Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Bong-Keun Choe 1 Article
Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Early Menarche of Adolescent Girls in Seoul
Chang-Mo Oh, In-Hwan Oh, Kyung-Sik Choi, Bong-Keun Choe, Tai-Young Yoon, Joong-Myung Choi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(4):227-234.   Published online July 31, 2012
  • 11,659 View
  • 144 Download
  • 26 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

The object of this study was to determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and early menarche in adolescent girls in Seoul.


A retrospective study was conducted with 144 middle school students in Seoul who provided informed consent. We measured their body composition, and used the questionnaire survey method for data collection from November to December 2008. Past elemental body composition data were collected from elementary school health records of first year of middle school.


The early menarcheal group was taller and heavier than the late menarcheal group (p<0.05 from 8-12 years old). The body fat percentage (%), BMI were higher in the early menarcheal girls than the late-menarcheal girls (p<0.05, age at 13). In the result of multiple logistic regression, the BMI at the age of 8 and 9 was associated with early menarche after adjusting for birth weight, breast feeding and age at menarche of the mother (BMI at the age of 8: p for trend=0.01, BMI at the age of 9: p for trend=0.04). An increase in BMI from 7 to 8 year was associated with early menarche after adjusting for birth weight, breast feeding, age at menarche of the mother (p for trend=0.048).


The BMI at the age of 8 and 9 was associated with the early menarche of girls and increase in BMI from 7 to 8 year was associated with the early menarche of girls. These results suggest that BMI and increase in BMI before menarche cause early menarche. Although this study does not represent all Korean adolescent girls, it is one of the few studies that have investigated the temporal relationship between BMI and early menarche.



Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association of early menarche with elevated BMI, lower body height and relative leg length among 14- to 16-year-old post-menarcheal girls from a Maya community in Yucatan, Mexico
    Sudip Datta Banik
    Anthropological Review.2022; 85(1): 85.     CrossRef
  • Prepubertal BMI, pubertal growth patterns, and long-term BMI: Results from a longitudinal analysis in Chinese children and adolescents from 2005 to 2016
    Yanhui Li, Di Gao, Jieyu Liu, Zhaogeng Yang, Bo Wen, Li Chen, Manman Chen, Ying Ma, Tao Ma, Bin Dong, Yi Song, Sizhe Huang, Yanhui Dong, Jun Ma
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2022; 76(10): 1432.     CrossRef
  • Age at Menarche, Growth Velocity, and Adiposity Indices in Italian Girls Aged 10 to 14
    Emanuela Gualdi-Russo, Natascia Rinaldo, Gianni Mazzoni, Simona Mandini, Sabrina Masotti, Stefania Toselli, Luciana Zaccagni
    Children.2022; 9(12): 1928.     CrossRef
  • Indicators of nutritional status and physical activity level as factors associated with the onset of menarche of ten year old girls from Zadar county, Croatia
    Donata Vidaković Samaržija, Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković, Lara Pavelić Karamatić
    International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health.2021; 33(3): 219.     CrossRef
  • Marginal Food Security Predicts Earlier Age at Menarche Among Girls From the 2009-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys
    Mecca E. Burris, Andrea S. Wiley
    Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology.2021; 34(4): 462.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with the prevalence of HIV, HSV-2, pregnancy, and reported sexual activity among adolescent girls in rural western Kenya: A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data in a cluster randomized controlled trial
    Garazi Zulaika, Elizabeth Nyothach, Anna Maria van Eijk, David Obor, Linda Mason, Duolao Wang, Tao Chen, Emily Kerubo, Valarie Opollo, Isaac Ngere, Samuel Omondi Owino, Boaz Oyaro, Feiko O. ter Kuile, Daniel Kwaro, Penelope Phillips-Howard, Kathryn Mary Y
    PLOS Medicine.2021; 18(9): e1003756.     CrossRef
  • The relationship between short stature and menstrual pattern in a large cohort of Iranian girls
    Seyed Kazem Farahmand, Maryam Emadzadeh, Golnaz Ghayyem Hassankhani, Mahsa Mirbirjandian, Taraneh Rafiezadeh, Zahra Abasalti, Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Afsane Bahrami, Seyed-Amir Tabatabaeizadeh, Maryam Tayefi, Gordon A. Ferns, Kayhan Gonoodi, Alireza Mo
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.2020; 40(2): 228.     CrossRef
  • Age at menarche, menstrual characteristics, and its associated morbidities among secondary school students in Abakaliki, southeast Nigeria
    Chidebe C. Anikwe, Johnbosco E. Mamah, Bartholomew C. Okorochukwu, Ugochukwu U. Nnadozie, Chukwuemeka H. Obarezi, Kenneth C. Ekwedigwe
    Heliyon.2020; 6(5): e04018.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge of peri-menarcheal changes and a comparative analysis of the age at menarche among young adolescent school girls in urban and rural Cameroon
    Atem Bethel Ajong, Nkengazem Nerry Tankala, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Ikei Solange Azenoi, Bruno Kenfack
    BMC Public Health.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of breast cancer-related risk factors in underweight premenopausal women: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV–VI
    Joo Heung Kim, Kwang Hyun Yoon, Ho Hur, Seho Park, Jee Ye Kim, Hyung Seok Park, Seung II Kim, Young Up Cho, Byeong-Woo Park
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.2019; 174(2): 515.     CrossRef
  • Time Trends in Age at Menarche and Related Non-Communicable Disease Risk during the 20th Century in Mexico
    Inga Petersohn, Arli G. Zarate-Ortiz, Ana C. Cepeda-Lopez, Alida Melse-Boonstra
    Nutrients.2019; 11(2): 394.     CrossRef
  • Age at Menarche and Its Related Factors Among Students of Qaen, Eastern Iran: A School-Based Cross-Sectional Study
    Asma Tiyuri, Malaknaz Ghannadkafi, Amir Tiyuri, Najmeh Bahramian
    Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Lifestyle and prevalence of dysmenorrhea among Spanish female university students
    Elia Fernández-Martínez, María Dolores Onieva-Zafra, María Laura Parra-Fernández, Antonio Palazón-Bru
    PLOS ONE.2018; 13(8): e0201894.     CrossRef
  • Detrimental Effects of Higher Body Mass Index and Smoking Habits on Menstrual Cycles in Korean Women
    An Na Jung, Ju Hwan Park, Jihyun Kim, Seok Hyun Kim, Byung Chul Jee, Byung Heun Cha, Jae Woong Sull, Jin Hyun Jun
    Journal of Women's Health.2017; 26(1): 83.     CrossRef
  • Earlier age at menarche in girls with rapid early life growth: cohort and within sibling analyses
    Julie D. Flom, Barbara A. Cohn, Parisa Tehranifar, Lauren C. Houghton, Ying Wei, Angeline Protacio, Piera Cirillo, Karin B. Michels, Mary Beth Terry
    Annals of Epidemiology.2017; 27(3): 187.     CrossRef
  • Association between Obesity and Puberty Timing: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Wenyan Li, Qin Liu, Xu Deng, Yiwen Chen, Shudan Liu, Mary Story
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2017; 14(10): 1266.     CrossRef
  • Pattern of teen menstruation among secondary school girls in south east Nigeria
    Ada R.C. Nwokocha, Josephat M. Chinawa, Agozie C. Ubesie, Vivian I. Onukwuli, Pius C. Manyike
    Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Age related changes in pelvis size among adolescent and adult females with reference to parturition from Naraingarh, Haryana (India)
    Krishan Sharma, Puneet Gupta, Shailza Shandilya
    HOMO.2016; 67(4): 273.     CrossRef
  • Early menarche in normal-weight girls and its association with excess weight, abdominal obesity and metabolic changes at the end of sexual maturation
    M L D Araújo, P C Cabral, I K G de Arruda, A Silva Diniz, M da Conceição Chaves de Lemos, G Q Morais
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2016; 70(11): 1278.     CrossRef
  • Secular Trends and Influencing Factors for the Early Menarche among Korean Middle and High School Girls
    Dallong Han, Jongeun Lee, Seonho Kim
    The Journal of the Korea Contents Association.2016; 16(3): 319.     CrossRef
  • Earlier menarcheal age in Spanish girls is related with an increase in body mass index between pre‐pubertal school age and adolescence
    T. Gavela‐Pérez, C. Garcés, P. Navarro‐Sánchez, L. López Villanueva, L. Soriano‐Guillén
    Pediatric Obesity.2015; 10(6): 410.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of age at menarche in Korean elementary school girls
    Mi-Kyoung Kwon, Eun Min Seo, Kyong Park
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2015; 48(4): 344.     CrossRef
  • Height Growth and Percentage of Body Fat in Relation to Early Menarche in Girls from Merida, Yucatan, Mexico
    Sudip Datta Banik, Nina Mendez, Federico Dickinson
    Ecology of Food and Nutrition.2015; 54(6): 644.     CrossRef
  • A Significant Increase in the Incidence of Central Precocious Puberty among Korean Girls from 2004 to 2010
    Shin Hye Kim, Kyoung Huh, Sungho Won, Kuk-Wha Lee, Mi-Jung Park, Antonio Gonzalez-Bulnes
    PLOS ONE.2015; 10(11): e0141844.     CrossRef
  • Relationship of age at menarche on anthropometric index and menstrual irregularity in late adolescent girls in Seoul
    Seung Eun Lee, Joo Yun Yang, Ji Hyun Lee, Han Wool Kim, Hae Soon Kim, Hye Jin Lee, Ji Young Oh, Yeon Ah Sung
    Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism.2013; 18(3): 116.     CrossRef
  • Overview of Noncommunicable Diseases in Korean Children and Adolescents: Focus on Obesity and Its Effect on Metabolic Syndrome
    Hye Ah Lee, Hyesook Park
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2013; 46(4): 173.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health