugar (> or =100 mg/dL), total cholesterol (> or =200 mg/dL), triglyceride (> or =150 mg/dL), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (<40 mg/dL), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (> or =130g m/dL) and abdominal obesity in men, and all these measures were significantly increased in the women except for abnormal HDL cholesterol. After adjusting for the body mass index, age, smoking, exercise and a nonalcoholic liver, the odds ratios of an abnormal waist hip ratio were 1.35(95% Confidence Interval=1.05-4.72) in the mild fatty liver, 1.61(1.19-2.18) in the moderate fatty liver, 2.77(1.57-4.92) in the severe fatty liver compared with a normal liver. The adjusted odds ratios for abnormal fasting blood sugar were 1.26(1.03-1.53) in the mild fatty liver, 1.62(1.27-2.06) in the moderate fatty lliver and 1.77(1.12-2.78) in the severe fatty liver. The adjusted odds ratios for abnormal triglyceride were 1.38(1.11-1.72) in the mild fatty liver, 1.73(0.33-2.24) in the moderate fatty liver and 1.91(1.17-3.10) in the severe fatty liver of men. Adjusted odds ratios for abnormal triglyceride were 1.50(1.04-2.15) in mild, 1.71(1.07-2.68) in moderate, 1.81(0.69-4.38) in severe fatty liver of women. CONCLUSIONS: The nonalcoholic fatty liver subjects had more cardiovascular risk factors compared with the normal liver subjects. Thus, prevention and treatment of the nonalcoholic fatty liver is necessary by lifestyle modifications such as restriction of alcohol intake, no smoking, exercise and adequate eating habits.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Insulin sensitizers for the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
    Zeynel Abidin Ozturk
    World Journal of Hepatology.2014; 6(4): 199.     CrossRef
  • Leitura A Influência da Composição Corporal e Idade no Perfil Hepático e Prostático de Homens do Município de Flores da Cunha/RS
    F. Nascimento, E. Borba, A. Philipi, A.C. Guimarães, R. Boff, P. Spada, A. Coitinho, C. Funchal, C. Dani
    Ciência em Movimento - Biociências e Saúde.2013; 15(30): 9.     CrossRef
  • Recent advances in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    Onpan Cheung, Arun J Sanyal
    Current Opinion in Gastroenterology.2010; 26(3): 202.     CrossRef
  • Recent advances in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    Onpan Cheung, Arun J Sanyal
    Current Opinion in Gastroenterology.2009; 25(3): 230.     CrossRef
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
The Association Between Circulating Inflammatory Markers and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Rural Adults.
So Yeon Ryu, Ki Soon Kim, Jong Park, Myeng Guen Kang, Mi Ah Han
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):413-418.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.413
  • 5,704 View
  • 69 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to investigate the associations between the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and inflammatory markers. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis was performed using data from 1578 Koreans aged 40-69 years residing in a rural area. We investigated associations between MetS and circulating high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), white blood cells (WBC) and adiponectin. MetS was defined using the criteria proposed by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP-III). RESULTS: Increased WBC counts and hs-CRP levels and decreased adiponectin levels were observed in subjects with MetS. WBC, hs-CRP and adiponectin levels linearly deteriorated with an increase in the number of MetS components (all ptrend <0.005). Finally, adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for the risk of MetS by increase/decrease in 3 inflammatory markers were calculated by multivariate logistic regression analyses. In terms of changes in inflammation markers, in men, the adjusted ORs (95% confidence interval) were 1.15 (1.01-1.31) for WBC, 1.64 (1.02-2.64) for hs-CRP, and 0.19 (0.08-0.45) for adiponectin, whereas corresponding adjusted ORs (95% CIs) in women were 1.27 (1.15-1.40), 0.98 (0.67-1.42), 0.09 (0.04-0.18), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Serum adiponectin levels and WBC counts were found to be strongly associated with MetS in both sexes. However, hs-CRP lost its significance after adjusting for BMI and other inflammatory markers in women. This study shows that inflammatory response is associated with MetS in the Korean population. Further prospective studies are necessary to confirm the contribution made by inflammatory markers to the development of MetS.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Acute phase proteins levels in horses, after a single carbohydrate overload, associated with cecal alkalinization
    Isabela Peixoto Rabelo, Vanessa Barroco de Paula, Caio Carvalho Bustamante, André Marcos Santana, Daniela Gomes da Silva, Amanda Cristina Baldassi, Paulo Aléscio Canola, Carlos Augusto Araújo Valadão
    Frontiers in Veterinary Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Inflammatory Markers and Atherogenic Coefficient: Early Markers of Metabolic Syndrome
    Marjan Mahdavi-Roshan, Nargeskhatoon Shoaibinobarian, Morvarid Noormohammadi, Aboozar Fakhr Mousavi, Amir Savar Rakhsh, Arsalan Salari, Zeinab Ghorbani
    International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between C-Reactive Protein and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults
    Youhyun Song, Soo Kyung Yang, Jungeun Kim, Duk-Chul Lee
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2019; 40(2): 116.     CrossRef
  • Prospective cohort study evaluating risk factors for the development of pasture‐associated laminitis in the United Kingdom
    N. J. Menzies‐Gow, P. A. Harris, J. Elliott
    Equine Veterinary Journal.2017; 49(3): 300.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Metabolic Syndrome
    Eun Jung Lee, Hye Jin Hwang, Chan Min Jung, Min Ki Kim, Min Seok Kang, Kyung-Su Kim
    American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy.2017; 31(4): 222.     CrossRef
  • Biomarkers of Metabolic Syndrome: Biochemical Background and Clinical Significance
    Harry Robberecht, Nina Hermans
    Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.2016; 14(2): 47.     CrossRef
  • Incremental Predictive Value of Serum AST-to-ALT Ratio for Incident Metabolic Syndrome: The ARIRANG Study
    Dhananjay Yadav, Eunhee Choi, Song Vogue Ahn, Soon Koo Baik, Youn zoo Cho, Sang Baek Koh, Ji Hye Huh, Yoosoo Chang, Ki-Chul Sung, Jang Young Kim, Sheng-Nan Lu
    PLOS ONE.2016; 11(8): e0161304.     CrossRef
  • In prehypertension leukocytosis is associated with body mass index but not with blood pressure or incident hypertension
    Stevo Julius, Brent M. Egan, Niko A. Kaciroti, Shawna D. Nesbitt, Andrew K. Chen
    Journal of Hypertension.2014; 32(2): 251.     CrossRef
  • Circulating high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and soluble CD40 ligand are inter-related in a cohort of women with polycystic ovary syndrome
    H.O. El-Mesallamy, R.S. Abd El-Razek, T.A. El-Refaie
    European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology.2013; 168(2): 178.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic syndrome and inflammatory biomarkers: a community-based cross-sectional study at the Framingham Heart Study
    Dhayana Dallmeier, Martin G Larson, Ramachandran S Vasan, John F Keaney, Joao D Fontes, James B Meigs, Caroline S Fox, Emelia J Benjamin
    Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome.2012;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Adiponectin reduces C-reactive protein expression and downregulates STAT3 phosphorylation induced by IL-6 in HepG2 cells
    Haiyun Sun, Yingnan Zhang, Ping Gao, Qiang Li, Yuqian Sun, Jinchao Zhang, Changqing Xu
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry.2011; 347(1-2): 183.     CrossRef
  • Association between insulin resistance and c-reactive protein among Peruvian adults
    Bizu Gelaye, Luis Revilla, Tania Lopez, Luis Suarez, Sixto E Sanchez, Karin Hevner, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Michelle A Williams
    Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome.2010;[Epub]     CrossRef
English Abstracts
Factors Affecting Social Distance toward Mental Illness: A Nationwide Telephone Survey in Korea.
Sangjun Moon, Jin Seok Lee, Sue Kyung Park, Sun Young Lee, Yoon Kim, Yong Ik Kim, Youngsoo Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):419-426.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.419
  • 4,863 View
  • 66 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study was to investigate impact of knowledge, familiarity, and prejudice about mental illness as well as demographic factors on the social distance from mentally ill people, which is a proxy measure of discrimination. METHOD: To assess the impact of knowledge and familiarity, prejudice about mental illness and demographic factors on the social distance from mental illness, we conducted a telephone survey in South Korea with the responders being nationally representative people who were 18 years old or over (n=1040). Independent samples T-tests, one way ANOVA and linear regression analysis were performed to analyze the results of the survey. RESULT: The social distance from mental illness decreased as the knowledge and familiarity increased, but the social distance was increased as prejudice was increased. Prejudice had a greater impact on social distance than familiarity and knowledge. Females showed greater social distance than did males. A higher education level had a negative effect on social distance. CONCLUSION: To reduce the social distance from mentally ill people, efforts to increase the familiarity about mental illness as well as efforts to educate people about mental illness are important.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Social Distance Attitudes of Nursing Students towards Adults with Mental Disorders
    So Young Lee, Kyunghee Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2016; 25(4): 356.     CrossRef
  • Public perceptions of risk in criminality: The effects of mental illness and social disadvantage
    Claire Nee, Clare Witt
    Psychiatry Research.2013; 209(3): 675.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Public Prejudice and Social Distance on Mental Illness: Analysis of Contextual Effect by Multi-level Analysis
    Hyeongap Jang, Jun-Tae Lim, Juhwan Oh, Seon-Young Lee, Yong-Ik Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2012; 45(2): 90.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of an Education Program to Reduce Negative Attitudes Toward Persons With Mental Illness Using Online Media
    Mia Seo, Hyun Lye Kim
    Asian Nursing Research.2010; 4(2): 90.     CrossRef
The Relationship between Physical Activity and Clustering of Metabolic Abnormalities in Children.
Hyun Jin Son, Mi Kyung Kim, Hyun Ja Kim, Ho Kim, Bo Youl Choi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):427-433.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.427
  • 3,771 View
  • 46 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to assess the association between physical activity and the clustering of metabolic abnormalities among Korean children. The effect of substituting moderate to vigorous physical activity for the time spent in inactivity was examined as well. METHODS: The study subjects were comprised of 692 (354 boys, 338 girls) 4th grade elementary school students. We used a modified form of the physical activity questionnaire that was developed in the Five-City Project. The subjects with clustering of metabolic abnormalities were defined as having two or more of the following five characteristics: waist circumference > or =90 %, systolic or diastolic blood pressure > or =90 %, fasting glucose > or =110 mg/dl, triglycerides > or =110 mg/dl and HDL cholesterol < or =40 mg/dl. We calculated the odds ratios to assess the effect of substituting moderate to vigorous physical activity for time spent in inactivity. RESULTS: The risk of clustered metabolic abnormalities was inversely correlated with the increased time spent on moderate to vigorous physical activity, but the correlation was not significant. The odds ratio for clustering of metabolic abnormalities that represented the effect of substituting moderate to vigorous physical activity for 30minutes of sedentary activity was 0.87 (95% CI=0.76-1.01). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that substituting moderate to vigorous physical activity for sedentary activity could decrease the risk of clustered metabolic abnormalities.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Associated Risk Factors Among Korean Adolescents
    Mi-Ae You, Youn-Jung Son
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2012; 24(3): 464.     CrossRef
The Decline of Health-Related Quality of Life Associated with Some Diseases in Korean Adults.
Seol Ryoung Kil, Sang Il Lee, Sung Cheol Yun, Hyung Mi An, Min Woo Jo
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):434-441.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.434
  • 5,760 View
  • 101 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was conducted to measure the decline in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) associated with some diseases in South Korean adults. METHODS: The EQ-5D health states in the 2005 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHNES) and the Korean EQ-5D valuation set were used to obtain the EQ-5D indexes of the study subjects. Each disease group was defined when the subjects reported to the NHNES that they were diagnosed with the corresponding disease during the previous 1 year by physicians. Since the distributions of the EQ-5D indexes in each subgroup were negatively skewed, median regression analysis was used to estimate the effects of specific diseases on the HRQoL. Median regression analysis produced estimates that approximated the median of the EQ-5D indexes and there are more robust for analyzing data with many outliers. RESULTS: A total of 16,692 subjects (6,667 patients and 10,025 people without any disease) were included in the analysis. As a result of the median regression analysis, stroke had the strongest impact on the HRQoL for both males and females, followed by osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, rheumatic arthritis, and herniation of an intervertebral disc. While asthma had a significant impact on the HRQoL only in men, cataract, temporo-mandibular dysfunction, and peptic ulcer significantly affected the HRQoL only in women. CONCLUSIONS: Stroke and musculoskeletal diseases were associated with the largest losses of the HRQoL in Korean adults.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Health State Utility Values in People With Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis
    Raed A. Joundi, Joel Adekanye, Alexander A. Leung, Paul Ronksley, Eric E. Smith, Alexander D. Rebchuk, Thalia S. Field, Michael D. Hill, Stephen B. Wilton, Lauren C. Bresee
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Health-Related Quality of Life in Multimorbidity
    Eunmi Lee, Sunkyung Cha, Geun Myun Kim
    Healthcare.2021; 9(3): 334.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing on Health-Related Quality of Life among Men Osteoporosis Patients over 50 Years
    Ji Young Kim, Youngran Yang
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2020; 32(2): 145.     CrossRef
  • Health-Related Quality of Life and Related Factors in Persons with Preserved Ratio Impaired Spirometry: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surve
    I Re Heo, Ho Cheol Kim, Tae Hoon Kim
    Medicina.2020; 57(1): 4.     CrossRef
  • Cancer site differences in the health‐related quality of life of Korean cancer survivors: Results from a Population‐based Survey
    Mikyung Ryu, Jee‐In Hwang
    Public Health Nursing.2019; 36(2): 144.     CrossRef
  • Factors affecting the health‐related quality of life in community‐dwelling elderly people
    Geun Myun Kim, Myung Sun Hong, Wonjung Noh
    Public Health Nursing.2018; 35(6): 482.     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life assessment according to socio-demographic characteristics and health behavior among Gyeonggi-do citizens: focused on gender difference
    Sun-Hee Joung, YeogSeon Hong, AeRee Sohn
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2015; 32(3): 33.     CrossRef
  • Prediction Model for Health-Related Quality of Life of Elderly with Chronic Diseases using Machine Learning Techniques
    Soo-Kyoung Lee, Youn-Jung Son, Jeongeun Kim, Hong-Gee Kim, Jae-Il Lee, Bo-Yeong Kang, Hyeon-Sung Cho, Sungin Lee
    Healthcare Informatics Research.2014; 20(2): 125.     CrossRef
  • A Study on Factors in Quality of Life of Patients with Acute Cerebral Infarction One Year after Diagnosis
    Seung-Ok Shin, So Yeon Ryu
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2014; 15(1): 274.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Arthritis and Comorbid Chronic Conditions on Health-related Quality of Life in Korean Elderly
    Ji-Young No, Soon-Young Kim, In-Sun Kweon, Hae-Sung Nam
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2014; 15(6): 3751.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Post-Stroke Cognitive Impairment with No Dementia on Health-Related Quality of Life
    Jung Hyun Park, Beom Joon Kim, Hee-Joon Bae, Jisung Lee, Juneyoung Lee, Moon-Ku Han, Kyung Yoon O, Seong Ho Park, Yeonwook Kang, Kyung-Ho Yu, Byung-Chul Lee
    Journal of Stroke.2013; 15(1): 49.     CrossRef
  • Difference in Health-related Quality of Life among Social Classes and Related Factors in Korea
    Gyeong-Tae Lim, In-Sun Kwon, Soon-Young Kim, Young-Chae Cho, Hea-Sung Nam
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2012; 13(5): 2189.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Low Back Pain and Health-Related Quality of Life among Some Elderly
    Kyeong-Ae Oh, Jong Park, Dae-Jung Jeon, Mi-Ah Han, Seong-Woo Choi
    Journal of agricultural medicine and community health.2012; 37(3): 156.     CrossRef
  • Regional differences in health status in China: Population health-related quality of life results from the National Health Services Survey 2008
    Sun Sun, Jiaying Chen, Magnus Johannesson, Paul Kind, Ling Xu, Yaoguang Zhang, Kristina Burström
    Health & Place.2011; 17(2): 671.     CrossRef
  • Population health status in China: EQ-5D results, by age, sex and socio-economic status, from the National Health Services Survey 2008
    Sun Sun, Jiaying Chen, Magnus Johannesson, Paul Kind, Ling Xu, Yaoguang Zhang, Kristina Burström
    Quality of Life Research.2011; 20(3): 309.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health