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Jorge Delva 2 Articles
Using Tobit Regression Analysis to Further Understand the Association of Youth Alcohol Problems with Depression and Parental Factors among Korean Adolescent Females.
Jorge Delva, Andrew Grogan Kaylor, Emily Steinhoff, Dong Eok Shin, Kristine Siefert
J Prev Med Public Health. 2007;40(2):145-149.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.2.145
  • 4,723 View
  • 63 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
This study characterized the extent to which youth depressive symptoms, parental alcohol problems, and parental drinking account for differences in alcoholrelated problems among a large sample of adolescent females. METHODS: The stratified sample consists of 2077 adolescent females from twelve female-only high schools located in a large metropolitan city in the Republic of Korea. Students completed a questionnaire about alcohol use nd alcohol problems, their parents' alcohol problems, and a number of risk and protective factors. Data were analyzed using tobit regression analyses to better characterize the associations among variables. RESULTS: Almost two-thirds of students who consume alcohol had experienced at least one to two alcohol-related problems in their lives and 54.6% reported at least one current symptom of depression, with nearly one-third reporting two depressive symptoms. Two-thirds of the students indicated that at least one parent had an alcoholrelated problem, and that approximately 29% had experie nced several problems. Results of tobit regression analyses indicate that youth alcohol-related problems are positively associated with depressive symptoms (p<0.01) and parent drinking problems (p<0.05). Parental drinking is no longer significant when the variable parental attention is added to the model. Decomposition of the tobit parameters shows that for every unit of increase in depressive symptoms and in parent drinking problems, the probability of a youth experiencing alcohol problems increases by 6% and 1%, respectively. For every unit of increase in parental attention, the probability of youth experiencing drinking problems decreases by 5%. CONCLUSIONS: This study presents evidence that alcoholrelated problems and depressive symptoms are highly prevalent among adolescent females. Although a comprehensive public health approach is needed to address drinking and mental health problems, different interventions are needed to target factors associated with initiation of alcohol problems and those associated with increased alcohol problems among those who already began experiencing such problems.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Impact of the Friendly Schools whole‐school intervention on transition to secondary school and adolescent bullying behaviour
    Donna Cross, Therese Shaw, Melanie Epstein, Natasha Pearce, Amy Barnes, Sharyn Burns, Stacey Waters, Leanne Lester, Kevin Runions
    European Journal of Education.2018; 53(4): 495.     CrossRef
  • Parenting and Youth Psychosocial Well- Being in South Korea using Fixed-Effects Models
    Yoonsun Han, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
    Journal of Family Issues.2013; 34(5): 689.     CrossRef
  • Alcohol and tobacco use among South Korean adolescents: An ecological review of the literature
    Jun Sung Hong, Na Youn Lee, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Hui Huang
    Children and Youth Services Review.2011; 33(7): 1120.     CrossRef
  • Tobit Model for Outcome Variable Is Limited by Censoring in Nursing Research
    Kuan-Chia Lin, Su-Fen Cheng
    Nursing Research.2011; 60(5): 354.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship of Weight‐Related Attitudes With Suicidal Behaviors in Korean Adolescents
    Jun‐Su Kim, Kayoung Lee
    Obesity.2010; 18(11): 2145.     CrossRef
  • The Difficulty of Maintaining Positive Intervention Effects: A Look at Disruptive Behavior, Deviant Peer Relations, and Social Skills During the Middle School Years
    John E. Lochman, Karen L. Bierman, John D. Coie, Kenneth A. Dodge, Mark T. Greenberg, Robert J. McMahon, Ellen E. Pinderhughes
    The Journal of Early Adolescence.2010; 30(4): 593.     CrossRef
  • Longitudinal tobit regression: A new approach to analyze outcome variables with floor or ceiling effects
    Jos Twisk, Frank Rijmen
    Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.2009; 62(9): 953.     CrossRef
A Study of the Relationship between Parental Alcohol Problems and Alcohol Use among Adolescent Females in Republic of Korea.
Dong Eok Shin, Jorge Delva
J Prev Med Public Health. 2004;37(3):232-237.
  • 2,417 View
  • 27 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The study was designed to test if alcohol use and alcohol-related problems among adolescent females are related to their parents' level of alcohol problems. METHODS: In 2001, a stratified sample of 2077 adolescent females, grades 10-11, from twelve female-only high schools located in a large metropolitan city in the Republic of Korea completed a questionnaire about alcohol use, parental attention, and parental alcohol consumption, and other risk and protective factors. Data were analyzed with chi-square and regression analyses. RESULTS: Nearly 63% of the student drinkers had experienced at least one to two alcohol-related problems in their lives. Two-thirds of all 2077 students indicated that at least one of their parents had an alcohol-related problem and that approximately 29% had experienced several problems. Results of random effects ordinal logistic regression analyses suggest a dose-response relationship between parental and youth alcohol-related problems. Youth who report having parents with some and many alcohol problems were 30% (Odds Ratios [OR] = 1.30; 95% Confidence Interval [CI] = 1.10 - 1.53) and 55% (OR = 1.55; 95%CI = 1.23 - 1.95) more likely to experience alcoholrelated problems than youth whose parents do not have alcohol problems, respectively, after statistically adjusting for important covariates. CONCLUSIONS: This study presents evidence that alcoholrelated problems among adolescent female students is highly prevalent. Also, the study findings reveal a high percentage of parents with alcohol problems, as reported by students. This study presents evidence of what might be a hidden problem among adults and youths in the Republic of Korea that merits serious attention.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health