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Volume 41(4); July 2008
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English Abstracts
The Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response to Bioterrorism in Korea.
Hyun Soon Hwang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):209-213.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.209
  • 5,376 View
  • 85 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Following the Anthrax bioterrorism attacks in the US in 2001, the Korean government established comprehensive countermeasures against bioterrorism. These measures included the government assuming management of all infectious agents that cause diseases, including smallpox, anthrax, plaque, botulism, and the causative agents of viral hemorrhagic fevers (ebola fever, marburg fever, and lassa fever) for national security. In addition, the Korean government is reinforcing the ability to prepare and respond to bioterrorism. Some of the measures being implemented include revising the laws and guidelines that apply to the use of infectious agents, the construction and operation of dual surveillance systems for bioterrorism, stockpiling and managing products necessary to respond to an emergency (smallpox vaccine, antibiotics, etc.) and vigorously training emergency room staff and heath workers to ensure they can respond appropriately. In addition, the government's measures include improved public relations, building and maintaining international cooperation, and developing new vaccines and drugs for treatments of infectious agents used to create bioweapons.
Summary

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  • Network Experiences from a Cross-Sector Biosafety Level-3 Laboratory Collaboration: A Swedish Forum for Biopreparedness Diagnostics
    Johanna Thelaus, Anna Lindberg, Susanne Thisted Lambertz, Mona Byström, Mats Forsman, Hans Lindmark, Rickard Knutsson, Viveca Båverud, Andreas Bråve, Pontus Jureen, Annelie Lundin Zumpe, Öjar Melefors
    Health Security.2017; 15(4): 384.     CrossRef
  • Pre-PCR Processing in Bioterrorism Preparedness: Improved Diagnostic Capabilities for Laboratory Response Networks
    Johannes Hedman, Rickard Knutsson, Ricky Ansell, Peter Rådström, Birgitta Rasmusson
    Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science.2013; 11(S1): S87.     CrossRef
  • Harmonization of European Laboratory Response Networks by Implementing CWA 15793: Use of a Gap Analysis and an “Insider” Exercise as Tools
    Bo Sundqvist, Ulrika Allard Bengtsson, Henk J. Wisselink, Ben P. H. Peeters, Bart van Rotterdam, Evelien Kampert, Sándor Bereczky, N. G. Johan Olsson, Åsa Szekely Björndal, Sylvie Zini, Sébastien Allix, Rickard Knutsson
    Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science.2013; 11(S1): S36.     CrossRef
  • Shelf-Life Extension Program (SLEP) as a Significant Contributor to Strategic National Stockpile Maintenance: The Israeli Experience with Ciprofloxacin
    Moran Bodas, Landschaft Yuval, Ron Zadok, Zippora Hess, Batya Haran, Mimi Kaplan, Arik Eisenkraft
    Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science.2012; 10(2): 182.     CrossRef
  • The Current Status of Bioterrorism Education in Health-related Colleges -In the Professors of the Health-related Colleges-
    Byung-Chul Chun, Kyeong-Uoon Kim, Jee-Hee Kim, Jin-Woo Kim, Sang-Gyun Roh
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2012; 13(2): 710.     CrossRef
  • Preparedness of Young Male Physicians for Biological Terrorism and Warfare in South Korea
    JH Ahn, JW Chung, CW Kim, DH Lee
    Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine.2012; 19(1): 18.     CrossRef
  • A mouse-based assay for the pre-clinical neurovirulence assessment of vaccinia virus-based smallpox vaccines
    Cheryl X. Zhang, Christian Sauder, Tahir Malik, Steven A. Rubin
    Biologicals.2010; 38(2): 278.     CrossRef
Analysis of Policies in Activating the Infectious Disease Specialist Network (IDSN) for Bioterrorism Events.
Yang Soo Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):214-218.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.214
  • 3,929 View
  • 42 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Bioterrorism events have worldwide impacts, not only in terms of security and public health policy, but also in other related sectors. Many countries, including Korea, have set up new administrative and operational structures and adapted their preparedness and response plans in order to deal with new kinds of threats. Korea has dual surveillance systems for the early detection of bioterrorism. The first is syndromic surveillance that typically monitors non-specific clinical information that may indicate possible bioterrorismassociated diseases before specific diagnoses are made. The other is infectious disease specialist network that diagnoses and responds to specific illnesses caused by intentional release of biologic agents. Infectious disease physicians, clinical microbiologists, and infection control professionals play critical and complementary roles in these networks. Infectious disease specialists should develop practical and realistic response plans for their institutions in partnership with local and state health departments, in preparation for a real or suspected bioterrorism attack.
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  • The Current Status of Bioterrorism Education in Health-related Colleges -In the Professors of the Health-related Colleges-
    Byung-Chul Chun, Kyeong-Uoon Kim, Jee-Hee Kim, Jin-Woo Kim, Sang-Gyun Roh
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2012; 13(2): 710.     CrossRef
  • Preparedness of Young Male Physicians for Biological Terrorism and Warfare in South Korea
    JH Ahn, JW Chung, CW Kim, DH Lee
    Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine.2012; 19(1): 18.     CrossRef
Syndromic Surveillances based on the Emergency Department.
Joon Pil Cho, Young Gi Min, Sang Cheon Choi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):219-224.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.219
  • 4,553 View
  • 46 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Due to heightened concerns regarding possible bioterrorist attacks, the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention introduced syndromic surveillance systems, which have been run by emergency departments in hospitals throughout Korea since 2002. These systems are designed to identify illness clusters before diagnoses are confirmed and reported to public health agencies, to mobilize a rapid response, and thereby to reduce morbidity and mortality. The Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention performed drop-in syndromic surveillance successfully during the World Cup Football Games in 2002, the Universiad games in 2004, and the Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting in 2005. In addition, sustainable syndromic surveillance system involving the collaborative efforts of 125 sentinel hospitals has been in operation nationwide since 2002. Because active data collection can bias decisions a physician makes, there is a need to generate an automatic and passive data collection system. Therefore, the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention plans to establish computerized automatic data collection systems in the near future. These systems will be used not only for the early detection of bioterrorism but also for more effective public health responses to disease.
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  • ISS-An Electronic Syndromic Surveillance System for Infectious Disease in Rural China
    Weirong Yan, Lars Palm, Xin Lu, Shaofa Nie, Biao Xu, Qi Zhao, Tao Tao, Liwei Cheng, Li Tan, Hengjin Dong, Vinod K. Diwan, Alessandro Vespignani
    PLoS ONE.2013; 8(4): e62749.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of the Korean Emergency Department Syndromic Surveillance System: Mass Type Acute Diarrheal Syndrome
    Shin Ahn, Jae Ho Lee, Won Kim, Kyung Soo Lim
    Healthcare Informatics Research.2010; 16(3): 177.     CrossRef
Education of Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response in Healthcare-associated Colleges - Current Status and Learning Objectives Development.
Hagyung Lee, Byung Chul Chun, Sung Eun Yi, Hyang Soon Oh, Sun Ju Wang, Jang Wook Sohn, Jee Hee Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):225-231.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.225
  • 3,907 View
  • 69 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Bioterrorism (BT) preparedness and response plans are particularly important among healthcare workers who will be among the first involved in the outbreak situations. This study was conducted to evaluate the current status of education for BT preparedness and response in healthcare-related colleges/junior colleges and to develop learning objectives for use in their regular curricula. METHODS: We surveyed all medical colleges/schools, colleges/junior colleges that train nurses, emergency medical technicians or clinical pathologists, and 10% (randomly selected) of them that train general hygienists in Korea. The survey was conducted via mail from March to July of 2007. We surveyed 35 experts to determine if there was a consensus of learning objectives among healthcare workers. RESULTS: Only 31.3% of medical colleges/schools and 13.3% of nursing colleges/junior colleges had education programs that included BT preparedness and responses in their curricula. The most common reason given for the lack of BT educational programs was 'There is not much need for education regarding BT preparedness and response in Korea'. None of the colleges/junior colleges that train clinical pathologists, or general hygienists had an education program for BT response. After evaluating the expert opinions, we developed individual learning objectives designed specifically for educational institutions. CONCLUSIONS: There were only a few colleges/junior colleges that enforce the requirement to provide education for BT preparedness and response in curricula. It is necessary to raise the perception of BT preparedness and response to induce the schools to provide such programs.
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  • Predictors of bioterrorism preparedness among clinical nurses: A cross-sectional study
    Suhyun Lee, Yujeong Kim
    Nurse Education Today.2023; 122: 105727.     CrossRef
  • An Assessment of Knowledge and Attitude of Iranian Nurses Towards Bioterrorism
    Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Noureddin Niknam, Nahid Aghaei, Tahereh Yaghoubi
    Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
Original Article
Nutritional Status and the Characteristics Related to Malnutrition in Children Under Five Years of Age in Nghean, Vietnam.
Nguyen Ngoc Hien, Sin Kam
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):232-240.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.232
  • 11,161 View
  • 804 Download
  • 99 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was conducted to assess the nutritional status and characteristics related to malnutrition in children less than five years of age in Nghean, Vietnam. METHODS: In this study, which was conducted in November 2007, 650 child-mother pairs were selected using a two-stage cluster sampling methodology. A structured questionnaire was then administered to the mothers in their home settings. Anthropometric measurement was then used to determine if children were underweight (weight-for-age), wasting (weight-for-height) and stunting (height-for-age) based on reference data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)/World Health Organization (WHO). Logistic regression analysis was then used to describe the hierarchical relationships between potential risk factors and malnutrition. RESULTS: The mean Z-scores for weight-for-age, heightfor-age and weight-for-height were -1.46 (95% CI=-1.57, -1.35), -1.44 (95% CI=-1.56, -1.32) and -0.71 (95% CI=-0.82, -0.60), respectively. Of the children included in this study, 193 (31.8%) were underweight, 269 (44.3%) were stunting and 72 (11.9%) were wasting. Region of residence, the mother's level of education and occupation, household size, number of children in the family, weight at birth and duration of exclusive breastfeeding were found to be significantly related to malnutrition. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study indicate that malnutrition is still an important problem among children less than five years of age in Nghean, Vietnam. In addition, maternal, socio-economic and environment factors were found to be significant factors for malnutrition among children under five.
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English Abstracts
Factors Affecting Comsumer's Usage of Health Information on the Internet.
Jong Hyock Park, Jin Seok Lee, Hyejung Jang, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):241-248.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.241
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The purpose of the study was to identify a gap between consumer characteristics and utilization of health information on the Internet. METHODS: A telephone survey of nationally representative samples was conducted using structured questionnaires, and 1,000 of the 1,189 responses obtained were included in our analysis. The following variables were included in the analysis as potential predictors of health information use on the Internet: predisposing factors such as gender, age, and education status; enabling factors such as region and monthly household income; consumer need for health information; and attitude to health. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between utilization rate and the potential predictors. RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of consumers had obtained health information on the Internet over a one-year period. The utilization rates were higher for consumers who were young, educated, worked in the office setting, had higher incomes, wanted health information, and were able to use the Internet. The utilization rate was 5.35 times higher in the younger group (20-30 years) than in the elderly group (95% CI=2.21-12.97); 2.21 times higher for office workers than for manual workers (95% CI=1.16-4.20); 3.61 times higher for college graduates than for middle school graduates and below (95% CI=1.07-11.59); 1.99 times higher for people with monthly household incomes over 3,000,000 won than for those with monthly household incomes below 1,500,000 won (95% CI=1.01-3.92). CONCLUSIONS: There needs to be a paradigm shift, with consideration of not only Internet accessibility in the digital age, but also consumer ability and attitudes toward utilization of health information.
Summary

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    Tae Hee Lee, Seong-Eun Kim, Kyung Sik Park, Jeong Eun Shin, Seon-Young Park, Han Seung Ryu, Jung-Wook Kim, Yoo Jin Lee, Young Sin Cho, Suyeon Park
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    Ji-Young An, Haeran Jang, Jinkyung Paik
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The Effect of Smoking Status upon Occurrence of Impaired Fasting Glucose or Type 2 Diabetes in Korean Men.
Chang Hae Park, Hyuk Ga, Jong Han Leem, Seung Min Kwak, Hwan Cheol Kim, Ji Ho Choi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):249-254.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.249
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To investigate whether smoking and the smoking status are predictors of the incident impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or type 2 diabetes in Korean men. METHODS: A cohort of 1,717 Korean men without IFG or diabetes, who underwent annual periodic health examinations for 4 years (2002-2006), were retrospectively investigated. IFG and diabetes were defined as a serum fasting glucose concentration of 100-125 mg/dL and more than 126 mg/dL, respectively. Cox's proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the association between smoking and development of IFG or type 2 diabetes. RESULTS: A total of 558 cases (32.5%) of incident IFG and 50 cases (2.9%) of diabetes occurred. After controlling for the potential predictors of diabetes, the relative risk for IFG, compared with the never smokers, was 1.02 (95% CI=0.88 to 1.19) for the ever-smokers, 0.96 (95% CI=0.79-1.16) for those who smoked 1-9 cigarettes/d, 1.15 (95% CI=1.01 to 1.30) for those who smoked 10-19 cigarettes/d, and 1.31 (95% CI=1.10 to 1.57) for those who smoked 20 or more cigarettes/d (the P value for the current smokers was only p<0.002). The respective multivariate adjusted relative risks for type 2 diabetes, compared with the neversmokers, were 1.07 (95% CI=0.64 to 1.92), 1.47 (95% CI=0.71 to 3.04), 1.84 (95% CI=0.92-3.04), and 1.87 (95% CI=1.13-3.67), respectively (the P value for the current smokers was only p=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: The smoking status and the number of cigarettes smoked daily are associated with an increased risk for developing IFG or type 2 diabetes in Korean men.
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    Bernd Kowall, Wolfgang Rathmann, Klaus Strassburger, Margit Heier, Rolf Holle, Barbara Thorand, Guido Giani, Annette Peters, Christine Meisinger
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The Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Blood Pressure Management from the Patient's Viewpoint: A Qualitative Study.
Sok Goo Lee, So Youn Jeon
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):255-264.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.255
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study adopted a qualitative method to explore the layman's beliefs and experience concerning high blood pressure and its management in order to develop a strategy to increase adherence to proper medical treatment. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews that focused on personal experiences with hypertension and its management were conducted with 26 hypertensive patients. The participants were selected according to a BP above 140/90 mmHg (hypertension stage 1), based on the seventh report of the Joint National Committee on prevention, detection, evaluation and treatment of high blood pressure (JNC-VII). The interviews lasted for approximately 30 minutes (range: 20-60 minutes). The resulting questions were formulated into open-ended questions. The interview questionnaire was composed 17 items to examine non-adherence to treatment and 19 items to examine adherence to treatment. RESULTS: Most participants recognized that the direct cause of high blood pressure was unhealthy behavior rather than inheritance. Thus, the hypertensive patient believed they could recover their blood pressure to a normal level through removing the direct cause of hypertension (weight reduction, diet, exercise) instead of taking drugs. The reasons for these statements were that the drugs for controlling hypertension are not natural or they are artificial, and they may have side effects, and drugs are not treatment for the root cause of hypertension. Most of the hypertensive patients chose to manage their behaviors as soon as they knew their blood pressure was high. Therefore, we should not divide the subjects into two groups according to their taking drugs or not, but they should be divided into two groups according to their willingness or not to manage their condition. CONCLUSIONS: For developing a strategy for an individual approach to hypertension management, we need to develop a client-centered attitude and strategy. That is, we need to tailor our approach to individual cases to avoid generalizations and stereotyping when developing an adherence increasing strategy.
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The Incidence and Patterns of Unintentional Injuries in Daily Life in Korea: A Nationwide Study.
Kunhee Park, Sang Jun Eun, Eun Jung Lee, Chae Eun Lee, Doo Yong Park, Kyounghun Han, Yoon Kim, Jin Seok Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):265-271.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.265
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was conducted to estimate the cumulative incidence rate (CIR) of unintentional injuries in Korean daily life and to describe the pattern of unintentional injuries. METHODS: The study population was the people who used the National Health Insurance because of injuries (ICD code: S00~T98) during 2006. The stratified sample according to gender, age and the severity of injury (NISS, New Injury Severity Score) was randomly selected. The questions on the questionnaire were developed as a reference for an international classification tool (ICECI, International Classification of External Causes of Injury). The questions included the locations of injury, the mechanisms of injury and the results of injury. Moreover, we used age, gender, region and income variables for analysis. RESULTS: The CIR of unintentional injuries that occurred in daily life for 1 year per 100,000 persons was 17,606, and the CIR of severe injuries was 286. Many injuries were occurred at home (29.6%), public places (19.0%), school (13.7%) and near home (12.0%). The major mechanisms of injuries were slipping (48.8%), contact (14.0%), physical over-exertion (13.8%), and fall (6.6%). Infants and old aged people were vulnerable to injuries, and those who lived rural area and who were in a low income level were vulnerable too. CONCLUSIONS: We signified the risk groups and risk settings of unintentional injuries in Korean daily life. These results could contribute to establishing strategies for injury prevention and implementing these strategies.
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Comparative Study
The Comparison of Health Behaviors Between Widowed Women and Married Women in Jeollanamdo Province, Korea.
Seong Woo Choi, Jung Ae Rhee, Jun Ho Shin, Min Ho Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):272-278.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.272
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To compare the health behaviors of widowed women with those of currently married women. METHODS: We randomly sampled the subjects from the Jeollanamdo Resident Registration Data and we then selected 2,331 widowed women and 4,775 married women. Well-trained examiners measured the height, weight, blood pressure and abdomen circumference, and the women were interviewed with using a questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the odds ratios(OR) of the two groups. RESULTS: The smoking rate (OR=2.46; 95% confidence interval [CI]1.65, 3.66) was significantly higher for the widowed women. On the contrary, the awareness rate of a smoking cessation campaign (OR=0.80; 95% CI=0.70, 0.92), a quit tobacco telephone line (OR=0.73; 95% CI=0.61, 0.88) and a quit smoking clinic (OR=0.74; 95% CI=0.62, 0.89) were lower for the widowed women. The rate of receiving a health exam (OR=0.80; 95% CI=0.70, 0.91), the rate of undergoing gastric cancer screening (OR=0.77; 95% CI=0.68, 0.88), breast cancer screening (OR=0.79; 95% CI=0.69, 0.89), cervix cancer screening in the last 2 years (OR=0.81; 95% CI=0.71, 0.92), colon cancer screening in the last 5 years (OR=0.74; 95% CI=0.63, 0.87) were significantly lower for the widowed women. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that the health behaviors are significantly different between the widowed women and the married women. To improve the health behaviors of the widowed women, further study and research that will investigate the socioeconomic and environmental factors that affect the health behaviors of widowed women will be needed.
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Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Relationship of widowhood with pulse pressure, fasting blood glucose, and mental health in older adults: a propensity matching score analysis
    Yi Zhang, Xiangfan Chen, Yimei Sun, Sujuan Feng, Fang Wang, Haiyan Gu, Hanyu Jia, Quanxing Zhang, Wenbin Ding, Hongjian Lu, Jidong Zhang
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effect of Spousal Loss on Depression in Older Adults: Impacts of Time Passing, Living Arrangement, and Spouse’s Health Status before Death
    Yu-Chan Hung, Yong-Hsin Chen, Meng-Chih Lee, Chih-Jung Yeh
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(24): 13032.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic differences among community-dwelling diabetic adults screened for diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy: The 2015 Korean Community Health Survey
    Young-Hoon Lee, Antonio Palazón-Bru
    PLOS ONE.2018; 13(1): e0191496.     CrossRef
  • Marital Status and Health Behavior in Middle-aged Korean Adults
    Hyun Ji Yim, Hyun Ah Park, Jae Heon Kang, Kyung-Woo Kim, Young Gyu Cho, Yang Im Hur, O Jin Ee Choi
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2012; 33(6): 390.     CrossRef
English Abstract
The Incidence Rates and Risk Factor of Mild Injury for Two Weeks: Using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001.
Jesuk Lee, Soonduck Kim, Dongki Lee, Jisung Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):279-286.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.279
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  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to provide the basic data for establishing countermeasures for preventing injury by analyzing the incidence rates, the risk factors, the characteristics of the injury and the utilization of medical care for mild injury that lasted for two weeks. METHODS: We examined the injury survey data among the National Health and Nutrition Survey data. The definition of mild injury that lasted for two weeks was that the injury that caused pain at least once a day for two weeks or the injury for which the usual daily activity of the injured person was severely affected. We used statistical analysis methods such as chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The incidence rate of injury that lasted for two weeks was 4.7 per 1,000 persons. On the multiple logistic regression, the children and adolescents (OR=3.80, 95%CI=1.63-8.84) had higher rates of injuries than the adults, and the middle and high school (OR=0.51, 95%CI=0.31-0.85) and college(OR=0.34, 95%CI=0.17-0.68) students had lower rates of injuries than the elementary school students. The unemployed (OR=0.39, 95%CI=0.20-0.73) and others (OR=0.38, 95%CI=0.21-0.70) had lower rates of injuries than the blue collar workers. The major causes of injuries were found to be falling and slipping, and the most prevalent place of occurrence was near or at home. CONCLUSIONS: A prevention program needs to be developed and continuous education must be offered to the children, adolescents and blue collar workers.
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Citations

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  • The Relationship between Injury and Socioeconomic Status in Reference to the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Sung-Kyung Kim, Hyocher Kim, Kyungsuk Lee, Hee-Tae Kang, Sung-Soo Oh, Sang Baek Ko
    Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Patterns of Unintentional Domestic Injuries in Korea
    Eun-Jung Lee, Jin-Seok Lee, Yoon Kim, Kunhee Park, Sang Jun Eun, Soo Kyung Suh, Yong-Ik Kim
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2010; 43(1): 84.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health