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Suk-Yong Jang 1 Article
Sex Differences Associated With Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen Seropositivity Unwareness in Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen-positive Adults: 2007‐2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Suk-Yong Jang, Sung-In Jang, Hong-Chul Bae, Jaeyong Shin, Eun-Cheol Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(2):74-83.   Published online March 16, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.034
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To examine the sex-specific factors associated with being unaware of one’s hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) seropositivity status in a large, HBsAg-positive population of Koreans.
Methods
In total, 1197 subjects aged 19 years or older who were HBsAg-positive according to data from the 2007-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included. Subjects were considered unaware of their HBsAg seropositivity status if they answered that they had no knowledge of being previously infected by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) or diagnosed with HBV hepatitis. Multivariate Poisson regression models with robust variance estimate were used to assess the significance of the variables using weighted frequencies.
Results
The majority (77.8%) of HbsAg-positive Korean adults (females, 81.9%; males, 74.6%) were unaware of their HBsAg seropositivity status. We found that sex (female: prevalence ratio [PR] 1.19), household income (low: PR, 1.15), marital status (never married: PR, 1.18), self-rated health (moderate: PR, 1.14; good: PR, 1.12), and alcohol use (at least 2-3 times/wk: PR, 1.21) were associated with being unaware. In females, age (50 to 59 years: PR, 1.29; ≥70 years: PR, 1.30), household income (low: PR, 1.37; middle–low: PR, 1.24), and marital status (never married: PR, 1.33) were associated with being unaware. In males, self-rated health (moderate: PR, 1.14; good: PR, 1.21) and alcohol use (at least 2–3 times/wk: PR, 1.21) were associated with being unaware.
Conclusions
Factors related to the socioeconomic status of females and the health-related behaviors of males were found to be associated with being unaware of one’s HBsAg seropositivity status.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association of perceived life satisfaction with attitudes toward life-sustaining treatment among the elderly in South Korea: a cross-sectional study
    Il Yun, Hyunkyu Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Suk-Yong Jang
    BMC Palliative Care.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Spatial epidemiologic analysis of the liver cancer and gallbladder cancer incidence and its determinants in South Korea
    Jieun Jang, Dae-Sung Yoo, Byung Chul Chun
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic differences in self- and family awareness of viral hepatitis status among carriers of hepatitis B or C in rural Korea
    Hye-Ran Ahn, Sung-Bum Cho, Ik Joo Chung, Sun-Seog Kweon
    American Journal of Infection Control.2018; 46(3): 328.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health