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Original Articles
Associations of Workplace Violence With Cardiovascular Disease Among United States Workers: Findings From a National Survey
Zheyu Hu, Jian Li
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(4):368-376.   Published online July 10, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.23.032
  • 1,488 View
  • 80 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Recent research indicates a potential association between workplace violence and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the working-age population. However, the relevant evidence in the United States is sparse. Thus, this study was conducted to explore the possible relationship between workplace violence and CVD among United States workers.
Methods
We utilized cross-sectional data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey, which included a representative sample of 18 380 workers, to investigate the associations between workplace violence and the prevalence of CVD using logistic regression. Workplace violence was determined based on self-reported threats, bullying, or harassment at work over the past 12 months, supplemented with additional information regarding frequency. CVD included all forms of heart disease and stroke.
Results
A total of 1334 workers reported experiences of workplace violence, and 1336 workers were diagnosed with CVD. After adjustment for covariates, participants who reported any instance of workplace violence had significantly higher odds of having CVD (odds ratio [OR], 1.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35 to 2.30) than those who reported no such violence. Furthermore, the highest odds of CVD (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.23 to 2.63) were observed among those frequently exposed to workplace violence. Even occasional exposure to workplace violence was associated with 74% excess odds of CVD.
Conclusions
Our study indicates an association between workplace violence and CVD in United States workers, exhibiting a dose-response pattern.
Summary
Social Intelligence Counseling Intervention to Reduce Bullying Behaviors Among Thai Lower Secondary School Students: A Mixed-method Study
Samith Jueajinda, Orapin Stiramon, Chatchai Ekpanyaskul
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):340-351.   Published online August 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.110
  • 6,410 View
  • 144 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To develop and investigate the effectiveness of an integrative counseling intervention for enhancing social intelligence and reducing bullying behaviors among lower secondary school students in Bangkok, Thailand.
Methods
An interventional mixed-method design was employed in 2 phases. Phase 1 involved the development of a qualitative method-based integrative counseling program from key informants using the eclecticism technique. In phase 2, a randomized controlled trial with a wait-list control was conducted and qualitative research was performed with students who demonstrated bullying behaviors. Demographic data, Social Intelligence Scale (SIS) scores, and Bullying-Behavior Scale (BBS) scores were collected at baseline. Changes in SIS scores and qualitative findings obtained from in-depth interviews were examined after counseling ended, and BBS scores were collected again 1 month later.
Results
The developed social intelligence counseling program included eight 1-hour weekly sessions consisting of 3 components: (1) social awareness, (2) social information processing, and (3) social skills. After receiving this intervention, scores for the SIS overall (p<0.001) and all of its components (p<0.05) were significantly enhanced in the experimental group compared to the control group. Moreover, the mean BBS scores in the experimental group significantly decreased 1 month after counseling (p=0.001). With regard to the qualitative research results, the experimental students demonstrated improvements in all components of social intelligence.
Conclusions
The results indicated that a preventive counseling program may enhance social intelligence, decrease bullying behaviors among lower secondary school students, and prevent further incidents of school violence. However, further studies in various population subgroups should also be performed.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Effectiveness of School-Based Programs on Aggressive Behaviors among Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Liangqi Shen, Shan Jiang, Shilin Tan
    Research on Social Work Practice.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Model for social intelligence and teachers’ innovative work behavior: serial mediation
    Rita Aryani, Widodo Widodo, Susila Susila
    Cogent Education.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Promoting Kindness Through the Positive Theatrical Arts: Assessing Kuwait’s Boomerang Programme
    Louise Lambert, Mohsen Joshanloo, Meg A. Warren, Kayla Christiani, Tim Lomas, Brettjet Cody, Intisar Al Sabah, Ali El Chalabi, Gaya Kruchlik
    Psychological Studies.2023; 68(1): 101.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Noise Exposure, Annoyance, and Loudness Perception and Cognitive-Social Performance of Mine Workers in 2022: A Descriptive study
    Rohollah Fallah Madvari, Hanie Dameshghi, Hamideh Bidel, Reyhane Sefidkar, Milad Abbasi, Ehsan Abouee, Mahdi Jafari Nodoushan
    Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.2023; 22(5): 507.     CrossRef
  • Hemispheric Cortical, Cerebellar and Caudate Atrophy Associated to Cognitive Impairment in Metropolitan Mexico City Young Adults Exposed to Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution
    Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Jacqueline Hernández-Luna, Partha S. Mukherjee, Martin Styner, Diana A. Chávez-Franco, Samuel C. Luévano-Castro, Celia Nohemí Crespo-Cortés, Elijah W. Stommel, Ricardo Torres-Jardón
    Toxics.2022; 10(4): 156.     CrossRef
Risk and Protective Factors Associated With Intimate Partner Violence in a Nationally Representative Sample of Korean Men
Riccardo Ferraresso
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(2):135-142.   Published online February 13, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.292
  • 3,980 View
  • 138 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
In recent years, multiple studies have investigated the issue of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Korea. However, most of those studies have focused on IPV against women, while overlooking the problem of men IPV victimization. Considering this, the current study identified risk and protective factors for IPV and examined their influence on IPV victimization among Korean men.
Methods
We used a nationally representative sample of 1668 Korean men from the 2013 Korea National Survey on Domestic Violence. The associations between potential IPV risk factors and different types of IPV were investigated using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Specifically, separate analyses were conducted of 5 types of IPV (neglect, controlling behaviors, emotional violence, economic violence, and physical violence).
Results
The prevalence of IPV among Korean men and women showed only marginal gender differences. Controlling behaviors (men, 23.3%; women, 23.9%) and emotional violence (men, 16.5%; women, 18.8%) were the most common types of IPV reported, followed by neglect (men, 11.2%; women, 11.7%). Separate logistic regression analyses for the 5 subtypes of IPV revealed that mutual IPV was a strong predictor of IPV. Men who abused their wives were more likely to experience neglect (odds ratio [OR], 29.24; p<0.01), controlling behaviors (OR, 36.61; p<0.01), emotional violence (OR, 58.07; p<0.01), economic violence (OR, 18.78; p<0.01), and physical violence (OR, 38.09; p<0.01).
Conclusions
The findings of this study suggest that IPV intervention strategies should particularly focus on couples whose relationship is characterized by patterns of bidirectional violence.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors Associated With Willingness To Report Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) to Police in South Korea
    Chunrye Kim, Riccardo Ferraresso
    Journal of Interpersonal Violence.2022; 37(13-14): NP10862.     CrossRef
  • Ugandan Men Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Nationally Representative Data
    Jacinta Waila, Herman Lule, Michael Lowery Wilson, Till Bärnighausen, Anne Abio
    Journal of Prevention.2022; 43(4): 567.     CrossRef
The Impact of Abuse on the Quality of Life of the Elderly: A Population-based Survey in Iran
Behnam Honarvar, Zahra Gheibi, Abdolrahim Asadollahi, Farzaneh Bahadori, Elahe Khaksar, Maryam Rabiey Faradonbeh, Mohammad Farjami
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(2):89-97.   Published online December 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.210
  • 5,178 View
  • 217 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The quality of life (QoL) of the elderly and elder abuse are growing public health concerns. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of abuse and the association between QoL and abuse in older adults.
Methods
Multistage random cluster sampling, along with valid QoL (LEIPAD: LEIden, the Netherlands; PADua, Italy; Helsinki, Finland) and abuse questionnaires, were used to assess QoL and elder abuse. Path analysis was performed using Mplus. SPSS and AMOS were used for the other analyses.
Results
A total of 386 elderly individuals with a mean age of 68.00±6.10 years were interviewed, of whom 200 (51.8%), 289 (74.9%), and 376 (97.4%) were women, educated, and married, respectively. Moreover, 167 (43.2%) had low-to-moderate QoL, and 108 (27.9%) had experienced a moderate level of abuse. QoL and abuse were inversely associated (r=-0.253), with men (β=-0.24) more affected than women (β=-0.21). Musculoskeletal disorders were also strong determinants of QoL in the elderly. QoL was strongly associated with emotional abuse, while abuse was highly related to the social component of QoL. Furthermore, emotional abuse was the type of abuse most significantly associated with the self-care, depression/anxiety, cognitive, and social components of QoL. Sexual abuse, violation of personal rights, and neglect were the main determinants of the physical functioning, life satisfaction, and sexual domains of QoL, respectively.
Conclusions
Nearly half of the elderly individuals lacked a high QoL, and at least one-fourth had experienced some form of abuse. Elder abuse was correlated inversely with QoL. Therefore, preventive interventions are recommended to decrease elder abuse in the family, community, and other settings.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Quality of Life of Older Adults in Rural Eastern India and Its Influencing Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Annu Antony, Swayam Pragyan Parida, Priyamadhaba Behera, Susanta K Padhy, Vikas Bhatia
    Cureus.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Elderly Abuse and Neglect on Population Health: Literature Review and Interventions from Selected Countries
    Ahmad Nabeil Alias, Khalid Mokti, Mohd Yusof Ibrahim, Sahipudin Saupin, Mohd Faizal Madrim
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2023; 44(6): 311.     CrossRef
  • Quality of Life in Elderlies: A Cross-sectional and Field-based Study in Iran
    Behnam Honarvar, Elahe Khaksar, Pedram Keshavarz, Morteza Banakar, Abbas Balaghi Inalou, Yasman Movahednejad, Vahid Hajianpour
    Shiraz E-Medical Journal.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Examining the effect of elder abuse on welfare status: the case of selected districts in Southwestern Uganda
    Dianah Aharimpisya, Frank Pio Kiyingi, Francis Kasekende
    The Journal of Adult Protection.2023; 25(5): 303.     CrossRef
  • The relationship of general, physical, and psychological violence with depressive symptoms and cognition in elders (cross-sectional study)
    Rafael da Costa Santos, Gleicy Karine Nascimento De Araújo-Monteiro, Matheus Farias Raposo, Angela Maria Henao Castaño, Betânia Maria Pereira dos Santos, Rafaella Queiroga Souto
    Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Violência geral, física e psicológica: relação com sintomas depressivos e cognição em idosos (estudo transversal)
    Rafael da Costa Santos, Gleicy Karine Nascimento De Araújo-Monteiro, Matheus Farias Raposo, Angela Maria Henao Castaño, Betânia Maria Pereira dos Santos, Rafaella Queiroga Souto
    Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The complexity of domestic violence against older women in rural areas. Characteristics of the co-occurrence of forms of violence and the relationship between perpetrators and victims
    Albert Terelak, Sebastian Kołodziejczak
    Family Upbringing.2023; 30(1): 249.     CrossRef
  • Social Work Response to Elder Abuse in Uganda: Voices from Practitioners
    Charles Kiiza Wamara
    Journal of Gerontological Social Work.2022; 65(4): 361.     CrossRef
  • Violence in the Elderly: a Review of the Literature
    Astrid Botty van den Bruele, Marie Crandall
    Current Trauma Reports.2022; 8(1): 12.     CrossRef
  • Elderly abuse, affecting factors and evaluation of life satisfaction: a cross‐sectional study
    Muammer Yılmaz, Adem Durmaz, İnci Arıkan
    Psychogeriatrics.2022; 22(5): 612.     CrossRef
  • A Study on Supply–Demand Satisfaction of Community-Based Senior Care Combined with the Psychological Perception of the Elderly
    Jiangang Shi, Wenwen Hua, Daizhong Tang, Ke Xu, Quanwei Xu
    Healthcare.2021; 9(6): 643.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting the Elderly's Quality of Life in the Middle East: A Systematic Review
    Nasibeh Zanjari, Giti Bahrami, Mahsa Nouri Koochi, Zahra Aliakbarzade Arani
    Journal of Education and Community Health.2021; 8(2): 143.     CrossRef
  • Development, validation, and pilot implementation of the minimum datasheet for a domestic violence registry system: The case of a developing country
    Shabnam Iezadi, Kamal Gholipour, Ahmad Khanijahani, Mahasti Alizadeh, Bahram Samadirad, Hanie Azizi, Farzad Azizinia, Binh P. Nguyen
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(12): e0261460.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health