Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Search
Dilip Kumar Das 1 Article
Food Security in Households of People Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: A Cross-sectional Study in a Subdivision of Darjeeling District, West Bengal
Pallabi Dasgupta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Dilip Kumar Das
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(4):240-248.   Published online July 19, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.023
  • 9,046 View
  • 147 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) adversely impacts food security in households of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Little research has focused on food insecurity among PLWHA in India. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of and factors relating to food security in households of PLWHA in the Siliguri subdivision of Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.
Methods
A cross-sectional community-based study was carried out among 173 PLWHA residing in Siliguri and registered at the Anti-retroviral Therapy Centre of North Bengal Medical College & Hospital. Data was collected at the household level with interviews of PLWHA using a food security survey instrument. We analyzed the associations using logistic regression.
Results
The prevalence of household food security among the participants was 50.9% (88/173). Five years or more of schooling, higher socioeconomic class and males were found to be significantly associated with a higher likelihood of food security. A later stage of the disease and the presence of other family members with HIV/AIDS were significantly associated with a lower likelihood of food security. The major coping strategies to deal with food insecurity in the acute phase HIV infection included borrowing money (56.1%), followed by spousal support, loans from microfinance institutions, banks, or money lenders, borrowing food, or selling agricultural products.
Conclusions
The present study revealed that only about half of households with PLWHA were food secure. Prior interventions relating to periods of food and economic crisis as well as strategies for sustaining food security and economic status are needed in this area.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Measuring Food Insecurity in India: A Systematic Review of the Current Evidence
    Fiona H. McKay, Alice Sims, Paige van der Pligt
    Current Nutrition Reports.2023; 12(2): 358.     CrossRef
  • Food insecurity and associated factors among adult HIV patients on anti-retroviral therapy in Dessie referral hospital, South Wollo Zone, North central Ethiopia
    Amanuel Demisse, Melake Demena, Behailu Hawulte Ayele, Abrham Mengistu, Dickson Abanimi Amugsi
    PLOS Global Public Health.2022; 2(9): e0000445.     CrossRef
  • The short-term effects of COVID-19 outbreak on dietary diversity and food security status of Iranian households (A case study in Tehran province)
    Mohammad Reza Pakravan-Charvadeh, Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Saeed Gholamrezai, Hassan Vatanparast, Cornelia Flora, Ashkan Nabavi-Pelesaraei
    Journal of Cleaner Production.2021; 281: 124537.     CrossRef
  • High magnitude of food insecurity and malnutrition among people living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: A call for integration of food and nutrition security with HIV treatment and care Programme
    Fikadu Tadesse Nigusso, Azwihangwisi Helen Mavhandu-Mudzusi
    Nutrition and Health.2021; 27(2): 141.     CrossRef
  • Food insecurity status and associated factors among rural households in the north of Iran
    Maryam Shakiba, Arsalan Salari, Marjan Mahdavi-Roshan
    Nutrition and Health.2021; 27(3): 301.     CrossRef
  • Added socioeconomic burden of non-communicable disease on HIV/AIDS affected households in the Asia Pacific region: A systematic review
    Sithara Wanni Arachchige Dona, Shalika Bohingamu Mudiyanselage, Jennifer J Watts, Rohan Sweeney, Ben Coghlan, Ishani Majmudar, Julie Abimanyi-Ochom
    The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific.2021; 9: 100111.     CrossRef
  • Elevated highly sensitive C-reactive protein and d-dimer levels are associated with food insecurity among people living with HIV in Pune, India
    Sandesh Patil, Dileep Kadam, Nicky Mehtani, Shashikala Sangle, Ivan Marbaniang, Vandana Kulkarni, Dhananjay Shere, Prasad Deshpande, Gauri Dhumal, Nishi Suryavanshi, Nikhil Gupte, Robert Bollinger, Andrea DeLuca, Neetal Nevrekar, Pramila Menon, Rama Kawad
    Public Health Nutrition.2019; 22(11): 2022.     CrossRef
  • Growth pattern in Ethiopian infants – the impact of exposure to maternal HIV infection in relation to socio-economic factors
    John König Walles, Taye Tolera Balcha, Niclas Winqvist, Per Björkman
    Global Health Action.2017; 10(1): 1296726.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health