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Tae Hyun Kim 1 Article
Association of Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors With Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease
Tae Hyun Kim, Min-Jee Lee, Ki-Bong Yoo, Euna Han, Jae-Woo Choi
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(3):170-177.   Published online May 15, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.002
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The goal of this study was to examine the association of various demographic and socioeconomic factors with risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Methods
We used nationally representative pooled data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), 2007–2013. We estimated the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. We defined CKD as a GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, and 1304 of the 45 208 individuals included in the KNHANES were found to have CKD by this definition. The outcome variable was whether individual subjects adhered to the CKD prevention and management guidelines recommended by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The guidelines suggest that individuals maintain a normal weight, abstain from alcohol consumption and smoking, manage diabetes and hypertension, and engage in regular exercise in order to prevent and manage CKD.
Results
This study found that individuals with CKD were more likely to be obese and have hypertension or diabetes than individuals without CKD. In particular, male and less-educated CKD patients were less likely to adhere to the guidelines.
Conclusions
Although the prevalence of CKD, as indicated by the KNHANES data, decreased from 2007 to 2013, the prevalence of most risk factors associated with CKD fluctuated over the same time period. Since a variety of demographic and socioeconomic factors are related to the successful implementation of guidelines for preventing and managing CKD, individually tailored prevention activities should be developed.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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  • A Healthy Diet Rich in Calcium and Vitamin C Is Inversely Associated with Metabolic Syndrome Risk in Korean Adults from the KNHANES 2013–2017
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    BMC Nephrology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2018; 51(2): 92.     CrossRef
  • Associations between socioeconomic status and chronic kidney disease: a meta-analysis
    Xiaoxi Zeng, Jing Liu, Sibei Tao, Hyokyoung G Hong, Yi Li, Ping Fu
    Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.2018; 72(4): 270.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health