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Minah Kang 3 Articles
Older Adults’ Perception of Chronic Illness Management in South Korea
Minah Kang, Jaiyong Kim, Sang-Soo Bae, Yong-Jun Choi, Dong-Soo Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2014;47(4):236-243.   Published online July 31, 2014
  • 11,018 View
  • 119 Download
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Despite the recent emphasis on a patient-centered chronic care model, few studies have investigated its use in older adults in South Korea. We explored how older Korean adults perceive and cope with their chronic illness. Methods: We conducted focus group interviews in Seoul, Korea in January 2010. Focus groups were formed by disease type (hypertension and type 2 diabetes) and gender using purposive sampling. Inclusion criteria were patients aged 60 and over who had been diagnosed with diabetes or hypertension and received care at a community health center for at least six months prior to participation. Interview data were analyzed through descriptive content analysis. Results: Among personal factors, most participants felt overwhelmed when they received their diagnosis. However, with time and control of their acute symptoms using medication, their worry diminished and participants tended to denying being identified as a patient or sick person. Among socio-familial factors, participants reported experiencing stigma with their chronic illness and feeling it was a symbol of weakness. Instead of modifying their lifestyles, which might interfere with their social relationships, they resorted to only following their medicine regime prescribed by their doctor. Participants also reported feeling that their doctor only prescribed medications and acted in an authoritative and threatening manner to induce and reinforce participants’ compliance with treatment. Conclusions: For successful patient-centered management of chronic illnesses, supportive environments that include family, friends, and healthcare providers should be established.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Moderating Effect of Self-Esteem on the Relationship between Depression and Family Conflict Coping Strategies in the Elderly with Chronic Diseases in Korea
    Jae Hee Kim, Hwa-Mi Yang
    Healthcare.2023; 11(18): 2569.     CrossRef
  • Patient Perspectives of Chronic Disease Management and Unmet Care Needs in South Korea: A Qualitative Study
    Kyunghee Yi, Sujin Kim
    Journal of Patient Experience.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Experiences of implementing a coping mechanism for the elderly who face chronic diseases while living with the family: a phenomenology study
    Bahtiar Bahtiar, Junaiti Sahar, sWiwin Wiarsih
    Frontiers of Nursing.2022; 9(1): 87.     CrossRef
  • Development and validation of the Highly Effective Health Behavior Pattern Inventory – Short Form
    Eunkyo Kang, Soojeong Kim, Ye E Rhee, Young H Yun
    Chronic Illness.2021; 17(2): 81.     CrossRef
  • Causal beliefs about hypertension and self-care behaviour in Korean patients
    Hyun-E Yeom
    Collegian.2021; 28(1): 48.     CrossRef
  • Self‐stigma among Korean patients with diabetes: A concept analysis
    Kawoun Seo, Youngshin Song
    Journal of Clinical Nursing.2019; 28(9-10): 1794.     CrossRef
  • The Quality of Family Relationships, Diabetes Self-Care, and Health Outcomes in Older Adults
    Daniel David, Joanne Dalton, Cherlie Magny-Normilus, Maura Moran Brain, Tyler Linster, Sei J. Lee
    Diabetes Spectrum.2019; 32(2): 132.     CrossRef
  • Utilization of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine and mental health among patients with chronic diseases in primary health care settings in Cambodia
    Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Tyler Fleming, Carinne Brody
    International Journal of Mental Health Systems.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Limited understanding, limited services, limited resources: patients’ experiences with managing hypertension and diabetes in Cambodia
    Bart Jacobs, Cheanrithy Men, Maryam Bigdeli, Peter S Hill
    BMJ Global Health.2017; 2(Suppl 3): e000235.     CrossRef
  • Developing a culturally tailored stroke prevention walking programme for Korean immigrant seniors: a focus group study
    Sarah E. Choi, Ivy Kwon, Emiley Chang, Daniel Araiza, Carol Lee Thorpe, Catherine A. Sarkisian
    International Journal of Older People Nursing.2016; 11(4): 255.     CrossRef
  • Type 2 Diabetes Patients and Stigma:
    Asuka Kato
    Iryo To Shakai.2016; 26(2): 197.     CrossRef
Trends in Gender-based Health Inequality in a Transitional Society: A Historical Analysis of South Korea
Heeran Chun, Sung-Il Cho, Young-Ho Khang, Minah Kang, Il-Ho Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):113-121.   Published online March 31, 2012
  • 9,569 View
  • 95 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

This study examined the trends in gender disparity in the self-rated health of people aged 25 to 64 in South Korea, a rapidly changing society, with specific attention to socio-structural inequality.


Representative sample data were obtained from six successive, nationwide Social Statistics Surveys of the Korean National Statistical Office performed during 1992 to 2010.


The results showed a convergent trend in poor self-rated health between genders since 1992, with a sharper decline in gender disparity observed in younger adults (aged 25 to 44) than in older adults (aged 45 to 64). The diminishing gender gap seemed to be attributable to an increase in women's educational attainment levels and to their higher status in the labor market.


The study indicated the importance of equitable social opportunities for both genders for understanding the historical trends in the gender gap in the self-reported health data from South Korea.



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  • Temporal trends in educational inequalities in non-communicable diseases in Korea, 2007-2015
    Gyu Ri Kim, Chung Mo Nam, C. Mary Schooling
    PLOS ONE.2017; 12(12): e0190143.     CrossRef
  • Female disability disadvantage: a global perspective on sex differences in physical function and disability
    Ageing and Society.2016; 36(06): 1136.     CrossRef
  • Gender bias in cardiovascular healthcare of a tertiary care centre of North India
    Shibba Takkar Chhabra, Sarbjit Masson, Tripat Kaur, Rajiv Gupta, Sarit Sharma, Abishek Goyal, Bhupinder Singh, Rohit Tandon, Naved Aslam, Bishav Mohan, Gurpreet Singh Wander
    Heart Asia.2016; 8(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • Marital Power Dynamics and Well-Being of Marriage Migrants
    Hsin-Chieh Chang
    Journal of Family Issues.2016; 37(14): 1994.     CrossRef
  • Factors of change and cumulative factors in self-rated health trajectories: A systematic review
    Stéphane Cullati, Emmanuel Rousseaux, Alexis Gabadinho, Delphine S. Courvoisier, Claudine Burton-Jeangros
    Advances in Life Course Research.2014; 19: 14.     CrossRef
  • The gender gap in sickness absence: long-term trends in eight European countries
    A. Mastekaasa
    The European Journal of Public Health.2014; 24(4): 656.     CrossRef
  • Gender bias in child care and child health: global patterns
    R. Khera, S. Jain, R. Lodha, S. Ramakrishnan
    Archives of Disease in Childhood.2014; 99(4): 369.     CrossRef
A Review on Socioeconomic Position Indicators in Health Inequality Research.
Yong Jun Choi, Baek Geun Jeong, Sung Il Cho, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Soong Nang Jang, Minah Kang, Young Ho Khang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2007;40(6):475-486.
  • 5,458 View
  • 131 Download
  • 16 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Socioeconomic position (SEP) refers to the socioeconomic factors that influence which position an individual or group of people will hold within the structure of a society. In this study, we provide a comprehensive review of various indicators of SEP, including education level, occupation-based SEP, income and wealth, area SEP, lifecourse SEP, and SEP indicators for women, elderly and youth. METHODS AND RESULTS: This report provides a brief theoretical background and discusses the measurement, interpretation issues, advantages and limitations associated with the use of each SEP indicator. We also describe some problems that arise when selecting SEP indicators and highlight the indicators that appear to be appropriate for health inequality research. Some practical information for use in health inequality research in South Korea is also presented. CONCLUSIONS: Investigation into the associations between various SEP indicators and health outcomes can provide a more complete understanding of mechanisms between SEP and health. The relationship between specific SEP indicators and specific health outcomes can vary by country due to the differences in the historical, socioeconomic, and cultural contexts of the SEP indicators.


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  • How does subjective social status at school at the age of 15 affect the risk of depressive symptoms at the ages of 18, 21, and 28? A longitudinal study
    Marie Kjærgaard Lange, Vivi Just-Nørregaard, Trine Nøhr Winding, Chung-Ying Lin
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(12): e0296349.     CrossRef
  • Educational level and colorectal cancer risk: the mediating roles of lifestyle and dietary factors
    Lei Li, Yu-Jing Fang, Alinuer Abulimiti, Chu-Yi Huang, Kai-Yan Liu, Yu-Ming Chen, Cai-Xia Zhang
    European Journal of Cancer Prevention.2022; 31(2): 137.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic disparities in self-rated health in two East Asian countries: Comparative study between Japan and Korea
    Shiho Kino, Soong-nang Jang, Shuko Takahashi, Daniel K. Ebner, Ichiro Kawachi
    Social Science & Medicine.2020; 253: 112945.     CrossRef
  • Income Difference in Attitudes towards Cancer in General Population: Findings from a National Survey
    Hye Sook Min, Jinsil Park, Young Ae Kim, Hyung Kook Yang, Keeho Park
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Place of death and associated gender difference in Korea 2006–2014: Evidence from exit interviews of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    Ja-kyung Lee, Soong-nang Jang
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2018; 78: 196.     CrossRef
  • The mediation effect of individual eating behaviours on the relationship between socioeconomic status and dietary quality in children: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Hye Ah Lee, Hyesook Park
    European Journal of Nutrition.2017; 56(3): 1339.     CrossRef
  • Domestic Civil Support Missions Can Aggravate Negative Mental Health Outcomes Among National Guardsmen: The Moderating Role of Economic Difficulties
    Dale W. Russell, Josh B. Kazman, David M. Benedek, Robert J. Ursano, Cristel A. Russell
    Journal of Traumatic Stress.2017; 30(2): 195.     CrossRef
  • Household and area income levels are associated with smoking status in the Korean adult population
    Woo-Jun Yun, Jung-Ae Rhee, Sun A Kim, Sun-Seog Kweon, Young-Hoon Lee, So-Yeon Ryu, Soon-Woo Park, Dong Hyun Kim, Min-Ho Shin
    BMC Public Health.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic disparities of periodontitis in Koreans based on the KNHANES IV
    D‐W Kim, J‐C Park, TH‐T Rim, U‐W Jung, C‐S Kim, N Donos, I‐H Cha, S‐H Choi
    Oral Diseases.2014; 20(6): 551.     CrossRef
  • Children's Mental Health in the Area Affected by the Hebei Spirit Oil Spill Accident
    Mina Ha, Woo-Chul Jeong, Myungho Lim, Hojang Kwon, Yeyong Choi, Seung-Jin Yoo, Su Ryun Noh, Hae-Kwan Cheong
    Environmental Health and Toxicology.2013; 28: e2013010.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Smoking, Alcohol Drinking, and Parenting Behavior Perceived by Adolescents
    Yun Ho Roh, Eun Joo Kim
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2013; 30(2): 71.     CrossRef
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    Yu-Na Kim, Young-Gyu Cho, Cheol-Hwan Kim, Jae-Heon Kang, Hyun-Ah Park, Kyoung-Woo Kim, Yang-Im Hur, Su-Hyun Lee, Yun-Min Na, No-Yai Park
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2012; 33(1): 1.     CrossRef
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    Won-Jun Choi, In-Yong Um, Soyoung Hong, Hye Yung Yum, Hyunjung Kim, Hojang Kwon
    Environmental Health and Toxicology.2012; 27: e2012020.     CrossRef
  • Socio-economic disparities in behavioural risk factors for cancer and use of cancer screening services in Korean adults aged 30 years and older: The Third Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005 (KNHANES III)
    K. Lee, H.T. Lim, S.-S. Hwang, D.W. Chae, S.M. Park
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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health