Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Search

Page Path
HOME > Search
11 "Payment"
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Funded articles
Original Articles
Increase in Potential Low-value Magnetic Resonance Imaging Utilization Due to Out-of-pocket Payment Reduction Across Income Groups in Korea: An Experimental Vignette Study
Yukyung Shin, Ji-su Lee, Young Kyung Do
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(4):389-397.   Published online July 11, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.208
  • 3,202 View
  • 114 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study examined the effect of out-of-pocket (OOP) payment reduction on the potential utilization of low-value magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) across income groups.
Methods
We conducted an experimental vignette survey using a proportional quota-based sample of individuals in Korea (n=1229). In two hypothetical vignettes, participants were asked whether they would be willing to use MRI if they had uncomplicated headache and non-specific low back pain, each before and after OOP payment reduction. To account for the possible role of physician inducement, half of the participants were initially presented with vignettes that included a physician recommendation for low-value care. The predicted probability, slope index of inequality (SII), and relative index of inequality (RII) were calculated using logistic regression.
Results
Before OOP payment reduction, the lowest income quintile was least likely to use low-value MRI regardless of physician inducement (36.7-49.6% for low back pain; 30.5-39.3% for headache). After OOP payment reduction, almost all individuals in each income quintile were willing to use low-value MRI (89.8-98.0% for low back pain; 78.1-90.3% for headache). Absolute and relative inequalities concerning potential low-value MRI utilization decreased after OOP payments were reduced, even without physician inducement (SII: from 8.15 to 5.37%, RII: from 1.20 to 1.06 for low back pain; SII: from 6.99 to 0.83%, RII: from 1.20 to 1.01 for headache).
Conclusions
OOP payment reduction for MRI has the potential to increase low-value care utilization among all income groups while decreasing inequality in low-value care utilization.
Summary
Korean summary
실험적 비네트 디자인을 활용하여 환자 본인부담금 감소가 잠재적 저가치 MRI 이용에 미치는 영향을 소득 수준별로 분석한 연구이다. 본인부담금 감소로 인해 잠재적 저가치 MRI 이용은 모든 소득 수준에서 증가하고 잠재적 저가치 MRI 이용의 소득 수준에 따른 차이는 감소하는 결과를 보였다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Socioeconomic inequality in organized and opportunistic screening for colorectal cancer: results from the Korean National Cancer Screening Survey, 2009-2021
    Xuan Quy Luu, Kyeongmin Lee, Jae Kwan Jun, Mina Suh, Kui Son Choi
    Epidemiology and Health.2023; 45: e2023086.     CrossRef
Inequality in Private Health Care Expenditures: A 36-Year Trend Study of Iranian Households
Ehsan Aghapour, Mehdi Basakha, Seyed Hossein Mohaqeqi Kamal, Abolghasem Pourreza
J Prev Med Public Health. 2022;55(4):379-388.   Published online June 27, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.123
  • 2,585 View
  • 83 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Throughout history, societies have been impacted by inequality. Many studies have been conducted on the topic more broadly, but only a few have investigated inequalities in out-of-pocket health payments (OHP). This study measures OHP inequality trends among the Iranian households.
Methods
This study used data from the Iranian Statistics Center on Iranian household income and expenditures. The analysis included a total of 995 300 households during the 36 years from 1984 to 2019. The Gini coefficient, Atkinson index, and Theil index were calculated for Iranian OHP.
Results
Average Iranian household OHP increased from 33 US dollar (USD) in 1984 to 47 USD in 2019. During this 36-year span, the average±standard deviation Gini coefficient for OHP was 0.73±0.04, and the Atkinson and Theil indexes were 0.68±0.05 and 1.14±0.29, respectively. The Gini coefficients for the subcategories of OHP of outpatient diagnostic services, medical assistant accessories, hospital inpatient services, and addiction cessation were 0.70, 0.61, 0.84, and 0.64, respectively.
Conclusions
In this study, we scrutinized trends of inequality in the OHP of Iranian households. Inequality in OHP decreased slightly over the past four decades. An analysis of trends among different subgroups revealed that affluent households, such as households with insurance coverage and households in higher income deciles, experienced higher inequality. Therefore, lower inequality in health care expenditures may be related to restricted access to health care services in Iran.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Decomposition of Healthcare Utilization Inequality in Iran: The Prominent Role of Health Literacy and Neighborhood Characteristics
    Neda Soleimanvandiazar, Seyed Hossein Mohaqeqi Kamal, Mehdi Basakha, Salah Eddin Karimi, Sina Ahmadi, Gholamreza Ghaedamini Harouni, Homeira Sajjadi, Ameneh Setareh Forouzan
    INQUIRY: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
Perspective
Dilemmas Within the Korean Health Insurance System
Donghwi Park, Min Cheol Chang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(4):285-288.   Published online July 1, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.074
  • 4,416 View
  • 121 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The health insurance system in Korea is well-established and provides benefits for the entire national population. In Korea, when patients are treated at a hospital, the hospital receives a partial payment for the treatment from the patient, and the remaining amount is provided by the health insurance service. The Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) assesses whether the treatment was appropriate. If HIRA deems the treatment appropriate, the doctor can receive payment from the health insurance service. However, this system has several drawbacks. In this study, we aimed to provide examples of the problems that can occur in relation to HIRA assessments in Korea through actual clinical cases.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Paradox of the Ugandan Health Insurance System: Challenges and Opportunities for Health Reform
    Emmanuel Otieno, Josephine Namyalo
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2024; 57(1): 91.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Income Level on Stroke Incidence and Mediated Effects of Medication Adherence in Newly Diagnosed Hypertensive Patients: A Causal Mediation Analysis Using a Nationwide Cohort Study in South Korea
    Seungmin Jeong, So Yeon Kong, Seung-sik Hwang, Sung-il Cho
    Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics.2022; 47(4): 268.     CrossRef
  • Diagnosis of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy in a Presymptomatic Infant Using Next-Generation Sequencing and Chromosomal Microarray Analysis: A Case Report
    Eun-Woo Park, Ye-Jee Shim, Jung-Sook Ha, Jin-Hong Shin, Soyoung Lee, Jang-Hyuk Cho
    Children.2021; 8(5): 377.     CrossRef
Original Article
Has the Copayment Ceiling Improved Financial Protection in the Korean National Health Insurance System? Evidence From the 2009 Policy Change
Tae-Jin Lee, Chelim Cheong
J Prev Med Public Health. 2017;50(6):393-400.   Published online November 9, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.17.151
  • 9,396 View
  • 165 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To relieve the financial burden faced by households, the Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) system introduced a “copayment ceiling,” which evolved into a differential ceiling in 2009, with the copayment ceiling depending on patients’ income. This study aimed to examine the effect of the differential copayment ceiling on financial protection and healthcare utilization, particularly focusing on whether its effects varied across different income groups.
Methods
This study obtained data from the Korea Health Panel. The number of households included in the analysis was 6555 in 2008, 5859 in 2009, 5539 in 2010, and 5372 in 2011. To assess the effects of the differential copayment ceiling on utilization, out-of-pocket (OOP) payments, and catastrophic payments, various random-effects models were applied. Utilization was measured as treatment days, while catastrophic payments were defined as OOP payments exceeding 10% of household income. Among the right-hand side variables were the interaction terms of the new policy with income levels, as well as a set of household characteristics.
Results
The differential copayment ceiling contributed to increased utilization regardless of income levels both in all patients and in cancer patients. However, the new policy did not seem to reduce significantly the incidence of catastrophic payments among cancer patients, and even increased the incidence among all patients.
Conclusions
The limited effect of the differential ceiling can be attributed to a high proportion of direct payments for services not covered by the NHI, as well as the relatively small number of households benefiting from the differential ceilings; these considerations warrant a better policy design.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Network analysis of stroke systems of care in Korea
    Jihoon Kang, Hyunjoo Song, Seong Eun Kim, Jun Yup Kim, Hong-Kyun Park, Yong-Jin Cho, Kyung Bok Lee, Juneyoung Lee, Ji Sung Lee, Ah Rum Choi, Mi Yeon Kang, Philip B Gorelick, Hee-Joon Bae
    BMJ Neurology Open.2024; 6(1): e000578.     CrossRef
  • Has South Korea achieved the goals of national health insurance? Trends in financial protection of households between 2011 and 2018
    Sujin Kim, Soonman Kwon
    Social Science & Medicine.2023; 326: 115929.     CrossRef
  • Cancer care patterns in South Korea: Types of hospital where patients receive care and outcomes using national health insurance claims data
    Dong‐Woo Choi, Sun Jung Kim, Seungju Kim, Dong Wook Kim, Wonjeong Jeong, Kyu‐Tae Han
    Cancer Medicine.2023; 12(13): 14707.     CrossRef
  • Changes in health care utilization and financial protection after integration of the rural and urban social health insurance schemes in Beijing, China
    Zhenyu Shi, Ping He, Dawei Zhu, Feng Lu, Qingyue Meng
    BMC Health Services Research.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • News media’s framing of health policy and its implications for government communication: A text mining analysis of news coverage on a policy to expand health insurance coverage in South Korea
    Wonkwang Jo, Myoungsoon You
    Health Policy.2019; 123(11): 1116.     CrossRef
English Abstract
Impact of DRG Payment on the Length of Stay and the Number of Outpatient Visits After Discharge for Caesarean Section During 2004-2007.
Changwoo Shon, Seolhee Chung, Seonju Yi, Soonman Kwon
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(1):48-55.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.1.48
  • 5,133 View
  • 151 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG)-based payment on the length of stay and the number of outpatient visits after discharge in for patients who had undergone caesarean section. METHODS: This study used the health insurance data of the patients in health care facilities that were paid by the Fee-For-Service (FFS) in 2001-2004, but they participated in the DRG payment system in 2005-2007. In order to examine the net effects of DRG payment, the Difference-In-Differences (DID) method was adopted to observe the difference in health care utilization before and after the participation in the DRG payment system. The dependent variables of the regression model were the length of stay and number of outpatient visits after discharge, and the explanatory variables included the characteristics of the patients and the health care facilities. RESULTS: The length of stay in DRG-paid health care facilities was greater than that in the FFS-paid ones. Yet, DRG payment has no statistically significant effect on the number of outpatient visits after discharge. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study that DRG payment was not effective in reducing the length of stay can be related to the nature of voluntary participation in the DRG system. Only those health care facilities that are already efficient in terms of the length of stay or that can benefit from the DRG payment may decide to participate in the program.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The effects of DRGs-based payment compared with cost-based payment on inpatient healthcare utilization: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Zhaolin Meng, Wen Hui, Yuanyi Cai, Jiazhou Liu, Huazhang Wu
    Health Policy.2020; 124(4): 359.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a mandatory DRG payment system in South Korea: Analysis of multi-year nationwide hospital claims data
    Jae Woo Choi, Seung-Ju Kim, Hye-Ki Park, Sung-In Jang, Tae Hyun Kim, Eun-Cheol Park
    BMC Health Services Research.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Early Impact on Outpatients of Mandatory Adoption of the Diagnosis‐Related Group‐Based Reimbursement System in Korea on Use of Outpatient Care: Differences in Medical Utilization and Presurgery Examination
    Seung Ju Kim, Kyu‐Tae Han, Woorim Kim, Sun Jung Kim, Eun‐Cheol Park
    Health Services Research.2018; 53(4): 2064.     CrossRef
  • The effect of competition on the relationship between the introduction of the DRG system and quality of care in Korea
    Seung Ju Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Sun Jung Kim, Kyu-Tae Han, Euna Han, Sung-In Jang, Tae Hyun Kim
    The European Journal of Public Health.2016; 26(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • Impact of payment system change from per-case to per-diem on high severity patient's length of stay
    Sung-In Jang, Chung Mo Nam, Sang Gyu Lee, Tae Hyun Kim, Sohee Park, Eun-Cheol Park
    Medicine.2016; 95(37): e4839.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Mandatory Diagnosis-Related Groups Payment System
    Jae-Woo Choi, Sung-In Jang, Suk-Yong Jang, Seung-Ju Kim, Hye-Ki Park, Tae Hyun Kim, Eun-Cheol Park
    Health Policy and Management.2016; 26(2): 135.     CrossRef
  • Is the Hospital Caseload of Diagnosis Related Groups Related to Medical Charges and Length of Stay?
    Jin-Mi Kwak, Kwang-Soo Lee
    The Korean Journal of Health Service Management.2014; 8(4): 13.     CrossRef
  • Perspectives on cost containment and quality of health care in the DRG payment system of Korea
    Jaewook Choi
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2012; 55(8): 706.     CrossRef
  • Nurses' Cognition of Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) in Long-term Care Hospitals and Changes in Nursing Care after Application of DRG
    Eun Ha, Kyeha Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration.2012; 18(2): 176.     CrossRef
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Participation Determinants in the DRG Payment System of Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics in South Korea.
Jung Kook Song, Chang yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(2):117-124.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.2.117
  • 5,159 View
  • 63 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) payment system, which has been implemented in Korea since 1997, is based on voluntary participation. Hence, the positive impact of this system depends on the participation of physicians. This study examined the factors determining participation of Korean obstetrics & gynecology (OBGYN) clinics in the DRG-based payment system. METHODS: The demographic information, practice-related variables of OBGYN clinics and participation information in the DRG-based payment system were acquired from the nationwide data from 2002 to 2007 produced by the National Health Insurance Corporation and the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service. The subjects were 336 OBGYN clinics consisting of 43 DRG clinics that had maintained their participation in 2003-2007 and 293 no-DRG (fee-for-service) clinics that had never been a DRG clinic during the same period. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to determine the factors associated with the participation of OBGYN clinics in the DRG-based payment system. RESULTS: The factors affecting participation of OBGYN clinics in the DRG-based payment system were as follows (p<0.05): (1) a larger number of caesarian section (c/sec) claims, (2) higher cost of a c/sec, (3) less variation in the price of a c/sec, (4) fewer days of admission for a c/sec, and (5) younger pregnant women undergoing a c/sec. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that OBGYN clinics with an economic practice pattern under a fee-for-service system are more likely to participate in the DRG-based payment system. Therefore, to ensure adequate participation of physicians, a payment system with a stronger financial incentive might be more suitable in Korea.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Polypharmacy, hospitalization, and mortality risk: a nationwide cohort study
    Tae Ik Chang, Haeyong Park, Dong Wook Kim, Eun Kyung Jeon, Connie M. Rhee, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Ea Wha Kang, Shin-Wook Kang, Seung Hyeok Han
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of payment system change from per-case to per-diem on high severity patient's length of stay
    Sung-In Jang, Chung Mo Nam, Sang Gyu Lee, Tae Hyun Kim, Sohee Park, Eun-Cheol Park
    Medicine.2016; 95(37): e4839.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Mandatory Diagnosis-Related Groups Payment System
    Jae-Woo Choi, Sung-In Jang, Suk-Yong Jang, Seung-Ju Kim, Hye-Ki Park, Tae Hyun Kim, Eun-Cheol Park
    Health Policy and Management.2016; 26(2): 135.     CrossRef
  • Nurses' Cognition of Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) in Long-term Care Hospitals and Changes in Nursing Care after Application of DRG
    Eun Ha, Kyeha Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration.2012; 18(2): 176.     CrossRef
English Abstract
The Medical Use of the Disabled Among Overusers of Medical Aid in Korea.
Sun Mi Shin, Eui Sook Kim, Chang Ki Park, Hee Woo Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(1):35-41.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.1.35
  • 5,184 View
  • 48 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
In Korea, the top 10% of Medical Aid recipients represent nearly 60% of total payment, with the costs for those disabled for over 365 days representing approximately 30% of total payment. The purpose of this study was to compare Medical Aid use of the disabled with non-disabled recipients, and to identify contributing factors to the total payment in the top 2% of recipients identified as Medical Aid overusers. METHODS: Subjects (n=2,211) selected were > or =18-years-of-age and received >1000 days of co-payment-free type I Medical Aid. Case managers (n=200) conducted interviews in December 2006, and collected data from Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service. Amounts over the 9 months from January September 2006 were analyzed descriptively and using Chi-square, ANCOVA, and robust multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Disabled individuals (mean age 61.3 years) composed 36.6% of subjects; 44.8% of the disabled were male. On a monthly basis per capita, the disabled group averaged 10.5 outpatient days, total payment of 523,000 Korean Won(won), inpatient payment of 359,000won, and outpatient payment of 183,000won. All values exceeded the monthly average for non-disabled individuals. Contributing factors were identified as male gender (82,000won), elementary school or lower educational level (64,000won), residence in a small city (82,000won), lack of family support (61,000won), kidney disability (673,000won), intellectual disability (151,000won), and multiple disabilities (119,000won). CONCLUSIONS: The identification of contributing factors to Medical Aid use by those defined as disabled supports the adoption of comprehensive alternative policies such as strengthening of education and consultation services, provision of alternative facilities, and promotion of self-care.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comparison of out-of-pocket expenditure and catastrophic health expenditure for severe disease by the health security system: based on end-stage renal disease in South Korea
    Sun Mi Shin, Hee Woo Lee
    International Journal for Equity in Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Nationwide trends in stroke hospitalization over the past decade
    Young Dae Kwon, Hyejung Chang, Youn Jung Choi, Sung Sang Yoon
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2012; 55(10): 1014.     CrossRef
  • Multilevel Analysis of Health Care Service Utilization among Medical Aid Beneficiaries in Korea
    Yang Heui Ahn, Ok Kyung Ham, Soo Hyun Kim, Chang Gi Park
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2012; 42(7): 928.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated With the Overuse or Underuse of Health Care Services Among Medical Aid Beneficiaries in Korea
    Yang Heui Ahn, Eui Sook Kim, Ok Kyung Ham, Soo Hyun Kim, Seung Sik Hwang, Sang Hee Chun, Na Yeon Gwon, Jin Yi Choi
    Journal of Community Health Nursing.2011; 28(4): 190.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Changes in Quality of Care for Cesarean Section after Implementation of Diagnosis-Related Groups/Prospective Payment System.
Jun Yim, Young Hun Kwon, Du Ho Hong, Chang Yup Kim, Yong Ik Kim, Young Soo Shin
Korean J Prev Med. 2001;34(4):347-353.
  • 2,179 View
  • 20 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To determine the impacts of Diagnosis-Related Groups/Prospective Payment System (DRG/PPS) on the quality of care in cases of Cesarean section and to describe the policy implications for the early stabilization of DRG/PPS in Korea. METHODS: Data was collected from the medical records of 380 patients who had undergone Cesarean sections in 40 hospitals participating in the DRG/PPS Demonstration Program since 1999. Cesarean sections were performed in 122 patients of the FFS(Fee-For-Service) group and 258 patients of the DRG/PPS group. Measurements of quality used included essential tests of pre- and post-operation, and the PPI(Physician Performance Index) score. The PPI was developed by two obstetricians. RESULTS: Univariate analysis demonstrated significant differences in PPI scores according to the payment systems. With respect to the mean of PPI scores, a higher score was found in the DRG/PPS group than in the FFS group. However, the adjusted effect did not show significant differences between the FFS group and the DRG/PPS group. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that the problem of poor quality may not be related to the implementation of DRG/PPS in Cesarean section. However, this study did not consider the validity and reliability of the process measurement, and it did not exclude the possibility of data omission in medical records.
Summary
Impacts of DRG Payment System on Behavior of Medical Insurance Claimants.
Beom Man Ha, Gilwon Kang, Hyoung Keun Park, Chang Yup Kim, Yong Ik Kim
Korean J Prev Med. 2000;33(4):393-401.
  • 2,126 View
  • 30 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To evaluate the impacts of the DRG payment system on the behavior of medical insurance claimants. Specifically, we evaluated the case-mix index, the numbers of diagnosis and procedure codes utilized, and the corresponding rate of diagnosis codes before, during and after implementation of the DRG payment system. METHODS: In order to evaluate the case-mix index, the number of diagnosis and procedure codes utilized, we used medical insurance claim data from all medical facilities that participated in the DRG-based Prospective Payment Demonstration Program. This medical insurance claim data consisted of both pre-demonstration program data (fee-for-service, from November, 1998 to January, 1999) and post-demonstration program data (DRG-based Prospective Payment, from February, 1999 to April, 1999). And in order to evaluate the corresponding rate of diagnosis codes utilized, we reviewed 820 medical records from 20 medical institutes that were selected by random sampling methods. RESULTS: The case-mix index rate decreased after the DRG-based Prospective Payment Demonstration Program was introduced. The average numbers of different claim diagnosis codes used decreased (new DRGs from 2.22 to 1.24, and previous DRGs from 1.69 to 1.21), as did the average number of claim procedure codes used (new DRGs from 3.02 to 2.16, and previous DRGs from 2.97 to 2.43). With respect to the time of participation in the program, the change in number of claim procedure codes was significant, but the change in number of claim diagnosis codes was not. The corresponding rate of claim diagnosis codes increased (from 57.9% to 82.6%), as did the exclusion rate of claim diagnosis codes (from 16.5% to 25.1%). CONCLUSIONS: After the implementation of the DRG payment system, the corresponding rate of insurance claim codes and the corresponding exclusion rate of claim diagnosis codes both increased, because the inducement system for entering the codes for claim review was changed.
Summary
Impact of increasing the level of copayments on the number of physician visits.
Ki Hong Chun, Hang Jung Kim
Korean J Prev Med. 1992;25(1):73-87.
  • 1,906 View
  • 21 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The level of copayment increased in order to stabilize the financial condition of the health insurance on 1986. An important question regarding the policy was whether the increase in the level of copayments reduced the utilization of medical services in the poor selectively. In spite of the importance of the research question, no study has been reported. This study was designed to find out changes in nuniU rs of physician visits, to explain charac teristics influencing the difference of utilization before and after the program. Finally the interaction effect between the program and the level of income was examined for the abover question. A total of 10,421 persons from eight institutions was selected as the study sample. Research findings are as follows. 1. The number of physician visits decreased by ten percent as a result of increasing the level of copayment. 2. The decrease was remarkable in some groups such as children, rural area and large family. 3. The most important factor which explained the difference was the number of physician visits before the introduction of the new program.. The more numbers of physian visits during the last year were, the more numbers of physian visits decreased after the program. 4. The interaction term between the program and the level of income was statistically significant in the multiple regression model which explained physician visits and its coefficient was negative. It means that an increase in copayment did not reduced the number of physician visits in the poor, selectively. 5. It can be concluded that imposing adequate copayment reduces the use of medical services as well as medical costs without serious damage in access especially for the poor pule.
Summary
Impacts of Implementing Case Payment System to Medical Aid Hemodialysis Patients on Dialysis Frequencies and Expenditure.
Sunhee Lee, Hanjoong Kim, Seungho Shin, Woohyun Cho, Hye Young Kang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2004;37(3):260-266.
  • 2,047 View
  • 37 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To assess the impacts of implementing case payment system (CPS) to Medical Aid (MA) hemodialysis patients on the frequencies and expenditure of dialysis. METHODS: Fifty-eight clinics and 35 tertiary care hospitals were identified as having a minimum of 10 hemodialysis patients for each of the MA and Medical Insurance (MI) programs, who received hemodialysis from the same dialysis facilities for both periods of July 2001 and July 2002. From these facilities, a total of 2, 167 MA and 2, 928 MI patients were identified as the study subjects. Using electronic claims data, the changes in the total number of monthly treatments and charges for outpatient hemodialysis treatments for each patient after the introduction of the CPS were compared between the MA and MI patients. Multiple regression analyses were performed to examine the independent impact of the CPS on the utilization and expenditure of dialysis treatments among the MA patients. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in the total charges for the hemodialysis treatments of the MA patients, 3.4% (p< 0.05), whereas a significant increase was observed for the MI patients, 2.5% (p< 0.05). For both the MA and MI patients, the frequency of the monthly hemodialysis treatments were significantly increased, 5.5 (from 12.1 to 12.7) and 7.8% (from 11.6 to 12.5), for the MA and MI patients, respectively. However, a multivariate regression analysis showed no significant difference in the changes in the total number of monthly hemodialysis treatments between the MA and MI patients after implementation of the CPS. Another regression model, regressing on the changes in the monthly claims of dialysis treatments, showed a significant negative coefficient for the MA ( (=-70725, p< 0.05). CONCLUSION: The significant decrease in the total charges for hemodialysis treatments among MA as compared to MI patients suggests that there was a cost reduction in the MA program following the introduction of the CPS.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health