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Age at Smoking Initiation and Subsequent Smoking Among Korean Adolescent Smokers
Jun Hyun Hwang, Soon-Woo Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2014;47(5):266-272.   Published online September 12, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.032
  • 12,490 View
  • 126 Download
  • 26 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between age at cigarette smoking initiation and smoking level among adolescent current smokers. Methods: In 2007, students from one or two classes of the 10th or 11th grade were randomly selected using the probability proportional to size sampling method. In total, 743 current smokers were included. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine the association between age at smoking initiation and smoking level as either frequent, daily, or heavy smokers. Results: The adjusted odds ratios for each smoking level were significantly higher for younger ages of smoking initiation than those for older ages of initiation were (p for trend <0.001). Compared with the students who started smoking in grades 10 to 11, the adjusted odds ratios for frequent, daily, and heavy smokers increased from 2.24 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.30 to 3.87) to 3.90 (95% CI, 2.02 to 7.56), from 1.56 (95% CI, 0.92 to 2.62) to 3.17 (95% CI, 1.70 to 5.92), and from 2.56 (95% CI, 1.21 to 5.42) to 5.67 (95% CI, 2.61 to 12.30) with younger ages of smoking initiation. Conclusions: Smoking frequency and amount were closely associated with age at smoking initiation. Therefore, smoking prevention programs should be initiated from the young adolescent period.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Nicotine and Tobacco Research.2023; 25(7): 1340.     CrossRef
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    Food and Nutrition Bulletin.2022; 43(1): 44.     CrossRef
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    European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience.2022; 272(7): 1325.     CrossRef
  • Assessing the Evidence on the Differential Impact of Menthol versus Non-menthol Cigarette Use on Initiation and Progression to Regular Smoking: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
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  • Analysis of the Accuracy and Related Factors of Self-Reported Smoking Status according to Urinary Cotinine Concentration in Adolescents: The KoNEHS Cycle (2015~2017)
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    Journal of Environmental Health Sciences.2022; 48(4): 216.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitude and practice of cigarette smoking among senior secondary school students in Depok, Indonesia
    Mochamad Iqbal Nurmansyah, Yuyun Umniyatun, Miftahul Jannah, Agung Taufiqurrokhman Syiroj, Didin Nuruddin Hidayat
    International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health .2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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  • Relationship between smoking characteristics and obesity among military personnel in Korea : Data from smoking cessation clinics, 2009∼2017
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  • A Tool to Identify Adolescents at Risk of Cigarette Smoking Initiation
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    Pediatrics.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Age at diagnosis, obesity, smoking, and molecular subtypes in muscle-invasive bladder cancer
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Trends in Cigarette Use Behaviors Among Adolescents by Region in Korea
Nam Soo Hong, Keon Yeop Kim, Soon-Woo Park, Jong-Yeon Kim, Jisuk Bae, Won Kee Lee, Ki Su Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(4):176-184.   Published online July 29, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.4.176
  • 10,324 View
  • 63 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Understanding recent trends in cigarette smoking among adolescents is important in order to develop strategies to prevent cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to compare recent trends in cigarette smoking for adolescents living in rural areas, small towns and metropolitan cities in Korea.

Methods

The raw data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) from 2005 to 2009 were used. Data were analyzed by using the method of complex survey data analysis considering complex sampling design. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate significant linear time trends in cigarette smoking. The indicators of cigarette use behaviors were 'current smoking rate', 'frequent smoking rate', 'heavy smoking rate' and 'smoking experience rate before 13 years of age'. All analyses were conducted according to gender.

Results

Statistically significant increasing trends in current smoking rate and frequent smoking rate were observed and borderline significant increasing trends in heavy smoking rate were shown among rural boys. Among metropolitan city boys, statistically significant increasing trends were also seen for frequent smoking. Statistically significant decreasing trends in current smoking rate were observed among small town and metropolitan city girls. Smoking experience rate before 13 years of age for rural girls decreased significantly.

Conclusions

Cigarette smoking prevalence among adolescents in the rural areas has increased in the last five years especially among boys. Our findings suggest that anti-tobacco program for adolescents should be conducted primarily for those in rural areas.

Summary

Citations

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  • Differences in Health Behavior Profiles of Adolescents in Urban and Rural Areas in a Korean City
    Myungah Chae, Kihye Han
    Healthcare.2021; 9(3): 282.     CrossRef
  • Gender differential secular trend in lifetime smoking prevalence among adolescents: an age-period-cohort analysis
    Jun Hyun Hwang, Soon-Woo Park
    BMC Public Health.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Trends in the ease of cigarette purchase among Korean adolescents: evidence from the Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey 2005–2016
    Seo Young Kang, Jung Ah. Lee, Hong-Jun Cho
    BMC Public Health.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Age-period-cohort analysis of smoking prevalence among young adults in Korea
    Yong Ho Jee, Sung-il Cho
    Epidemiology and Health.2016; 38: e2016010.     CrossRef
  • Data Resource Profile: The Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS)
    Yoonjung Kim, Sunhye Choi, Chaemin Chun, Suyeon Park, Young-Ho Khang, Kyungwon Oh
    International Journal of Epidemiology.2016; : dyw070.     CrossRef
  • Incidence of Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders in Asian Populations of British Columbia
    Joshua D. Lee, Colleen Guimond, Irene M. Yee, Carles Vilariño-Güell, Zhi-Ying Wu, Anthony L. Traboulsee, A. Dessa Sadovnick
    Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques.2015; 42(4): 235.     CrossRef
  • Factors Related to Increasing Trends in Cigarette Smoking of Adolescent Males in Rural Areas of Korea
    Nam Soo Hong, Sin Kam, Keon Yeop Kim
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2013; 46(3): 139.     CrossRef
  • Physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in university students in the city of Leon, Mexico
    Maciste H. Macías-Cervantes, Victoriano Pérez-Vázquez, Antonio E. Rivera-Cisneros, Andrés Martínez-Rivera, Joel Ramírez-Emiliano, Carlos Kornhauser
    Health.2013; 05(11): 1861.     CrossRef
Modifying Effect of Suicidal Ideation on the Relationship Between Asthma and Cigarette Use Behaviors Among Korean Adolescents
Jisuk Bae, Eun Young Park, Soon-Woo Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(3):118-124.   Published online May 17, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.3.118
  • 7,944 View
  • 63 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Although cigarette smoking is known to be related to the exacerbation of asthma symptoms, several studies have indicated that the prevalence of cigarette smoking among asthmatic adolescents is similar to or even higher than that among non-asthmatic adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between asthma and cigarette use behaviors and whether or not the presence of suicidal ideation modifies this relationship among Korean adolescents.

Methods

We analyzed data from the 2008 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, which included a nationally representative sample of middle and high school students. Multiple logistic regression models were used to calculate odd ratios and 95% confidence intervals of cigarette use behaviors among current asthmatics, former asthmatics, and non-asthmatics, after adjusting for gender, grade, school records, socioeconomic status, current alcohol use, and suicidal ideation.

Results

Of 75 238 study participants, 3.5% were current asthmatics and 4.5% were former asthmatics. Compared with non-asthmatics, asthmatics were more likely to report current cigarette use, frequent and heavy cigarette use, and cigarette use before 13 years of age. There were statistically significant interactions between asthma and suicidal ideation in cigarette use behaviors.

Conclusions

This study demonstrated that asthmatic adolescents are more likely than non-asthmatic adolescents to engage in cigarette use behaviors and the presence of suicidal ideation is an effect modifier of the relationship between asthma and cigarette use behaviors. Particular attention should be paid to the awareness of health risks of cigarette smoking and mental health problems among asthmatic adolescents.

Summary

Citations

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  • Asthme et comportements suicidaires chez les adolescents: revue systématique
    M. Underner, G. Peiffer, J. Perriot, I. De Chazeron, N. Jaafari
    Revue des Maladies Respiratoires.2022; 39(4): 344.     CrossRef
  • Association between Asthma and Suicidality in 9–12-Year-Old Youths
    Kevin W. Hoffman, Elina Visoki, Stirling T. Argabright, Laura M. Schultz, Grace E. Didomenico, Kate T. Tran, Joshua H. Gordon, Barbara H. Chaiyachati, Tyler M. Moore, Laura Almasy, Ran Barzilay
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    Yan Zhang, Jun Cheng, Yuanyuan Li, Ruoxi He, Abira A Choudhry, Juan Jiang, Pinhua Pan, Xiaoli Su, Chengping Hu
    Journal of Affective Disorders.2019; 256: 594.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Psychosomatic Research.2018; 115: 94.     CrossRef
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    European Respiratory Journal.2015; 46(1): 96.     CrossRef
Changes in the Distribution of Maternal Age and Parity and Increasing Trends in the Low Birth Weight Rate in Korea Between 1995 and 2005
Jisuk Bae, Jung Han Park, Yoo Keun Park, Jong-Yeon Kim, Sang-Won Lee, Soon-Woo Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(3):111-117.   Published online May 17, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.3.111
  • 8,954 View
  • 76 Download
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study measured the impact of shifts in maternal age and parity on the increase in the low birth weight (LBW) rate in Korea.

Methods

We obtained raw data for all 6 397 945 live births registered at the Korea National Statistical Office between 1995 and 2005. We calculated the proportion of increment in the LBW rate due to changes in the distribution of maternal age and parity (AP-dis) and the proportion due to changes in the age- and parity-specific LBW rate (AP-spe).

Results

The LBW rate increased from 3.02% in 1995 to 4.28% in 2005. The multiple birth rate increased from 1.32% to 2.19% during the same period. Of the 1.26% points increment in the LBW rate, 0.64% points occurred among singleton births and 0.62% points occurred among multiple births. Changes in the AP-dis accounted for 50% of the increase in the LBW rate among singleton births, but did not contribute to the increase in the LBW rate among multiple births. The remainder of the total increment in the LBW rate was explained by the increase in the AP-spe.

Conclusions

This study demonstrated that shifts in maternal age and parity among singleton births and increased multiple births were important contributors to the increment in the LBW rate. This study also revealed that the increase in the AP-spe was an equally important contributor as the shifts in maternal age and parity to the increment in the LBW rate among singleton births and was a major contributor among multiple births.

Summary

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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health