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Determinant Factors of Mortality in Pre-elderly and Elderly Patients With COVID-19 in Jakarta, Indonesia
Thresya Febrianti, Ngabila Salama, Inggariwati , Dwi Oktavia
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(3):231-237.   Published online May 31, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.23.008
  • 1,626 View
  • 126 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) mortality in pre-elderly and elderly individuals in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Methods
We employed a case-control study design, utilizing secondary data from the Epidemiology Surveillance, Immunization Prevention, and Disease Control Sections of the DKI Jakarta Provincial Health Office, collected from December 2020 to January 2021. The study included 188 cases and an equal number of controls. Cases were COVID-19 patients confirmed to have died, as reported by hospitals and communities and subsequently verified by healthcare workers. Control subjects were patients who completed a 14-day isolation period and had been officially declared recovered by healthcare professionals. The dependent variable was the mortality of COVID-19 patients in the January 2021 period. The independent variables consisted of demographic data (age and sex), clinical symptoms (cough, runny nose, anosmia, diarrhea, headaches, abdominal pain, muscle pain, and nausea/vomiting), and comorbidities (hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes). Multivariate analysis was conducted using multiple logistic regression.
Results
The multiple logistic regression analysis revealed several factors associated with COVID-19 fatalities in Jakarta: age of 60 years or older (odds ratio [OR], 4.84; 95% CI, 3.00 to 7.80), male (OR, 2.38; 95% CI, 2.41 to 3.68), dyspnea (OR, 3.93; 95% CI, 2.04 to 7.55), anosmia (OR, 0.13; 95% CI, 0.04 to 0.46), and heart disease (OR, 4.38; 95% CI, 1.04 to 18.46).
Conclusions
The control and prevention of COVID-19 among elderly individuals require particular vigilance. When a COVID-19 case is detected within this demographic, prompt treatment and medication administration are crucial to mitigate the presenting symptoms.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Tuberculosis Coinfection among COVID-19 Patients: Clinical Presentation and Mortality in a Tertiary Lung Hospital in Indonesia
    Heni Muflihah, Fajar A. Yulianto, Rina, Edi Sampurno, Astri Ferdiana, Santun B. Rahimah
    The International Journal of Mycobacteriology.2024; 13(1): 58.     CrossRef
The Moderating Effect of Gender on the Relationship Between Self-neglect and Suicidal Ideation in Older Adults of Korea
Kyuhyoung Jeong, Daeyeon Jang, Boyoung Nam, Soyoung Kwon, Eunsol Seo
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(5):436-443.   Published online August 3, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.083
  • 5,879 View
  • 108 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Objectives
Previous studies have reported that self-neglect, which may be a sign of elder abuse, can result in suicide among older adults. The signs of self-neglect and its impact on the risk of suicide may differ by gender. Thus, this study explored the association between self-neglect and suicide risk in older Korean adults and examined the potential moderating effect of gender on this relationship.
Methods
Data were collected from 356 Korean adults aged 65 or older through an online survey. Multiple regression analysis was used to test the research hypothesis. First, the associations between 4 sub-dimensions of self-neglect (i.e., daily life management issues, personal hygiene issues, financial management issues, and relational issues) and suicidal ideation were examined. Then, the moderating effect of gender on these relationships was investigated by including interaction terms.
Results
Self-neglect was significantly associated with suicidal ideation in older adults. Aspects of self-neglect related to daily life management and relational factors were key predictors of suicidal ideation. Gender significantly moderated the effect of the relational dimension of self-neglect on suicidal ideation. The relational dimension of self-neglect was more strongly associated with suicidal ideation in older women than in older men.
Conclusions
The findings suggest the importance of screening older adults with signs of self-neglect for suicide risk. Special attention should be paid to older women who experience relational issues as a high-risk group for suicidal ideation. Public programs and support systems should be established to improve daily life management and promote social relationships among older adults.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 노인의 자기방임과 자살생각의 관계에서 성별의 조절효과를 검증하는 데에 목적이 있다. 연구결과를 토대로 성별에 따른 노인의 자살위험 영향요인을 고려한 정책 개입의 필요성과 사회적 고립 완화를 위한 프로그램 도입 등을 제안하였다.

Citations

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  • Enhancing healthcare access for an older population: The age‐friendly emergency department
    Sangil Lee, Rachel M. Skains, Phillip D. Magidson, Nadine Qadoura, Shan W. Liu, Lauren T. Southerland
    Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians Open.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Subgroups of self-neglect and effects on suicidal ideation among the older adults
    Hyun Lee, Eunjin Lee
    Development and Psychopathology.2023; : 1.     CrossRef
The Effects of a 7000-Step Goal and Weekly Group Walking Program for Overweight and Obese Elderly People in Sarawak, Malaysia: A Quasi-experimental Study
Mohd Fakhree Saad, Whye Lian Cheah, Helmy Hazmi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(3):199-207.   Published online April 29, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.584
  • 3,981 View
  • 140 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Physical inactivity is the fourth leading global risk factor for mortality, followed by obesity. The combination of these risk factors is associated with non-communicable diseases, impaired physical function, and declining mental function. The World Health Organization recommends physical activity to reduce the mortality rate. Thus, this study examined the effects on anthropometric measurements of a 12-week walking program for elderly people in Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia with a 7000-step goal and weekly group walking activities.
Methods
A quasi-experimental study was conducted involving 109 elderly people with a body mass index (BMI) ≥25.0 kg/m2. BMI, body composition, and average daily steps were measured at baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 26.0, and repeated-measures analysis of variance with the paired t-test for post-hoc analysis was conducted.
Results
In total, 48 participants in the intervention group and 61 participants in the control group completed the study. A significant interaction was found between time and group. The post-hoc analysis showed a significant difference between pre-intervention and post-intervention (within the intervention group). The post-intervention analysis revealed an increase in the mean number of daily steps by 3571.59, with decreases in body weight (-2.20 kg), BMI (-0.94 kg/m2), body fat percentage (-3.52%), visceral fat percentage (-1.29%) and waist circumference (-2.91 cm). Skeletal muscle percentage also showed a significant increase (1.67%).
Conclusions
A 12-week walking program combining a 7000-step goals with weekly group walking activities had a significant effect on the anthropometric measurements of previously inactive and overweight/obese elderly people.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Promoting Physical Activity in Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes via an Anthropomorphic Conversational Agent: Development of an Evidence and Theory-Based Multi-Behavior Intervention
    Nuno Pimenta, Isa Brito Félix, Diogo Monteiro, Marta Moreira Marques, Mara Pereira Guerreiro
    Frontiers in Psychology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Systematic Review of Physical Activity Intervention Programs in ASEAN Countries: Efficacy and Future Directions
    Yi-Shin Lee, Michael Chia, John Komar
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(9): 5357.     CrossRef
  • Socio-demographic Determinants of Low Physical Activity in Peruvian Adults: Results of a Population-based Survey Performed in 2017-2018
    Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Rodrigo Vargas-Fernández
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2021; 54(6): 461.     CrossRef
The Association of Perceived Neighborhood Walkability and Environmental Pollution With Frailty Among Community-dwelling Older Adults in Korean Rural Areas: A Cross-sectional Study
Mi-Ji Kim, Sung-Hyo Seo, Ae-Rim Seo, Bo-Kyoung Kim, Gyeong-Ye Lee, Yeun-Soon Choi, Jin-Hwan Kim, Jang-Rak Kim, Yune-Sik Kang, Baek-Geun Jeong, Ki-Soo Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(6):405-415.   Published online October 24, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.166
  • 8,822 View
  • 144 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations of frailty with perceived neighborhood walkability and environmental pollution among community-dwelling older adults in rural areas.
Methods
The participants were 808 community-dwelling men and women aged 65 years and older in 2 rural towns. Comprehensive information, including demographics, socioeconomic status, grip strength, polypharmacy, perceived neighborhood environment (specifically, walkability and environmental pollution), and frailty, was collected from participants using face-to-face interviews conducted between June and August 2018. Perceived neighborhood walkability was measured using 20 items that were selected and revised from the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, the Neighborhood Walkability Checklist from the National Heart Foundation of Australia, and the Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Survey. The Kaigo-Yobo Checklist was used to assess participants’ frailty.
Results
The overall prevalence of frailty in this community-dwelling population was 35.5%. Sex, age, cohabitation status, educational attainment, employment status, grip strength, and polypharmacy were significantly associated with frailty. In the logistic regression analysis, frailty was associated with low perceived neighborhood walkability (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.881; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.833 to 0.932; p<0.001) and severe perceived neighborhood environmental pollution (aOR, 1.052; 95% CI, 1.017 to 1.087; p=0.003) after adjusting for sex, age, cohabitation status, educational attainment, employment status, monthly income, grip strength, and polypharmacy.
Conclusions
More studies are warranted to establish causal relationships between walkability and environmental pollution and frailty.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 우리나라 농촌지역 노인들이 인지하는 지역 환경과 노쇠의 연관성을 확인하기 위하여 자기보고식 설문지로 인지된 보행편의성 및 환경오염을 측정하였고, Kaigo-Yobo 평가척도로 노쇠를 평가하였다. 연구 결과, 노쇠에 영향을 미칠 것으로 예상되는 변수들을 통제한 후에도 인지된 보행편의성의 감소와 인지된 환경오염의 증가는 노쇠와 관련성이 있었다.

Citations

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  • Effect of walkability on the physical activity of hemodialysis patients: a multicenter study
    Yoichi Sato, Naoto Usui, Yoshifumi Abe, Daisuke Okamura, Yota Kuramochi, Sho Kojima, Nobuto Shinozaki, Yu Shimano, Nobuyuki Shirai, Kenta Mikami, Yoji Yamada, Masakazu Saitoh
    Renal Replacement Therapy.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Is tourist walkability and well-being different?
    Myung Ja Kim, C. Michael Hall
    Current Issues in Tourism.2023; 26(2): 171.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Pollution and Frailty in Older People: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the UK Biobank
    Nicola Veronese, Laura Maniscalco, Domenica Matranga, Guido Lacca, Ligia J. Dominguez, Mario Barbagallo
    Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.2023; 24(4): 475.     CrossRef
  • Associations of Perceived and Objective Neighborhood Environment Attributes with Walking in Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Faezeh Behnamifard, Zohre Shafieiyoun, Mostafa Behzadfar
    Journal of Urban Planning and Development.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Frailty in Older Adults and Internal and Forced Migration in Urban Neighborhood Contexts in Colombia
    Herney Rengifo-Reina, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutiérrez, Nancy López-Olmedo, Brisa N. Sánchez, Ana V. Diez Roux
    International Journal of Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Neighborhood Physical and Social Environment on Physical Function among Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A One-Year Longitudinal Study
    Masataka Ando, Naoto Kamide, Miki Sakamoto, Yoshitaka Shiba, Haruhiko Sato, Akie Kawamura, Shuichiro Watanabe
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(13): 7999.     CrossRef
  • Association between Age-Friendliness of Communities and Frailty among Older Adults: A Multilevel Analysis
    Jixiang Xu, Yingwei Chen, Yujie Wang, Junling Gao, Limei Huang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(12): 7528.     CrossRef
  • Differences in the Association of Neighborhood Environment With Physical Frailty Between Urban and Rural Older Adults: The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS)
    Yuri Seo, Miji Kim, Hayoung Shim, Chang Won Won
    Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.2021; 22(3): 590.     CrossRef
  • Urban services, pedestrian networks and behaviors to measure elderly accessibility
    Federica Gaglione, Caitlin Cottrill, Carmela Gargiulo
    Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment.2021; 90: 102687.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and risk factors of frailty among people in rural areas: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rui Xu, Qiufang Li, Feifei Guo, Maoni Zhao, Luyao Zhang
    BMJ Open.2021; 11(4): e043494.     CrossRef
  • Perceived Neighborhood Environment Associated with Sarcopenia in Urban-Dwelling Older Adults: The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS)
    Yuri Seo, Miji Kim, Hyungeun Shin, Changwon Won
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(12): 6292.     CrossRef
  • Frailty Status and Transport Disadvantage: Comparison of Older Adults’ Travel Behaviours between Metropolitan, Suburban, and Rural Areas of Japan
    Takumi Abe, Akihiko Kitamura, Satoshi Seino, Yuri Yokoyama, Hidenori Amano, Yu Taniguchi, Mariko Nishi, Yu Nofuji, Tomoko Ikeuchi, Takemi Sugiyama, Shoji Shinkai
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(17): 6367.     CrossRef
Association Between Convenience of Transportation and Unmet Healthcare Needs of Rural Elderly in Korea
Youngeun Choi, Kiryong Nam, Chang-yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(6):355-365.   Published online October 3, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.172
  • 9,431 View
  • 218 Download
  • 23 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
In rural areas of Korea, where public transportation infrastructure is lacking and alternative systems are poor, the elderly experience inconveniences in using healthcare, although their need is high. This study aimed to analyze the association between the convenience of transportation and unmet healthcare needs among the rural elderly.
Methods
The data used were collected in the 2016 Community Health Survey among rural elderly individuals aged 65 or older. Dependent variable was the unmet healthcare needs, explanatory variable was the convenience of transportation. The elderly were divided into 3 groups: with no driver in the household, with a driver, and the elderly individual was the driver (the self-driving group). Covariates were classified into predisposing, enabling, and need factors. They included gender, age, education, income, economic activity, household type, motor ability, subjective health level, number of chronic diseases, anxiety/depression, and pain/discomfort. The data were analyzed using logistic regression and stratification.
Results
A significant association was found between the convenience of transportation and unmet healthcare needs. When examined unadjusted odds ratio of the group with a driver in the household, using the group with no driver as a reference, was 0.61 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54 to 0.68), while that of the self-driving group was 0.34 (95% CI, 0.30 to 0.38). The odds ratios adjusted for all factors were 0.69 (95% CI, 0.59 to 0.80) and 0.79 (95% CI, 0.67 to 0.91).
Conclusions
We confirmed a significant association between inconvenient transportation and unmet healthcare needs among the rural elderly even after adjustment for existing known factors. This implies that policies aimed at improving healthcare accessibility must consider the means of transportation available.
Summary
Korean summary
대중교통 인프라가 부족하고 대안적 교통수단 체계가 미흡한 농촌 지역 노인들은 의료 필요는 높으나 도보이동이나 불편한 이동수단을 이용하기 어려워 의료이용에 불편을 겪는다. 본 연구는 의료접근성 향상과 불평등한 접근성 문제에 대한 제안의 근거 마련을 목적으로 질병관리본부 지역사회건강조사 데이터를 이용하여 농촌 노인의 이동수단의 편의성과 미충족의료 경험의 연관성을 살펴보았다. 분석결과 농촌지역 노인에게 교통편 불편은 미충족의료 경험의 주된 이유로 나타났고 기존에 알려진 요인들을 보정한 후에도 이동수단의 편의성과 미충족의료 경험 사이에 유의한 관계가 있음을 확인하였다.

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  • Patients with diabetes in regions with population decline and likelihood of receiving diabetes management education and screenings for related complications in Korea
    Yeong Jun Ju, Woorim Kim, Kyujin Chang, Tae Hoon Lee, Soon Young Lee
    Preventive Medicine.2024; 178: 107793.     CrossRef
  • Rural mobility in later life; counteracting accessibility poverty with digital service solutions
    Vanessa Stjernborg, Gustav Lopez Svensson
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  • Inequalities in unmet health care needs under universal health insurance coverage in China
    Jingxian Wu, Yongmei Yang, Ting Sun, Sucen He
    Health Economics Review.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Does unequal economic development contribute to the inequitable distribution of healthcare resources? Evidence from China spanning 2001–2020
    Afei Qin, Wenzhe Qin, Fangfang Hu, Meiqi Wang, Haifeng Yang, Lei Li, Chiqi Chen, Binghong Bao, Tianjiao Xin, Lingzhong Xu
    Globalization and Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Shayeda Shoulin, B. M. Assaduzzaman Nur, Md. Shibber Hossain, Md. Mizanur Rahman
    SSRN Electronic Journal.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Health Expenditures and Unmet Health Care Needs of Single-Person Households between Pre-Baby Boomer and Baby Boomer Generations: A Secondary Data Analysis
    Dajung Ryu, Eunjung Ryu
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2023; 35(1): 13.     CrossRef
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    Yadong Cui, Su Xu, Yaohui Jiang, Zhaowen Zhang
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    Sarah Krasniuk, Alexander M. Crizzle
    Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives.2023; 21: 100882.     CrossRef
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    Lei Huang, Hongyan Wu, Fengjian Zhang, Huimin Zhao, Yuqin Chen, Mingjiao Feng, Yanjie You, Xiao Peng, Chunyan Guan, Yilan Liu
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    Shangren Qin, Xiaoyan Ni, Ye Ding
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    Yurie Kobashi, Tomohiro Morita, Akihiko Ozaki, Toyoaki Sawano, Nobuaki Moriyama, Naomi Ito, Masaharu Tsubokura
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    Caiyun Chen, Richard Huan Xu, Eliza Lai-yi Wong, Dong Wang
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    Patty Fidelis de Almeida, Adriano Maia dos Santos, Lucas Manoel da Silva Cabral, Eduarda Ferreira dos Anjos, Márcia Cristina Rodrigues Fausto, Aylene Bousquat
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Self-efficacy to Engage in Physical Activity and Overcome Barriers, Sedentary Behavior, and Their Relation to Body Mass Index Among Elderly Indonesians With Diabetes
Qonita Rachmah, Stefania Widya Setyaningtyas, Mahmud Aditya Rifqi, Diah Indriani, Triska Susila Nindya, Hario Megatsari, Trias Mahmudiono, Wantanee Kriengsinyos
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(4):242-249.   Published online July 2, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.003
  • 7,083 View
  • 270 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Elderly individuals with diabetes should maintain a normal body mass index (BMI) to help control their blood glucose levels. This study investigated barriers to physical activity (PA), self-efficacy to overcome those barriers, and PA self-efficacy among elderly individuals with diabetes in relation to BMI.
Methods
This cross-sectional study included 56 participants. Data were collected by a questionnaire interview and direct measurements for anthropometric data. PA self-efficacy was measured using 8 questions describing different levels of PA, where participants rated the strength of their belief that they could engage in that activity. Self-efficacy to overcome barriers was measured using 10 questions capturing participants’ confidence in their ability to engage in PA despite different possible barriers. Mean scores for these parameters were analyzed using the chi-square test and the independent t-test.
Results
In total, 89.3% of participants had a low PA level and 58.9% had more than 3 hours of sedentary activity per day. Furthermore, 55.4% were obese and 14.3% were overweight. The mean scores for PA self-efficacy and self-efficacy to overcome barriers were 59.1± 26.4 and 52.5±13.8, respectively. PA level was related to BMI (p<0.001; r=0.116) and sedentary activity (p<0.05; r=0.274). PA self-efficacy and age were not related to BMI. Barriers to PA were associated with PA levels (p<0.05).
Conclusions
Physical inactivity was a major problem in elderly individuals with diabetes, and was correlated with higher BMI. Lower levels of PA might be mediated by sedentary activity.
Summary

Citations

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    Jung Eun Kim, Ying Hong Jiang, Vivien Dee
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Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Age and Gender Differences in the Relation of Chronic Diseases to Activity of Daily Living (ADL) Disability for Elderly South Koreans: Based on Representative Data.
Il Ho Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(1):32-40.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.1.32
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  • 157 Download
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study investigated the gender and age differential effect of major chronic diseases on activity of daily living (ADL) disability. METHODS: Surveyfreq and Surveylogistic regression analyses were employed on the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) with a sample of 3,609 persons aged 65 - 89. RESULTS: After adjusting for potential covariates, stroke, among elderly men more so than women, had a 2-3 times greater odds of engendering ADL disability in the 65-69 (p < 0.05) and 70-79 age groups (p < 0.01). In comparison to elderly women, cancer, diabetes, and incontinence in elderly men was associated with a higher risk of ADL disability in the 70 - 79 age group (p < 0.05), and this association was also observed for pulmonary disease in the 80-89 age group. Among elderly women, however, a significant association between incontinence and ADL disability was identified in all three age groups. In addition, this association was found in pulmonary disease and diabetes in elderly women aged 70 - 79 years. Significant gender differences were observed in the association between stroke in the 60 - 79 age group and cancer in the 70 - 79 age group. CONCLUSIONS: Age and gender differences were observed in the effect of chronic diseases on ADL disability.
Summary

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English Abstract
Relationship Between Status of Physical and Mental Function and Quality of Life Among the Elderly People Admitted from Long-Term Care Insurance.
Hyeong Seon Kim, Nam Kyou Bae, In Sun Kwon, Young Chae Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(4):319-329.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.4.319
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to determine the levels of quality of life (QOL) according to the grade of long-term care service for the elderly people who were admitted from long-term care insurance, and to reveal its association with the physical and mental functioning such as the Activity of Daily Living (ADL), the Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Mini-Mental State Examination-Korean version (MMSE-K). METHODS: The interviews were performed during the period from March 1 to May 31, 2009, for 958 elderly people in urban and rural areas. The questionnaire items included various indices such as the ADL, IADL, CES-D, and MMSE-K, as independent variables and the index of QOL, as the dependent ones. For statistical analysis, t-tests were used for the mean scores of QOL according to gender and the grade of long-term care services, and Spearman's correlation was used for each variable. The effects of physical and mental functioning for QOL were assessed by covariance structure analysis. The statistical significance was set at p<0.05. RESULTS: The mean scores of QOL among all the subjects was 55.4 +/- 15.62 (Grade I: 49.7 +/- 14.17, Grade II: 56.8 +/- 14.62, Grade III: 59.4+/-16.36), and it was lower according to the higher grade of long-term care insurance. In terms of the correlation matrix of the QOL and the physical and mental function factors, the QOL showed positive correlation with the ADL, IADL and MMSE-K, while it had negative correlation with depression. On the analysis of covariance, mental functioning (depression and the MMSE-K) had a greater influence on the level of QOL than the physical functioning (ADL and IADL). CONCLUSIONS: The level of the QOL in the elderly people who were admitted from long-term care insurance was lower according to higher the grade of long-term care insurance. Also, the mental functioning (depression and MMSE-K) was more influential on the level of the QOL than the physical functioning (ADL and IADL).
Summary

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    Seok-Han Yoon, Kwang-Sung Lee, Young-Chae Cho
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Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Associations of Income and Wealth with Health Status in the Korean Elderly.
Bo Hyun Park, Minsoo Jung, Tae Jin Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2009;42(5):275-282.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.5.275
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study aimed to verify the association between wealth or income level and health status after adjusting for other socio-economic position (SEP) indicators among Korean adults aged 45 and over. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 1st wave of Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (households: 6,171, persons: 10,254). We used self-rated health status and activities of daily living (ADLs) as dependent variables. Explanatory variables included both net wealth measured by savings, immovables, the other valuated assets and total income including pay, transfer, property and so on. Binary logistic regression was conducted to examine the relationships. Also, in order to determine the relative health inequality across economic groups, we estimated the relative index of inequality (RII). RESULTS: The inequality of health status was evident among various wealth and income groups. The wealthiest group (5th quintile) was much healthier than the poorest group, and this differential increased with age. Likewise, higher income was associated with better health status among the elderly. However, these effects, as measured by the odds ratio and RII, showed that wealth was more important in determining health status of elderly people. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that economic capability plays a significant role in determining the health status and other health-related problems among the elderly. Particularly, our results show that health status of the aged is related more closely to the individual's wealth than income.
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English Abstracts
The Impact of Socioeconomic Factors on the Gender Differences of Disability and Subjective Health Among Elderly Koreans.
Gyeong Suk Jeon, Soong Nang Jang, Seon Ja Rhee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2009;42(3):199-207.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.3.199
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Research on the gender differences of health among older Korean people has been limited compared with the research for other stages of life. This study first examined the patterns and magnitude of the gender differences of health in later life. Second, we examined the gender differences in the health of older men and women that were attributable to differing socioeconomic conditions. METHODS: Using the nationally representative 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, the gender differences in disability and subjective poor health were assessed by calculating the age adjusted and gender-specific prevalence. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess if the differences between the men and women for health could be explained by differential exposure to socioeconomic factors and/or the differential vulnerability of men and women to these socioeconomic factors. RESULTS: Our results indicated that older women were more likely than the men to report disability and poor subjective health. The health disadvantage of older women was diminished by differential experiences with socioeconomic factors, and especially education. The differences shrink as much as 43.7% in the case of disability and 35.4% in the case of poor subjective health by the differential exposure to educational attainment. Any differential vulnerability to socioeconomic factors was not found between the men and women, which means that socioeconomic factors may have similar effect on health in both genders. CONCLUSIONS: Differential socioeconomic experience and exposure between the men and women might cause gender difference in health in old age Koreans.
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Effects of Long-term Fluoride in Drinking Water on Risks of Hip Fracture of the Elderly: An Ecologic Study Based on Database of Hospitalization Episodes.
Eun Young Park, Seung Sik Hwang, Jai Yong Kim, Soo Hun Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(3):147-152.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.3.147
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Fluoridation of drinking water is known to decrease dental caries, particularly in children. However, the effects of fluoridated water on bone over several decades are still in controversy. To assess the risk of hip fracture related to water fluoridation, we evaluated the hip fracture-related hospitalizations of the elderly between a fluoridated city and non-fluoridated cities in Korea. METHODS: Cheongju as a fluoridated area and Chungju, Chuncheon, Suwon, Wonju as non-fluoridated areas were chosen for the study. We established a database of hip fracture hospitalization episode based on the claims data submitted to the Health Insurance Review Agency from January 1995 to December 2002. The hip fracture hospitalization episodes that satisfied the conditions were those that occurred in patients over 65 years old, the injuries had a hip fracture code (ICD-9 820, ICD-10 S72) and the patients were hospitalized for at least 7days. A total of 80,558 cases of hip fracture hospitalization episodes were analyzed. RESULTS: The admission rates for hip fracture increased with the age of the men and women in both a fluoridated city and the non-fluoridated cities (p<0.01). The relative risk of hip fracture increased significantly both for men and women as their age increased. However, any difference in the hip fracture admission rates was not consistently observed between the fluoridated city and the nonfluoridated cities. CONCLUSIONS: We cannot conclude that fluoridation of drinking water increases the risk of hip fracture in the elderly.
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  • The Association between Community Water Fluoridation and Bone Diseases: A Natural Experiment in Cheongju, Korea
    Naae Lee, Sungchan Kang, Woojoo Lee, Seung-sik Hwang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(24): 9170.     CrossRef
  • Community water fluoridation and health outcomes in England: a cross‐sectional study
    Nicholas Young, John Newton, John Morris, Joan Morris, John Langford, Jonathan Iloya, Diane Edwards, Semina Makhani, Julia Verne
    Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology.2015; 43(6): 550.     CrossRef
  • Exposure to Fluoride in Drinking Water and Hip Fracture Risk: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies
    Xin-Hai Yin, Guang-Lei Huang, Du-Ren Lin, Cheng-Cheng Wan, Ya-Dong Wang, Ju-Kun Song, Ping Xu, Yi-Hsiang Hsu
    PLOS ONE.2015; 10(5): e0126488.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Life-long Fluoride Intake on Bone Measures of Adolescents
    S.M. Levy, J.J. Warren, K. Phipps, E. Letuchy, B. Broffitt, J. Eichenberger-Gilmore, T.L. Burns, G. Kavand, K.F. Janz, J.C. Torner, C.A. Pauley
    Journal of Dental Research.2014; 93(4): 353.     CrossRef
Cohort Study on the Association between Alcohol Consumption and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the Korean Elderly.
Hoi Jeong Lim, Byung Joo Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(1):23-29.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.1.23
  • 5,458 View
  • 66 Download
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
We examined the association between alcohol consumption and incidence of colorectal cancer in elderly Koreans. METHODS: The cohort members (n=14,304) consisted of 4,834 males and 9,470 females derived from the Korea Elderly Pharmacoepidemiologic Cohort (KEPEC), a population-based dynamic cohort. They were aged 65 years old or older and lived in Busan between 1993-1998; they were beneficiaries of the Korean Medical Insurance Corporation (KMIC). Baseline information was surveyed by a self-administered, mailed questionnaire. This study population was restricted to 14,304 participants who reported alcohol drinking habits on the questionnaire and had not been diagnosed with colorectal cancer at baseline. The adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) of status, type, frequency and daily average amount of alcohol consumption were computed with Cox's proportional hazard model, with the never-drinkers as a reference group and controlling for age and gender. RESULTS: After 4.82 person-years of mean follow-up 112 cases of colorectal cancer occurred. The incidence densities of colorectal cancer were 161 (95% CI=123-200) for never-drinkers, 219 (95% CI=125-339) for ex-drinkers, and 137 (95% CI=84-189) for current-drinkers per 100,000 person-year. The status, type, frequency, and daily average amount of alcohol consumption were not significantly related to the incidence of colorectal cancer after controlling for age and gender. CONCLSIONS: There was no significant association between alcohol consumption and colorectal cancer among elderly people after controlling for age and gender.
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  • Wine consumption and colorectal cancer risk: a meta-analysis of observational studies
    Weisong Xu, Hui Fan, Zhijuan Han, Yufeng Liu, Yiping Wang, Zhenming Ge
    European Journal of Cancer Prevention.2019; 28(3): 151.     CrossRef
  • Marital status and education as risk factors for colorectal cancer
    A. Ruseva, D. Tochev, Z. Boneva, Y. Assyov, L. Georgieva, D. Nikolovska
    Trakia Journal of Sciences.2019; 17(3): 224.     CrossRef
  • Consumption of beer and colorectal cancer incidence: a meta-analysis of observational studies
    Cheng Zhang, Min Zhong
    Cancer Causes & Control.2015; 26(4): 549.     CrossRef
  • Alcohol Drinking, Cigarette Smoking and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the Korean Multi-center Cancer Cohort
    Sooyoung Cho, Aesun Shin, Sue K. Park, Hai-Rim Shin, Soung-Hoon Chang, Keun-Young Yoo
    Journal of Cancer Prevention.2015; 20(2): 147.     CrossRef
  • The relationship between mild alcohol consumption and mortality in Koreans: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Ji-Eun Park, Tae-young Choi, Yeonhee Ryu, Sung-Il Cho
    BMC Public Health.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Attributable fraction of alcohol consumption on cancer using population-based nationwide cancer incidence and mortality data in the Republic of Korea
    Sohee Park, Hai-Rim Shin, Boram Lee, Aesun Shin, Kyu-Won Jung, Duk-Hee Lee, Sun Ha Jee, Sung-Il Cho, Sue Kyung Park, Mathieu Boniol, Paolo Boffetta, Elisabete Weiderpass
    BMC Cancer.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Alcohol drinking and colorectal cancer risk: an overall and dose–response meta-analysis of published studies
    V. Fedirko, I. Tramacere, V. Bagnardi, M. Rota, L. Scotti, F. Islami, E. Negri, K. Straif, I. Romieu, C. La Vecchia, P. Boffetta, M. Jenab
    Annals of Oncology.2011; 22(9): 1958.     CrossRef
  • Alcohol intake and risk of colorectal cancer: Results from the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium
    J Y Park, C C Dahm, R H Keogh, P N Mitrou, B J Cairns, D C Greenwood, E A Spencer, I S Fentiman, M J Shipley, E J Brunner, J E Cade, V J Burley, G D Mishra, D Kuh, A M Stephen, I R White, R N Luben, A A Mulligan, K-T Khaw, S A Rodwell
    British Journal of Cancer.2010; 103(5): 747.     CrossRef
  • Alcohol Consumption and Digestive Cancer Mortality in Koreans: The Kangwha Cohort Study
    Sang-Wook Yi, Jae Woong Sull, John Alderman Linton, Chung Mo Nam, Heechoul Ohrr
    Journal of Epidemiology.2010; 20(3): 204.     CrossRef
  • Baseline alcohol consumption, type of alcoholic beverage and risk of colorectal cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Norfolk study
    Jin Young Park, Panagiota N. Mitrou, Christina C. Dahm, Robert N. Luben, Nicholas J. Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Sheila A. Rodwell
    Cancer Epidemiology.2009; 33(5): 347.     CrossRef
  • A Novel Polymorphism rs1329149 of CYP2E1 and a Known Polymorphism rs671 of ALDH2 of Alcohol Metabolizing Enzymes Are Associated with Colorectal Cancer in a Southwestern Chinese Population
    Huan Yang, Yanhong Zhou, Ziyuan Zhou, Jinyi Liu, Xiaoyan Yuan, Ketaro Matsuo, Toshiro Takezaki, Kazuo Tajima, Jia Cao
    Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.2009; 18(9): 2522.     CrossRef
Certificate Education for Geriatric Physician: Satisfaction and Feasibility.
Sung Chun Lee, Hwa Joon Kim, Hyung Joon Park, Jong Lull Yun, Chang Yup Kim, Ok Ryun Moon, Soong Nang Jang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(1):10-16.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.1.10
  • 4,178 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Korea faces a number of challenges to meet demands in the area of geriatric professional medicine in a country with a rapidly ageing population. We evaluated the satisfaction and feasibility of the current education certification for geriatric physicians. METHODS: Geriatric physicians who were deemed qualified by the Korean Geriatrics Society during the period of 2001 to 2005 (n=2,200) were asked to complete structured questionnaires sent to them by mail about their satisfaction of and need for certificates of education, as well as their opinions on their geriatric specialty training. A total of 419 physicians responded. Descriptive analysis and hierarchical regression were performed to rate the respondents.satisfaction, the characteristics of the need for clarity and utility in education certification, and the characteristics of their patients. RESULTS: Although most respondents were satisfied with their education certification, those who had more elderly patients, aged 65 or older, and those who had more cognitively impaired patients, rated their education as significantly lower than did other physicians. Both groups expressed the need for more the comprehensive care and assessment concerning of their education. Multiple regression analysis indicated that satisfaction with geriatric physician qualification was associated with a physician's age, specialty, and percentage of elderly patients. CONCLSIONS: This study suggests that the current system of education certification is limited in terms of feasibility and physician satisfaction.
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  • Is socioeconomic disparity in disability improving among Korean elders?
    Soong-Nang Jang, Sung-il Cho, Ichiro Kawachi
    Social Science & Medicine.2010; 71(2): 282.     CrossRef
Socioeconomic Inequalities in Preventive Services among the Elderly: Results from Medical Checkup, Cancer Check, and BP Check.
Heeran Chun, Il Ho Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2007;40(5):404-410.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.5.404
  • 4,581 View
  • 48 Download
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Due to the assumptions of homogeneity as well as challenges in the socioeconomic position of the elderly, they have been relatively neglected in studies of health inequalities. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the social inequalities in preventive services among elderly men and women. METHODS: Data were obtained from a nationally representative sample of 342 men and 525 women aged 65 and over collected during the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Age adjusted proportions and logistic regression were used to identify the social patterning of preventive services among elderly Koreans using various social position indicators. RESULTS: The findings of this study generally supported the presence of social gradients in preventive services among the Korean elderly. The likelihood of using the service becomes progressively higher with social position. Educational level, income, and self-rated living status were significantly associated with increased medical checkups and cancer checks. In addition, logistic regression detected educational inequalities only among older women receiving BP checks. After being stratified based on health status and chronic disease status, social disparities still existed when educational level and self-rated living status were considered. Among unhealthy individuals, place of residence was observed as a barrier to medical checkups. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated strong and consistent associations between socioeconomic position and preventive services among the elderly in Korea. The results indicate that public health strategies should be developed to reduce the barriers to preventive services encountered by the elderly.
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  • Routine medical and dental examinations: a case study of adults in Tema community 20 in Ghana
    Esther Priscilla Biamah Danquah, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Samuel Amon, Moses Aikins
    International Journal of Health Promotion and Education.2020; 58(6): 320.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Cancer Screening Behavior in the Elderly : Based on Andersen's Model and Health Belief Model
    Hee-Jung Kim, Mi-jin Yu
    The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing.2020; 23(1): 58.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of workers’ general health examination in Korea by health examination period and compliance: retrospective cohort study using nationwide data
    Huisu Eom, Jun-Pyo Myong, Eun-A Kim, Bohwa Choi, Soon Woo Park, Young Joong Kang
    Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    T.-Y. Wu, Y.-A. Chen, W.-L. Liu, A. Majeed
    European Geriatric Medicine.2015; 6(4): 297.     CrossRef
  • The use of annual physical examinations among the elderly in rural China: a cross-sectional study
    Xi Sun, Yingchun Chen, Xuetao Tong, Zhanchun Feng, Li Wei, Donghua Zhou, Miaomiao Tian, Benyan Lv, Da Feng
    BMC Health Services Research.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Self-rated health and its determinants in Japan and South Korea
    J.H. Park, K.S. Lee
    Public Health.2013; 127(9): 834.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated With Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening in Korea
    Kyung-Hyun Choi, Jeongyun Heo, Soyeun Kim, Young-Jee Jeon, Myungju Oh
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2013; 25(6): 476.     CrossRef
  • The effect of neighborhood, socioeconomic status and a community-based program on multi-disease health screening in an Asian population: A controlled intervention study
    Liang En Wee, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh
    Preventive Medicine.2011; 53(1-2): 64.     CrossRef
  • Use Characteristics of Health Examinations Services from Health Insurance Subscribers
    Ryoung Choi, Byung-Deog Hwang
    The Journal of the Korea Contents Association.2011; 11(2): 331.     CrossRef
  • Utilização e acesso de idosos a serviços de atenção básica em Porto Alegre (RS, Brasil)
    Lisiane Manganelli Girardi Paskulin, Daiany Borghetti Valer, Lucila Amaral Carneiro Vianna
    Ciência & Saúde Coletiva.2011; 16(6): 2935.     CrossRef
  • The Determinants of the Use of Opportunistic Screening Programs in Korea
    Sungwook Kang, Chang Hoon You, Young Dae Kwon
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2009; 42(3): 177.     CrossRef
Quality of Life and its Associated Factors among Some Elderly Residents Using a Hall for the Aged in a Community.
Jin Young Lim, Jong Park, Myeong Geun Kang, So Yeon Ryu
J Prev Med Public Health. 2007;40(5):337-344.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.5.337
  • 4,581 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to investigate the level of quality of life (QOL) and to identify its related factors among the elderly using a hall for the aged. METHODS: The study subjects were 350 elderly people living in Nam Gu, Gwangju City. They were interviewed by questionnaire to collect information on social-demographic characteristics, health behaviors, health-related characteristics and QOL. We used statistical analysis methods such as T-test, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis to find which factors affected QOL. RESULTS: The characteristics relating to physical functions were as follows: presence of spouse, education, alcohol drinking, teeth condition, arthritis, frequency of visiting the hall for the aged, and depression. Age, arthritis and depression were significantly related to role limitation due to physical problems. General health was related to gender, age, and depression, and vitality was related to education, frequency of visiting the hall, and depression. Role limitation due to emotional problems was related to age and depression, and mental health was related to age, hypertension, arthritis and depression. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed QOL of the elderly was significantly influenced by socio-demographic factors, and physical or emotional conditions. To improve QOL of the elderly, we need to develop programs to promote health and to manage chronic diseases of the elderly.
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    Minsoo Jung, Carles Muntaner, Mankyu Choi
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    Hyeong-Seon Kim, Nam-Kyou Bae, In-Sun Kwon, Young-Chae Cho
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    Hwa-Joon Kim, Young Koh, Eun-Jeong Chun, Soong-Nang Jang, Chang-Yup Kim
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2009; 42(1): 35.     CrossRef
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    Mi Ah Han, So Yeon Ryu, Jong Park, Myung Geun Kang, Jong Ku Park, Ki Soon Kim
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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health