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Original Article Mental Health of Medical Students Combating the COVID-19 Epidemic: A Cross-sectional Study in Vietnam
Duc Cap Minh1corresp_iconorcid , Anh Nguyen Quang1orcid , Tham Nguyen Thi1orcid

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.24.108 [Accepted]
Published online: May 22, 2024
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Haiphong University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hai Phong, Viet Nam
Corresponding author:  Duc Cap Minh,
Email: cmduc@hpmu.edu.vn
Received: 28 February 2024   • Revised: 3 May 2024   • Accepted: 9 May 2024

Objectives
This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of mental health (MH) symptoms and associated factors among medical students who were engaged in combating the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic in 4 provinces/cities of Vietnam.
Methods
A cross-sectional study with 580 participants was conducted at a medical university in Northern Vietnam. MH was assessed using the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale, which was previously standardized in Vietnam. Data were collected through a structured self-administered questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was employed to examine the association between MH symptoms and relevant factors.
Results
Of 2,703 total medical students, 21.5% responded to the questionnaire. Among the 580 respondents, the prevalence rates of depression, anxiety, and stress were 43.3%, 44%, and 24.7%, respectively. Factors significantly associated with self-reported depression included female sex and infection with COVID-19. Similarly, female sex and COVID-19 infection were significantly associated with self-reported anxiety. Factors linked to self-reported stress included female sex, a personal or family history of MH symptoms, working more than 8 hours per day, and COVID-19 infection.
Conclusion
COVID-19 has adversely impacted the MH of medical students. Our findings are valuable in their potential to motivate universities, MH professionals, and authorities to offer mental healthcare services to this group. Furthermore, there is a pressing need for training courses designed to equip future healthcare workers with the skills to manage crises effectively.


JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health