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Heejin Kimm 3 Articles
Smoking Is Associated With Abdominal Obesity, Not Overall Obesity, in Men With Type 2 Diabetes
Ji Eun Yun, Heejin Kimm, Young Ju Choi, Sun Ha Jee, Kap Bum Huh
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(5):316-322.   Published online September 28, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.5.316
  • 9,231 View
  • 98 Download
  • 17 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Abdominal obesity increases mortality and morbidity from cardiovascular disease and there is a possibility that smoking effects obesity. However, previous studies concerning the effects of smoking on obesity are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to examine whether smoking is positively related to abdominal obesity in men with type 2 diabetes.

Methods

Subjects consisted of 2197 type 2 diabetic patients who visited Huh's Diabetes Center from 2003 to 2009. Indices of abdominal obesity were defined as visceral fat thickness (VFT) measured by ultrasonography and waist circumference (WC). Overall obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI).

Results

Statistically significant differences in WC and VFT by smoking status were identified. However, there was no statistical difference in BMI according to smoking status. Means of WC and VFT were not significantly higher in heavy smokers and lower in mild smokers. Compared to nonsmokers, the BMI confounder adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for VFT in ex-smokers and current-smokers were 1.70 (1.21 to 2.39) and 1.86 (1.27 to 2.73), respectively.

Conclusions

Smoking status was positively associated with abdominal obesity in type 2 diabetic patients.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Nutritional status of people who inject drugs in Coastal Kenya: a cross-sectional study
    Valentine Budambula, Moses Ngari, Nancy L.M. Budambula, Aabid A. Ahmed, Tom Were
    BMC Nutrition.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Peder af Geijerstam, Fredrik Janryd, Fredrik H. Nyström
    Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine.2023; 24(11): 802.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Predictors of Combined Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference Among Indian Adults
    Neha Shri, Saurabh Singh, Akancha Singh
    International Journal of Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Chuan Huang, Ying Zhang, Ya Liu, Jian-Xiong Liu, Yong-Mei Hu, Wei-Wei Tang, Tzung-Dau Wang, Xiao-bo Huang
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Cancers.2022; 14(6): 1440.     CrossRef
  • Long-Term Adverse Effects of Cigarette Smoking on the Incidence Risk of Metabolic Syndrome With a Dose-Response Relationship: Longitudinal Findings of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study Over 12 Years
    Ae Hee Kim, In-Ho Seo, Hye Sun Lee, Yong-Jae Lee
    Endocrine Practice.2022; 28(6): 603.     CrossRef
  • Sex-Dependent Effects of Inhaled Nicotine on the Gut Microbiome
    Anna K Whitehead, Margaret C Meyers, Christopher M Taylor, Meng Luo, Scot E Dowd, Xinping Yue, Lauri O Byerley
    Nicotine & Tobacco Research.2022; 24(9): 1363.     CrossRef
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    Frontiers in Public Health.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Radia Khan, Zoey Chua, Jia Tan, Yingying Yang, Zehuan Liao, Yan Zhao
    Medicina.2019; 55(9): 546.     CrossRef
  • Cigarette Smoking Is Negatively Associated with the Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in Middle-Aged Men with Normal Weight but Positively Associated with Stroke in Men
    Su Wang, Jie Chen, Yuzhong Wang, Yu Yang, Danyu Zhang, Chao Liu, Kun Wang
    Journal of Diabetes Research.2019; 2019: 1.     CrossRef
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    Inkyung Baik
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2018; 12(3): 251.     CrossRef
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    Maria Brandão, Margarida Cardoso
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2018; 15(12): 2677.     CrossRef
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    Judith Maddatu, Emily Anderson-Baucum, Carmella Evans-Molina
    Translational Research.2017; 184: 101.     CrossRef
  • Risk for metabolic diseases in normal weight individuals with visceral fat accumulation: a cross-sectional study in Japan
    Yukako Tatsumi, Yoko M Nakao, Izuru Masuda, Aya Higashiyama, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Makoto Watanabe, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Tomonori Okamura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
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    Kindred K. Harris, Mohan Zopey, Theodore C. Friedman
    Nature Reviews Endocrinology.2016; 12(5): 299.     CrossRef
  • Smoking status and abdominal obesity among normal- and overweight/obese adults: Population-based FINRISK study
    Eeva-Liisa Tuovinen, Suoma E. Saarni, Satu Männistö, Katja Borodulin, Kristiina Patja, Taru H. Kinnunen, Jaakko Kaprio, Tellervo Korhonen
    Preventive Medicine Reports.2016; 4: 324.     CrossRef
  • Joint Association of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Variants with Abdominal Obesity in American Indians: The Strong Heart Family Study
    Yun Zhu, Jingyun Yang, Fawn Yeh, Shelley A. Cole, Karin Haack, Elisa T. Lee, Barbara V. Howard, Jinying Zhao, Mohammed Akaaboune
    PLoS ONE.2014; 9(7): e102220.     CrossRef
Cigarette Smoking and Serum Bilirubin Subtypes in Healthy Korean Men: The Korea Medical Institute Study
Jaeseong Jo, Heejin Kimm, Ji Eun Yun, Kyu Jang Lee, Sun Ha Jee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):105-112.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.105
  • 12,408 View
  • 75 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Cigarette smoking is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Bilirubin is a potent antioxidant and its concentration decreases in smokers. However, studies about the association between cigarette smoking and bilirubin are scarce and most are limited to total bilirubin. Additionally, bilirubin is highly related to hemoglobin. Therefore, this study evaluates the association between bilirubin subtypes and cigarette smoking in healthy Korean men independently of hemoglobin.

Methods

This study included 48 040 Korean men aged 30 to 87 years who visited the Korea Medical Institute for routine health examinations from January to December, 2007. The association of smoking with total, direct, and indirect bilirubin was assessed by logistic regression analysis taking into consideration differences in subjects and smoking characteristics.

Results

Current smokers had lower bilirubin concentrations than never-smokers and ex-smokers. Smoking amount and duration were inversely significantly associated with total, direct, and indirect bilirubin. In a multivariable adjusted model, compared to never-smokers, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of current smokers with the highest number of pack-years were 1.7 (1.6 to 1.9) for total, 1.5 (1.4 to 1.6) for direct, and 1.7 (1.6 to 1.9) for indirect bilirubin. After further adjustment for hemoglobin, this association became stronger (OR [95% CI], 2.1 [1.9 to 2.2] for total; 1.9 [1.8 to 2.0] for direct; 2.0 [1.9 to 2.2] for indirect bilirubin).

Conclusions

In this study, bilirubin subtypes are inversely associated with smoking status, smoking amount, and smoking duration in healthy Korean men independently of hemoglobin. Further studies are needed to investigate this association in healthy Korean women.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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  • Active and Passive Smoking and Serum Total Bilirubin in a Rural Korean Population
    Na Hyun Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Joo Young Lee, Ju-Mi Lee, Il Suh
    Nicotine & Tobacco Research.2016; 18(5): 572.     CrossRef
  • Cigarette smoking behaviour and blood metabolomics
    Fangyi Gu, Andriy Derkach, Neal D Freedman, Maria Teresa Landi, Demetrius Albanes, Stephanie J Weinstein, Alison M Mondul, Charles E Matthews, Kristin A Guertin, Qian Xiao, Wei Zheng, Xiao-ou Shu, Joshua N Sampson, Steven C Moore, Neil E Caporaso
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    Shao-Sung Huang, Wan-Leong Chan, Hsin-Bang Leu, Po-Hsun Huang, Shing-Jong Lin, Jaw-Wen Chen
    The American Journal of Medicine.2015; 128(10): 1138.e35.     CrossRef
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    Jung-eun Lim, Heejin Kimm, Sun Ha Jee, Suminori Akiba
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    Hiroyuki Moriya, Katsuhiko Saito, Nuala Helsby, Shigekazu Sugino, Michiaki Yamakage, Masahiko Takasaki, Hidenori Kato, Nahoko Kurosawa
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Public Health Challenges of Electronic Cigarettes in South Korea
Sungkyu Lee, Heejin Kimm, Ji Eun Yun, Sun Ha Jee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(6):235-241.   Published online November 14, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.6.235
  • 44,905 View
  • 175 Download
  • 44 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarrettes) were recently introduced and advertised as a smoking cession device in South Korea. As the social norm to quit smoking has gained hold in the country, the number of e-cigarette users is growing rapidly. This phenomenon should be urgently considered, because of the lack of research that has been conducted to examine the safety of e-cigarettes and its efficacy as a smoking cessation aid.

This paper raises several public health concerns on e-cigarettes in South Korea. Uncertain regulations of the government on e-cigarettes are contributing to an increase of e-cigarette users and allowing the e-cigarette industry to circumvent existing regulations. The aggressive marketing activity of this industry is also a core factor that is responsible for the rapid increase of e-cigarette use, in particular among the youth. Following the enforcement of tobacco control, some cigarette smokers may be encouraged to purchase e-cigarettes in order to circumvent the regulations, even though the dual use of e-cigarette and cigarette may be more harmful.

Until there is clear evidence of the e-cigarette's safety, it is recommended that the industry's marketing and promotional activities be banned and closely monitored, and public campaigns be initiated to educate the public regarding e-cigarettes.

Summary

Citations

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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health