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Volume 12(1); October 1979
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Original Articles
A Study on Status of Student Health Service in Universities and Colleges in Korea.
Byung Nim Kwun, Sam Sop Choi
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):3-12.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A survey was carried out in order to know the status of student health service and student medical insurance of universities and colleges in Korea from 1 July to 30 September, 1978. And the following results were obtained; 1. Out of seventy universities and colleges, 54.8% of them had student health service facility such as student health center(30.0%) or health room(24.8%). 2. Out of twenty-seven national and public universities and colleges, 44.4% of them had student health service facility and out of forty-three private universities and colleges, 60.5% of them had student health service facilities. 3. Each of 80.8% of 25 universities, 43.3% of 30 colleges and 33.3% of 15 junior colleges had student health service facility. 4. Major roles of student health service were physical examination (92.1%), health counselling (86.8%), primary medical care (78.9%), tuberculosis control (68.4%), insect and rodent control (52.6%), parasite control (47.4%), water source sanitation (44.7%), and dental health care (28.9%). 5. Out of 21 universities and colleges, 66.7% of them had full time doctor and 81.0% of them had full time nurse for student health center. And out of 17 universities and colleges, 5.9% of them had full time doctor and 35.3% of them had full time nurse for student health room. 6. The range of health fee was varied from 100 won to 1,400 won per student per semester and the average was 520 won. 7. Among 55 universities and colleges, 78.6% of them had carried out annual physical examination in 1977 and the rate of physical examination was 57.4%. 8. Out of 70 universities and colleges, 45.7% of them had tuberculosis control program and the prevalence rate was 6.0 per 1,000 students. 9. Student medical insurance program was developed by ten universities and one college among 25 universities and 45 colleges. 10. Student medical insurance benefit was varied according to university and college ; the reduction rate of medical fee was 20% to 80% for not only in-patient but also out-patient. 11. The upper limit of pay claim was varied according to the university and college from 5,000 won to no-limitation for out-patient and from 30,000 won to no-limitation for in-patient. 12. The highest utility rate of student medical insurance program was found in university "F" with the rate of 791 for out-patient and 12 for admitted patient per 1,000 students.
Summary
A Study on Implementation of Primary Health Care Delivery System meet to Rural Area in Korea.
Y C Koo, J H Wie, S J Hwang, S S Choi
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):13-23.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A study was carried out from October 1977 to September 1978 in order to develop health care deliverly system which will meet to rural area in Korea. For the study objective a model of health care delivery system of Myun (township) area was developed which is adopted the net-work of village health voluntary worker who will play the role of bridge for communication related with health and illness between families or village people and health subcenter, and the model health care delivery system net-work was set in the area of Soodong Myun, Yangju Gun, which is the rural health demonstration area of Ewha Women's University since 1972. The activities and attitude of 22 village health voluntary workers were observed and analyzed during the study period. The results are as follows; 1. For the field activities of village health voluntary workers, a guide line which is described with specific behavioral objectives was developed and used for not only training of the workers but also evaluation of their field activities. 2. During the study period, the number of 971 village people were served primary health care service by village health voluntary worker and the service was classified largely into symptomatic medications (92%) and preventive measure (8%). 3. Comparative percentage of the number of 894 symptomatic cases cared by village health voluntary workers to 5,695 cases of patient treated by Soodong Health Subcenter during the same period was 15.7%. 4. Annual utility rate of village health voluntary worker by Myun total people was 16.1% but utility rate by Rie was varied from 38.2% to 2.8% which shown there were considerable difference in each Rie. In order to settle the village health care service, the obstructive factors of utility should be detected and their counter measure must be taken. 5. As the health need of village people increases, it is expected that the supplement of drug excluding present six basic drugs is inevitable, but considering the ability of village health voluntary worker, the selection of additional drugs and education, plan should be carefully studied. 6. It is desirable that a financial resource for supplementary purchase of first aid kit, drugs and materials should be alloted from village public fund like Saemaeul Women's Club fund, which has already practiced in a few villages in the study area. 7. As pointed out by village health voluntary workers, in order to improve the village health, village leaders should be in the center of it and the cooperation of whole village people is a core of healthful village development, and it is reasonable that the health subcenter backs up these voluntary health activities by village people in techniques. 8. It seems effective that a supplementary education for village health voluntary worker be accomplished by a planned education through regular meetings like worker's monthly meeting and irregular post guide when Myun Health Workers can handle the problems found during the round trip of villages. 9. It is desirable that village health voluntary workers, who are recommended by a civil voluntary organization like Saemael Woman's Club, are charged by natural village unit, are given a function of village health care service and used through basic education at health subcenter. 10. It is advisable that the village health voluntary worker's service is compensated not by a form of money, but by other way such as an exemption of medical fee of worker herself or her families in health subcenter can be one method. 11. Daily health activities of each village health voluntary worker should be reported to health subcenter by biweekly or monthly in order to get not only for basic data of the program but also for evaluation the program. It is recommendable that the report form should be simple and clear enough for village health voluntary worker to fill it effectively. 12. Village health care service should be developed into a Saemaeul Movement in which village people actively participate. For this, the appointed function of village health voluntary worker should be absorbed into those of living Environment Betterment Section or Family Planning Section of Saemaeul Women's Club or it is desirable that establish a new section, Village Health Promoting Section and made it involve the appointed functions of those sections mentioned above.
Summary
Suitable Weight-Height Type Indixes for the Evaluation of Nutritional Status.
Chi Soon Yoon, Kyou Chull Chung
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):24-30.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was conducted to find out the most suitable weight-height index out of the weight/height(p)-type indices that could be used for the evaluation of nutritional status in an epidemiological survey and for the screening of the obesity. The subjects were chosen randomly, 2,182 males and 719 females from college students and office workers in Seoul districts. The 'best' power-type weight-height index for Korean men and women of all ages from 16 to 59 was found to be weight-height(1.54) for males and weight-height(1.42) for females. Weight-height(2)(Kaup index), however, was the best suited weight-height index for each age group of both sexes except that relative weight (weight-height) was considered to be desirable to apply for males of teen-aged and of over fifties and for females of over forties of age. Normal ranges of Kaup index values for males and females of each age group were presented in tables 5 and 6. These findings suggest that Korean are generally leaner than other ethnic groups of the same sex and age.
Summary
Analysis of Health Conditions Influencing on Industrial Accidents by Cornell Medical Index.
Im Won Chang
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):31-37.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
By evaluating the health status of 152 male workers engaged in a metal-product factory by Cornell Medical Index in conjunction with their experience of industrial accident, I attempted to find out whether any health condition may effect on the occurrence of industrial accident. Differences in frequency of complaints in each section of CMI between control workers and accident workers were statistically tested by T-test. On the other hand, influence of neuropsychiatric factors (section M-R) on the occurrence of accidents was analyzed by X(2)-test with Fukamachi's classification. The followings were the results obtained in this study. 1. The average number (26.42) of physical complaints in accident group is significantly more than in control group (18.70). 2. The average number (17.70) of mental complaints in accident group is very significantly more than in control group (11.70). 3. Differences in frequencies of complaints by sections between accident group and control group was all significant except C(cardiovascular system), H(genitourinary system), I (fatigue) & J (frequency of disease). 4. Frequency rate of neurotic workers who were identified by Fukamachi's classification was significantly higher in accident group (72%) than in control group (51%).
Summary
Study on the Determinants of Utilization of Family Health Worker in Rural Korea.
Jong Ku Park
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):38-42.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The objectives of this study were to identify the determinants of the 1. Home visiting activities by FHWs, 2. Utilization of village Family Health Workers (FHWs) among housewives in, 3. Attitudes towards FHWs the Kang Wha Community, 4. Knowledge about FHW's activities among housewives in the KangWha Community Health Project area. This study was analyzed by using path analysis. Exogenous variables were 1. Distance between the housewives' houses and that of their local FHW, 2. Duration of work each FHW as FHW in her village, 3. Number of preschool children in the households. Endogenous variables were 1. Home visiting frequency to each household by FHW, 2. Knowledge abort FHW's activities, 3. Attitude towards FHWs by the housewives, 4. Utilization of FHW by the housewives. The results were as follows : The shorter the distnace between client's and FHW's house, the higher the number of preschool children in the household, and the longer their duration of work of FHW as FHW, the higher is the number of her household visits in a given time span. The more frequently the FHW visits a household and the higher the knowledge about FHW's activities in the household, the more positive is the attitude of the housewives to the FHW and the more frequently she visits and utilizes the FHW on her own initiative.
Summary
A Study on the Urinary Lead Excretion after Oral D-penicillamine Administration.
Soo Il Lee
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):43-48.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
For the purpose of further health control, D-penicillamine was orally administered to 8 persons who were employed in lead industry and suspected lead intoxication routine industrial health examination. The dose of D-penicillamine was 600 mg per day and was administered orally in every other 5 days. For the laboratory analyses 24 hours urine and 10 gm of whole blood were collected every day. The results were as follows ; 1. It was found that mean urinary lead excretion per day was 446.5 g/l and 394.98 g/l, respectively during the first 5-day and the second 5-day administration with D-penicillamine. 2. Mean lead excretion per day was 130.56 +/- 66.42 g/l after first 5-day administration and 159.28 +/- 104.44 g/l after second 5-day administration with D-penicillamine. 3. The level of urinary lead excretion after administration increased 3 to 4 times than that before administration with D-penicillamine. 4. Blood and urinary lead level investigate after 6 months were 44.4 +/- 10.2 g/100g and 72.7 +/- 29.7 g/l for the eight persons.
Summary
Heavy Metals of the Suspended Particulate in Atmosphere of Seoul City.
Sook Pyo Kwon, Yong Chung, Dong Koo Lim
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):49-55.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In order to investigate air pollution by heavy metals in Seoul city, the suspended particulates in the atmosphere were sampled with high volume air sampler in industrial area(Ku Ro Dong), commercial(Kwang Hwa Moon) and residential(Shin Chon Dong) from January to November, 1977. The sampled suspended particulates were digested and extracted from suspended particulates with the acidic solution by reflux-extraction technique, and were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. And Mercury was measured by mercury analyzer applying the reducing sublimation technique. Among heavy metals analyzed, the iron was identified at th highest level in the suspended particulates and the chromium was the least. Through the surveyed area, the concentration of heavy metals of the industrial area was comparatively high among others and the commercial was the second. It was detected that lead was the most concentrated in the suspended particulate of the commercial area, that might be caused of the traffic emissions. The seasonal variations were analyzed and the correlations among heavy metals and total suspended particulate were also calculated. Especially, the iron was highly correlated with total suspended particulate in all the surveyed areas.
Summary
A Survey on High Blood Pressure among Employed Workers in Busan Area.
Sung Sik Kim
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):56-60.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A survey was performed from April 1978 to Oct. 1978, on the high blood pressure of workers employed at industries in Busan area in order to seek for the environmental factors on blood pressure. The number of workers surveyed in the manufacturing industries occupied 72.4 percent of the total. By the age group of all workers, 39.9 percent belonged to the 20-20 year group. For the age distribution and sex of the workers, the highest frequency was found in the 20-29 year group in both sexes and was 36.8% and 46.1% in male and female, respectively. The prevalence rate of hypertension among the workers was 15.9. The industries showing the highest prevalence rate equivalent to wholesale, retail trades, restaurants, and hotels. This survey presented a tendency of increasing prevalence rate as the age increases.
Summary
Classification of Frequently Occurring Disease by Chief Camplaints in Rural Area.
Seung Won Kang
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):61-69.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In Korea, the Regional differences of medical facilities and man-powers are very serious recently. In order to solve rural medical problem, the comprehensive health care service is required earnestly in rural area. The present study was performed to provide the material for rural medical policy by analyzing the diseases occurring frequently in rural area and assuming the paramedical workers' abilities of medical treatment. The frequently by occurring diseases were classified by investigation. The chief complaints of 4559 subjects through home visiting for last weeks occurred in 1978. The paramedical workers' abilities of medical treatment were investigated by analyzing the clinical charts of patients treated by paramedical workers by systemic health care delivery system from September 1977 to December 1977. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The rate of disease suffering recently for 2 weeks was 22.5% in rural area. 2. The rate of respiratory disease was 36.0%, gartrointestinal disease 18%, trauma 8% and neuromuscular disease 7.5%, respectively. 3. The coverage of treatment by health workers was 97.6% in general practitioner, 70% in community health practitioner and 42.1% in community health aid, respectively.
Summary
Sociomedical Study on the Person Recieved Permanent Sterilization Method in Busan Area.
Ill Yong Song
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):70-78.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was carried out for the evaluation on the sociomedical characteristics of 1,580 cases who had received vasectomy and laparoscopic sterilization at the Busan Family Planning Clinic from January 1978 to December 1978. The results obtained were as follows : 1. In age distribution, the most predominant age group consisted of 30.34 years as 44.7%. In regional distribution, the most predominant region was Youngdo ku in the vasectomy group and Dong Ku in the laparoscopic sterilization group. 2. The educational level showed that the high school graduates(49.2%) in the vasectomy group and the primary school graduates(47.0%) in the laparoscopic sterilization group were the highest each other. 3. The most predominant experienced contraceptive method before accepted permanent sterilization operation was oral pills and non-experienced contraceptive method group was 54.1% of the total. 4. By the span of marital life before accepted permanent sterilization operation, the 5-9years group was the highest. 5. The average number of living children per family was 2.54 in the vasectomy group and 3.0 in the laparoscopic sterilization group. 6. The average frequency of pregnancy per case was 2 in the vasectomy group and 3 in the laparoscopic sterilization group and the most predominant frequency of induced abortion was 1 per case. 7. The most predominant motive of accepting the sterilization operation were family planning education t the reserve forces training in the vasectomy group and at the mother's club in the laparoscopic sterilization group. 8. By the residing status of the cases, rented room was the highest as 69.4%.
Summary
Trace Metal Contents in Human Hair of Korean.
Dong Bin Song
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):79-87.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Analysis for 6 metals (Cd, Zn, Cu, Ni, Pb, Mn) by Atomic absorption spectrophotometer were made on hair samples of healthy 135 in urban area and 130 in rural area who have not dealt with the above metals in their daily working life. Marked variations were found. Samples of urban area contained more cadmium, copper, lead and manganese than those of rural area. No sexual difference in mean value could be observed and the amount of metals in hair did not increase with age. And no age dependency was found. There was a statistically significant correlation between the concentrations of cadmium and lead in both urban and rural people; Pb=1.50 Cd + 6.69 (r = 0.213, p<0.05) in urban area. Pb=1.44 Cd + 3.67 (r = 0.327, p<0.001) in rural area.
Summary
Case Report
Prevention and Treatment of Decompression Sickness in the Reported Cases of Severe Decompression Sickness.
H J Kim
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):88-94.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Summary
Original Articles
A Study on Trichomoniasis Presence in Army Soldiers.
Chan Sik Park
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):95-98.
  • 1,689 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
From April 1977 to August 1978, author carried out an experiment to detect the presence of trichomoniasis in soldiers. Samples were obtained from 1.293 male soldiers of in-or out-patients of an Armed Forces Medical Center. For detection of Trichomonas vaginalis, both of smear method and culture method were used, and results from two methods were compared. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Detection rate of Trichomonas vaginalis is 1.8% by smear method and 3.1% by culture method respectively. This result showed culture method is about twice as highly detective as smear method. 2. A highest infection rate was found in the 30-40 year group. 3. Most of infected persons showed symptomless, although about 30% of them complained distress such as itching sensation(10%), urethral discharge(7.5), and urinary frequency(7.5%). 4. In the microscopic examination of urine, leukocytes were increased in 65% and epithelial cells were increased in 47.5% among individuals. This result showed there might be infalmmatory changes in about half the positive cases.
Summary
Medical Accessibility and Its Effects on Medical Care Utilization: Experiences from Yonsei Health Insurance Cooperatives.
Hee Chul Oh
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):99-106.
  • 1,871 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Accessibility to medical facilities and personnels has been known as one of important determinants of medical care utilization. This study attempted to identify the effects of medical accessibility in terms of geographical distance and occupational opportunity to the medical utilizations. Two-year-experiences of Yonsei University Health Insurance Cooperatives were used as the sources of data. Out patient utilization patterns of 713 members sampled from 4,352 members of Health Insurance Cooperatives were analyzed in order to identify the effects of medical accessibilities. Findings: 1. Average clinic visit rate of Yonsei Health Insurance is 1.66 per person per year. 2. The utilization rates of geographically more accessible group were 33% higher than that of less accessible group. 3. No marked difference in clinic visit rate were observed between medical and non-medical personnel and their family members. 4. Clinic visit rates among occupationally accessible group were slightly higher than those of less accessible. The utilization rate was more sensitively changed by the insurance policy changes in occupationally accessible group.
Summary
A Study on Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice of Health Care of Housewives in Rural Area (with Established Viliage Voluntary Health Worker System).
Hae Kyung Chung, Sam Sop Choi
Korean J Prev Med. 1979;12(1):107-120.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In order to determine the knowledge of, attitudes to, and practice of housewives toward health care in a rural area, a survey with questionnaire was carried out with 87 housewives who were sampled randomly from 6 villages in Sudong Myun, from April 16th to 21st, 1979. The following results were obtained. 1. Of the housewives studied, 61.5% knew that B.C.G. is a vaccine for T.B. prevention and 12.3% knew that D.P.T. is a vaccine for diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus. 2. The vaccination rate of the children under six-year of the housewives studied was : polio 83.1%, B.C.G. 75.4%, D.P.T. 66.2%, and measles 55.4% respectively. 3. The vaccination rate was higher in children in the area near from the health subcenter than in those of the area further away. 4. Out of 87 respondants, 87.5% knew one or more methods of contraception for spacing children. These were ; loop 69.0%, oral pill 66.7% and condom 14.9% respectively. 5. Out of 87 respondants, 82.2% knew the methods of contraception for sterilization. These were : laparascopy 87.5% and vasectomy 16.9%. 6. Out of 87 respondants those who had experience using contraceptive methods were 70.1% and present users were 47.1%. 7. Contraception practice rate was higher in the group of housewives having middle school education or above than those having primary school education or less. 8. Functions of the health subcenter listed by respondents were : patients care 72.4%, family planning 31.0%, vaccination 23.0%, T.B. control 3.4%, health education 3.4%, infant birth delivery assistance 1.1% respectively. 9. Housewives who knew that there is a village health voluntary worker in their own village were 63.2%(55), and 58.2% of those who knew appreciated her activities. 10. Purpose of expenditure of Myun community health development funds listed by respondents were : aid for patient care 34.5%, aid for health subcenter operation 16.1%, and aid for Myun health development 6.9% respectively. 11. It seems that both of the distance from the health subcenter and the utility rate level of the village health voluntary worker are co-related to the B.C.G. vaccination rate of children. 12. It seems that both of the distance from the health subcenter and the utility rate level of the village health voluntary worker are not co-related to the rate of contraception practice.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health