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Original Article
Knowledge and Attitudes of Indonesian General Practitioners Towards the Isoniazid Preventive Therapy Program in Indonesia
Wira Winardi, Widhy Yudistira Nalapraya, Sarifuddin Sarifuddin, Samsul Anwar, Amanda Yufika, Adityo Wibowo, Iziddin Fadhil, Hendra Wahyuni MS, Yunita Arliny, Dewi Behtri Yanifitri, Teuku Zulfikar, Harapan Harapan
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(5):428-435.   Published online August 5, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.248
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The Indonesian Ministry of Health launched isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) in 2016, with general practitioners (GPs) at the frontline of this program. However, the extent to which GPs have internalized this program remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to identify the knowledge and attitudes of GPs towards the IPT program in Indonesia.
Methods
This study used an online, self-administered questionnaire distributed via e-mail and social messaging services. A logistic regression model was employed to identify the explanatory variables influencing the level of knowledge and attitudes toward IPT among GPs in Indonesia. An empirical analysis was conducted separately for each response variable (knowledge and attitudes).
Results
Of the 418 respondents, 128 (30.6%) had a good knowledge of IPT. Working at a public hospital was the only variable associated with good knowledge, with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 1.69 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02 to 2.81). Furthermore, 279 respondents (66.7%) had favorable attitudes toward IPT. In the adjusted logistic regression analysis, good knowledge (aOR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.34 to 0.89), 1-5 years of work experience (aOR, 2.09; 95% CI, 1.21 to 3.60), and having experienced IPT training (aOR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.25 to 0.93), were significantly associated with favorable attitudes.
Conclusions
In general, GPs in Indonesia had favorable attitudes toward IPT. However, their knowledge of IPT was limited. GPs are an essential element of the IPT program in the country, and therefore, adequate information dissemination to improve their understanding is critical for the long-term viability and quality of the IPT program in Indonesia.
Summary
Perspective
Proposal to Revise the Screening Test for Latent Tuberculosis Infection in Close Contacts at Elementary Schools in Korea
Jong-Myon Bae
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(4):272-275.   Published online May 8, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.043
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  • 137 Download
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
The 2018 National Guideline for Tuberculosis Control, which was published by the Korea Centers for Diseases Prevention and Control (KCDC), mandates conducting an epidemiological survey among close contacts of active tuberculosis patients at public institutions such as schools. In the procedure for these surveys, the tuberculin skin test (TST) is mandated as the screening test for latent tuberculosis infection in elementary school students. However, several guidelines recommend using the interferon-gamma releasing assay (IGRA) for contacts aged over 5 years with a Bacillus Calmette–Guérin vaccination history. The main reason for this is that IGRA has a higher specificity and lower false positive rate than TST. In addition, IGRA requires only a single visit to draw blood and the results are available within 24 hours. These advantages could promote cooperation from both parents and students in conducting these surveys. Thus, these findings regarding the benefits of IGRA for surveys of close contacts at elementary schools should be incorporated into the KCDC guideline.
Summary
Korean summary
집단시설에서의 결핵환자 발생시 수행하는 역학조사 지침에는 잠복결핵감염자의 검진을 위해 초등학생에게 투베르쿨린 피부반응검사 (TST)를 시행하도록 되어 있다. 그러나, 6세 이상의 초등학생들은 필수적으로 BCG 예방접종을 받았다는 점과, 역학조사 수행의 협조 등을 고려할 때 TST 대신 인터페론감마 분비검사 (Interferon-gamma releasing assay, IGRA)를 우선 시행하는 것이 보다 더 근거중심적, 가치중심적 으로 타당하다.

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health