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Young Chae Cho 11 Articles
Relationship Between Status of Physical and Mental Function and Quality of Life Among the Elderly People Admitted from Long-Term Care Insurance.
Hyeong Seon Kim, Nam Kyou Bae, In Sun Kwon, Young Chae Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(4):319-329.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.4.319
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  • 97 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to determine the levels of quality of life (QOL) according to the grade of long-term care service for the elderly people who were admitted from long-term care insurance, and to reveal its association with the physical and mental functioning such as the Activity of Daily Living (ADL), the Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Mini-Mental State Examination-Korean version (MMSE-K). METHODS: The interviews were performed during the period from March 1 to May 31, 2009, for 958 elderly people in urban and rural areas. The questionnaire items included various indices such as the ADL, IADL, CES-D, and MMSE-K, as independent variables and the index of QOL, as the dependent ones. For statistical analysis, t-tests were used for the mean scores of QOL according to gender and the grade of long-term care services, and Spearman's correlation was used for each variable. The effects of physical and mental functioning for QOL were assessed by covariance structure analysis. The statistical significance was set at p<0.05. RESULTS: The mean scores of QOL among all the subjects was 55.4 +/- 15.62 (Grade I: 49.7 +/- 14.17, Grade II: 56.8 +/- 14.62, Grade III: 59.4+/-16.36), and it was lower according to the higher grade of long-term care insurance. In terms of the correlation matrix of the QOL and the physical and mental function factors, the QOL showed positive correlation with the ADL, IADL and MMSE-K, while it had negative correlation with depression. On the analysis of covariance, mental functioning (depression and the MMSE-K) had a greater influence on the level of QOL than the physical functioning (ADL and IADL). CONCLUSIONS: The level of the QOL in the elderly people who were admitted from long-term care insurance was lower according to higher the grade of long-term care insurance. Also, the mental functioning (depression and MMSE-K) was more influential on the level of the QOL than the physical functioning (ADL and IADL).
Summary

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  • Physical Therapy Assessment Tool Threshold Values to Identify Sarcopenia and Locomotive Syndrome in the Elderly
    Hae-In Kim, Myung-Chul Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2023; 20(12): 6098.     CrossRef
  • The paradox of aging and health-related quality of life in Asian Chinese: results from the Healthy Aging Longitudinal Study in Taiwan
    Han-Yun Tseng, Corinna Löckenhoff, Chun-Yi Lee, Shu-Han Yu, I-Chien Wu, Hsing-Yi Chang, Yen-Feng Chiu, Chao Agnes Hsiung
    BMC Geriatrics.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Physical Function(ADL, IADL) and Related Factors in the Elderly People Institutionalized in Long-term Care Facilities
    Kwon-Suk Ahn, Sung-Kyeong Park, Young-Chae Cho
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2016; 17(3): 480.     CrossRef
  • Correlates of depressive symptoms in urban middle-aged and elderly Lithuanians
    Laura Sapranaviciute-Zabazlajeva, Regina Reklaitiene, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Migle Baceviciene, Dalia Virviciute, Anne Peasey
    Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.2014; 49(8): 1199.     CrossRef
  • Physical Functioning and Related Factors in the Elderly People Admitted Long-term Home Care Insurance
    Seok-Han Yoon, Kwang-Sung Lee, Young-Chae Cho
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2013; 14(5): 2338.     CrossRef
  • Validity of Motor Impairment Scale in Long-Term Care Insurance System of Korea
    Yeo Hyung Kim, Chan Hyuk Kwon, Hyung Ik Shin
    Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine.2013; 37(3): 403.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Comprehensive Health Status and Health-related Quality of Life between Institutionalized Older Adults and Community Dwelling Older Adults
    Hye-Jin Hyun, Aekyung Chang, Su Jeong Yu, Yeon-Hwan Park
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2012; 23(1): 40.     CrossRef
  • Cardiovascular risk factors and cognitive function in middle aged and elderly Lithuanian urban population: results from the HAPIEE study
    Abdonas Tamosiunas, Migle Baceviciene, Regina Reklaitiene, Ricardas Radisauskas, Kristina Jureniene, Adelina Azaraviciene, Dalia Luksiene, Vilija Malinauskiene, Evelina Daugeliene, Laura Sapranaviciute-Zabazlajeva
    BMC Neurology.2012;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Status of Physical and Mental Function and, Its Related Factors Among the Elderly People Using from Long-Term Care Insurance Service
    Nam-Kyou Bae, Young-Soo Song, Eun-Sook Shin, Young-Chae Cho
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2012; 13(12): 5976.     CrossRef
Relationship between Job Stress Contents, Psychosocial Factors and Mental Health Status among University Hospital Nurses in Korea.
Hyun Suk Yoon, Young Chae Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2007;40(5):351-362.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.5.351
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  • 24 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The present study was intended to assess the mental health of nurses working for university hospitals and to establish which factors determine their mental health. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were given to 1,486 nurses employed in six participating hospitals located in Daejeon City and Chungnam Province between July 1st and August 31st, 2006. The questionnaire items included sociodemographic, job-related, and psychosocial factors, with job stress factors (JCQ) as independent variables and indices of mental health status (PWI, SDS and MFS) as dependent variables. For statistical analysis, the Chi-square test was used for categorical variables, with hierarchical multiple regression used for determining the factors effecting mental health. The influence of psychosocial and job-related factors on mental health status was assessed by covariance structure analysis. The statistical significance was set at p<0.05. RESULTS: The factors influencing mental health status among subject nurses included sociodemographic characteristics such as age, number of hours of sleep, number of hours of leisure, and subjective health status; job-related characteristics such as status, job satisfaction, job suitability, stresses such as demands of the job, autonomy, and coworker support; and psychosocial factors such as self-esteem, locus of control and type A behavior patterns. Psychosocial factors had the greatest impact on mental health. Covariance structure analysis determined that psychosocial factors affected job stress levels and mental health status, and that the lower job stress levels were associated with better mental health. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the study results, improvement of mental health status among nurses requires the development and application of programs to manage job stress factors and/or psychosocial factors as well as sociodemographic and job-related characteristics.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Seyed mahdi mousavi, Saeid Yazdanirad, Mahsa Jahadi naeini, Amirhossien khoshakhlagh, Mojtaba Haghighat
    BMC Health Services Research.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Mental Health and Quality of Life for Healthcare Workers in a University Hospital Under COVID-19
    Hye-Ji Choi, Chan-Mo Yang, Sang-Yeol Lee, Hye-Jin Lee, Seung-Ho Jang
    Psychiatry Investigation.2022; 19(2): 85.     CrossRef
  • Correlation between COVID-19 and Nurses’ Job Stress and Burnout
    Seyoung Yun, Song Vogue Ahn
    Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service Research.2022; 2(2): 202.     CrossRef
  • Job Stress and Mental Health Among Nursing Staff of Educational Hospitals in South East Iran
    Enam Alhagh Charkhat Gorgich, Sadegh Zare, Gholamreza Ghoreishinia, Sanam Barfroshan, Azizollah Arbabisarjou, Nazanin Yoosefian
    Thrita.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between shift work and severity of depressive symptoms among female nurses: the Korea Nurses' Health Study
    Hea Young Lee, Mi Sun Kim, OkSoo Kim, Il-Hyun Lee, Han-Kyoul Kim
    Journal of Nursing Management.2016; 24(2): 192.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Emotional Labor and Stress on Premenstrual Syndrome among Hospital Nurses
    Sun Hee Lee, Ji-Ah Song, Myung Haeng Hur
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2016; 22(1): 61.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Nursing Work Environment and Job Stress on Health Problems of Hospital Nurses
    Young Eun Bang, Bohyun Park
    Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing.2016; 25(3): 227.     CrossRef
  • The Impacts of Nurses' Psycho-social Health and Social Support from Colleagues on Patient Caring Ability
    Ji Yun Lee, So Young Pak
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration.2016; 22(5): 461.     CrossRef
  • The Convergence Study on the Relationship between the Job Stress and Mental Health of Nurses
    Mi-Jin Kim, Gyun-Young Kang
    Journal of the Korea Convergence Society.2015; 6(5): 39.     CrossRef
  • Relationship Between the Psychosocial Factors and Job Stress Among Clerical Public Officers
    Ho-Jin Park, Sung-Kyeong Park, Young-Chae Cho
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2014; 15(9): 5610.     CrossRef
  • Job‐Related Stress, Emotional Labor, and Depressive Symptoms Among Korean Nurses
    Saunjoo L. Yoon, Jeong‐Hee Kim
    Journal of Nursing Scholarship.2013; 45(2): 169.     CrossRef
  • Relationship Between Job Stress and Turnover Intention Among Nurses in University Hospitals
    Hyun-Ran Shin, Young-Chae Cho
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2013; 14(8): 3958.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing Sleep Quality in Nursing Students and non Nursing Students
    Gyung-Hee Kim, Hee Sang Yoon
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2013; 22(4): 320.     CrossRef
  • Spirituality and Stress in Mental Health Social Workers
    Chang-Gon Kim
    The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care.2013; 16(4): 253.     CrossRef
  • Job Stress of Occupational Health Managers in Chemicals Manufacturing Factories
    Ki-Woong Kim, Jin Woo Park, Se Wook Song
    Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing.2012; 21(3): 192.     CrossRef
  • Psychosocial Factors and Its Related Factors Among the Elderly People in a City
    Young-Soo Song, In-Sun Kwon, Young-Chae Cho
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2012; 13(8): 3521.     CrossRef
  • Effects of National Evaluation of Long-Term Care Hospitals on Hospital Workers' Work Environment, Job Satisfaction, and Quality of Services
    Jeong-Seon Kim, Jin-Kyung Kim, Woo-Sok Han, Moon-Sook Shim
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2012; 26(1): 137.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Group Dynamic Imagery Therapy on Job Stress and Psychosocial Stress of Female Nurses
    Seung Mi Kim, Bong Hee Sim, Hwang Ran Ahn
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2012; 21(3): 167.     CrossRef
  • Influence of Head Nurses' Transformational Leadership on Staff Nurse's Psychological Well-being, Stress and Somatization - Focused on the Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital -
    Mi Young Lee, Kyeha Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration.2012; 18(2): 166.     CrossRef
  • A Survey of the Subjective Quality of Life of Clinical Physical Therapists and Factors Affecting Their Work Satisfaction Factors
    In Hee Lee, Sang Young Park, Suk Tae Seo, Yoon Nyun Kim
    Journal of Physical Therapy Science.2011; 23(3): 503.     CrossRef
  • Influence of Nurses' Sense of Coherence on Their Stress and Quality of Life
    Kyeongsug Kim, Smi Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration.2011; 17(4): 493.     CrossRef
  • Psycho-Social Well-being, Health Perception and Behavior among Clinical Nurses
    Jeong-Hee Kim, Mi Yeul Hyun, Young Soon Kim, Jung Sil Kim, Sang Ok Nam, Man Sook Song, Jung Wha Lee, Na Ju Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration.2010; 16(1): 26.     CrossRef
  • Occupational Psychiatric Disorders in Korea
    Kyeong-Sook Choi, Seong-Kyu Kang
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2010; 25(Suppl): S87.     CrossRef
  • Fatigue Symptoms and Its Related Factors among General Hospital Nurses
    An-Suk Park, In-Sun Kwon, Young-Chae Cho
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2009; 10(8): 2164.     CrossRef
The Usefulness of Obesity Indices for the Coronary Risk Factors in an Urban Inhabitants.
Sung Kyeong Park, Kwang Hwan Kim, Young Chae Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2006;39(6):447-454.
  • 1,969 View
  • 34 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To determine obesity for the screening of individuals at high risk of coronary heart disease in urban areas. METHODS: Data were obtained from 4,137 adults between 19 and 85 years of age (2,372 males, 1,765 females), not recognized as taking medicines for cardiovascular diseases, who underwent a health check-up at the health promotion center of university hospitals in cities between Jan. 2003 and Dec. 2004. The variables studied were divided into two broad categories, and their relationships examined: obesity indices and risk factors for coronary heart disease. To reveal the relation between each of the obesity indices and the proportion of individuals at risk of coronary heart disease, the obesity indices were stratified and odds ratios obtained after age adjustment. RESULTS: From a gender comparison of anthropometric measures, men were found to have significantly greater heights, weights, and waist and hip circumferences than women. From a gender comparison by the obesity indices, women were found to have significantly higher BMI, %Fat, waist to hip and waist to stature ratios than men. As obesity indices, the waist to stature ratio and the waist circumference were strongly correlated with coronary risk factors, both in men and women. The age-adjusted odds ratio of coronary risk factors increased significantly with increasing waist circumference, BMI, %fat, waist to hip and waist to stature ratios, and were highest specifically for the waist to stature ratio and the waist circumference. CONCLUSIONS: The study results showed that the waist to stature ratio and the waist circumference, as obesity indices, were most closely correlated with coronary risk factors. It is suggested that the waist to stature ratio and, specifically, the waist circumference can be effectively used in the field of health management for screening those with high levels of coronary risk factors.
Summary
Relationships Between Mental Health and Psychosocial Factors with Single-child High School Students in an Urban City of Korea.
Young Sun Lee, Kwang Hwan Kim, Young Chae Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2006;39(5):419-426.
  • 2,466 View
  • 69 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to determine the mental health of high school students, and specifically that of children with no siblings in urban areas, and we aimed at revealing the various potential influences of different psycho-social factors. METHODS: The participants were, 514 high school students who were the 1st- to 3rd-graders in Daejon City; they were, given self-administered questionnaires that required no signature during the period of March through June 2005. The analyzed items included the general character of the subjects, the symptoms of stress and depression for mental health, self-esteem as a psychological component, anxiety, dependent behavioral traits and , social support of family members and friends. RESULTS: The study results suggested that the group of urban high school children with no siblings had a higher tendency for stress and depression than did the urban high school children with siblings. The mental health and psychosocial factors were found to be influenced by friends, a sense of satisfaction at school and home life, and emotional support as well. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, emotional support by the family members can improve mental health by reducing anxiety, stress and depression.
Summary
Concentration of Urinary Cotinine and Frequency of Sister Chromatid Exchange in Lymphocytes among Male Adolescents.
Dong Ki Paek, Seong Sil Chang, Tae Yong Lee, Young Man Roh, Yeonkyeng Lee, Young Chae Cho, Dong Bae Lee
Korean J Prev Med. 2001;34(3):269-276.
  • 1,891 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To evaluate the internal burden and hazardous effects associated with smoking in middle and high school students. METHODS: We analysed urinary cotinine (U-cotinine) concentrations and the frequency of Sister Chromatid Exchanges (SCE). A comparison was done of U-cotinine concentrations and the frequency of SCE in peripheral lymphocytes across school levels (middle vs. high) and smoking types (direct: daily & occasional smoking, indirect: usual indirect & non-smoking), in 122 males. RESULTS: The middle school student group comprised 6.8% daily smokers, 15.9% occasional smokers, 40.9% daily indirect smokers, and 35.4% nonsmokers, while the high school student group comprised 18.0%, 20.5%,39.7%, and 21.8%, respectively. The U-cotinine concentration and the frequency of SCE among the middle school students were 79.11 microgram/literand 2.0 per cell, respectively, which were significantly lower than the 146.85 microgram/liter (p=0.078) and 2.6 per cell (p=0.005) of the high school students. Among the 40 direct smokers, these two biomarkers were 235.66 microgram/literand 2.59 per cell, significantly higher than the 67.33 microgram/liter (p=0.0001) and2.1 per cell (p=0.003) among indirect smoking groups. The variation in individual U-cotinine concentration ranged widely in both the indirect and direct smoking groups. CONCLUSION: Urinary cotinine concentrations and the frequency of Sister Chromatid Exchange seem to objectively and effectively evaluate student exposure whether it was direct or indirect smoking. Consequently, these biomarkers may be useful in monitoring the objective efficacy of anti-smoking programs in adolescent populations.
Summary
In Vitro Magnetometric Evaluation for Toxicity to Alverolar Macrophage of Arsenic Compounds.
Young Chae Cho
Korean J Prev Med. 1999;32(4):467-472.
  • 1,997 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was conducted to evaluate the cytotoxicity of gallium arsenide(GaAs), indium phosphide(InP) and indium arsenide(InAs) all of which are used as the semiconductor eletments in semiconductor industry. METHODS: Cytotoxicity in the alveolar macrophage was evaluated by the measurement of in vitro magnetometry, LDH release assay and histological examination. RESULTS: The relaxation curves by the in vitro magnetometry showed that GaAs has the cytotoxicity for the alveolar macrophage which is more significant in the higher dosages, while this cytotoxicity is not appeared in the groups added with InP or InAs or PBS. In the decay constant for two minutes after magnetization, GaAs-added groups showed a significant decrease with increasing doses, but both InP- and InAs-added groups did not show any significance. The LDH release assay showed a dose-dependent increasing tendency in the GaAs-, InP- and InAs-added groups. In terms of cellular morphological changes, GaAs-added groups revealed such severe cellular damages as prominent destructions in cell membranes and their morphological changes of nucleus, while InP- and InAs-added groups remained intact in intracellular structures, except for cytoplasmic degenerations. CONCLUSIONS: It is suggested that GaAs is more influential to cytotoxicity of alveolar macrophages than InP and InAs.
Summary
Study on the Exposure Levels of Organic Solvents and Subjective Symptoms of Dry-cleaning Workers.
Soo Young Kim, Jeong Yun Kim, Yeon Kyeng Lee, Sok Goo Lee, Young Soo Lee, Young Chae Cho, Tae Young Lee, Dong Bae Lee
Korean J Prev Med. 1998;31(4):628-643.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To investigate the exposure levels of organic solvents and subjective symptoms of dry-cleaning workers, 77 male and 52 female dry-cleaning workers who had been worked in a small city of Chungnam province, and a large city, Taejon were selected for the study group. Air concentrations of organic solvents in the working environment were analyzed, and subjective symptoms of dry-cleaning workers were surveyed, from July to August 1996. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The concentrations of organic solvents in the working environment were within permissible TLV-TWA limits. 2. For the 13 symptom clusters, the most frequently complained symptom clusters were fatigue as 71.3%, and followed by depression and urinary disturbances as 53.5% and 51.9%. Other symptom clusters complained were below 50%. 3. Positive response rates of subjective symptoms were significantly higher in worker groups such as lived in a large city, female, higher education level, more frequently alcohol drinking, higher concentration of organic solvent in working environment, work in alone. 4. Workers who had used solvent B showed 2.3 point higher scores of subjective symptoms than those of solvent A. Of the subjective symptoms scores, amnesia and nervousness were higher in solvent B user group than solvent B user group. 5. As a result of factor analysis, 3 factors such as depression, urinary disturbance and neurologic disturbance were selected. 6. As a result of the logistic regression analysis, sex, the number of fellow workers, working time, region, job tenure, smoking, alcohol drinking, ventilating system, concentration of organic solvent in working environment and place of residence were selected for the related variables For the conclusion, even though the concentrations of organic solvents in the working environments of dry-cleaning workers were within permissible limit of TLV-TWA, many dry-cleaning workers complained symptoms, such as fatigue, depression, urinary disturbances and so on. And the factors affecting to the symptoms of dry-cleaning workers were the number of fellow workers, work hours, region, job tenure, smoking and alcohol drinking.
Summary
Characteristics of Traffic Accident for the Primary School Students and Its Affecting Factors.
Am Park, Yeon Kyung Lee, Jeong Yun Kim, Tae Yong Lee, Sok Goo Lee, Young Chae Cho, Dong Bae Lee
Korean J Prev Med. 1998;31(3):372-383.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
For the purpose to analysis the characteristics of traffic accidents(TA) and investigate the relationship between traffic accidents and children attention problem rating scale(CAP) and, family environment scale(FES), this questionnaire survey was conducted to the 16 primary school students in Taejon from July 14 to August 26, 1997. The number of study subjects who had an experience of traffic accidents from July 1, 1996 to June 30, 1997 were 195, and the number of control subjects were 512. The main results were as follows; 1. The traffic accident rates was 0.9% as a whole, but those were 1.4% in boys, 0.7% in girls, 1.3% in low (1st-3rd) grade, and 0.8% in high (4th-6th) grade. 2. The rates of traffic accidents were high in spring, friday, afternoon and a driveway around home. TA occurred during walking with friends most frequently. 3. In CAP the score of inattention was lower in TA group than control group, and hyperactivity was higher in TA group but they didn't showed significantly different. In FES, cohesion score was higher in TA group than control group, but Conflict score and Expressiveness score were in control group, but they didn't showed significantly different. 4. In CAP the odds ratio of inattention score for TA group was 0.84, but that of hyperactivity score was 1.15. In FES, the odds ratio of cohesion score was 1.06, but that of expression score and conflict score was 0.94 and 0.96, respectively. In conclusion, the relationships between TA and CAP, TA and FES in this study were not clear to explain personal characteristics and environmental conditions.
Summary
Study on the Factors Related to the Cognitive Function and Depression Among the Elderly.
Cheol Ho Shin, Soo Young Kim, Young Soo Lee, Young Chae Cho, Tae Yong Lee, Dong Bae Lee
Korean J Prev Med. 1996;29(2):199-214.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To investigate the factors which affecting the cognitive function and depression of the 65 or more age group, the authors surveyed for the subjects in the region of Taejon and nearby Taejon area. 729 studied subjects were tested for cognitive function with MMSE and depression with GDS. The main results were followings; In the studied subjects, the rate of normal cognitive function was 56.8%, the rate of mildly impaired was 24.l% and the rate of severe impairment was 19.l%. The cognitive function level was closely related to the depression score. As the age increased, the cognitive function was more impaired. Sexual difference was also existed in the cognitive function level and the depression score. After adjusting the effect of age, the variables such as sex, marital status, education level, past job, instrumental ability of daily living, regular physical exercise, frequencies of going out the house, chest discomfort, visual and auditory disturbance, and dizziness had the significant relationship with cognitive function impairment. Among these variables instrumental ADL, age, visual disturbance, and sex showed statistical significance in the logistic regression model. In the multiple stepwise regression, the variables which had significant relationship to depression score were education level, frequencies of going out house, current job and house work activity, regular physical exercise, instrumental ADL, self-rated health and nutritional status, dizziness, visual disturbance, and chest pain. In conclusion, main characteristics which had close relationship to the cognitive function and depression symptoms in the studied subjects were physical function and self rated health status.
Summary
Factors Affecting the Health Behavior Pattern in Industrial Workers.
Tae Myon Kim, Ki Ha Yoo, Young Soo Lee, Young Chae Cho, Dong Bae Lee
Korean J Prev Med. 1994;27(3):465-474.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was carried out to evaluate the relations between sociodemographic work-related factors and health related behaviors in a group of 1,042 workers in Taejeon and Chungnam area. The results were as followings: The older workers took more irregularly meals more cigarette and more alcohol than the younger. Men had more appropriate sleeping time, more regular exercise than women, but more frequent alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking. The married had more regular sleeping habit than the unmarried. The group of married were smoking more and obese. In view of monthly income which represent the socioeconomic state of workers, the group of more than 1 million won had more frequent alcohol ingestion, more heavier body weight than another group of less than 1 million won workers having their work hours exceed 9 hours had inappropriate sleep duration, and shift workers took more irregularly meals. The group having poor self-rated health status showed more regular diet, exercise and overweight. Workers recently experienced chronic illness were more overweight and lesser smokers. Above results showed that the health related behaviors were related to the sociodemographic characteristics and occupation-related characteristics. The study for relationship between variant factors affecting health behavior and disease or mortality is need and it should be emphasized that the publicity and education of health related behavior for industrial workers is necessary.
Summary
A Study On The Factors Of Absenteeism Among The Manufacturing Workers.
Dong Bae Lee, Tae Yong Lee, Young Chae Cho, Young Soo Lee, Jang Kyun Oh, Am Park
Korean J Prev Med. 1993;26(4):574-586.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was to examine the actual conditions and contributing factors of absenteeism in manufacturing workers. Subjects were 1,184 workers employed in Taejon city and the observation period for absenteeism was 3 months (June to August), 1992. We obtained the following results. 1. Percentage of the absentees among the studied subjects were 21.1% in gross absence and 6.9% in sickness absence. Gross absence rate of subjects was 1.2% and sickness absence rate was 0.5%. 2. In the group of absentees, mean days of absence was 2.8 days and those of sickness was 4.4 days. Mean days of sickness absence due to injury was higher than that of illness, but the total days of sickness absence was high in extremity injuries, trunk injury, general fatigue, head injury, musculoskeletal problem in that order. 3. Variables contributing to the absence were job classification, education level, working hours per day, exposure of noxious factor, worker classification. 4. In the group of absentees, variables influencing the gross absence rate were working atmosphere, body mass index, working environment, working hours per day but those of the sickness absence were working hours per day, education level and working atmosphere.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health