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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2006;39(4): 359-364.
The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Position and the Predicted Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease with Using Health Risk Appraisal.
Dong Hee Koh, Hyoung Ryoul Kim, Sun Shil Han, Sun Ha Jee
1Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, Korea.
2Department of Preventive Medicine and Industrial Medical Center, The Catholic University of Korea, Korea. cyclor@catholic.ac.kr
3Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Korea.
OBJECTIVES: The object of this study is to assess the relationship between socioeconomic factors and the predicted 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease by using health risk appraisal of ischemic heart disease. METHODS: The study population was taken from The 2001 Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey, and it consisted of 1,566 men and 1,984 women aged 30-59. We calculated 10-year risk using the risk function of ischemic heart disease as developed by Jee. The educational level and equivalized household income were dichotomized by a 12 years education period and the median income level. Occupation was dichotomized into manual/non-manual work. We stratified the population by age(10 years) and sex, and then we rated the risk differences according to socioeconomic factors by performing t-tests for each strata. RESULTS: There were gradients of the predicted 10-year risk of ischemic heart disease with the educational level and the equivalized household income, and thet was an increasing tendency of risk differences with age. Manual workers didn't show significant risk difference from nonmanual workers. CONCLUSIONS: There was definite relationship between low socioeconomic position and the predicted risk of ischemic heart disease in the future.
Key words: Socioeconomic factor; Cardiovascular disease; Ischemic heart disease; Health risk appraisal
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