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Kyoung Ae Kong 4 Articles
Effect of Preexisting Musculoskeletal Diseases on the 1-Year Incidence of Fall-related Injuries
Won Kyung Lee, Kyoung Ae Kong, Hyesook Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(5):283-290.   Published online September 28, 2012
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  • 76 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

People who have chronic diseases, as well as gait imbalance or psychiatric drug use, may be susceptible to injuries from falls and slips. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of musculoskeletal diseases on incidental fall-related injuries among adults in Korea.


We analyzed data from the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009), which are national data obtained by a rolling survey sampling method. The 1-year incidence of fall-related injuries was defined by health service utilization within the last year due to injury occurring after a slip and fall, and musculoskeletal diseases included osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, and back pain. To evaluate the effects of preexisting musculoskeletal diseases, adults diagnosed before the last year were considered the exposed group, and adults who had never been diagnosed were the unexposed group.


The weighted lifetime prevalence of musculoskeletal disease was 32 540 per 100 000 persons. Musculoskeletal diseases were associated with a higher risk of fall-related injury after adjustment for sex, age, residence, household income, education, occupation, visual disturbance, paralysis due to stroke, and medication for depression (odds ratio [OR], 1.41; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03 to 1.93). As the number of comorbid musculoskeletal diseases increased, the risk of fall-induced injuries increased (p-value for trend <0.001). In particular, patients who had any musculoskeletal condition were at much higher risk of recurrent fall-related injuries (OR, 6.20; 95% CI, 1.06 to 36.08).


One must take into account the risk of fall-related injuries and provide prevention strategies among adults who have musculoskeletal diseases.



Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effectiveness of neural mobilization on pain intensity, disability, and physical performance in adults with musculoskeletal pain—A protocol for a systematic review of randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials and planned meta-analysis
    Frederico Mesquita Baptista, Eduardo Brazete Cruz, Vera Afreixo, Anabela G. Silva, Dylan A. Mordaunt
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(3): e0264230.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of the Associations between Arthritis and Fall Histories in Korean Adults
    Jung Woo Lee, Seong Hun Kang, Hyo Geun Choi
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(7): 3758.     CrossRef
  • Research on the Recognition of Abnormal Behaviors in the Elderly Based on Wi-Fi Signals
    YiFan Li, YongChun Cao, Qiang Lin, WeiQiong Wang
    Journal of Physics: Conference Series.2021; 1848(1): 012077.     CrossRef
  • A Feasible Fall Evaluation System via Artificial Intelligence Gesture Detection of Gait and Balance for Sub-Healthy Community- Dwelling Older Adults in Taiwan
    Kai-Chih Lin, Rong-Jong Wai
    IEEE Access.2021; 9: 146404.     CrossRef
  • Falls: considerations for the dental surgeon
    Ishfaq Khan
    British Dental Journal.2020; 228(7): 509.     CrossRef
  • Relationships Between Neighborhood Social Capital and The Occurrence of Outdoor Falls in Canadian Older Adults: A Multilevel Analysis
    Afshin Vafaei, William Pickett, Maria Victoria Zunzunegui, Beatriz E. Alvarado
    Journal of Aging and Health.2018; 30(7): 1108.     CrossRef
  • Difference between old and young adults in contribution of β‐cell function and sarcopenia in developing diabetes mellitus
    Bo Kyung Koo, Eun Roh, Ye Seul Yang, Min Kyong Moon
    Journal of Diabetes Investigation.2016; 7(2): 233.     CrossRef
  • Changing relative contribution of abdominal obesity and a family history of diabetes on prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Korean men and women aged 30–49 years from 2001 to 2010 从2001至2010年在韩国30–49岁年龄段的男性与女性中腹型肥胖以及糖尿病家族史对糖尿病患病率相对贡献度的变化
    Bo Kyung Koo, Sang Wan Kim, Ka Hee Yi, Kyong Soo Park, Min Kyong Moon
    Journal of Diabetes.2015; 7(4): 465.     CrossRef
  • Lower‐Extremity Osteoarthritis and the Risk of Falls in a Community‐Based Longitudinal Study of Adults With and Without Osteoarthritis
    Adam L. Doré, Yvonne M. Golightly, Vicki S. Mercer, Xiaoyan A. Shi, Jordan B. Renner, Joanne M. Jordan, Amanda E. Nelson
    Arthritis Care & Research.2015; 67(5): 633.     CrossRef
  • Fall prevention in older adults
    Scott J. Saccomano, Lucille R. Ferrara
    The Nurse Practitioner.2015; 40(6): 40.     CrossRef
  • Treating Concurrent Chronic Low Back Pain and Depression with Low-Dose Venlafaxine: An Initial Identification of “Easy-to-Use” Clinical Predictors of Early Response
    Soham Rej, Mary Amanda Dew, Jordan F. Karp
    Pain Medicine.2014; 15(7): 1154.     CrossRef
Reliability of Self-Reported Information by Farmers on Pesticide Use.
Yo Han Lee, Eun Shil Cha, Eun Kyeong Moon, Kyoung Ae Kong, Sang Baek Koh, Yun Keun Lee, Won Jin Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(6):535-542.
  • 4,705 View
  • 57 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Exposure assessment is a major challenge faced by studies that evaluate the association between pesticide exposure and adverse health outcomes. The objective of this study was to investigate the reliability of information that farmers self-report regarding their pesticide use. METHODS: Twenty five items based upon existing questionnaires were designed to focus on pesticide exposure. In 2009 a self-administrated survey was conducted on two occasions four weeks apart among 205 farmers residing in Gyeonggi and Gangwon provinces. For a reliability measure, we calculated the percentage agreement, the kappa statistics and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) between the two reports according to the characteristics of the subjects. RESULTS: Agreement for ever-never use of any pesticide was 96.4% (kappa 0.61). For both 'years used' and 'age at the first use' of overall pesticides, high agreement was obtained (ICC: 0.88 and, 0.78, respectively), whereas those of 'days used' and 'hours used' were relatively low (ICC: 0.42 and, 0.66, respectively). The kappa value for the use of personal protective equipment ranged from 0.46 to 0.59, and hygiene activities came out at 0.19 to 0.37. The agreement for individual pesticide use ranged widely and there was relatively low agreement due to the low response rates. The reliability scores did not significantly vary according to gender, age, the education level, the types of crop or the years of farming. CONCLUSIONS: Our results support that carefully designed, self-reported information on ever-never pesticide use among farmers is reliable. However, the reliability of data on individual pesticide exposure may be unstable due to low response rates and needs to be refined.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    William Mueller, Aggrey Atuhaire, Ruth Mubeezi, Iris van den Brenk, Hans Kromhout, Ioannis Basinas, Kate Jones, Andrew Povey, Martie van Tongeren, Anne-Helen Harding, Karen S. Galea, Samuel Fuhrimann
    International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health.2022; 240: 113911.     CrossRef
  • Recall of exposure in UK farmers and pesticide applicators: trends with follow-up time
    William Mueller, Kate Jones, Hani Mohamed, Neil Bennett, Anne-Helen Harding, Gillian Frost, Andrew Povey, Ioannis Basinas, Hans Kromhout, Martie van Tongeren, Samuel Fuhrimann, Karen S Galea
    Annals of Work Exposures and Health.2022; 66(6): 754.     CrossRef
  • Increased risk of atherosclerosis associated with pesticide exposure in rural areas in Korea
    Sungjin Park, Jung Ran Choi, Sung-Kyung Kim, Solam Lee, Kyungsuk Lee, Jang-Young Kim, Sung-Soo Oh, Sang-Baek Koh, Paula Boaventura
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(5): e0232531.     CrossRef
  • Exposure to pesticides and the prevalence of diabetes in a rural population in Korea
    Sungjin Park, Sung-Kyung Kim, Jae-Yeop Kim, Kyungsuk Lee, Jung Ran Choi, Sei-Jin Chang, Choon Hee Chung, Kyu-Sang Park, Sung-Soo Oh, Sang-Baek Koh
    NeuroToxicology.2019; 70: 12.     CrossRef
  • Reliability of self‐reported questionnaire on occupational radiation practices among diagnostic radiologic technologists
    Moon Jung Kim, Eun Shil Cha, Yousun Ko, Byung Chul Chun, Won Jin Lee
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine.2017; 60(4): 377.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Questionnaire Items Used to Evaluate the Level of Occupational and Environmental Exposure in Questionnaires for Epidemiological Studies
    Jiyeon Lim, Hyung-Suk Yoon, Mansuk Park, Young Seoub Hong, Jong-Koo Lee, Se-Eun Oh, Daehee Kang, Kyoung-Mu Lee
    Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences.2016; 42(2): 71.     CrossRef
  • Symptom Prevalence and Work-related Risk Factors of Acute Pesticide Poisoning among Korean Farmers in Gyeong-gi Province
    Hyang Seok Lee, Ji Hoon Lee, Soo Yong Roh, Ho Gil Kim, Kyung Jun Lee, Sun Ju Nam-gung, Soon Chan Kwon, Soo Jin Lee
    Journal of agricultural medicine and community health.2015; 40(4): 228.     CrossRef
  • A Pilot Study for Pesticide Poisoning Symptoms and Information on Pesticide Use among Farmers
    Hyun-Joong Kim, Eun-Shil Cha, Eun-Kyeong Moon, You-Sun Ko, Jae-Young Kim, Mi-Hye Jeong, Won-Jin Lee
    Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences.2011; 37(1): 22.     CrossRef
  • Pesticide Exposure and Health
    Won-Jin Lee
    Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences.2011; 37(2): 81.     CrossRef
Clustering of Metabolic Risk Factors and Its Related Risk Factors in Young Schoolchildren.
Kyoung Ae Kong, Bo Hyun Park, Jung Won Min, Juhee Hong, Young Sun Hong, Bo Eun Lee, Namsoo Chang, Sun Hwa Lee, Eun Hee Ha, Hyesook Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2006;39(3):235-242.
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  • 37 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We wanted to determine the distribution of the clustering of the metabolic risk factors and we wanted to evaluate the related factors in young schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of metabolic syndrome was conducted in an elementary school in Seoul, Korea. We evaluated fasting glucose, triglyceride, HDL cholesterol, blood pressures and the body mass index, and we used parent-reported questionnaires to assess the potential risk factors in 261 children (136 boys, 125 girls). We defined the metabolic risk factors as obesity or at risk for obesity (> or = 85th percentile for age and gender), a systolic or diastolic blood pressure at > or = 90th percentile for age and gender, fasting glucose at > or = 110 mg/dl, triglyceride at > or = 110 mg/dl and HDL cholesterol at @40 mg/dl. RESULTS: There were 15.7% of the subjects who showed clustering of two or more metabolic risk factors, 2.3% of the subjects who showed clustering for three or more risk factors, and 0.8% of the subjects who showed clustering for four or more risk factors. A multivariate analysis revealed that a father smoking more than 20 cigarettes per day, a mother with a body mass index of = 25 kg/m2, and the child eating precooked or frozen food more than once per day were associated with clustering of two or more components, with the odds ratios of 3.61 (95% CI=1.24-10.48), 5.50 (95% CI=1.39-21.73) and 8.04 (95% CI=1.67-38.81), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that clustering of the metabolic risk factors is present in young schoolchildren in Korea, with the clustering being associated with parental smoking and obesity as well as the child's eating behavior. These results suggest that evaluation of metabolic risk factors and intervention for lifestyle factors may be needed in both young Korean children and their parents.
Relationship of Socioeconomic Factors with Medical Utilization for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms and Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in a South Korean Community.
Han Hae Kim, Kyoung Ae Kong, Hun Jae Lee, Hana Yoon, Bo Eun Lee, Ok Ryun Moon, Hyesook Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2006;39(2):141-148.
  • 2,120 View
  • 43 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We wanted to evaluate the medical underutilization for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) among Korean elderly men and we wanted to determine their associated factors. METHODS: This study was conducted on 239 men with LUTS and 116 men with BPH who were compatible with the diagnostic criteria from a total of 641 participants. These participants were over 50 years old and they were randomly chosen in a community-based study for estimating the prevalence of BPH. Using a self-reported questionnaire, we surveyed the sociodemographics, health status, quality of life, lower urinary tract symptoms, medical utilization and reasons for not seeking treatment. RESULTS: Only 27.6% of the men with LUTS and 31.0% of the men with BPH reported having visited a doctor for urinary symptoms. The reasons for not visiting a doctor were, in order of responses from the group with LUTS: 'considered the symptoms as a part of the normal ageing process', 'not enough time to visit a doctor', 'financial difficulty' and 'the symptoms were not severe or bothersome'. Regarding BPH, the responses were the same as those of the group with LUTS however, 'financial difficulty' placed second. Among the men with experience of visiting a doctor for urinary symptoms, 33.3% of those with LUTS and 28.1% of those with BPH were not treated. The most common reason in both groups was 'the symptoms were not severe to be treated'. On a multiple logistic regression analysis, the larger size household (odds ratio (OR) 3.03, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.40-6.54) and an unsatisfactory quality of life related with urinary symptoms (OR 2.98, 95% CI=1.23-7.21) were associated with medical utilization in the group of LUTS. For BPH, the current employment status was related with the medical utilization (OR 2.80, 95% CI=1.10-7.11), in addition to the larger size household (OR 3.24, 95% CI=1.14-9.21). CONCLUSIONS: Many men with urinary symptoms do not visit a doctor. This medical underutilization for people with LUTS and BPH may be associated with economic status in Korea.

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health