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Junhyoung Kim 1 Article
Investigating the Relationship Between Accessibility of Green Space and Adult Obesity Rates: A Secondary Data Analysis in the United States
Junhyoung Kim, Sujung Lee, William Ramos
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(3):208-217.   Published online May 18, 2021
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AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
In spite of the importance of green space for reducing obesity-related problems, there has been little exploration of whether access to green space (e.g., parks and recreational facilities) influences the obesity rate of adults in the United States. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationships among accessibility of green space, obesity rates, and socioeconomic and demographic variables among adults living in the State of Indiana, United States.
We conducted a secondary data analysis to investigate the relationships among accessibility to green space, obesity rates, and socio-demographic variables with employing Geographic Information System in order to measure the accessibility of green space.
This study found that accessibility of green space served as a strong predictor of reduced obesity rates among adults (β=-2.478; p<0.10). In addition, adults with higher education levels, as well as better access to green space, were found to have even lower obesity rates (β=-0.188; p<0.05). Other control variables such as unemployment rates, food security, and physical inactivity are additional factors that influence obesity rates among adults.
Accessibility of green space may play an important role in facilitating physical activity participation and reducing obesity rates.
Korean summary
본 연구는 미국 인디애나 주의 녹지공간의 접근성 (공원 및 레크레이션 시설), 성인 비만 및 다양한 변수 (교육열, 실업률 및 임금) 사이의 관계를 분석하기위해 지리정보시스템 (GIS) 와 다중회귀 방법을 함께 사용하였습니다. 이 연구는 녹지공간의 접근성이 성인 비만율을 감소시키는 역활을 한다고 밝혀내었습니다. 녹지공간 접근성이 높은 카운티는 접근성이 낮은 카운티에 비해 성인들의 비만 가능성이 낮다는것을 시사하였습니다. 게다가, 녹지공간에 더 잘 접근할 뿐만 아니라 더 높은 교육 수준을 가진 카운티는 더 낮은 비만율을 가지고 있다는것으로 밝혀졌습니다.


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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health