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Volume 43(2); March 2010
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Reviews
National Level Response to Pandemic (H1N1) 2009.
Dong Han Lee, Sang Sook Shin, Byung Yool Jun, Jong Koo Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):99-104.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.99
  • 5,978 View
  • 123 Download
  • 29 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The World Health Organization (WHO) announced the emergence of a novel influenza on April 24, 2009, and they declared pandemic on June 11. In Korea, the proportion of influenza-like illness and the consumption of antiviral agents peaked in early November. The government established the Central Headquarters for Influenza Control and operated the emergency response system. In the quarantine stations, we checked the body temperature and collected quarantine questionnaires from all the arrivals from infected countries. We also isolated the confirmed cases in the national isolation hospitals. However, as the community outbreaks were reported, we changed strategy from containment to mitigation. We changed the antiviral agent prescription guideline so that doctors could prescribe antiviral agents to all patients with acute febrile respiratory illness, without a laboratory diagnosis. Also the 470 designated hospitals were activated to enhance the efficacy of treatment. We vaccinated about 12 million people and manage the adverse event following the immunization management system. In 2010, we will establish additional national isolation wards and support hospitals to establish fever clinics and isolation intensive care unit (ICU) beds. We will also make a computer program for managing the national isolation hospitals and designated hospitals. We will establish isolation rooms and expand the laboratory in quarantine stations and we will construct a bio-safety level 3 laboratory in each province. In addition, we plan to construct a bio-safety level 4 laboratory at a new Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) facilities in Ossong.
Summary

Citations

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    Health Economics.2023; 32(2): 324.     CrossRef
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    Yonsei Medical Journal.2021; 62(9): 777.     CrossRef
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    Ju Young Park, Jiyeon Ha
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2021; 51(5): 537.     CrossRef
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    Korean Journal of Healthcare-Associated Infection Control and Prevention.2021; 26(2): 57.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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  • Antiviral therapy in seasonal influenza and 2009 H1N1 pandemic influenza: Korean experiences and perspectives
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    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(2): 101.     CrossRef
  • Related Factors of Handwashing with Soap and its Practices by Students in South Korea
    Nam Young Yang, Moo-Sik Lee, Hae-Jung Hwang, Jee-Young Hong, Byung-Hee Kim, Hyun-Soo Kim, Su-Jin Hong, Eun-Young Kim, Young-Teak Kim, Yun-Jin Park
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    Hyeon-Jong Yang
    Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease.2014; 2(3): 157.     CrossRef
  • Responsiveness of Public Health Center and Its Related Factors against H1N1 Epidemic
    Jung Lang Jang, Keon Yeop Kim, Nam Soo Hong, Sin Kam, Won Kee Lee, Yu Mi Lee
    Health Policy and Management.2013; 23(1): 52.     CrossRef
  • Steroid Effect for Persistent Cough Developed after 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Infection: 5 Cases
    Seung-Joon Lee, Jun Yeon Won
    Korean Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.2013; 56(7): 452.     CrossRef
  • Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Vaccination Responses in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients
    Ji Hun Kim, Han Na Choi, Si Hye Kim, Hwajeong Lee, Sung-Hoon Park, Seong-Kyu Kim, Jung-Yoon Choe, Hyun-Hee Kwon, Hee-Jin Cheong
    Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.2013; 20(2): 87.     CrossRef
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  • Comparison of Clinical Manifestation and Laboratory Findings between H1N1 and Influenza B Infection
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    Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease.2012; 22(1): 64.     CrossRef
  • Characteristics of Outpatients with Pandemic H1N1/09 Influenza in a Tertiary Care University Hospital in Korea
    Kyung Sun Park, Tae Sung Park, Jin Tae Suh, You Sun Nam, Mi Suk Lee, Hee Joo Lee
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2012; 53(1): 213.     CrossRef
  • Characteristics of Hospitalized Children with 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1): A Multicenter Study in Korea
    Jeong Hee Ko, Ji Hye Kim, Jin Han Kang, Jong-Hyun Kim, Byung Wook Eun, Kyung Hyo Kim, Jung Youn Hong, Sung Hee Oh
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2012; 27(4): 408.     CrossRef
  • Usefulness of Influenza Rapid Antigen Test in Influenza A (H1N1)
    Byung-Kee Lee, Jung-Ki Ju, Bong-Seok Choi, Sang-Gun Jung, Jin-A Jung, Hyun-Jin Yun
    Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease.2012; 22(1): 71.     CrossRef
  • The Association of Lymphopenia with the Clinical Severity in the Korean Children Admitted to the Hospital with Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Infection
    Jin-Kyong Chun, Byung Ho Cha, Young Uh, Hyo Youl Kim, Young Keun Kim, Woocheol Kwon, Hwang Min Kim
    Infection and Chemotherapy.2011; 43(1): 36.     CrossRef
  • Pandemic Influenza (H1N1 2009) among Pregnant Korean Women
    Baek-Nam Kim, Yee Gyung Kwak, Chi-Sook Moon, Yeon-Sook Kim, Eu Suk Kim, Kkot Sil Lee, Chang-Seop Lee, Ji-An Hur
    Infection & Chemotherapy.2011; 43(1): 55.     CrossRef
  • Status of and Factors Influencing Vaccination against the Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Virus among University Students from the Fields of Nursing and Allied Health
    Og Son Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2011; 41(3): 403.     CrossRef
  • 2009 H1N1 influenza infection in Korean healthcare personnel
    J. S. Yeom, J.-H. Lee, I.-G. Bae, W.-S. Oh, C.-S. Moon, K.-H. Park, J.-H. Lee, E.-S. Kim, Y. G. Kwak, C.-S. Lee
    European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases.2011; 30(10): 1201.     CrossRef
  • Effect of the H1N1 Influenza Pandemic on the Incidence of Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis and on Hygiene Behavior: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Hyun Su Kim, Ho Chun Choi, Belong Cho, Joon Yong Lee, Min Jeong Kwon, Abdisalan Mohamed Noor
    PLoS ONE.2011; 6(8): e23444.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Dialysis Modality on the Incidence of 2009 Pandemic H1N1 Influenza in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients
    Jang-Hee Cho, Jun-Young Do, Sung-Ho Kim, Jong-Yeon Kim, Jung-Ju Seo, Ji-Young Choi, Sun-Hee Park, Chan-Duck Kim, Sun-Young Jung, Kyu-Hyang Cho, Jong-Won Park, Duk-Hyun Lee, Kyung Eun Song, Yong-Lim Kim
    Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis.2011; 31(3): 347.     CrossRef
  • Trend in Age Distribution of Visitors to Flu-Clinics during the Pandemic Influenza (H1N1 2009)
    Baek-Nam Kim, Yee Gyung Kwak, Chi-Sook Moon, Yeon-Sook Kim, Eu Suk Kim, In-Gyu Bae, Joon-Sup Yeom, Chang-Seop Lee, Ji-An Hur
    Infection and Chemotherapy.2009; 42(2): 90.     CrossRef
The Evaluation of Policies on 2009 Influenza Pandemic in Korea.
Won Suk Choi, Woo Joo Kim, Hee Jin Cheong
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):105-108.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.105
  • 5,231 View
  • 91 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To evaluate the policies on 2009 influenza pandemic in Korea at the end of first wave. METHODS: The main policies and the estimation of these were described according to the progress of 2009 influenza pandemic. RESULTS: The public health measures for containment were estimated to be successful in the early stage. The preparedness of antiviral agents and vaccines before the pandemic, risk-communication on pandemic influenza and policies of government including vaccines, and the education of health care worker and support of health care institutions was not enough to respond to the pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: The additional evaluation should be performed at the end of the pandemic in various aspects including health and socioeconomic effects.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Woojin Kim, Tae Yong Jung, Susann Roth, Woochong Um, Changsoo Kim
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2021; 62(9): 777.     CrossRef
  • Acts and Public Notices on Healthcare-associated Infection Control & Prevention in the Republic of Korea
    Mijin Lee, Sumin Kim, Su Ha Han, Young Hwa Choi
    Korean Journal of Healthcare-Associated Infection Control and Prevention.2021; 26(2): 57.     CrossRef
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    Applied Mathematics and Computation.2016; 286: 232.     CrossRef
  • Antiviral therapy in seasonal influenza and 2009 H1N1 pandemic influenza: Korean experiences and perspectives
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    Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy.2015; 13(11): 1361.     CrossRef
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  • Responsiveness of Public Health Center and Its Related Factors against H1N1 Epidemic
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    Health Policy and Management.2013; 23(1): 52.     CrossRef
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    Jun Kil Choi, Sang Won Lee, Bo Youl Choi
    Epidemiology and Health.2012; 34: e2012009.     CrossRef
  • The Association of Lymphopenia with the Clinical Severity in the Korean Children Admitted to the Hospital with Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Infection
    Jin-Kyong Chun, Byung Ho Cha, Young Uh, Hyo Youl Kim, Young Keun Kim, Woocheol Kwon, Hwang Min Kim
    Infection and Chemotherapy.2011; 43(1): 36.     CrossRef
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Original Article
Mathematical Modeling of the Novel Influenza A (H1N1) Virus and Evaluation of the Epidemic Response Strategies in the Republic of Korea.
Mina Suh, Jeehyun Lee, Hye Jin Chi, Young Keun Kim, Dae Yong Kang, Nam Wook Hur, Kyung Hwa Ha, Dong Han Lee, Chang Soo Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):109-116.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.109
  • 15,697 View
  • 224 Download
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The pandemic of novel influenza A (H1N1) virus has required decision-makers to act in the face of the substantial uncertainties. In this study, we evaluated the potential impact of the pandemic response strategies in the Republic of Korea using a mathematical model. METHODS: We developed a deterministic model of a pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in a structured population using the demographic data from the Korean population and the epidemiological feature of the pandemic (H1N1) 2009. To estimate the parameter values for the deterministic model, we used the available data from the previous studies on pandemic influenza. The pandemic response strategies of the Republic of Korea for novel influenza A (H1N1) virus such as school closure, mass vaccination (70% of population in 30 days), and a policy for anti-viral drug (treatment or prophylaxis) were applied to the deterministic model. RESULTS: The effect of two-week school closure on the attack rate was low regardless of the timing of the intervention. The earlier vaccination showed the effect of greater delays in reaching the peak of outbreaks. When it was no vaccination, vaccination at initiation of outbreak, vaccination 90 days after the initiation of outbreak and vaccination at the epidemic peak point, the total number of clinical cases for 400 days were 20.8 million, 4.4 million, 4.7 million and 12.6 million, respectively. The pandemic response strategies of the Republic of Korea delayed the peak of outbreaks (about 40 days) and decreased the number of cumulative clinical cases (8 million). CONCLUSIONS: Rapid vaccination was the most important factor to control the spread of pandemic influenza, and the response strategies of the Republic of Korea were shown to delay the spread of pandemic influenza in this deterministic model.
Summary

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    Journal of Theoretical Biology.2017; 412: 74.     CrossRef
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    Hojeong Park
    Economic Modelling.2016; 53: 187.     CrossRef
  • Stochastic methods for epidemic models: An application to the 2009 H1N1 influenza outbreak in Korea
    Hyojung Lee, Sunmi Lee, Chang Hyeong Lee
    Applied Mathematics and Computation.2016; 286: 232.     CrossRef
  • Schools’ Response to MERS(MERS-CoV) Outbreak: Schools’ Discretionary Response in Absence of Control Tower
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Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'ts
Participation Determinants in the DRG Payment System of Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics in South Korea.
Jung Kook Song, Chang yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):117-124.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.117
  • 5,117 View
  • 62 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) payment system, which has been implemented in Korea since 1997, is based on voluntary participation. Hence, the positive impact of this system depends on the participation of physicians. This study examined the factors determining participation of Korean obstetrics & gynecology (OBGYN) clinics in the DRG-based payment system. METHODS: The demographic information, practice-related variables of OBGYN clinics and participation information in the DRG-based payment system were acquired from the nationwide data from 2002 to 2007 produced by the National Health Insurance Corporation and the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service. The subjects were 336 OBGYN clinics consisting of 43 DRG clinics that had maintained their participation in 2003-2007 and 293 no-DRG (fee-for-service) clinics that had never been a DRG clinic during the same period. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to determine the factors associated with the participation of OBGYN clinics in the DRG-based payment system. RESULTS: The factors affecting participation of OBGYN clinics in the DRG-based payment system were as follows (p<0.05): (1) a larger number of caesarian section (c/sec) claims, (2) higher cost of a c/sec, (3) less variation in the price of a c/sec, (4) fewer days of admission for a c/sec, and (5) younger pregnant women undergoing a c/sec. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that OBGYN clinics with an economic practice pattern under a fee-for-service system are more likely to participate in the DRG-based payment system. Therefore, to ensure adequate participation of physicians, a payment system with a stronger financial incentive might be more suitable in Korea.
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Citations

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  • Polypharmacy, hospitalization, and mortality risk: a nationwide cohort study
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The Distribution of Intraocular Pressure and Its Association With Metabolic Syndrome in a Community.
Sang shin Park, Eun Hee Lee, Ganchimeg Jargal, Domyung Paek, Sung Il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):125-130.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.125
  • 5,434 View
  • 120 Download
  • 33 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The current study was performed to assess the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) and its association with metabolic syndrome (MS) in a community. METHODS: We measured IOP and MS components from 446 adults, age 20 or more years old, who reside in a community in Kyunggi Province, South Korea. We compared the level of IOP according to the number of metabolic abnormalities and between normal and abnormal metabolic components. Linear regression analyses were used to determine the relationship between IOP and metabolic components. RESULTS: No significant difference in IOP (mean +/- SE) was found between men (12.24 +/- 2.42) and women (12.55 +/- 2.41 mmHg, p > 0.1), while IOP of men tended to decrease as age increased (p for trend < 0.01). After adjusting for age, IOP of subjects with abdominal obesity in men and high blood pressure in women were significantly higher than those without abdominal obesity or high blood pressure (p < 0.05). Female subjects with MS showed significantly higher IOP than those without MS. Participants with more metabolic disturbances tended to have a greater IOP elevation with a linear trend after adjusting for age and sex. In the univariate regression analysis, age and waist circumference were significantly associated with IOP in men, but systolic and diastolic blood pressure were associated with IOP in women. In final multiple regression model, age, systolic blood pressure, and triglyceride were associated with IOP in women, and age in men. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that MS and its components may be important determinants of elevated IOP.
Summary

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Original Articles
Acute Testis Toxicity of Bisphenol A Diglycidyl Ether in Sprague-Dawley Rats.
Yun Jung Yang, Shin Young Lee, Kyung Yong Kim, Yeon Pyo Hong
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):131-137.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.131
  • 5,771 View
  • 117 Download
  • 22 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) is a liquid compound obtained by condensation of two molecules of epichlorohydrin with one molecule of bisphenol A. General and reproductive toxicity with BADGE has been reported higher than 1000 mg/kg/day. This study was performed to show the effects of acute exposure to BADGE below 1000 mg/kg/day on the testis in adult male rats. METHODS: BADGE was administered by gastric lavage in a single dose of 500, 750, 1000, and 2000 mg/kg/day in 8-week old male SPF Sprague-Dawley rats. The right testis was processed for light microscopic analysis. The left testis was homogenized and spermatids were counted to determine the daily sperm production and daily abnormal sperm production. The sperm count, sperm motility, and incidence of abnormal sperm were estimated in the epididymis. In testicular sections, the seminiferous tubules were observed for qualitative changes. The progression of spermatogenesis was arbitrarily classified as full-matured, maturing, and immature. The specimen slide was observed at 3 points and 10 seminiferous tubules were evaluated at each point. RESULTS: The male rats exposed to single oral dose of BADGE at 750, 1000, and 2000 mg/kg/day were significantly increased the number of immature and maturing sperm on the testis. There were no significant differences with respect to sperm head count, sperm motility, and sperm abnormality in the BADGE treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that single oral exposure of BADGE 750 mg/kg/day can affect adult male testis development.
Summary

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Analysis for the Impact of Adulthood and Childhood Socioeconomic Positions and Intergenerational Social Mobility on Adulthood Health.
Jae Hee Seo, Ho Kim, Young Jeon Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):138-150.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.138
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
There are at least three conceptual models for the effects of the childhood social environment on adult health: the critical period model, the social mobility model, and the cumulative risk model. However, few studies have investigated all three different models within the same setting. This study aims to examine the impact of childhood and adulthood socioeconomic positions and intergenerational social mobility over the life course on the health in adulthood based both on the critical period model and the social mobility model. METHODS: This study was conducted on 9583 adults aged between 25 and 64 years old and they were the respondents to the Korea Welfare Panel Study (2006). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out, using the critical period model and the social mobility model out of the life course approaches, to look into the impact of childhood and adulthood socioeconomic positions and intergenerational social mobility on the health status in adulthood. RESULTS: Household income and occupation out of the adulthood socioeconomic position indicators had an independent influence on the adulthood health status. The childhood socioeconomic position indicators, except for the place of childhood residence, affected the adulthood health status even after adjustment for the adulthood socioeconomic position. The effect of intergenerational social mobility was also statistically significant even after adjusting for the adulthood socioeconomic position, but it became insignificant when the childhood socioeconomic position was additionally adjusted for. CONCLUSIONS: Adulthood health is indeed affected by both the childhood and adulthood socioeconomic positions as well as intergenerational social mobility. This result shows that a life course approach needs to be adopted when dealing with health issues.
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Multicenter Study
Cigarette Smoking and Mortality in the Korean Multi-center Cancer Cohort (KMCC) Study.
Eun Ha Lee, Sue K Park, Kwang Pil Ko, In Seong Cho, Soung Hoon Chang, Hai Rim Shin, Daehee Kang, Keun Young Yoo
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):151-158.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.151
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  • 185 Download
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between cigarette smoking and total mortality, cancer mortality and other disease mortalities in Korean adults. METHODS: A total of 14 161 subjects of the Korean Multi-center Cancer Cohort who were over 40 years of age and who were cancer-free at baseline enrollment reported their lifestyle factors, including the smoking status. The median follow-up time was 6.6 years. During the follow-up period from 1993 to 2005, we identified 1159 cases of mortality, including 260 cancer mortality cases with a total of 91 987 person-years, by the national death certificate. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) of cigarette smoking for total mortality, cancer mortality and disease-specific mortality, as adjusted for age, gender, the geographic area and year of enrollment, the alcohol consumption status, the education level and the body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: Cigarette smoking was significantly associated with an increased risk of total mortality, all-cancer mortality and lung cancer mortality (p-trend, <0.01, <0.01, <0.01, respectively). Compared to non-smoking, current smokers were at a higher risk for mortality [HR (95% CI)=1.3 (1.1-1.5) for total mortality; HR (95% CI)=1.6 (1.1-2.2) for all-cancer mortality; HR (95% CI)=3.9 (1.9-7.7) for lung cancer mortality]. CONCLUSIONS: This study's results suggest that cigarette smoking might be associated with total mortality, all-cancer mortality and especially lung cancer mortality among Korean adults.
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    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2012; 45(1): 14.     CrossRef
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    Dong-Seok Kim, Ji-Won Park, Soo-Won Kang
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2011; 12(7): 3138.     CrossRef
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    Jeong-Min Kim, Young-Su Ju, Yeol Kim, Hong-Gwan Seo
    Journal of the Korean Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.2011; 2(1): 30.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Reliability of Covariates in Baseline Survey of a Cohort Study: Epidemiological Investigation on Cancer Risk Among Residents Who Reside Near the Nuclear Power Plants in Korea.
Sanghyuk Bae, Bo Young Park, Zhong Min Li, Yoon Ok Ahn
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):159-165.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.159
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
We evaluated the reliability of the possible covariates of the baseline survey data collected for the Epidemiological Investigation on Cancer Risk Among Residents Who Reside Near the Nuclear Power Plants in Korea. METHODS: Follow-up surveys were conducted for 477 participants of the cohort at less than 1 year after the initial survey. The mean interval between the initial and follow-up surveys was 282.5 days. Possible covariates were identified by analyzing the correlations with the exposure variable and associations with the outcome variables for all the variables. Logistic regression analysis with stepwise selection was further conducted among the possible covariates to select variables that have covariance with other variables. We considered that these variables can be representing other variables. Seven variables for the males and 3 variables for the females, which had covariance with other possible covariates, were selected as representative variables. The Kappa index of each variable was calculated. RESULTS: For the males, the Kappa indexes were as follow; family history of cancer was 0.64, family history of liver diseases in parents and siblings was 0.56, family history of hypertension in parents and siblings was 0.51, family history of liver diseases was 0.50, family history of hypertension was 0.44, a history of chronic liver diseases was 0.53 and history of pulmonary tuberculosis was 0.36. For females, the Kappa indexes were as follow; family history of cancer was 0.58, family history of hypertension in parents and siblings was 0.56 and family history of hypertension was 0.47. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the possible covariates showed good to moderate agreement.
Summary

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  • Cancer Risk in Adult Residents near Nuclear Power Plants in Korea - A Cohort Study of 1992-2010
    Yoon-Ok Ahn, Zhong Min Li
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2012; 27(9): 999.     CrossRef
Acute Health Effects of the Hebei Oil Spill on the Residents of Taean, Korea.
Cheol Heon Lee, Young A Kang, Kyu Jin Chang, Chang Hoon Kim, Jong Il Hur, Jae Youn Kim, Jong Koo Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):166-173.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.166
  • 6,033 View
  • 170 Download
  • 28 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
On December 7, 2007, the Hebei Spirit oil tanker spilled out 12,547 kl of crude oil on the Yellow Sea 10 km away from the cost of Taean Province, Korea. As the coastline has been contaminated, local residents have been exposed to crude oil. Because the residents were showing many symptoms, we investigated the acute health effects of this oil spill on them. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study consisting of the heavy and moderately oil soaked area in Taean and the lightly oil soaked area in Seocheon. Ten seashore villages were selected from each area, and 10 male and female adults were selected from each village. We interviewed the subjects using a structured questionnaire on the characteristics of residents, the cleanup activities, the perception of oil hazard, depression and anxiety, and the physical symptoms. The odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The logistic regression model was adjusted for age, gender, education, smoking, the perception of oil hazard and anxiousness. RESULTS: The more highly contaminated the area, the more likely it was for residents to be engaged in cleanup activities and have a greater chance of exposure to oil. The indexes of anxiety and depression were higher in the heavy and moderately oil soaked areas. The increased risks of headache, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, tingling of limb, hot flushing, sore throat, cough, runny nose, shortness of breath, itchy skin, rash, and sore eyes were significant. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that exposure to crude oil is associated with various acute physical symptoms. Long-term investigation is required to monitor the residents' health.
Summary

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    Jeffrey S. Fedan, Janet A. Thompson, Tina M. Sager, Jenny R. Roberts, Pius Joseph, Kristine Krajnak, Hong Kan, Krishnan Sriram, Lisa M. Weatherly, Stacey E. Anderson
    Current Environmental Health Reports.2024; 11(1): 18.     CrossRef
  • Spatial Vision Inequalities: A Literature Review of the Impact of Place on Vision and Eye Health Outcomes
    Patrice M. Hicks, Kirsten Simmons, Paula Anne Newman-Casey, Maria A. Woodward, Angela R. Elam
    Translational Vision Science & Technology.2024; 13(1): 22.     CrossRef
  • Comprehensive insights into the impact of oil pollution on the environment
    Komal Sharma, Garishma Shah, Khushbu Singhal, Vineet Soni
    Regional Studies in Marine Science.2024; 74: 103516.     CrossRef
  • Haematological, renal, and hepatic function changes among Rayong oil spill clean-up workers: a longitudinal study
    Benjamin Atta Owusu, Apiradee Lim, Chanthip Intawong, Sunthorn Rheanpumikankit, Saijit Suksri, Thammasin Ingviya
    International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health.2022; 95(7): 1481.     CrossRef
  • Review of Epidemiological Research and Perspectives for Future Environmental Health Progress in Korea
    Kyoung-Mu Lee, Moon-Young Park
    Journal of Environmental Health Sciences.2022; 48(3): 138.     CrossRef
  • No News is Bad News: Mortality Effects of Inland Oil Spills Vary with News Coverage
    Muye Chen
    SSRN Electronic Journal .2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Analysis of the Discriminatory Perceptions of Victims on Damage from Environmental Pollution: A Case Study of the Hebei Spirit Oil Spill in South Korea
    Jae-Hyuck Lee, Do-Kyun Kim
    Land.2021; 10(10): 1089.     CrossRef
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    Ariane Lisann Rung, Evrim Oral, Elizabeth Fontham, Daniel J. Harrington, Edward J. Trapido, Edward S. Peters
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    Youngho Kim, Jaeseong Jeong, Nivedita Chatterjee, Un Hyuk Yim, Jung-Hwan Kwon, Myung-Sook Park, Jinhee Choi
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    Hye-Jeong Lee, Hyo-Jin Kim, Seung-Hoon Yoo
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    Mark A. D’Andrea, G. Kesava Reddy
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    Seung-Hyun Yoo, Seong-Yong Yoon, Kuck-Hyun Woo, Jin-Seok Kim, Seong-Yong Cho, Sung-Soo Lee, Hyun-Sul Lim, Yeon-Soon Ahn, Won-Ho Yang
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    Young-Hyun Choi, Jee-Young Hong, Moo-Sik Lee
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    Blanca Laffon, Eduardo Pásaro, Vanessa Valdiglesias
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Assessment of Applicability of Standardized Rates for Health State Comparison Among Areas: 2008 Community Health Survey.
Geun Yong Kwon, Do Sang Lim, Eun Ja Park, Ji Sun Jung, Ki Won Kang, Yun A Kim, Ho Kim, Sung Il Cho
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):174-184.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.174
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study shows the issues that should be considered when applying standardized rates using Community Health Survey(CHS) data. METHODS: We analyzed 2008 CHS data. In order to obtain the reliability of standardized rates, we calculated z-score and rank correlation coefficients between direct standardized rate and indirect standardized rate for 31 major indices. Especially, we assessed the change of correlations according to population composition (age and sex), and characteristics of the index. We used Mantel-Haenszel chi-square to quantify the difference of population composition. RESULTS: Among 31 major indices, 29 indices' z-score and rank correlation coefficients were over 0.9. However, regions with larger differences in population composition showed lower reliability. Low reliability was also observed for the indices specific to subgroups with small denominator such as 'permanent lesion from stroke', and the index with large regional variations in age-related differences such as 'obtaining health examinations'. CONCLUSIONS: Standardized rates may have low reliability, if comparison is made between areas with extremely large differences in population composition, or for indicies with large regional variations in age-related differences. Therefore, the special features of standardized rates should be considered when health state are compared among areas.
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  • Ambient air quality and subjective stress level using Community Health Survey data in Korea
    Myung-Jae Hwang, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Jong-Hun Kim, Youn Seo Koo, Hui-Young Yun
    Epidemiology and Health.2018; 40: e2018028.     CrossRef
  • Illustration of Calculating Standardized Rates Utilizing Logistic Regression Models: The National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS)
    Sang-Hoon Cho, Gunseog Kang, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics.2017; 42(1): 70.     CrossRef
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    Yang Wha Kang, Yun Sil Ko, Yoo Jin Kim, Kyoung Mi Sung, Hyo Jin Kim, Hyung Yun Choi, Changhyun Sung, Eunkyeong Jeong
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(3): 211.     CrossRef
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    Jin A Han, Soo Jeong Kim, Se Rom Kim, Ki Hong Chun, Yun Hwan Lee, Soon Young Lee
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2015; 32(3): 23.     CrossRef
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    Ji-Hye Lim, Sung-Hong Kang
    Journal of Digital Convergence.2015; 13(8): 375.     CrossRef
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    Young Taek Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Kay O Lee, Ho Kim, Jin Ho Chun, Su Young Kim, Duk-Hyoung Lee, Yun A Ghim, Do Sang Lim, Yang Wha Kang, Tae Young Lee, Jeong Sook Kim, Hyun Jo, Yoojin Kim, Yun Sil Ko, Soon Ryu Seo, No-Rye Park, Jong-Koo Lee
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2012; 55(1): 74.     CrossRef
Meta-Analysis
Radiation Exposure and Cancer Mortality Among Nuclear Power Plant Workers: a Meta-analysis.
Eun Sook Park, Kieun Moon, Han Na Kim, Won Jin Lee, Young Woo Jin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):185-192.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.185
  • 5,701 View
  • 280 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the relationship between low external doses of ionizing radiation exposure and the risk of cancer mortality among nuclear power plant workers. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE using key words related to low dose and cancer risk. The selected articles were restricted to those written in English from 1990 to January 2009. We excluded those studies with no fit to the selection criteria and we included the cited references in published articles to minimize publication bias. Through this process, a total of 11 epidemiologic studies were finally included. RESULTS: We found significant decreased deaths from all cancers (SMR = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.62 - 0.90), all cancers excluding leukemia, solid cancer, mouth and pharynx, esophagus, stomach, rectum, liver and gallbladder, pancreas, lung, prostate, lymphopoietic and hematopoitic cancer. The findings of this meta-analysis were similar with those of the 15 Country Collaborative Study conducted by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. A publication bias was found only for liver and gallbladder cancer (p = 0.015). Heterogeneity was observed for all cancers, all cancers excluding leukemia, solid cancer, esophagus, colon and lung cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings of low mortality for stomach, rectum, liver and gallbladder cancers may explained by the health worker effect. Yet further studies are needed to clarify the low SMR of cancers, for which there is no useful screening tool, in nuclear power plant workers.
Summary

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  • Average Accumulated Radiation Doses for Global Nuclear Workers: Low Doses, Low Effects, and Comparison with Doses for Medical Radiologists
    A. N. Koterov, A. R. Tukov, L. N. Ushenkova, M. V. Kalinina, A. P. Biryukov
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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health