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COVID-19: Brief Report
The Evolving Policy Debate on Border Closure in Korea
Su JIn Kang, Jihyun Moon, Heewon Kang, Heekyoung Nam, Sangwoo Tak, Sung-Il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(5):302-306.   Published online September 11, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.213
  • 4,055 View
  • 132 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
In this paper, we aimed to investigate the evolving debate over border closure in Korea during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, to address the main themes associated with border closure, and to discuss the factors that need to be considered when making such decisions.
Methods
We collated and reviewed previously conducted review studies on border closures during infectious disease outbreaks to derive relevant themes and factors.
Results
According to our systematic review on border closures and travel restrictions, the effects of such containment efforts are limited. We suggest considering the following factors when determining whether to impose border closure measures: (1) disease characteristics, (2) timeliness of implementation, (3) transmission delay and the basic reproduction number, (4) globalization and pandemics, and (5) social and economic costs.
Conclusions
Our assessment indicates that the effects of border closures are at best temporary and limited. Alternative measures must be contemplated and implemented to suppress the spread of COVID-19 in particular and infectious diseases more broadly.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Schengen Borders as Lines that Continue to Separate? Media Representations of Pandemic Dimensions of Insecurity in Eastern German Border Regions to Poland
    Nona Renner, Judith Miggelbrink, Kristine Beurskens, Antonia Zitterbart
    Journal of Borderlands Studies.2022; 37(4): 825.     CrossRef
  • Classification Schemes of COVID-19 High Risk Areas and Resulting Policies: A Rapid Review
    Olalekan A. Uthman, Olatunji O. Adetokunboh, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Sameh Al-Awlaqi, Johanna Hanefeld, Charbel El Bcheraoui
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A measure to estimate the risk of imported COVID-19 cases and its application for evaluating travel-related control measures
    Heewon Kang, Kyung-Duk Min, Seonghee Jeon, Ju-Yeun Lee, Sung-il Cho
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Towards sustainable airport waste management through the adoption of a "green" airport strategy: The case of Incheon International Airport
    Glenn Baxter
    Clean Technologies and Recycling.2022; 2(4): 247.     CrossRef
  • Pathways between COVID-19 public health responses and increasing overdose risks: A rapid review and conceptual framework
    Tribesty Nguyen, Jane A. Buxton
    International Journal of Drug Policy.2021; 93: 103236.     CrossRef
Original Article
An Analysis of Infectious Disease Research Trends in Medical Journals From North Korea
Do-Hyeon Park, Min-Ho Choi, Ah-Young Lim, Hee Young Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2018;51(2):109-120.   Published online March 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.17.145
  • 8,095 View
  • 39,362,022 Download
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aimed to investigate the current status of infectious disease research in North Korea by analyzing recent trends in medical journals from North Korea in comparison with research from South Korea. Methods: Three medical journals (Preventive Medicine, Basic Medicine, and Chosun Medicine) were analyzed from 2012 to 2016. Articles on tuberculosis (TB), malaria, and parasitic diseases were selected and classified by their subtopics and study areas. Two medical journals published in the South Korea were selected for a comparative analysis of research trends. Results: Of the 2792 articles that were reviewed, 93 were extracted from North Korea journals. TB research in North Korea was largely focused on multi-drug resistant TB and extrapulmonary TB, whereas research in South Korea more frequently investigated non-tuberculous mycobacteria. Research on parasitic diseases in North Korea was focused on protozoan and intestinal nematodes, while the corresponding South Korea research investigated various species of parasites. Additionally, the studies conducted in North Korea were more likely to investigate the application of traditional medicine to diagnosis and treatment than those conducted in South Korea. Conclusions: This study presents an analysis of research trends in preventive medicine in North Korea focusing on infectious diseases, in which clear differences were observed between South and North Korea. Trends in research topics suggest a high prevalence of certain parasitic diseases in North Korea that are no longer widespread in South Korea. The large proportion of studies examining traditional medicine implies a lack of affordable medicine in North Korea.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Mapping the development of North Korea's domestic nuclear research networks
    Philip Baxter, Justin V. Hastings, Philseo Kim, Manā€Sung Yim
    Review of Policy Research.2022; 39(2): 219.     CrossRef
  • Characteristics and Distribution of Surgical Diseases in North Korean Research Papers Published between 2006 and 2017
    Yo Han Lee, Namkee Oh, Hyerim Kim, Shin Ha
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Seroprevalence of scrub typhus, murine typhus and spotted fever groups in North Korean refugees
    Jihye Um, Yeonghwa Nam, Ji Na Lim, Misuk Kim, Yeonsu An, Se Hee Hwang, Jun-Sun Park
    International Journal of Infectious Diseases.2021; 106: 23.     CrossRef
  • Towards Understanding Tuberculosis-Related Issues in North Korea: A Narrative Review of North Korean Literature
    Chang-Jun Lee, Sungwhan Lee, Hee-Jin Kim, Young Ae Kang
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases.2020; 83(3): 201.     CrossRef
  • A critical examination of international research conducted by North Korean authors: Increasing trends of collaborative research between China and North Korea
    Eungi Kim, Eun Sil Kim
    Scientometrics.2020; 124(1): 429.     CrossRef
  • Research output on mental health problems in North Korea between 2006 and 2017: A bibliographic analysis of North Korean medical journal articles
    Hae Won Kim, Woo Taek Jeon
    Asian Journal of Psychiatry.2020; 53: 102228.     CrossRef
  • Surgical Diseases in North Korea: An Overview of North Korean Medical Journals
    Sejin Choi, Taehoon Kim, Soyoung Choi, Hee Young Shin
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(24): 9346.     CrossRef
  • Ascaris lumbricoides found in ashore corpses from Korean peninsula to Japan
    Megumi Sato, Kazuhisa Funayama, Reiji Hoshi, Hisakazu Takatsuka, Marcello Otake Sato
    Parasitology International.2019; 70: 1.     CrossRef
  • Bibliographical Characteristics of North Korean Medical Journals and Articles
    Shin Ha, Seok-Jun Yoon, Byung Chul Chun, Kyeong Jin Kim, Seung-Young Roh, Eun Joo Lee, Won Ho Kim, Sin Gon Kim, Yo Han Lee
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • North Korean Medical Journals in the Galapagos
    Sung-Tae Hong
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
English Abstract
Overview of Pandemic Influenza.
Woo Joo Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2005;38(4):373-378.
  • 2,047 View
  • 60 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Influenza virus has a unique characteristics of annual epidemics of acute respiratory disease with attack rate of 10%-30% of the population. It is also the classical emerging infectious disease causing global pandemics when new antigenic shift occur. This antigenic shift is the key to its ability to evoke periodic pandemics, and it has caused at least 3 pandemics in 20th century. I reviewed these 3 pandemics in their natural courses and the epidemiology of the recent emerging influenza A viruses, especially the H5 and H7 subtypes. I described the epidemics of these viruses in human population and why we should be prepared to these viruses.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health