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Kwon Ho Lee 1 Article
Health Impact Assessment of Free Immunization Program in Jinju City, Korea
Keon Yeop Kim, So Youn Jeon, Man Joong Jeon, Kwon Ho Lee, Sok Goo Lee, Dongjin Kim, Eunjeong Kang, Sang Geun Bae, Jinhee Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(4):267-275.   Published online July 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.4.267
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study was conducted to assess the potential health impacts and improve the quality of the free immunization program in Jinju City by maximizing the predicted positive health gains and minimizing the negative health risks.

Methods

A steering committee was established in September 2010 to carry out the health impact assessment (HIA) and began the screening and scoping stages. In the appraisal stage, analysis of secondary data, a literature review, case studies, geographic information systems analysis, a questionnaire, and expert consultations were used. The results of the data collection and analyses were discussed during a workshop, after which recommendations were finalized in a written report.

Results

Increased access to immunization, comprehensive services provided by physicians, the strengthened role of the public health center in increasing immunization rates and services, and the ripple effect to other neighboring communities were identified as potential positive impacts. On the other hand, the program might be inaccessible to rural regions with no private clinics where there are more at-risk children, vaccine management and quality control at the clinics may be poor, and vaccines may be misused. Recommendations to maximize health gains and minimize risks were separately developed for the public health center and private clinics.

Conclusions

The HIA provided an opportunity for stakeholders to comprehensively overview the potential positive and negative impacts of the program before it was implemented. An HIA is a powerful tool that should be used when developing and implementing diverse health-related policies and programs in the community.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Cross-Sectional Study of Varicella Zoster Virus Immunity in Healthy Korean Children Assessed by Glycoprotein Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay and Fluorescent Antibody to Membrane Antigen Test
    Yunhwa Kim, Ji-Young Hwang, Kyung-Min Lee, Eunsil Lee, Hosun Park
    Vaccines.2021; 9(5): 492.     CrossRef
  • Health Impact Assessments of Health Sector Proposals: An Audit and Narrative Synthesis
    Nelius Wanjiku Wanjohi, Reema Harrison, Ben Harris-Roxas
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(21): 11466.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological Impact of the Korean National Immunization Program on Varicella Incidence
    Jaehun Jung, Young-Jin Ko, Young-Eun Kim, Kyungmin Huh, Byung-Joo Park, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health