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J Prev Med Public Health > Volume 40(6); 2007 > Article
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 2007;40(6): 461-466. doi: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.6.461
Determinants of Sterilization among Married Couples in Korea.
Ju Hee Kim, Woojin Chung, Sunmi Lee, Moonhee Suh, Dae Ryong Kang
1Cheil General Hospital & Women's Healthcare Center; Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University. wchung@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
2Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs.
3Clinical Trials Center, Yonsei University Health System.
4Institute for Envirnmental Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the determinants of sterilization in South Korea. METHODS: This study was based on the data from the Korea National Fertility Survey carried out in the year 2000 by the Korea Institute of Health and Social Affairs. The subjects of the analysis were 4,604 women and their husbands who were in their first marriage, in the age group of 15-49 years. The data were analyzed by multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Consistent with the findings of previous studies, the woman's age and the number of total children increased the likelihood of sterilization. In addition, the year of marriage had a strong positive association with sterilization. Interestingly, the number of surviving sons tended to increase the likelihood of sterilization, whereas the woman's education level and age at the time of marriage showed a negative association with sterilization. Religion, place of residence, son preference, and the husband's education level, age and type of occupation were not significant determinants of sterilization. CONCLUSIONS: The sex of previous children and lower level of education are distinct determinants of sterilization among women in South Korea. More studies are needed in order to determine the associations between sterilization rate and decreased fertility.
Key words: Sterilization; Determinants; Son preference; Fertility; Married couples
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