Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Search

Page Path
HOME > Search
2 "Prejudice"
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Original Article
Factors Affecting Public Prejudice and Social Distance on Mental Illness: Analysis of Contextual Effect by Multi-level Analysis
Hyeongap Jang, Jun-Tae Lim, Juhwan Oh, Seon-Young Lee, Yong-Ik Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):90-97.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.90
  • 10,041 View
  • 136 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

While there have been many quantitative studies on the public's attitude towards mental illnesses, it is hard to find quantitative study which focused on the contextual effect on the public's attitude. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that affect the public's beliefs and attitudes including contextual effects.

Methods

We analyzed survey on the public's beliefs and attitudes towards mental illness in Korea with multi-level analysis. We analyzed the public's beliefs and attitudes in terms of prejudice as an intermediate outcome and social distance as a final outcome. Then, we focused on the associations of factors, which were individual and regional socio-economic factors, familiarity, and knowledge based on the comparison of the intermediate and final outcomes.

Results

Prejudice was not explained by regional variables but was only correlated with individual factors. Prejudice increased with age and decreased by high education level. However, social distance controlling for prejudice increased in females, in people with a high education level, and in regions with a high education level and a high proportion of the old. Therefore, social distance without controlling for prejudice increased in females, in the elderly, in highly educated people, and in regions with a high education and aged community.

Conclusions

The result of the multi-level analysis for the regional variables suggests that social distance for mental illness are not only determined by individual factors but also influenced by the surroundings so that it could be tackled sufficiently with appropriate considering of the relevant regional context with individual characteristics.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Mental health literacy for social phobia in Ghana: Investigation of gender stereotypes and previous experience for recognition rates and prejudice
    Peter Adu, Tomas Jurcik, Emmanuel Demah, Patrick T Korang, Dmitry Grigoryev
    International Journal of Social Psychiatry.2024; 70(2): 271.     CrossRef
  • Awareness and attitude about mental illness in the rural population of India: A mixed method study
    Kaustubh S. Kulkarni, Mudita N. Joshi, Harshal S. Sathe, Chetna Maliye
    Indian Journal of Psychiatry.2023; 65(10): 1069.     CrossRef
  • Patient Factors Influencing Outpatient Retention in Patients with Affective and Anxiety Disorders: A Retrospective Study
    Seyeon Chang, Young Sup Woo, Sheng-Min Wang, Hyun Kook Lim, Won-Myong Bahk
    Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience.2021; 19(3): 545.     CrossRef
  • Sikap terhadap Gangguan Mental pada Mahasiswa Psikologi Universitas Airlangga Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin
    Grace Ririn, Atika Dian Ariana
    Buletin Riset Psikologi dan Kesehatan Mental (BRPKM).2021; 1(1): 1030.     CrossRef
  • The effect of knowledge on healthcare professionals' perceptions of obesity
    Thazin Wynn, Nazrul Islam, Charlotte Thompson, Khin Swe Myint
    Obesity Medicine.2018; 11: 20.     CrossRef
  • Korean adults’ beliefs about and social distance toward attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Tourette syndrome, and autism spectrum disorder
    Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Chul Eung Kim
    Psychiatry Research.2018; 269: 633.     CrossRef
  • State of the art of population-based attitude research on mental health: a systematic review
    M. C. Angermeyer, G. Schomerus
    Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences.2017; 26(3): 252.     CrossRef
  • Beliefs and Prejudices Versus Knowledge and Awareness: How to Cope Stigma Against Mental Illness. A College Staff E-survey
    Chiara Buizza, Alberto Ghilardi, Clarissa Ferrari
    Community Mental Health Journal.2017; 53(5): 589.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitude and social distance practices of young undergraduates towards mental illness in India: A comparative analysis
    Aggarwal Shruti, Shalini Singh, Dinesh Kataria
    Asian Journal of Psychiatry.2016; 23: 64.     CrossRef
  • The effects of low-level laser irradiation on breast tumor in mice and the expression of Let-7a, miR-155, miR-21, miR125, and miR376b
    Vahid Khori, Ali Mohammad Alizadeh, Zohre Gheisary, Sadaf Farsinejad, Farrokh Najafi, Solmaz Khalighfard, Fatemeh Ghafari, Maryam Hadji, Hamid Khodayari
    Lasers in Medical Science.2016; 31(9): 1775.     CrossRef
  • Socially restrictive attitudes towards people with mental illness among the non-psychiatry medical professionals in a university teaching hospital in South India
    Shashwath Sathyanath, Rohan Dilip Mendonsa, Anitha Maria Thattil, Varikkara Mohan Chandran, Ravichandra S Karkal
    International Journal of Social Psychiatry.2016; 62(3): 221.     CrossRef
  • Community attitudes and social distance towards the mentally ill in South Sudan: a survey from a post-conflict setting with no mental health services
    Touraj Ayazi, Lars Lien, Arne Eide, Elizabeth Joseph Shadar Shadar, Edvard Hauff
    Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.2014; 49(5): 771.     CrossRef
  • Impact of gender and age on attitudes towards mental illness in Sweden
    Béatrice Ewalds-Kvist, Torbjörn Högberg, Kim Lützén
    Nordic Journal of Psychiatry.2013; 67(5): 360.     CrossRef
English Abstract
Factors Affecting Social Distance toward Mental Illness: A Nationwide Telephone Survey in Korea.
Sangjun Moon, Jin Seok Lee, Sue Kyung Park, Sun Young Lee, Yoon Kim, Yong Ik Kim, Youngsoo Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):419-426.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.419
  • 4,928 View
  • 66 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study was to investigate impact of knowledge, familiarity, and prejudice about mental illness as well as demographic factors on the social distance from mentally ill people, which is a proxy measure of discrimination. METHOD: To assess the impact of knowledge and familiarity, prejudice about mental illness and demographic factors on the social distance from mental illness, we conducted a telephone survey in South Korea with the responders being nationally representative people who were 18 years old or over (n=1040). Independent samples T-tests, one way ANOVA and linear regression analysis were performed to analyze the results of the survey. RESULT: The social distance from mental illness decreased as the knowledge and familiarity increased, but the social distance was increased as prejudice was increased. Prejudice had a greater impact on social distance than familiarity and knowledge. Females showed greater social distance than did males. A higher education level had a negative effect on social distance. CONCLUSION: To reduce the social distance from mentally ill people, efforts to increase the familiarity about mental illness as well as efforts to educate people about mental illness are important.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Social Distance Attitudes of Nursing Students towards Adults with Mental Disorders
    So Young Lee, Kyunghee Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2016; 25(4): 356.     CrossRef
  • Public perceptions of risk in criminality: The effects of mental illness and social disadvantage
    Claire Nee, Clare Witt
    Psychiatry Research.2013; 209(3): 675.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Public Prejudice and Social Distance on Mental Illness: Analysis of Contextual Effect by Multi-level Analysis
    Hyeongap Jang, Jun-Tae Lim, Juhwan Oh, Seon-Young Lee, Yong-Ik Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2012; 45(2): 90.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of an Education Program to Reduce Negative Attitudes Toward Persons With Mental Illness Using Online Media
    Mia Seo, Hyun Lye Kim
    Asian Nursing Research.2010; 4(2): 90.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health