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Yoon Kim 26 Articles
Cancer Patients’ Utilization of Tertiary Hospitals in Seoul Before and After the Benefit Expansion Policy
Sanghyun Cho, Youngs Chang, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(1):41-50.   Published online January 4, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.166
  • 5,988 View
  • 146 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The aim of this study was to investigate cancer patients’ utilization of tertiary hospitals in Seoul before and after the benefit expansion policy implemented in 2013.
Methods
This was a before-and-after study using claims data of the Korean National Health Insurance Service from 2011 to 2016. The unit of analysis was inpatient episodes, and inpatient episodes involving a malignant neoplasm (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes: C00-C97) were included in this study. The total sample (n=5 565 076) was divided into incident cases and prevalent cases according to medical use due to cancer in prior years. The tertiary hospitals in Seoul were divided into two groups (the five largest hospitals and the other tertiary hospitals in Seoul).
Results
The proportions of the incident and prevalent episodes occurring in tertiary hospitals in Seoul were 34.9% and 37.2%, respectively, of which more than 70% occurred in the five largest hospitals in Seoul. Utilization of tertiary hospitals in Seoul was higher for inpatient episodes involving cancer surgery, patients with a higher income, patients living in areas close to Seoul, and patients living in areas without a metropolitan city. The utilization of the five largest hospitals increased by 2 percentage points after the policy went into effect.
Conclusions
The utilization of tertiary hospitals in Seoul was concentrated among the five largest hospitals. Future research is necessary to identify the consequences of this utilization pattern.
Summary
Korean summary
2014년부터 2016년까지 암 발생자 입원의 34.9%가 서울 소재 상급종합병원에서 이루어졌으며, 그중 73.9%가 5대 상급종합병원에서 이루어졌다. 4대 중증질환 보장성 강화 정책 후에 암환자의 서울 소재 상급종합병원 이용은 6.1%(2% 포인트) 증가하였으며, 5대 상급종합병원 이용률은 증가(정책 전: 23.6%, 정책 후: 25.8%), 그 외 서울 소재 상급종합병원 이용률은 감소하였다(정책 전: 9.3%, 정책 후: 9.1%).

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Relationship between patient outcomes and patterns of fragmented cancer care in older adults with gastric cancer: A nationwide cohort study in South Korea
    Dong-Woo Choi, Seungju Kim, Sun Jung Kim, Dong Wook Kim, Kwang Sun Ryu, Jae Ho Kim, Yoon-Jung Chang, Kyu-Tae Han
    Journal of Geriatric Oncology.2024; 15(2): 101685.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Disability Status on Mortality in Patients with Gastric Cancer: A Nationwide Study Focusing on Regional Disparities
    Woo-Ri Lee, Kyu-Tae Han, Mingee Choi, Seojin Park, Woorim Kim
    Healthcare.2023; 11(5): 641.     CrossRef
  • Descriptive Analysis of Gastric Cancer Mortality in Korea, 2000-2020
    Tung Hoang, Hyeongtaek Woo, Sooyoung Cho, Jeeyoo Lee, Sayada Zartasha Kazmi, Aesun Shin
    Cancer Research and Treatment.2023; 55(2): 603.     CrossRef
  • A 6-year nationwide population-based study on the current status of gastric endoscopic resection in Korea using administrative data
    Jae Yong Park, Mi-Sook Kim, Beom Jin Kim, Jae Gyu Kim
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cancer care patterns in South Korea: Types of hospital where patients receive care and outcomes using national health insurance claims data
    Dong‐Woo Choi, Sun Jung Kim, Seungju Kim, Dong Wook Kim, Wonjeong Jeong, Kyu‐Tae Han
    Cancer Medicine.2023; 12(13): 14707.     CrossRef
  • Changes in the Utilization of Health Care Services by Cancer Patients during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Seung Hee Seo, Sooyoung Cho, Shin Hye Yoo, Bhumsuk Keam, Aesun Shin
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2023; 64(7): 463.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Cardiovascular Diseases on Mortality in Gastric Cancer Patients with Preexisting Chronic Disease
    Kyu-Tae Han, Dong Wook Kim, Woorim Kim
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2022; 63(11): 1043.     CrossRef
  • Is time-to-treatment associated with higher mortality in Korean elderly lung cancer patients?
    Kyu-Tae Han, Woorim Kim, Areum Song, Yeong Jun Ju, Dong-Woo Choi, Seungju Kim
    Health Policy.2021; 125(8): 1047.     CrossRef
  • Do Patients Residing in Provincial Areas Transport and Spend More on Cancer Treatment in Korea?
    Woorim Kim, Kyu-Tae Han, Seungju Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(17): 9247.     CrossRef
Evaluation of Geographic Indices Describing Health Care Utilization
Agnus M. Kim, Jong Heon Park, Sungchan Kang, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2017;50(1):29-37.   Published online December 19, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.099
  • 8,813 View
  • 191 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The accurate measurement of geographic patterns of health care utilization is a prerequisite for the study of geographic variations in health care utilization. While several measures have been developed to measure how accurately geographic units reflect the health care utilization patterns of residents, they have been only applied to hospitalization and need further evaluation. This study aimed to evaluate geographic indices describing health care utilization.
Methods
We measured the utilization rate and four health care utilization indices (localization index, outflow index, inflow index, and net patient flow) for eight major procedures (coronary artery bypass graft surgery, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, surgery after hip fracture, knee replacement surgery, caesarean sections, hysterectomy, computed tomography scans, and magnetic resonance imaging scans) according to three levels of geographic units in Korea. Data were obtained from the National Health Insurance database in Korea. We evaluated the associations among the health care utilization indices and the utilization rates.
Results
In higher-level geographic units, the localization index tended to be high, while the inflow index and outflow index were lower. The indices showed different patterns depending on the procedure. A strong negative correlation between the localization index and the outflow index was observed for all procedures. Net patient flow showed a moderate positive correlation with the localization index and the inflow index.
Conclusions
Health care utilization indices can be used as a proxy to describe the utilization pattern of a procedure in a geographic unit.
Summary

Citations

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  • Development and Evaluation of Rehabilitation Service Areas for the United States
    Timothy A. Reistetter, Julianna M. Dean, Allen M. Haas, John D. Prochaska, Daniel C. Jupiter, Karl Eschbach, Yong-Fang Kuo
    BMC Health Services Research.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with End-Of-Life Health Care Use and Spending in Korea in Comparison with the General Population
    Agnus M. Kim, Yoon Kim
    Journal of Aging & Social Policy.2023; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Presence of Thrombectomy-capable Stroke Centers Within Hospital Service Areas Explains Regional Variation in the Case Fatality Rate of Acute Ischemic Stroke in Korea
    Eun Hye Park, Yong Jin Gil, Chanki Kim, Beom Joon Kim, Seung-sik Hwang
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2021; 54(6): 385.     CrossRef
  • An ecological study of geographic variation and factors associated with cesarean section rates in South Korea
    Agnus M. Kim, Jong Heon Park, Sungchan Kang, Tae Ho Yoon, Yoon Kim
    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Geographic variation and factors associated with rates of knee arthroplasty in Korea-a population based ecological study
    Agnus M. Kim, Sungchan Kang, Jong Heon Park, Tae Ho Yoon, Yoon Kim
    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with the rates of coronary artery bypass graft and percutaneous coronary intervention
    Agnus M. Kim, Jong Heon Park, Seongcheol Cho, Sungchan Kang, Tae Ho Yoon, Yoon Kim
    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
The Effect of Geographic Units of Analysis on Measuring Geographic Variation in Medical Services Utilization
Agnus M. Kim, Jong Heon Park, Sungchan Kang, Kyosang Hwang, Taesik Lee, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(4):230-239.   Published online July 14, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.034
  • 10,825 View
  • 159 Download
  • 18 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
We aimed to evaluate the effect of geographic units of analysis on measuring geographic variation in medical services utilization. For this purpose, we compared geographic variations in the rates of eight major procedures in administrative units (districts) and new areal units organized based on the actual health care use of the population in Korea.
Methods
To compare geographic variation in geographic units of analysis, we calculated the age–sex standardized rates of eight major procedures (coronary artery bypass graft surgery, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, surgery after hip fracture, knee-replacement surgery, caesarean section, hysterectomy, computed tomography scan, and magnetic resonance imaging scan) from the National Health Insurance database in Korea for the 2013 period. Using the coefficient of variation, the extremal quotient, and the systematic component of variation, we measured geographic variation for these eight procedures in districts and new areal units.
Results
Compared with districts, new areal units showed a reduction in geographic variation. Extremal quotients and inter-decile ratios for the eight procedures were lower in new areal units. While the coefficient of variation was lower for most procedures in new areal units, the pattern of change of the systematic component of variation between districts and new areal units differed among procedures.
Conclusions
Geographic variation in medical service utilization could vary according to the geographic unit of analysis. To determine how geographic characteristics such as population size and number of geographic units affect geographic variation, further studies are needed.
Summary

Citations

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  • Healthcare service use and medical outcomes of tracheostomy-dependent children: a nationwide study
    In Gyu Song, You Sun Kim, Min Sun Kim, Ji Weon Lee, Yoon-Min Cho, Youna Lim, Seong Keun Kwon, Dong In Suh, June Dong Park
    BMJ Paediatrics Open.2024; 8(1): e002377.     CrossRef
  • Geographic Distribution of Central Nervous System Rehabilitation Treatment in Korea and Its Associated Factors
    Dong-Gyun Sohn, Jaehong Yoon, Jun-Soo Ro, Ja-Ho Leigh
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Defining Referral Regions for Inpatient Trauma Care: The Utility of a Novel Geographic Definition
    Cheryl K. Zogg, Robert D. Becher, Michael K. Dalton, Sameer A. Hirji, Kimberly A. Davis, Ali Salim, Zara Cooper, Molly P. Jarman
    Journal of Surgical Research.2022; 275: 115.     CrossRef
  • High Level of Unwarranted Clinical Variation in the Use of Lower Extremity Revascularisation Procedures in Hungary (2013–2017)
    Endre Kolossváry, Tamás Ferenci, Tamás Kováts, Péter Sótonyi, Zoltán Szeberin, Balázs Nemes, Edit Dósa, Katalin Farkas, Zoltán Járai
    European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery.2022; 63(6): 874.     CrossRef
  • Healthcare utilization among children and young people with life-limiting conditions: Exploring palliative care needs using National Health Insurance claims data
    Cho Hee Kim, In Gyu Song, Min Sun Kim, Jin Yong Lee, Nam Gu Lim, Hee Young Shin
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Regional Variation of Hospitalization Rates for Asthma in Korea: Association with Ambient Carbon Monoxide and Health Care Supply
    Agnus M. Kim, Sungchan Kang, Jong Heon Park, Yoon Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(4): 1244.     CrossRef
  • A spatial analysis of geographic variation and factors associated with hospitalization for bacterial pneumonia in Korea
    Agnus M. Kim, Sungchan Kang, Jong Heon Park, Tae Ho Yoon, Yoon Kim
    BMC Pulmonary Medicine.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Regional Differences in Years of Life Lost in Korea from 1997 to 2015
    Dun-Sol Go, Young-Eun Kim, Munkhzul Radnaabaatar, Yunsun Jung, Jaehun Jung, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions as an indicator of access to primary care and excess of bed supply
    Agnus M. Kim, Jong Heon Park, Tae Ho Yoon, Yoon Kim
    BMC Health Services Research.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • An ecological study of geographic variation and factors associated with cesarean section rates in South Korea
    Agnus M. Kim, Jong Heon Park, Sungchan Kang, Tae Ho Yoon, Yoon Kim
    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Geographic variation and factors associated with rates of knee arthroplasty in Korea-a population based ecological study
    Agnus M. Kim, Sungchan Kang, Jong Heon Park, Tae Ho Yoon, Yoon Kim
    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with the rates of coronary artery bypass graft and percutaneous coronary intervention
    Agnus M. Kim, Jong Heon Park, Seongcheol Cho, Sungchan Kang, Tae Ho Yoon, Yoon Kim
    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Geographic variation in health insurance benefits in Qianjiang District, China: a cross-sectional study
    Yue Wu, Liang Zhang, Xuejiao Liu, Ting Ye, Yongfei Wang
    International Journal for Equity in Health.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology of pathogens and antimicrobial resistanceof catheter-associated urinary tract infections in intensivecare units: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Dan Peng, Xuan Li, Pin Liu, Mei Luo, Shuai Chen, Kewen Su, Zhongshuang Zhang, Qiang He, Jingfu Qiu, Yingli Li
    American Journal of Infection Control.2018; 46(12): e81.     CrossRef
  • Regional variation in healthcare spending and mortality among senior high-cost healthcare users in Ontario, Canada: a retrospective matched cohort study
    Sergei Muratov, Justin Lee, Anne Holbrook, Andrew Costa, J. Michael Paterson, Jason R. Guertin, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Tara Gomes, Wayne Khuu, Jean-Eric Tarride
    BMC Geriatrics.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Regional Differences in Years of Life Lost in Korea from 1997 to 2015
    Dun-Sol Go, Young-Eun Kim, Munkhzul Radnaabaatar, Yunsun Jung, Jaehun Jung, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A framework for the identification and classification of homogeneous socioeconomic areas in the analysis of health care variation
    Ludovico Pinzari, Soumya Mazumdar, Federico Girosi
    International Journal of Health Geographics.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Senior high-cost healthcare users’ resource utilization and outcomes: a protocol of a retrospective matched cohort study in Canada
    Sergei Muratov, Justin Lee, Anne Holbrook, J Michael Paterson, Jason Robert Guertin, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Tara Gomes, Wayne Khuu, Priscila Pequeno, Andrew P Costa, Jean-Eric Tarride
    BMJ Open.2017; 7(12): e018488.     CrossRef
The Impact of an Emergency Fee Increase on the Composition of Patients Visiting Emergency Departments
Hyemin Jung, Young Kyung Do, Yoon Kim, Junsoo Ro
J Prev Med Public Health. 2014;47(6):309-316.   Published online November 24, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.044
  • 9,046 View
  • 111 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aimed to test our hypothesis that a raise in the emergency fee implemented on March 1, 2013 has increased the proportion of patients with emergent symptoms by discouraging non-urgent emergency department visits.
Methods
We conducted an analysis of 728 736 patients registered in the National Emergency Department Information System who visited level 1 and level 2 emergency medical institutes in the two-month time period from February 1, 2013, one month before the raise in the emergency fee, to March 31, 2013, one month after the raise. A difference-in-difference method was used to estimate the net effects of a raise in the emergency fee on the probability that an emergency visit is for urgent conditions.
Results
The percentage of emergency department visits in urgent or equivalent patients increased by 2.4% points, from 74.2% before to 76.6% after the policy implementation. In a group of patients transferred using public transport or ambulance, who were assumed to be least conscious of cost, the change in the proportion of urgent patients was not statistically significant. On the other hand, the probability that a group of patients directly presenting to the emergency department by private transport, assumed to be most conscious of cost, showed a 2.4% point increase in urgent conditions (p<0.001). This trend appeared to be consistent across the level 1 and level 2 emergency medical institutes.
Conclusions
A raise in the emergency fee implemented on March 1, 2013 increased the proportion of urgent patients in the total emergency visits by reducing emergency department visits by non-urgent patients.
Summary
Variations in the Hospital Standardized Mortality Ratios in Korea
Eun-Jung Lee, Soo-Hee Hwang, Jung-A Lee, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2014;47(4):206-215.   Published online July 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2014.47.4.206
  • 10,424 View
  • 109 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The hospital standardized mortality ratio (HSMR) has been widely used because it allows for robust risk adjustment using administrative data and is important for improving the quality of patient care.
Methods
All inpatients discharged from hospitals with more than 700 beds (66 hospitals) in 2008 were eligible for inclusion. Using the claims data, 29 most responsible diagnosis (MRDx), accounting for 80% of all inpatient deaths among these hospitals, were identified, and inpatients with those MRDx were selected. The final study population included 703 571 inpatients including 27 718 (3.9% of all inpatients) in-hospital deaths. Using logistic regression, risk-adjusted models for predicting in-hospital mortality were created for each MRDx. The HSMR of individual hospitals was calculated for each MRDx using the model coefficients. The models included age, gender, income level, urgency of admission, diagnosis codes, disease-specific risk factors, and comorbidities. The Elixhauser comorbidity index was used to adjust for comorbidities.
Results
For 26 out of 29 MRDx, the c-statistics of these mortality prediction models were higher than 0.8 indicating excellent discriminative power. The HSMR greatly varied across hospitals and disease groups. The academic status of the hospital was the only factor significantly associated with the HSMR.
Conclusions
We found a large variation in HSMR among hospitals; therefore, efforts to reduce these variations including continuous monitoring and regular disclosure of the HSMR are required.
Summary

Citations

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  • Differences in trends in discharge location in a cohort of hospitalized patients with cancer and non-cancer diagnoses receiving specialist palliative care: A retrospective cohort study
    Michael Bonares, Kalli Stillos, Lise Huynh, Debbie Selby
    Palliative Medicine.2023; 37(8): 1241.     CrossRef
  • Functional training and timed nutrition intervention in infectious medical patients
    M Holst, L N Søndergaard, M D Bendtsen, J Andreasen
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2016; 70(9): 1039.     CrossRef
A New Disability-related Health Care Needs Assessment Tool for Persons With Brain Disorders
Yoon Kim, Sang June Eun, Wan Ho Kim, Bum-Suk Lee, Ja-Ho Leigh, Jung-Eun Kim, Jin Yong Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2013;46(5):282-290.   Published online September 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.5.282
  • 65,535 View
  • 107 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to develop a health needs assessment (HNA) tool for persons with brain disorders and to assess the unmet needs of persons with brain disorders using the developed tool.

Methods

The authors used consensus methods to develop a HNA tool. Using a randomized stratified systematic sampling method adjusted for sex, age, and districts, 57 registered persons (27 severe and 30 mild cases) with brain disorders dwelling in Seoul, South Korea were chosen and medical specialists investigated all of the subjects with the developed tools.

Results

The HNA tool for brain disorders we developed included four categories: 1) medical interventions and operations, 2) assistive devices, 3) rehabilitation therapy, and 4) regular follow-up. This study also found that 71.9% of the subjects did not receive appropriate medical care, which implies that the severity of their disability is likely to be exacerbated and permanent, and the loss irrecoverable.

Conclusions

Our results showed that the HNA tool for persons with brain disorders based on unmet needs defined by physicians can be a useful method for evaluating the appropriateness and necessity of medical services offered to the disabled, and it can serve as the norm for providing health care services for disabled persons. Further studies should be undertaken to increase validity and reliability of the tool. Fundamental research investigating the factors generating or affecting the unmet needs is necessary; its results could serve as basis for developing policies to eliminate or alleviate these factors.

Summary
Improving the Performance of Risk-adjusted Mortality Modeling for Colorectal Cancer Surgery by Combining Claims Data and Clinical Data
Won Mo Jang, Jae-Hyun Park, Jong-Hyock Park, Jae Hwan Oh, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2013;46(2):74-81.   Published online March 28, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.2.74
  • 9,609 View
  • 75 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of risk-adjusted mortality models for colorectal cancer surgery.

Methods

We investigated patients (n=652) who had undergone colorectal cancer surgery (colectomy, colectomy of the rectum and sigmoid colon, total colectomy, total proctectomy) at five teaching hospitals during 2008. Mortality was defined as 30-day or in-hospital surgical mortality. Risk-adjusted mortality models were constructed using claims data (basic model) with the addition of TNM staging (TNM model), physiological data (physiological model), surgical data (surgical model), or all clinical data (composite model). Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to develop the risk-adjustment models. To compare the performance of the models, both c-statistics using Hanley-McNeil pair-wise testing and the ratio of the observed to the expected mortality within quartiles of mortality risk were evaluated to assess the abilities of discrimination and calibration.

Results

The physiological model (c=0.92), surgical model (c=0.92), and composite model (c=0.93) displayed a similar improvement in discrimination, whereas the TNM model (c=0.87) displayed little improvement over the basic model (c=0.86). The discriminatory power of the models did not differ by the Hanley-McNeil test (p>0.05). Within each quartile of mortality, the composite and surgical models displayed an expected mortality ratio close to 1.

Conclusions

The addition of clinical data to claims data efficiently enhances the performance of the risk-adjusted postoperative mortality models in colorectal cancer surgery. We recommended that the performance of models should be evaluated through both discrimination and calibration.

Summary

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  • Estimating postoperative mortality in colorectal surgery- a systematic review of risk prediction models
    Alexios Dosis, Jack Helliwell, Aron Syversen, Jim Tiernan, Zhiqiang Zhang, David Jayne
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Modified Tumor Budding as a Better Predictor of Lymph Node Metastasis in Early Gastric Cancer: Possible Real-World Applications
    Kwangil Yim, Won Mo Jang, Sung Hak Lee
    Cancers.2021; 13(14): 3405.     CrossRef
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    J.M. García Torrecillas, M. Ferrer Márquez, Á. Reina Duarte, F. Rubio-Gil
    SEMERGEN - Medicina de Familia.2016; 42(8): 509.     CrossRef
  • Variation between Hospitals with Regard to Diagnostic Practice, Coding Accuracy, and Case-Mix. A Retrospective Validation Study of Administrative Data versus Medical Records for Estimating 30-Day Mortality after Hip Fracture
    Jon Helgeland, Doris Tove Kristoffersen, Katrine Damgaard Skyrud, Anja Schou Lindman, Alanna M Chamberlain
    PLOS ONE.2016; 11(5): e0156075.     CrossRef
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    K Walker, P J Finan, J H van der Meulen
    British Journal of Surgery.2015; 102(3): 269.     CrossRef
  • Problems With Public Reporting of Cancer Quality Outcomes Data
    Paul Goldberg, Rena M. Conti
    Journal of Oncology Practice.2014; 10(3): 215.     CrossRef
The Relationship Between the Social Network of Community-living Elders and Their Health-related Quality of Life in Korean Province
Jun Tae Lim, Jong-Heon Park, Jin-Seok Lee, Juhwan Oh, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2013;46(1):28-38.   Published online January 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.1.28
  • 11,767 View
  • 121 Download
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to collect information that will help enhance the social networks and improve the quality of life among elderly people by observing the relationship between their social network and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and by analyzing social network factors affecting HRQoL.

Methods

This study was based on the 2008 Community Health Survey in Yeoncheon County. Three hundred elders were included in the study population. We compared the revised Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-R) score and Euro quality of life-5 dimensions health status index by demographic characteristics and chronic disease prevalence. We analyzed the data using multiple regression and tobit regression by setting the HRQoL as the dependent variable and social network and other characteristics as the independent variables. We analyzed social network factors by using factor analysis.

Results

The LSNS-R score differed significantly according to age and existence of a spouse. According to the results from the hierarchical multiple regression analysis, the LSNS-R explained 0.10 of the variance and LSNS-R friends factor explained 0.10 of the variance. The tobit regression indicated that the contribution of the LSNS-R family size factor to the regression coefficient of the independent variable that affected the HRQoL was BT=2.96, that of the LSNS-R family frequency factor was BT=3.60, and that of LSNS-R friends factor was BT=5.41.

Conclusions

Social networks among elderly people had a significant effect on HRQoL and their networks of friends had a relatively higher effect than those of family members.

Summary

Citations

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    Jung Sim Jun, Kyoung Hag Lee, Joyce Baptist, Arely Yanez, April Zimmermann
    Social Work in Mental Health.2024; 22(3): 356.     CrossRef
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    Tso-Jung Yen, Ta-Chien Chan, Yang-Chih Fu, Jing-Shiang Hwang
    Journal of Medical Internet Research.2022; 24(1): e23762.     CrossRef
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    Sunhae Kim, Kounseok Lee
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2022; 12(4): 516.     CrossRef
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    Nilgün Kuru Alici, Bilge Kalanlar
    Current Psychology.2021; 40(1): 21.     CrossRef
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    Jung Sim Jun, Colleen Galambos, Kyoung Hag Lee
    Journal of Social Service Research.2021; 47(4): 537.     CrossRef
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    Ben Lennox Kail, Dawn C Carr, Deborah Carr
    The Journals of Gerontology: Series B.2020; 75(9): 2040.     CrossRef
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    Shan Lu, Yupan Wu, Zongfu Mao, Xiaohui Liang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(4): 1351.     CrossRef
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    Mónica Machón, Isabel Larrañaga, Miren Dorronsoro, Kalliopi Vrotsou, Itziar Vergara
    BMC Geriatrics.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Heather Douglas, Andrew Georgiou, Johanna Westbrook
    Australian Health Review.2017; 41(4): 455.     CrossRef
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    Minako Kobayashi, Eiji Marui
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    Vahe Kehyayan, John P. Hirdes, Suzanne L. Tyas, Paul Stolee
    Journal of Aging and Health.2016; 28(3): 503.     CrossRef
Differences in Obesity Rates Between People With and Without Disabilities and the Association of Disability and Obesity: A Nationwide Population Study in South Korea
Moo-Kyung Oh, Hyeongap Jang, Yong-Ik Kim, Belong Jo, Yoon Kim, Jong-Heon Park, Jin-Seok Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(4):211-218.   Published online July 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.4.211
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The objective of this study was to identify the differences in obesity rates among people with and without disabilities, and evaluate the relationship between obesity rates and the existence of disabilities or characteristics of disabilities.

Methods

Mass screening data from 2008 from the National Disability Registry and National Health Insurance (NHI) are used. For analysis, we classified physical disability into three subtypes: upper limb disability, lower limb disability, and spinal cord injury. For a control group, we extracted people without disabilities by each subtype. To adjust for the participation rate in the NHI mass screening, we calculated and adopted the weight stratified by sex, age, and grade of disability. Differences in obesity rates between people with and without disabilities were examined by a chi-squared test. In addition, the effect of the existence of disabilities and grade of disabilities on obesity was examined by multiple logistic regression analysis.

Results

People with disabilities were found to have a higher obesity rate than those without disabilities. The obesity rates were 35.2% and 35.0% (people with disabilities vs. without disabilities) in the upper limb disability, 44.5% and 34.8% in the lower limb disability, 43.4% and 34.6% in the spinal cord injury. The odds for existence of physical disability and grade of disability are higher than the non-disabilities.

Conclusions

These results show that people with physical disability have a higher vulnerability to obesity.

Summary

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Effect of Repeated Public Releases on Cesarean Section Rates.
Won Mo Jang, Sang Jun Eun, Chae Eun Lee, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(1):2-8.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.1.2
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Public release of and feedback (here after public release) on institutional (clinics and hospitals) cesarean section rates has had the effect of reducing cesarean section rates. However, compared to the isolated intervention, there was scant evidence of the effect of repeated public releases (RPR) on cesarean section rates. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of RPR for reducing cesarean section rates. METHODS: From January 2003 to July 2007, the nationwide monthly institutional cesarean section rates data (1 951 303 deliveries at 1194 institutions) were analyzed. We used autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) time-series intervention models to assess the effect of the RPR on cesarean section rates and ordinal logistic regression model to determine the characteristics of the change in cesarean section rates. RESULTS: Among four RPR, we found that only the first one (August 29, 2005) decreased the cesarean section rate (by 0.81 percent) and continued to have an impact period through the last observation in May 2007. Baseline cesarean section rates (OR, 4.7; 95% CI, 3.1 to 7.1) and annual number of deliveries (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.6 to 4.7) of institutions in the upper third of each category at before first intervention had a significant contribution to the decrease of cesarean section rates. CONCLUSIONS: We could not found the evidence that RPR has had the significant effect of reducing cesarean section rates. Institutions with upper baseline cesarean section rates and annual number of deliveries were more responsive to RPR.
Summary

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The Change in Readmission Rate, Length of Stay and Hospital Charge after Performance Reporting of Hip Hemiarthroplasty.
Won Mo Jang, Sang Jun Eun, Pilyoung Sagong, Chae Eun Lee, Moo Kyung Oh, Juhwan Oh, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(6):523-534.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.6.523
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
We assessed impact of performance reporting information about the readmission rate, length of stay and cost of hip hemiarthroplasty. METHODS: The data are from a nationwide claims database, National Quality Improvement Project database, of Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service in Korea. From January 2006 to April 2008, we received information of length of stay, readmission within 30 days, cost of 22 851 hip hemiarthroplasty episodes. Each episodes has retained the diagnoses of comorbidities and demographics. We used time-series analysis to assess the shifting of patients selections, between high volume(over 16 operations in a year) and low volume institutions, after performance reporting (december 2007). The changes of quality (readmission, length of stay) and cost were evaluated by multilevel analysis with adjustment of patient's factors and institutional factors after performance reporting. RESULTS: As compared with the before performance reporting, the proportion of patients who choose the high volume institution, increased 3.45% and the trends continued 4 months at marginal significance (p=0.059). After performance reporting, national average readmission rate, length of stay were decreased by 0.49 OR (95% CI=0.25-0.95) and 10% (beta=-0.102 p<0.01) and cost was not changed (beta=-0.01, p<0.27). The high volume institutions were more decreased than low volume in length of stay. CONCLUSIONS: After performance reporting, readmission rate, length of stay were decreased and the patient selections were marginal shifted from low volume institutions to high volume institutions.
Summary

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Patterns of Unintentional Domestic Injuries in Korea.
Eun Jung Lee, Jin Seok Lee, Yoon Kim, Kunhee Park, Sang Jun Eun, Soo Kyung Suh, Yong Ik Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2010;43(1):84-92.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.1.84
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
To investigate the patterns of unintentional home injuries in Korea. METHODS: The study population was 12,382,088 people who utilized National Health Insurance services due to injuries (main diagnosis codes S00 to T28) during 2006. Stratified samples(n=459,501) were randomly selected by sex, age group and severity of injury. A questionnaire was developed based on the International Classification of External Causes of Injury and 18,000 cases surveyed by telephone were analyzed after being projected into population proportionately according to the response rates of their strata. Domestic injury cases were finally included. RESULTS: Domestic injuries (n=3,804) comprised 21.1% of total daily life injuries during 2006. Women were vulnerable to home injuries, with the elderly and those of lower income (medical-aid users) tending to suffer more severe injuries. Injury occurred most often due to a slipping fall (33.9%), overexertion (15.3%), falling (9.5%) and stumbling (9.4%), with severe injury most often resulting from slipping falls, falls and stumbles. Increasing age correlated with domestic injury-related disability. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings provide basic information for development of home injury prevention strategies, with focus on the elderly.
Summary

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Medical Care Utilization Status and Associated Factors with Extended Hospitalization of Psychiatric Patients in Korea.
Soo Kyung Suh, Yoon Kim, Jong Ik Park, Myung Soo Lee, Hong Suk Jang, Sun Young Lee, Jin Seok Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2009;42(6):416-423.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.6.416
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to examine medical care utilization of psychiatric patients and to explore patients' characteristics associated with extended hospitalization. METHODS: Data were extracted from information of Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. All data associated with admission and outpatient clinic visit were analysed by patient characteristics. We selected first psychiatric admission patients who diagnosed mental and behavioral disorders due to use of alcohol (main disease code: F10), schizophrenia and related disorders (F20-29) and mood disorders (F30~33) from January to June 2005. We analysed status of admission, mean length of stay, regular access to outpatient clinic and rates of extended hospitalization during 3 years. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with extended hospitalization. RESULTS: The number of psychiatric patients during the first six month of 2005 was 30,678. The mean length of stay was longest for schizophrenia and related disorders but shortest for mood disorders. Patients who experienced an extended hospitalization were 18.8% of total subjects. An extended hospitalization was more common in schizophrenia and related disorders than other diagnostic groups. The factors associated with the extended hospitalization were age, sex, diagnostic group, type of insurance and medical care utilization groups. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates the problem of an extended hospitalization for psychiatric patients in Korea. It is suggested that variations in rates of extended hospitalization among medical care utilization group may need an active early intervention system in psychiatric treatment service. Particular attention needs to be devoted to planning and funding for reducing extended hospitalization.
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Association between the Pattern of Prophylactic Antibiotic Use and Surgical Site Infection Rate for Major Surgeries in Korea.
Pilyong Sakong, Jin Seok Lee, Eun Jung Lee, Kwang Pil Ko, Cheol Hwan Kim, Yoon Kim, Yong Ik Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2009;42(1):12-20.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.1.12
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between the pattern of prophylactic antibiotic use (PAU) and the surgical site infection (SSI) rate for major surgeries in Korea. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent cardiac, colon and gastric surgery, hysterectomies and hip/knee replacements at 20 hospitals, and inclusive of over 500 beds. We randomly sampled 60 cases per surgery type for patients discharged between September and November, 2006. A total fo 2,924 cases were included in our analysis. Cox's proportional hazard analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between the pattern of PAU and SSI rate. RESULTS: The proportion of patients who received their first prophylactic antibiotics (PA) 1 hour before incision was 65.5%, who received inappropriate PAs was 80.8%, and the proportion of patients whose PA was discontinued within 24 hours of surgery was 0.5%. The average duration of PAU after surgery was 9 days. The relative risk (RR) of SSI in patients who received their first PA more than 1 hour before incision was significantly higher than for those who received it within 1 hour prior to incision (RR=8.20, 95% CI=4.81-13.99). Inappropriate PA selection increased SSI rate, albeit with marginal significance (RR=1.97, 95% CI=0.96-4.03). Also, prolonged PAU following surgery had no effect on SSI rate. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the pattern of PAU in the surgeries examined was not appropriate. Errors in the timing of PAU and of PA selection increase SSI rate. SSI rate remained unaltered following prolonged PAU after surgery.
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The Socioeconomic Cost of Injuries in South Korea.
Kunhee Park, Jin Seok Lee, Yoon Kim, Yong Ik Kim, Jaiyong Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2009;42(1):5-11.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.1.5
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was conducted to estimate the socioeconomic cost of injuries in South Korea. METHODS: We matched claims data from national health insurance, automobile insurance and industrial accident compensation insurance (IACI), and mortality data obtained from the national statistical office from 2001 to 2003 by patients' unique identifier. Socioeconomic cost included both direct cost and indirect cost: the direct cost was injury-related medical expenditure and the indirect cost included loss of productivity due to healthcare utilization and premature death. RESULTS: The socioeconomic cost of injuries in Korea was approximately 1.9% of the GDP from 2001 to 2003. That is, 12.1 trillion KRW (Korean Won) in 2001, 12.3 trillion KRW in 2002, and 13.7 trillion KRW in 2003. In 2003, direct medical costs were 24.6% (3.4 trillion KRW), the costs for loss of productivity by healthcare utilization were 13.0% (1.8 trillion KRW), and the costs for loss of productivity by premature death were 62.4% (8.6 trillion KRW). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the socioeconomic cost of injuries in Korea between 2001 and 2003 was estimated by using not only health insurance claims data, but also automobile insurance, IACI claims and mortality data. We conclude that social efforts are required to reduce the socioeconomic cost of injuries in Korea, which represented approximately 1.9% of the GDP for the time period specified.
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    Kang Hyun Lee
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2016; 59(12): 917.     CrossRef
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    Youngeun Park, Min Chung, Gil Jae Lee, Min A Lee, Jae Jeong Park, Kang Kook Choi, Sung Youl Hyun, Yang Bin Jeon, Dae Sung Ma, Yong-Cheol Yoon, Jungnam Lee, Byungchul Yoo
    Journal of Trauma and Injury.2016; 29(4): 155.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of KTDB Registered Trauma Patients from a Single Trauma Center in Korea
    Byungchul Yu, Min Chung, Giljae Lee, Mina Lee, Jaejeong Park, Kangkook Choi, Sungyeol Hyun, Yangbin Jeon, Daesung Ma, Young-cheol Yoon, Jungnam Lee
    Journal of Trauma and Injury.2015; 28(3): 123.     CrossRef
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    Kyohyun Kim, Baek-Geun Jeong, Moran Ki, Mira Park, Jin Kyung Park, Bo Youl Choi, Weon-Seob Yoo
    Epidemiology and Health.2014; 36: e2014011.     CrossRef
  • Multilevel Analysis on Factors Influencing Death and Transfer in Inpatient with Severe Injury
    Young Eun Choi, Kang Suk Lee
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  • Trend of Mortality Rate and Injury Burden of Transport Accidents, Suicides, and Falls
    Ki Sook Kim, Soon Duck Kim, Sang Hee Lee
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Factors Affecting Social Distance toward Mental Illness: A Nationwide Telephone Survey in Korea.
Sangjun Moon, Jin Seok Lee, Sue Kyung Park, Sun Young Lee, Yoon Kim, Yong Ik Kim, Youngsoo Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(6):419-426.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.6.419
  • 4,915 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study was to investigate impact of knowledge, familiarity, and prejudice about mental illness as well as demographic factors on the social distance from mentally ill people, which is a proxy measure of discrimination. METHOD: To assess the impact of knowledge and familiarity, prejudice about mental illness and demographic factors on the social distance from mental illness, we conducted a telephone survey in South Korea with the responders being nationally representative people who were 18 years old or over (n=1040). Independent samples T-tests, one way ANOVA and linear regression analysis were performed to analyze the results of the survey. RESULT: The social distance from mental illness decreased as the knowledge and familiarity increased, but the social distance was increased as prejudice was increased. Prejudice had a greater impact on social distance than familiarity and knowledge. Females showed greater social distance than did males. A higher education level had a negative effect on social distance. CONCLUSION: To reduce the social distance from mentally ill people, efforts to increase the familiarity about mental illness as well as efforts to educate people about mental illness are important.
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    So Young Lee, Kyunghee Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2016; 25(4): 356.     CrossRef
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    Claire Nee, Clare Witt
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    Hyeongap Jang, Jun-Tae Lim, Juhwan Oh, Seon-Young Lee, Yong-Ik Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2012; 45(2): 90.     CrossRef
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The Incidence and Patterns of Unintentional Injuries in Daily Life in Korea: A Nationwide Study.
Kunhee Park, Sang Jun Eun, Eun Jung Lee, Chae Eun Lee, Doo Yong Park, Kyounghun Han, Yoon Kim, Jin Seok Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):265-271.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.265
  • 5,693 View
  • 53 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study was conducted to estimate the cumulative incidence rate (CIR) of unintentional injuries in Korean daily life and to describe the pattern of unintentional injuries. METHODS: The study population was the people who used the National Health Insurance because of injuries (ICD code: S00~T98) during 2006. The stratified sample according to gender, age and the severity of injury (NISS, New Injury Severity Score) was randomly selected. The questions on the questionnaire were developed as a reference for an international classification tool (ICECI, International Classification of External Causes of Injury). The questions included the locations of injury, the mechanisms of injury and the results of injury. Moreover, we used age, gender, region and income variables for analysis. RESULTS: The CIR of unintentional injuries that occurred in daily life for 1 year per 100,000 persons was 17,606, and the CIR of severe injuries was 286. Many injuries were occurred at home (29.6%), public places (19.0%), school (13.7%) and near home (12.0%). The major mechanisms of injuries were slipping (48.8%), contact (14.0%), physical over-exertion (13.8%), and fall (6.6%). Infants and old aged people were vulnerable to injuries, and those who lived rural area and who were in a low income level were vulnerable too. CONCLUSIONS: We signified the risk groups and risk settings of unintentional injuries in Korean daily life. These results could contribute to establishing strategies for injury prevention and implementing these strategies.
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    Min Kyoung Kim, Nam Soo Park, So Hyeong Kim
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2023; 40(1): 101.     CrossRef
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    Ah-Ra Jo, Mi-Jeong Park, Byung-Gue Lee, Young-Gyun Seo, Hong-Ji Song, Yu-Jin Paek, Kyung-Hee Park, Hye-Mi Noh
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2020; 41(2): 111.     CrossRef
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    Kun Zhang, Yoshifumi Nishida, Koji Kitamura, Yoshiki Mikami
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    Hyejin Han, Bomi Park, Bohyun Park, Namsoo Park, Ju Ok Park, Ki Ok Ahn, Yang Ju Tak, Hye Ah Lee, Hyesook Park
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2018; 51(3): 163.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology and Regional Distribution of Pediatric Unintentional Emergency Injury in Korea from 2010 to 2011
    Jin Hee Jung, Do Kyun Kim, Hye Young Jang, Young Ho Kwak
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2015; 30(11): 1625.     CrossRef
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    Eun-Mi Choi, In-Sook Yoo
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    In Sook Yoo
    The journal of the convergence on culture technology.2015; 1(4): 87.     CrossRef
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    In-Sook Yoo, Eun-Mi Choi, Ho-Jang Kwon, Sang-Gyu Lee
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2012; 13(4): 1690.     CrossRef
  • Trend of Mortality Rate and Injury Burden of Transport Accidents, Suicides, and Falls
    Ki Sook Kim, Soon Duck Kim, Sang Hee Lee
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2012; 45(1): 8.     CrossRef
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    K. McKenzie, L. Fingerhut, S. Walker, A. Harrison, J. E. Harrison
    Epidemiologic Reviews.2012; 34(1): 4.     CrossRef
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    Boyoung Park, Yeon-Kyeng Lee, Lisa Y. Cho, Un Yeong Go, Jae Jeong Yang, Seung Hyun Ma, Bo-Youl Choi, Moo-Sik Lee, Jin-Seok Lee, Eun Hwa Choi, Hoan Jong Lee, Sue K. Park
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2011; 26(6): 711.     CrossRef
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    Eun-Ha Lee, Hoo-Yeon Lee, Kui Son Choi, Jae Kwan Jun, Eun-Cheol Park, Jin Soo Lee
    Cancer Research and Treatment.2011; 43(3): 141.     CrossRef
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    Sung-Soo Kim, Won-Joong Kim, Sung-Hong Kang
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  • Patterns of Unintentional Domestic Injuries in Korea
    Eun-Jung Lee, Jin-Seok Lee, Yoon Kim, Kunhee Park, Sang Jun Eun, Soo Kyung Suh, Yong-Ik Kim
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2010; 43(1): 84.     CrossRef
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    Jae-Young Lim, Won-Beom Park, Min-Kyun Oh, Eun Kyoung Kang, Nam-Jong Paik
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Factors Affecting Comsumer's Usage of Health Information on the Internet.
Jong Hyock Park, Jin Seok Lee, Hyejung Jang, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2008;41(4):241-248.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.4.241
  • 4,947 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The purpose of the study was to identify a gap between consumer characteristics and utilization of health information on the Internet. METHODS: A telephone survey of nationally representative samples was conducted using structured questionnaires, and 1,000 of the 1,189 responses obtained were included in our analysis. The following variables were included in the analysis as potential predictors of health information use on the Internet: predisposing factors such as gender, age, and education status; enabling factors such as region and monthly household income; consumer need for health information; and attitude to health. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between utilization rate and the potential predictors. RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of consumers had obtained health information on the Internet over a one-year period. The utilization rates were higher for consumers who were young, educated, worked in the office setting, had higher incomes, wanted health information, and were able to use the Internet. The utilization rate was 5.35 times higher in the younger group (20-30 years) than in the elderly group (95% CI=2.21-12.97); 2.21 times higher for office workers than for manual workers (95% CI=1.16-4.20); 3.61 times higher for college graduates than for middle school graduates and below (95% CI=1.07-11.59); 1.99 times higher for people with monthly household incomes over 3,000,000 won than for those with monthly household incomes below 1,500,000 won (95% CI=1.01-3.92). CONCLUSIONS: There needs to be a paradigm shift, with consideration of not only Internet accessibility in the digital age, but also consumer ability and attitudes toward utilization of health information.
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  • Medical Professionals' Review of YouTube Videos Pertaining to Exercises for the Constipation Relief
    Tae Hee Lee, Seong-Eun Kim, Kyung Sik Park, Jeong Eun Shin, Seon-Young Park, Han Seung Ryu, Jung-Wook Kim, Yoo Jin Lee, Young Sin Cho, Suyeon Park
    The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology.2018; 72(6): 295.     CrossRef
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    Ji-Young An, Haeran Jang, Jinkyung Paik
    Journal of Korea Multimedia Society.2014; 17(8): 995.     CrossRef
Physician Factors Associated with the Blood Pressure Control among Hypertensive Patients.
So Young Kim, In Sook Cho, Jae Ho Lee, Ji Hyun Kim, Eun Jung Lee, Jong Hyock Park, Jin Seok Lee, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2007;40(6):487-494.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.6.487
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
Little is known about the physician-related factors that are associated with the management of hypertension. The purpose of this study was to determine the physician-related factors associated with blood pressure control in hypertensive patients. METHODS: We surveyed 154 physicians at 117 public health (subhealth) centers in Gyeonggi-do. Forty-one physicians completed the survey (response rates: 26.6%) and 31 physicians were finally included as the study subjects. Using the information obtained from the selfreported survey, we measured the physician-related factors associated with hypertension control, including their perception of hypertension, prescription patterns (combination prescription rates, specific antihypertensives prescription rates among patients with diabetes mellitus), and sociodemographic factors. We then collected data on blood pressure and medication use in patients seen by these physicians from the health center's information system. We compared the physicians' perceived hypertension control rates with the actual rates, and then evaluated the rate of high overestimation (overestimation by more than 25% of the median degree of hypertension control rate overestimation) among the physicians. The physicians' antihypertensive prescription patterns were also evaluated. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the independent association between hypertension control and physicianrelated factors. RESULTS: The physicians tended to overestimate the proportion of their patients with controlled blood pressure (79.5% perceived vs. 57.8% actual). The percentage of physicians with high overestimation was 35.5% (11 physicians). The physicians with lower control rates were more likely to highly overestimate their patients' control rates. Physicians with below-median actual control rates tended to prescribe fewer combination treatments for patients with uncontrolled blood pressure and angiotensinconverting enzyme inhibitors or fewer angiotensin receptor blockers for patients with diabetes mellitus. The rate of high overestimation by physicians was 1.31 times higher in patients with uncontrolled blood pressure than in patients with other conditions (OR=1.31, 95% CI: 1.17-1.48). CONCLUSIONS: Physicians have a tendency to overestimate the rates of hypertension control in their patients. Because physicians have a direct role in treatment outcomes, physicians' overestimation about hypertension management contributes to inadequate blood pressure control. Thus, interventions for improving physician' awareness regarding the management of patients with hypertension are needed.
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    Eboni G. Price-Haywood, Sarah Amering, Qingyang Luo, John J. Lefante
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    Jeung-Hee Kim, Weon-Young Lee, Yeon-Pyo Hong, Wang-Seong Ryu, Kwang Je Lee, Wang-Soo Lee, Donald E. Morisky
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    Kyunghee Kang
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2013; 14(9): 4388.     CrossRef
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    Ülkü Yapucu Güneş
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    L. T. C. van Hulst, M. C. W. Creemers, J. Fransen, L. C. Li, R. Grol, M. E. J. L. Hulscher, P. L. C. M. van Riel
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Factors Affecting National Health Insurance Mass Screening Participation in the Disabled.
Jong Hyock Park, Jin Seok Lee, Jin Yong Lee, Ji Young Hong, So Young Kim, Seong Ok Kim, Byong Hee Cho, Yong Ik Kim, Youngsoo Shin, Yoon Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2006;39(6):511-519.
  • 3,103 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
As the disabled have higher prevalence rates and earlier onsets of chronic diseases than the nondisabled, their participation in mass screening is important for the early detection and intervention of chronic diseases. Nevertheless, in Korea, the disabled have lower participation rates in mass screening services than the nondisabled. The purpose of the study was to find determinants for the participation in the National Health Insurance (NHI) mass screening program among the disabled. METHODS: In this study, the NHI mass screening data of 423,076 disabled people, which were identified using the National Disability Registry (2003), were analyzed. Of the factors affecting the participation rates in mass screenings, the following variables were included for the analysis: socioeconomic stati, such as sex, age, category of health insurance program, region and income; disability characteristics, such as disability type, and severity. A multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between the participation rates, disability characteristics variables and demographic variables. RESULTS: The participation rate in mass screening of the disabled was 41.3%, but was lower in females, an age of more than 70 years, self-employed and for those with an average monthly insurance premium over 133,500 Won and in metropolitan regions. The participation rate was 1.31 times lower in females than males (95% CI=1.29-1.33); 3.50 times lower in the elderly (more than 70 years) than the younger (95% CI=3.33-3.67); 1.43 times lower in those who live in metropolitan areas (95% CI=1.40-1.46); 2.59 times lower for those in a health insurance program for the self-employed than for employees (95% CI=2.56-2.63); 1.19 times lower for the higher income (more than 133,500) than the lower income group (4,400-22,000) for the average monthly insurance premium (95% CI=1.15-1.23); 2.04 times lower for those with brain palsy and stroke disabilities than with auditory impairments (95% CI= 1.97-2.11) and 3.27 times for those with severe compared to mild disabilities (95% CI=3.15-3.40). CONCLUSIONS: The disabled with high severity, and locomotive and communication disabilities have lower participation rates in mass screening services in Korea.
Summary
Differences in Medical Care Utilization Rates of the Disabled and the Non-disabled with Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions.
Sang Jun Eun, Jee Young Hong, Jin Yong Lee, Jin Seok Lee, Yoon Kim, Yong Ik Kim, Youngsoo Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2006;39(5):411-418.
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OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the disabled have worse access to primary care than the non-disabled. METHODS: We used the National Disability Registry data and the National Health Insurance data for the calendar year 2003, and we analyzed 807,380 disabled persons who had been registered until December 2001 and we also analyzed 1,614,760 non-disabled persons for nine ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs). The rates of physician visits and hospitalizations for the patients with ACSCs were compared between the disabled and the nondisabled. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between medical care utilization and disability and to assess the association between hospitalization and the number of physician visits while controlling for potential confounders. RESULTS: The numbers of physician visits per 100 patients were 0.78~0.97 times lower for the disabled than that for the non-disabled with five of nine ACSCs. The numbers of hospitalizations per 100 patients were 1.16~1.77 times higher for the disabled than that for the non-disabled with all the ACSCs. While the ORs of a physician visit for the disabled were significantly lower than that for the non-disabled with all the ACSCs (OR: 0.44~0.70), and the ORs of hospitalization for the disabled were significantly higher (OR: 1.16~1.89). The lower physician visit group (number of physician visits < or =1) was more likely to be hospitalized than the higher physician visit group (number of physician visits > or =2) (OR: 1.69~19.77). The effect of the physician visit rate on hospitalization was larger than the effect of disability on hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the disabled were more likely to be hospitalized for ACSCs due to their lower access to primary care.
Summary
Estimating the Burden of Psychiatric Disorder in Korea.
Jae Hyun Park, Seok Jun Yoon, Hee Young Lee, Hee Sook Cho, Jin Yong Lee, Sang Jun Eun, Jong Hyock Park, Yoon Kim, Yong Ik Kim, Young Soo Shin
J Prev Med Public Health. 2006;39(1):39-45.
  • 2,866 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study estimated the burden of disease especially caused by psychiatric disorders in Korea by using DALY, a composite indicator that was recently developed by the Global Burden of Disease study group. METHODS: First, 11 of the major psychiatric disorders in Korea were selected based on the ICD-10. Second, the burden of disease due to premature death was estimated by using YLLs (years of life lost due to premature death). Third, for the calculation of the YLD (years lived with disability), the following parameters were estimated in the formula: the incidence rate, the prevalence rate and the disability weight of each psychiatric disorder. Last, we estimated the DALY of the psychiatric disorders by adding the YLLs and YLDs. RESULTS: The burden of psychiatric disorder per 100,000 people was attributed mainly to unipolar major depression (1,278 person-years), schizophrenia (638 person-years) and alcohol use disorder (287 person-years). For males, schizophrenia (596 person-years) and alcohol use disorder (491 person-years) caused the highest burden. For females, unipolar major depression (1,749 person-years) and schizophrenia (680 person-years) cause the highest burden. As analyzed by gender and age group, alcohol use disorder causes a higher burden than schizophrenia in men aged 40 years and older. For females, unipolar major depression causes the highest burden in all age groups. CONCLUSIONS: We found that each of the psychiatric disorders that cause the highest burden is different according to gender and age group. This study's results can provide a rational basis to plan a national health policy regarding the burden of disease caused by psychiatric disorders.
Summary
Validation of the International Classification of Diseases 10th Edition Based Injury Severity Score(ICISS).
Yoon Kim, Ku Young Jung, Chang Yup Kim, Yong Ik Kim, Youngsoo Shin
Korean J Prev Med. 1999;32(4):538-545.
  • 2,503 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVE
To compare the predictive power of International Classification of Diseases 10th Edition(ICD-10) based International Classification of Diseases based Injury Severity Score(ICISS) with Trauma and Injury Severity Score(TRISS) and International Classification of Diseases 9th Edition Clinical Modification(ICD-9CM) based ICISS in the injury severity measure. METHODS: ICD-10 version of Survival Risk Ratios(SRRs) was derived from 47,750 trauma patients from 35 Emergency Centers for 1 year. The predictive power of TRISS, the ICD-9CM based ICISS and ICD-10 based ICISS were compared in a group of 367 severely injured patients admitted to two university hospitals. The predictive power was compared by using the measures of discrimination(disparity, sensitivity, specificity, misclassification rates, and ROC curve analysis) and calibration(Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistics), all calculated by logistic regression procedure. RESULTS: ICD-10 based ICISS showed a lower performance than TRISS and ICD-9CM based ICISS. When age and Revised Trauma Score(RTS) were incorporated into the survival probability model, however, ICD-10 based ICISS full model showed a similar predictive power compared with TRISS and ICD-9CM based ICISS full model. ICD-10 based ICISS had some disadvantages in predicting outcomes among patients with intracranial injuries. However, such weakness was largely compensated by incorporating age and RTS in the model. CONCLUSIONS: The ICISS methodology can be extended to ICD-10 horizon as a standard injury severity measure in the place of TRISS, especially when age and RTS were incorporated in the model. In patients with intracranial injuries, the predictive power of ICD-10 based ICISS was relatively low because of differences in the classifying system between ICD-10 and ICD-9CM.
Summary
Performance Evaluation of Emergency Medical Center.
Chul Hwan Kang, Yoon Kim, Pyung Soo Lee, Young Dae Kwon, Chang Yup Kim, Young Soo Shin
Korean J Prev Med. 1997;30(4):884-892.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Currently, there are 100 community emergency centers which expect to provide professional emergency care like Level 1 trauma centers in U.S.A. To evaluate Performance of emergency center, most studies have been widely adopted death rate based methods such as Trauma and Injury Severity Score(TRISS) and A Severity Characterization of Trauma(ASCOT). However, these methods are only applicable in situation where registration process of trauma patients is well established. Therefore, an alternative method should be applied to evaluate performance of emergency centers in Korea which does not have well-developed registration scheme. This study aims to develop new performance measures which are applicable to Korea and evaluate performance of 35 community emergency centers through new measures. The new measures are included that 'W-statistic' ; death rate calculated on the basis of International Classification based Injury Severity Score(ICISS), and 'the degree of severity' ; rate of severe trauma patients of each emergency medical centers. The study results can be summarized as follows. First, about 34% of sample emergency centers show they provide proper care in terms of their function. Second, tertiary hospitals, university hospitals, and hospitals located in Seoul show higher severity degree of patients and lower severity-adjusted death rate.
Summary
The epidemiology of delays in a teaching hospital.
Yoon Kim, Kun Sei Lee, Chang Yup Kim, Yong Ik Kim, Young Soo Shin, Sang Il Lee
Korean J Prev Med. 1993;26(4):650-660.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study aims to describe the causes of medically unnecessary hospital stay at a teaching tertiary hospital, using modified version of Delay Tool in which the causes of delay are divided into six major categories ; delay related to test scheduling, test results, surgery, medical staff, patient/family, and administration. For the analysis of hospital stay, 6,479 inpatient-days were reviewed in two medical and four surgical departments for one month. Initially inappropriate hospital stays were identified using Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol(AEP), and causes of delay listed in Delay Tool were assigned to each of them. In both medical and surgical services, the most important cause of delay was related to medical staffs, ranging from 3.6% to 51.6% of total inpatient days. Next important category was delay related to test scheduling in medical services(4.7~9.2%), and delay related to surgery in surgical services(7.3~15.0%). Among subcategories of delay related to medical staffs, delay due to conservative care was the most important cause of inappropriate hospital stay(2.9~46.4%). Each clinical departments had different distribution among delay categories, which could not be fully justified by their clinical characteristics. The Delay Tool would be helpful in exploring factors related to the inefficient use of hospital beds. As a measurement tool of inappropriate hospital stay, however, the Delay Tool should be refined in the definitions of categories and its contents.
Summary
An analysis an dassessment of diagnostic and therapeutic process in some freqent admissions and operations.
Chang Yup Kim, Yoon Kim, Young Dae Kwon, Yong Ik Kim, Young Soo Shin
Korean J Prev Med. 1993;26(3):400-411.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of this study is to analyze the variations among hospitals and hospital groups in resource use and procedures of diagnostic and therapeutic process, such as laboratory tests, radiologic examinations, tissue diagnosis, timing of surgery after admission, the time required for operation. The study was performed for five procedures including cesarean section(C/S), appendectomy, cholecystectomy, cataract extraction, and pediatric pneumonia. The 2,316 subjects were selected from medical insurance claims list, and from this list 413 cases were sampled for medical record review. The patterns of resource utilization and process of treatment were described according to hospitals and characteristics of hospital groups. The major results were as follows: 1. The numbers of laboratory and radiologic tests showed significant difference among hospitals and hospital groups. In case of hospital groups, we could find tendencies of more tests with increasing hospital bed size. 2. In general, the proportion of operative cases evaluated by tissue diagnosis postoperatively among all operations ranged from 28.3% to 1005. The proportion varied among hospital groups, of which general hospital A group(more than 15 specially) showed the highest proportion. 3. Post-admission delay until operation and the time required for operative procedure were not invariable among hospitals and hospital groups. The duration of operation in tertiary hospitals was slightly shorter than general hospitals, with varying statistical significance. We could find that probably there were differences of quality among hospitals in some components of procedures, which suggested that the implementation of quality assurance activities would be mandatory. In this study, we simply described the patterns of resource utilization and some features of clinical process, with institution of the need for advanced studies with in-depth analyses for each component of diagnosis and treatment procedures.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health