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Original Article
The Relationship Between Thiamine Intake and Long Sleep Duration: Results From the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Dongkyu Lee, Kwanghyun Kim, Youngrong Lee, Kyungwon Oh, Sun Jae Jung
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(6):520-528.   Published online October 14, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.313
  • 3,676 View
  • 126 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Thiamine is thought to modify sleeping patterns, while alcohol use diminishes internal thiamine levels. We investigated the association between thiamine intake and sleep duration and explored possible heterogeneity in the effect according to alcohol use.
Methods
In total, 15 384 participants aged 19-64 were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2016. Nutrient intake, including thiamine, was measured using a food frequency questionnaire. Sleep duration was measured by a self-reported questionnaire. The highest thiamine intake quartile was set as the reference group. Participants were divided into 3 groups, with 7-8 hours of daily sleep as a reference group and those who slept more or less than that as “oversleeping” and “insufficient sleeping,” respectively. Multivariate logistic regression was used, adjusting for socioeconomic, medical, and nutritional factors. Additionally, participants were stratified according to high-risk alcohol use defined by the World Health Organization standards on alcohol use.
Results
Low thiamine intake was associated with oversleeping (Q3: odds ratio [OR], 1.06; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.86 to 1.32; Q2: OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 0.99 to 1.55; Q1: OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.16 to 1.91) and showed a significant trend for higher ORs at lower intake levels (p-trend<0.001). The effect was stronger in the high-risk alcohol use group (Q1: OR, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.28 to 2.49).
Conclusions
Low thiamine intake was associated with oversleeping, and alcohol use intensified that association. These results were found in a context where overt clinical symptoms due to thiamine deficiency are considered rare. More awareness of the potential relationship of thiamine intake with oversleeping and its related risks should be considered.
Summary
Korean summary
국민건강영양조사 자료에서 낮은 비타민 B1 섭취가 과도한 수면시간과 연관성이 있으며, 고위험 알코올 섭취군에서 더 큰 상관성을 보였다. 현저한 임상 증상이 나타나지 않는 선에서의 섭취부족도 잠재적으로 과도한 수면시간 및 이와 관련된 건강에 대한 부정적 효과들과 관련이 있을 수 있어 주의가 필요하다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Therapeutic Potential of Vitamins B1, B3 and B6 in Charcot–Marie–Tooth Disease with the Compromised Status of Vitamin-Dependent Processes
    Victoria Bunik
    Biology.2023; 12(7): 897.     CrossRef
  • Enhancing Sleep Quality: Assessing the Efficacy of a Fixed Combination of Linden, Hawthorn, Vitamin B1, and Melatonin
    Matteo De Simone, Rosario De Feo, Anis Choucha, Elena Ciaglia, Francis Fezeu
    Medical Sciences.2023; 12(1): 2.     CrossRef
Correspondence
Saving Our Healthcare Workers Again During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Philippines
Youngrong Lee, Sun Jae Jung
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(5):382-383.   Published online September 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.483
  • 2,948 View
  • 103 Download
AbstractSummary PDF
Summary
Korean summary
코로나 19 판데믹에 관련하여 세계 곳곳에서 의료진의 번아웃 및 정신건강에의 문제가 제기되고 있다. 필리핀 의료진의 노력 및 실태를 다룬 앞선 논문에 대하여, 의료진에 대한 적절한 보상 및 정신건강에의 모니터링의 중요성을 다시금 깨닫게 된다.
Special Article
Introduction to Mediation Analysis and Examples of Its Application to Real-world Data
Sun Jae Jung
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(3):166-172.   Published online May 7, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.069
  • 8,151 View
  • 392 Download
  • 13 Web of Science
  • 16 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Traditional epidemiological assessments, which mainly focused on evaluating the statistical association between two major components-the exposure and outcome-have recently evolved to ascertain the in-between process, which can explain the underlying causal pathway. Mediation analysis has emerged as a compelling method to disentangle the complex nature of these pathways. The statistical method of mediation analysis has evolved from simple regression analysis to causal mediation analysis, and each amendment refined the underlying mathematical theory and required assumptions. This short guide will introduce the basic statistical framework and assumptions of both traditional and modern mediation analyses, providing examples conducted with real-world data.
Summary
Korean summary
본 리뷰에서는 전통적으로 쓰여왔던 회귀분석 기반 매개요인분석방법과 인과적 매개요인분석방법에 대하여 간략히 소개하며, 또한 예시를 들어 설명하고 있다. 매개요인 분석 전에는 필요한 가정들이 맞는 지를 확인하는 것이 중요하다. 또한 분석결과를 올바르게 해석하는 것 또한 요구된다. 이러한 방법은 그동안의 노출-결과만을 다루는 단순 역학연구을 뛰어넘어, 인구집단연구에서 매커니즘을 밝히는 도구로서 유용하게 쓰일 것이다.

Citations

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  • Residential greenspace and blood lipids in an essential hypertension population: Mediation through PM2.5 and chemical constituents
    Ruoyi Lei, Ling Zhang, Xin Liu, Ce Liu, Ya Xiao, Baode Xue, Zengwu Wang, Jihong Hu, Zhoupeng Ren, Bin Luo
    Environmental Research.2024; 240: 117418.     CrossRef
  • The mediation roles of intermuscular fat and inflammation in muscle mitochondrial associations with cognition and mobility
    Qu Tian, Philip R. Lee, Qi Yang, Anne Z. Moore, Bennett A. Landman, Susan M. Resnick, Luigi Ferrucci
    Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle.2024; 15(1): 138.     CrossRef
  • Mediators of the Association Between Socioeconomic Status and Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Systematic Review
    Nicholas Grubic, Braeden Hill, Katherine S. Allan, Katerina Maximova, Hailey R. Banack, Marina del Rios, Amer M. Johri
    Canadian Journal of Cardiology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Airway inflammation accelerates pulmonary exacerbations in cystic fibrosis
    Theodore G. Liou, Natalia Argel, Fadi Asfour, Perry S. Brown, Barbara A. Chatfield, David R. Cox, Cori L. Daines, Dixie Durham, Jessica A. Francis, Barbara Glover, My Helms, Theresa Heynekamp, John R. Hoidal, Judy L. Jensen, Christiana Kartsonaki, Ruth Ke
    iScience.2024; 27(3): 108835.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Improved Serum Fatty Acid Profiles and Cognitive Function During a Dietary Intervention Trial in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
    Solange M. Saxby, Carlyn Haas, Farnoosh Shemirani, Tyler J. Titcomb, Patrick Ten Eyck, Linda M. Rubenstein, Karin F. Hoth, Linda G. Snetselaar, Terry L. Wahls
    International Journal of MS Care.2024; 26(2): 61.     CrossRef
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    Stephanie Guzman, Robert D. Melara
    Journal of American College Health.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Mixed heavy metals exposure affects the renal function mediated by 8-OHG: A cross-sectional study in rural residents of China
    Xiaoyu Tian, Xiaobing Shan, Li Ma, Chenyang Zhang, Mei Wang, Jie Zheng, Ruoyi Lei, Li He, Jun Yan, Xun Li, Yanjun Bai, Keqin Hu, Sheng Li, Jingping Niu, Bin Luo
    Environmental Pollution.2023; 317: 120727.     CrossRef
  • Association between the overall burden of comorbidity and Ct values among the older patients with Omicron infection: Mediated by inflammation
    Meixia Wang, Hongfei Mi, Na Li, Qingfeng Shi, Wei Sun, Tingjuan He, Jiabing Lin, Wenting Jin, Xiaodong Gao, Bijie Hu, Chenghao Su, Jue Pan
    Frontiers in Immunology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Preferences of Young Polish Renters: Findings from the Mediation Analysis
    Janusz Sobieraj, Marek Bryx, Dominik Metelski
    Buildings.2023; 13(4): 920.     CrossRef
  • Association of serum homocysteine, folate, and vitamin B12 and mood following the Swank and Wahls elimination dietary interventions in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: Secondary analysis of the WAVES trial
    Farnoosh Shemirani, Tyler J. Titcomb, Solange M. Saxby, Patrick Ten Eyck, Linda M. Rubenstein, Karin F. Hoth, Linda G. Snetselaar, Terry L. Wahls
    Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders.2023; 75: 104743.     CrossRef
  • Mediation Analysis of Maternal Smoking, Gestational Age, and Birth Weight on the Texas–Mexico Border
    Chinodebem Ogbutor, Stephanie M. Mishaw, Zuber D. Mulla
    Southern Medical Journal.2023; 116(6): 478.     CrossRef
  • Individual exposure of ambient particulate matters and eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal Polyps: Dose-Response, mediation effects and recurrence prediction
    Jiajia Wang, Shen Shen, Bing Yan, Yunsheng He, Guoji Zhang, Chunguang Shan, Qintai Yang, Long Qin, Zhijian Duan, Luyun Jiang, Xin Wang, Xin Wei, Chengshuo Wang, Rui Chen, Luo Zhang
    Environment International.2023; 177: 108031.     CrossRef
  • The association between lead exposure and crime: A systematic review
    Maria Jose Talayero, C. Rebecca Robbins, Emily R. Smith, Carlos Santos-Burgoa, Naveen Puttaswamy
    PLOS Global Public Health.2023; 3(8): e0002177.     CrossRef
  • Mediation analysis of mental health characteristics linking social needs to life satisfaction among immigrants
    David Adzrago, Faustine Williams
    SSM - Population Health.2023; 24: 101522.     CrossRef
  • Maternal anemia and baby birth size mediate the association between short birth interval and under-five undernutrition in Ethiopia: a generalized structural equation modeling approach
    Desalegn Markos Shifti, Catherine Chojenta, Elizabeth G. Holliday, Deborah Loxton
    BMC Pediatrics.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association of Elevated Maternal Psychological Distress, Altered Fetal Brain, and Offspring Cognitive and Social-Emotional Outcomes at 18 Months
    Yao Wu, Kristina M. Espinosa, Scott D. Barnett, Anushree Kapse, Jessica Lynn Quistorff, Catherine Lopez, Nickie Andescavage, Subechhya Pradhan, Yuan-Chiao Lu, Kushal Kapse, Diedtra Henderson, Gilbert Vezina, David Wessel, Adré J. du Plessis, Catherine Lim
    JAMA Network Open.2022; 5(4): e229244.     CrossRef
COVID-19: Original Article
Associations Between General Perceptions of COVID-19 and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Korean Hospital Workers: Effect Modification by Previous Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Experience and Occupational Type
Youngrong Lee, Kwanghyun Kim, Sungjin Park, Sun Jae Jung
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(2):86-95.   Published online January 19, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.540
  • 4,878 View
  • 204 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study investigated associations between perceptions of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in workers at hospitals designated to treat COVID-19, as well as the difference in the magnitude of these associations by occupational type and previous Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) experience.
Methods
The participants were workers at hospitals designated to treat COVID-19 who completed a questionnaire about their perceptions related to COVID-19, work experience during the previous MERS-CoV outbreak, and symptoms of PTSD ascertained by the PTSD Checklist for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Participants’ characteristics were compared using the chi-square test. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to evaluate the associations between perceptions and the prevalence of PTSD, stratified by occupational type and previous MERS-CoV experience.
Results
Non-medical personnel showed stronger associations with PTSD than medical personnel according to general fear (odds ratio [OR], 6.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.92 to 23.20), shortages of supplies (OR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.56), and issue-specific fear (OR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.05 to 1.59). Those with prior MERS-CoV quarantine experience were more prone to PTSD than those without such experience in terms of general fear (OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.22 to 2.37), shortages of supplies (OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.10 to 1.40), and issue-specific fear (OR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.06 to 1.38).
Conclusions
During the COVID-19 pandemic, non-medical personnel tended to have higher odds of being categorized as having PTSD. Workers with prior MERS-CoV experience were more susceptible than those without such experience. These findings suggest the need for timely interventions to manage human resources for a sustainable quarantine system.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 COVID-19관련 인식과 COVID-19 안심 병원 근로자들의 외상 후 스트레스 장애 (PTSD) 유병률 사이의 연관성에서 직업 유형과 이전 중동 호흡기 증후군 (MERS-CoV) 방역 경험 여부로 인한 연관성의 크기 차이를 조사하였다. 비의료인이 의료인보다 PTSD유병에 더 강한 연관성을 보였고, 이전 메르스 방역 경험이 있는 근로자들이 COVID-19에 대한 "일반적 공포", "물품 부족 공포" 및 "특정 문제에 따른 공포"로 구분한 인식의 크기가 클 수록 방역 경험이 없는 근로자들보다 PTSD유병과의 관련성이 더 컸다. 결론적으로 COVID-19 대유행 기간 중 비의료 인력은 PTSD유병 확률이 더 높은 경향이 있었다. 이전 MERS-CoV 경험이 있는 근로자는 그러한 경험이 없는 근로자보다 더 취약했다.

Citations

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  • Association between social networks and symptoms of post-traumatic stress during the pandemic: Cohort study in South Korea
    Ji Su Yang, Yu Jin Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Chul-Hyun Cho, Alexander C. Tsai, Sun Jae Jung
    Comprehensive Psychiatry.2023; 127: 152432.     CrossRef
  • Development and Validation of COVID-19 Stress Scale (CSS) in an Iranian Non-clinical Population
    Roghieh Nooripour, Nikzad Ghanbari, Laurel E. Radwin, Simin Hosseinian, Peyman Hassani-Abharian, Mohsen Hosseinbor, Keyvan Kakabraee, Mojtaba Amiri Majd, Serge Brand, Esmaeil Soleimani, Hossein Ilanloo
    Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Original Articles
Comparison of Computed Tomography-based Abdominal Adiposity Indexes as Predictors of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Among Middle-aged Korean Men and Women
Jongmin Baek, Sun Jae Jung, Jee-Seon Shim, Yong Woo Jeon, Eunsun Seo, Hyeon Chang Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(4):256-265.   Published online June 18, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.140
  • 4,773 View
  • 163 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
We compared the associations of 3 computed tomography (CT)-based abdominal adiposity indexes with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among middle-aged Korean men and women.
Methods
The participants were 1366 men and 2480 women community-dwellers aged 30-64 years. Three abdominal adiposity indexes—visceral fat area (VFA), subcutaneous fat area (SFA), and visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio (VSR)—were calculated from abdominal CT scans. NAFLD was determined by calculating the Liver Fat Score from comorbidities and blood tests. An NAFLD prediction model that included waist circumference (WC) as a measure of abdominal adiposity was designated as the base model, to which VFA, SFA, and VSR were added in turn. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), and net reclassification improvement (NRI) were calculated to quantify the additional predictive value of VFA, SFA, and VSR relative to WC.
Results
VFA and VSR were positively associated with NAFLD in both genders. SFA was not significantly associated with NAFLD in men, but it was negatively associated in women. When VFA, SFA, and VSR were added to the WC-based NAFLD prediction model, the AUC improved by 0.013 (p<0.001), 0.001 (p=0.434), and 0.009 (p=0.007) in men and by 0.044 (p<0.001), 0.017 (p<0.001), and 0.046 (p<0.001) in women, respectively. The IDI and NRI were increased the most by VFA in men and VSR in women.
Conclusions
Using CT-based abdominal adiposity indexes in addition to WC may improve the detection of NAFLD. The best predictive indicators were VFA in men and VSR in women.
Summary

Citations

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  • Relationship between Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Visceral Fat Measured by Imaging-Based Body Composition Analysis: A Systematic Review
    Ker Ming Seaw, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry, Xinyan Bi
    Livers.2023; 3(3): 463.     CrossRef
  • Stratifying the risk of ovarian cancer incidence by histologic subtypes in the Korean Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Study (Ko‐EVE)
    Soseul Sung, Youjin Hong, Byoung‐Gie Kim, Ji‐Yeob Choi, Jae Weon Kim, Sang‐Yoon Park, Jae‐Hoon Kim, Yong‐man Kim, Jong‐Min Lee, Tae Jin Kim, Sue K. Park
    Cancer Medicine.2023; 12(7): 8742.     CrossRef
  • Correlation between CT Abdominal Anthropometric Measurements and Liver Density in Individuals with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
    Dragoș Constantin Cucoranu, Marian Pop, Raluca Niculescu, Vlad Vunvulea, Irina-Bianca Kosovski, Radu-Ovidiu Togănel, Eliza Russu, Adrian Vasile Mureșan, Răzvan-Andrei Licu, Anca Bacârea
    Medicina.2023; 59(3): 500.     CrossRef
Perceived Discrimination, Depression, and the Role of Perceived Social Support as an Effect Modifier in Korean Young Adults
Kwanghyun Kim, Sun Jae Jung, So Mi Jemma Cho, Ji Hye Park, Hyeon Chang Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(6):366-376.   Published online October 24, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.114
  • 6,529 View
  • 175 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The relationships among discrimination, social support, and mental health have mostly been studied in minorities, and relevant studies in the general population are lacking. We aimed to investigate associations between discrimination and depressive symptoms in Korean non-minority young adults, considering the role of social support.
Methods
In total, 372 participants who completed the psychological examinations conducted in the third wave of the Jangseong High School Cohort study were included. We used the Everyday Discrimination Scale to evaluate perceived discrimination and the Beck Depression Inventory-II to measure depressive symptoms. Social support was measured by the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Multivariate linear regression was conducted to investigate associations between discrimination and depression, along with the effect modification of social support. We stratified the population by gender to investigate gender differences.
Results
Perceived discrimination was significantly associated with depressive symptoms (β=0.736, p<0.001), and social support was negatively associated with depression (β=-0.245, p<0.001). In men, support from friends was the most influential factor (β=-0.631, p=0.011), but no significant effect modification was found. In women, support from family was the most influential factor (β=-0.440, p=0.010), and women with higher familial support showed a significantly diminished association between discrimination and depression, unlike those with lower family support.
Conclusions
Discrimination perceived by individuals can lead to depressive symptoms in Korean young adults, and this relationship can may differ by gender and social support status.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구에서는 한국인에서 차별이 우울 증상에 미치는 영향을 평가하고 사회적 지지가 차별의 건강영향을 조절하는지 확인하고자 하였다. 인지된 차별은 우울 증상과 양의 상관관계를 보였으며, 높은 사회적 지지는 차별의 부정적 건강 영향을 경감시키는 효과를 보였다. 남성에서는 친구로부터의 사회적 지지가 가장 강한 영향력을 나타냈으며, 여성에서는 가족으로부터의 사회적 지지가 가장 강한 효과를 보였다.

Citations

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  • The relationship between stressful childhood environments and depression for Chinese adolescents: a serial mediation model through perceived discrimination and belief in a just world
    Ningning Feng, Zhaoyang Xie, Yuqi Li, Can Yang, Lijuan Cui
    Current Psychology.2024; 43(7): 6271.     CrossRef
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    Xiaoling Liu, Huijun Li, Siyuan Zeng, Xiaofeng Luo
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    Ç. Gök, U Yücel, YÇ Okuyan, ZB Akmeşe
    Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice.2023; 26(11): 1667.     CrossRef
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    Sigal Levy, Ronit Avitsur
    Psychological Studies.2022; 67(4): 524.     CrossRef
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    Ting Lu, Zihan Guo, Hao Li, Xinyu Zhang, Zhihong Ren, Weiping Yang, Liuqing Wei, Ling Huang
    Frontiers in Psychology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    T.G. Vargas, V.A. Mittal
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  • Physical Fitness and Somatic Characteristics of the Only Child
    Luis P. Rodrigues, Ricardo Franco Lima, Ana Filipa Silva, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Miguel Camões, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
    Frontiers in Pediatrics.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
Association of Selected Medical Conditions With Breast Cancer Risk in Korea
Sun Jae Jung, Minkyo Song, Ji-Yeob Choi, Nan Song, Sue Kyung Park, Keun-Young Yoo, Daehee Kang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2013;46(6):346-352.   Published online November 28, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.6.346
  • 9,856 View
  • 94 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To estimate the effect of medical conditions in the population of Korea on breast cancer risk in a case-control study.

Methods

The cases were 3242 women with incident, histologically confirmed breast cancer in two major hospitals interviewed between 2001 and 2007. The controls were 1818 women each admitted to either of those two hospitals for a variety of non-neoplastic conditions. Information on each disease was obtained from a standardized questionnaire by trained personnel. Odds ratios (ORs) for each disease were derived from multiple logistic regression adjusted for age, age of menarche, pregnancy, age of first pregnancy, and family history of breast cancer.

Results

Among all of the incident breast cancer patients, pre-existing diabetes (OR, 1.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.99 to 1.78), hypertension (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.18 to 1.83), thyroid diseases (OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.58), and ovarian diseases (OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.23 to 2.35) were associated with an increased risk of breast cancer when other factors were adjusted for. In a stratified analysis by menopausal status, pre-existing hypertension (pre-menopause OR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.48 to 1.34 vs. post-menopause OR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.44 to 2.43; p-heterogeneity <0.01) and ovarian disease (pre-menopause OR, 4.20; 95% CI, 1.91 to 9.24 vs. post-menopause OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.91; p-heterogeneity 0.01) showed significantly different risks of breast cancer.

Conclusions

Our results suggest the possibility that medical conditions such as hypertension affect breast cancer development, and that this can differ by menopausal status. Our study also indicates a possible correlation between ovarian diseases and breast cancer risk.

Summary

Citations

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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health