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Yong-Han Lee 2 Articles
Association Between Air Conditioning Use and Self-reported Symptoms During the 2018 Heat Wave in Korea
Yong-Han Lee, Sanghyuk Bae, Seung-sik Hwang, Jong-Hun Kim, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Youn-Hee Lim, Miji Kim, Sohwa Jung, Ho-Jang Kwon
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(1):15-25.   Published online November 26, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.171
  • 6,273 View
  • 220 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to investigate the health effects of air conditioning use during the 2018 heat wave in Korea, included the highest temperature ever recorded in the nation.
Methods
The participants in this study were 1000 adults aged 19 years and older recruited from across Korea. The participants were asked about their experience of symptoms of various diseases, disruptions of their daily lives, and use of air conditioning during the heat wave. The associations between air conditioning use during the heat wave and health outcomes were analyzed using the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression models.
Results
Among participants who lacked air conditioning in the main space where they spent time outside the home, 33.9%, 8.1%, 43.5%, and 19.4% experienced symptoms of heat-related, cardiovascular, nervous system diseases, and air-conditioningitis, respectively. In comparison, participants who did have air conditioning outside the home experienced the same symptoms at proportions of 21.0%, 1.9%, 26.8%, and 34.2%, respectively (p=0.027, 0.007, 0.007, and 0.023, respectively). Among participants who had no air conditioner at home, 10.0% were absent from school or work due to the heat wave. In contrast, among participants who had an air conditioner at home, only 3.7% were absent as a result of the heat wave (p=0.007).
Conclusions
When air conditioning was not used at home or in the main space where participants spent time outside the home during the 2018 heat wave, adverse health effects were more prevalent, but the risk of air-conditioningitis was reduced.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 한국 기상관측사상 가장 더웠던 2018년 한국의 폭염 기간 동안, 에어컨 사용이 건강에 미치는 영향에 대해 조사하였다. 가정 외 주 생활공간에 에어컨이 가동되지 않거나 가정에 에어컨이 없으면 폭염 기간 동안의 건강 및 일상생활에 좋지 않은 영향을 줄 수 있으나, 냉방병 위험은 낮아질 수 있다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Integration and Optimal Control of MicroCSP with Building HVAC Systems: Review and Future Directions
    Mohamed Toub, Chethan R. Reddy, Rush D. Robinett, Mahdi Shahbakhti
    Energies.2021; 14(3): 730.     CrossRef
  • Climate Change and Health: More Research Is Still Needed
    Ho-Jang Kwon
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2020; 53(1): 1.     CrossRef
Mercury Exposure in Association With Decrease of Liver Function in Adults: A Longitudinal Study
Jonghyuk Choi, Sanghyuk Bae, Hyungryul Lim, Ji-Ae Lim, Yong-Han Lee, Mina Ha, Ho-Jang Kwon
J Prev Med Public Health. 2017;50(6):377-385.   Published online November 7, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.17.099
  • 24,086 View
  • 223 Download
  • 23 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Although mercury (Hg) exposure is known to be neurotoxic in humans, its effects on liver function have been less often reported. The aim of this study was to investigate whether total Hg exposure in Korean adults was associated with elevated serum levels of the liver enzymes aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT).
Methods
We repeatedly examined the levels of total Hg and liver enzymes in the blood of 508 adults during 2010-2011 and 2014-2015. Cross-sectional associations between levels of blood Hg and liver enzymes were analyzed using a generalized linear model, and nonlinear relationships were analyzed using a generalized additive mixed model. Generalized estimating equations were applied to examine longitudinal associations, considering the correlations of individuals measured repeatedly.
Results
GGT increased by 11.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.5 to 18.0%) in women and 8.1% (95% CI, -0.5 to 17.4%) in men per doubling of Hg levels, but AST and ALT were not significantly associated with Hg in either men or women. In women who drank more than 2 or 3 times per week, AST, ALT, and GGT levels increased by 10.6% (95% CI, 4.2 to 17.5%), 7.7% (95% CI, 1.1 to 14.7%), and 37.5% (95% CI,15.2 to 64.3%) per doubling of Hg levels, respectively, showing an interaction between blood Hg levels and drinking.
Conclusions
Hg exposure was associated with an elevated serum concentration of GGT. Especially in women who were frequent drinkers, AST, ALT, and GGT showed a significant increase, with a significant synergistic effect of Hg and alcohol consumption.
Summary

Citations

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    Environmental Toxicology.2024; 39(1): 156.     CrossRef
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    Muhammad Zawar Asif, Muhammad Umair, Muhammad Shehryar
    Hepatology.2023; 77(2): E38.     CrossRef
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    Chemosphere.2023; 317: 137854.     CrossRef
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    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2023; 20(4): 3290.     CrossRef
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    Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health