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Soong-Nang Jang 2 Articles
The Relationship Between Job Stress, Job Satisfaction, and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision (SCL-90-R) in Marine Officers on Board
Jae Hee Kim, Soong-nang Jang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2016;49(6):376-385.   Published online September 12, 2016
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  • 264 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was conducted to investigate the relationships among job stress, job satisfaction, and mental health in marine officers.
The researchers gathered data on marine officers working at a harbor in Chungcheong Province, South Korea, using a self-reported questionnaire. Mental health was measured by the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision (SCL-90-R), and general characteristics including socioeconomic factors, job stress, and job satisfaction were measured by structured questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis was performed to investigate the relationships among job stress, job satisfaction, and mental health status according to the symptom dimensions of the SCL-90-R.
Among the marine officers, obsessive-compulsive behavior, depression, and somatization were the most problematic symptoms. Those who reported poor health, low job satisfaction, and high job stress had a higher prevalence of psychoticism, somatization, depression, anxiety, and phobic anxiety.
An occupational health system should be introduced that would regularly check the mental health of marine officers in charge of ships and sailors, in order to help reduce their stress levels, enhance their job satisfaction, and thereby improve their mental health.


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  • The impact of maritime service quality on employee satisfaction by seafarers rank: evidence from a global survey grounded on ERG theory
    Angelos Pantouvakis, Ilias Vlachos, Dionysios Polemis
    International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management.2024; 41(1): 107.     CrossRef
  • Work stress and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in nurses and office workers: a comparative study
    Ayşe Kuzu Durmaz, Pınar Çiçekoğlu Öztürk, Yadigar Çevik Durmaz
    International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • An AI-based Decision Support System for Predicting Mental Health Disorders
    Salih Tutun, Marina E. Johnson, Abdulaziz Ahmed, Abdullah Albizri, Sedat Irgil, Ilker Yesilkaya, Esma Nur Ucar, Tanalp Sengun, Antoine Harfouche
    Information Systems Frontiers.2023; 25(3): 1261.     CrossRef
  • Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ-22)
    Liming Quan, Lingyu Wu, Yang Zhang, Ting Chen, Yajia Lan
    Work.2023; 75(1): 157.     CrossRef
  • Ports Opening for Seafarer Change during the COVID-19: Models and Applications
    Yu Guo, Ran Yan, Yiwei Wu, Hans Wang
    Sustainability.2022; 14(5): 2908.     CrossRef
  • Mental health and psychological wellbeing of maritime personnel: a systematic review
    Samantha K. Brooks, Neil Greenberg
    BMC Psychology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessment of mental health among nursing staff at different levels
    Man-Li Du, Wan-Xin Deng, Wen Sun, Ching-Wen Chien, Tao-Hsin Tung, Xin-Chun Zou
    Medicine.2020; 99(6): e19049.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Work–Family Conflict, Job Stress and Job Satisfaction on Seafarer Performance
    Ji An, Yun Liu, Yujie Sun, Chen Liu
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(7): 2191.     CrossRef
  • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Characteristics of Korea Coast Guard Members According to Ship Working Period
    Hyun Ho Lee, Eun Ju Bae, Un Kyoung Ahn, Min Sun Kim, Kyeoung Min Kim, Myung Ho Lim
    Stress.2020; 28(4): 292.     CrossRef
  • Identifying Predictors of Stress and Job Satisfaction in a Sample of Merchant Seafarers Using Structural Equation Modeling
    Joanne McVeigh, Malcolm MacLachlan, Frédérique Vallières, Philip Hyland, Rudiger Stilz, Henriette Cox, Alistair Fraser
    Frontiers in Psychology.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The relationship of interpersonal sensitivity and depression among patients with chronic atrophic gastritis: The mediating role of coping styles
    Xia Zhao, Menglian Wu, Dan Zhang, Yaoyao Sun, Yang Yang, Hui Xie, Yonggang Su, Jihui Jia, Shuhong Zhang
    Journal of Clinical Nursing.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Determinants of job satisfaction and performance of seafarers
    Kum Fai Yuen, Hui Shan Loh, Qingji Zhou, Yiik Diew Wong
    Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.2018; 110: 1.     CrossRef
  • Mental health among Iranian combat veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal injuries
    Arsia Taghva, Mostafa Allami, Kamyab Alizadeh, Anahita Zandi, Elahe Faraji, Zohreh Ganjparvar
    Military Medical Research.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
Health Conditions Sensitive to Retirement and Job Loss Among Korean Middle-aged and Older Adults
Susan Park, Sung-Il Cho, Soong-Nang Jang
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(3):188-195.   Published online May 31, 2012
  • 8,772 View
  • 79 Download
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

This study was conducted to examine the association between health condition and leaving the labor market among middle-aged and older adults in South Korea.


Data was obtained from individuals aged 45 years and older participating in the 2006 and 2008 Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We used various health measures including chronic diseases, comorbidities, traffic accident injuries, disabilit of instrumental activities of daily living, depressive symptoms, and self-rated health. The odds ratios of job loss, and retirement, versus employment were calculated using multinomial logistic regression by each health measure.


In our cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis, health problems related to physical disabilities had the greatest effect on leaving the worksite. A shift in health condition from good to poor in a short period was a predictor of increased risk of unemployment but a persistent pattern of health problems was not associated with unemployment. Women with health problems showed a high probability of retirement, whereas among men, health problems instantly the possibility of both job loss and retirement.


Health problems of middle aged and older workers were crucial risk factors for retirement and involuntarily job loss. Especially functional defect and recent health problems strongly and instanty affected employment status.



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    Jinhee Shin, Gwang Suk Kim
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of 9/11‐related injury on retirement patterns among World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees
    Kacie Seil, Shengchao Yu, Robert Brackbill, Howard Alper, Junaid Maqsood
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine.2021; 64(10): 873.     CrossRef
  • Gender inequalities in poor self-rated health: Cross-national comparison of South Korea and Japan
    Shuko Takahashi, Soong-nang Jang, Shiho Kino, Ichiro Kawachi
    Social Science & Medicine.2020; 252: 112919.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic disparities in self-rated health in two East Asian countries: Comparative study between Japan and Korea
    Shiho Kino, Soong-nang Jang, Shuko Takahashi, Daniel K. Ebner, Ichiro Kawachi
    Social Science & Medicine.2020; 253: 112945.     CrossRef
  • Early labor force exit subsequent to permanently impairing occupational injury or illness among workers 50‐64 years of age
    Kenneth A. Scott, Qing Liao, Gwenith G. Fisher, Lorann Stallones, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Emile Tompa
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine.2018; 61(4): 317.     CrossRef
  • Predictors and estimation of risk for early exit from working life by poor health among middle and older aged workers in Korea
    Wanhyung Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jung-Wan Koo, Sei-Jin Chang, Jaehoon Roh, Jong-Uk Won
    Scientific Reports.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The effect of job loss on depressive symptoms: The results from the Korean Welfare Panel Study (2007–2013)
    Hyo Jung Yoon, Jae Woo Choi, Suk-Young Jang, Sang Ah Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
    International Journal of Social Psychiatry.2017; 63(1): 57.     CrossRef
  • The Perceived Socioeconomic Status Is an Important Factor of Health Recovery for Victims of Occupational Accidents in Korea
    Hongdeok Seok, Jin-Ha Yoon, Wanhyung Lee, June-Hee Lee, Pil Kyun Jung, Jaehoon Roh, Jong-Uk Won
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2016; 31(2): 164.     CrossRef
  • Employment and occupation effects on late-life depressive symptoms among older Koreans: a cross-sectional population survey
    Hyun Park, Young Hwangbo, Yong-Jin Lee, Eun-Chul Jang, Wook Han
    Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between employment status change and depression in Korean adults
    Ki-Bong Yoo, Eun-Cheol Park, Suk-Yong Jang, Jeoung A Kwon, Sun Jung Kim, Kyoung-hee Cho, Jae-Woo Choi, Jae-Hyun Kim, Sohee Park
    BMJ Open.2016; 6(3): e008570.     CrossRef
  • How are self-rated health and diagnosed disease related to early or deferred retirement? A cross-sectional study of employees aged 55-64
    Kerstin Nilsson, Anna Rignell Hydbom, Lars Rylander
    BMC Public Health.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Conceptualisation of ageing in relation to factors of importance for extending working life – a review
    Kerstin Nilsson
    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.2016; 44(5): 490.     CrossRef
  • Association between Voluntary/Involuntary Job Loss and the Development of Stroke or Cardiovascular Disease: A Prospective Study of Middle-Aged to Older Workers in a Rapidly Developing Asian Country
    Mo-Yeol Kang, Hyoung-Ryoul Kim, Agricola Odoi
    PLoS ONE.2014; 9(11): e113495.     CrossRef
  • Life Course Approach on Health Disparities in Older Adults
    Soong-Nang Jang
    Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society.2013; 17(3): 111.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health