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1 "Ambulance transports"
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Original Article
Changes in Air Temperature and Its Relation to Ambulance Transports Due to Heat Stroke in All 47 Prefectures of Japan
Shoko Murakami, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Noriko Sakano
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(5):309-315.   Published online September 28, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.5.309
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  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Changes in air temperature and its relation to ambulance transports due to heat stroke in all 47 prefectures, in Japan were evaluated.

Methods

Data on air temperature were obtained from the Japanese Meteorological Agency. Data on ambulance transports due to heat stroke was directly obtained from the Fire and Disaster Management Agency, Japan. We also used the number of deaths due to heat stroke from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan, and population data from the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. Chronological changes in parameters of air temperature were analyzed. In addition, the relation between air temperature and ambulance transports due to heat stroke in August 2010 was also evaluated by using an ecological study.

Results

Positive and significant changes in the parameters of air temperature that is, the mean air temperature, mean of the highest air temperature, and mean of the lowest air temperature were noted in all 47 prefectures. In addition, changes in air temperature were accelerated when adjusted for observation years. Ambulance transports due to heat stroke was significantly correlated with air temperature in the ecological study. The highest air temperature was significantly linked to ambulance transports due to heat stroke, especially in elderly subjects.

Conclusions

Global warming was demonstrated in all 47 prefectures in Japan. In addition, the higher air temperature was closely associated with higher ambulance transports due to heat stroke in Japan.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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  • Determining the correlation between outdoor heatstroke incidence and climate elements in Daegu metropolitan city
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  • Spatial and Temporal Features of Heat Stroke Mortality in Japan and Their Relation to Temperature Variations, 1999–2014
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  • Impact of Temperature in Summer on Emergency Transportation for Heat-Related Diseases in Japan
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  • Lower air temperature is associated with ambulance transports and death in Takamatsu area, Japan
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  • Lower air temperature is associated with higher ambulance transports in Sakata area, Yamagata prefecture, Japan
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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health