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Jin-Hwa Jang 1 Article
Correlations Between the Incidence of National Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Public Open Data, Including Meteorological Factors and Medical Facility Resources
Jin-Hwa Jang, Ji-Hae Lee, Mi-Kyung Je, Myeong-Ji Cho, Young Mee Bae, Hyeon Seok Son, Insung Ahn
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(4):203-215.   Published online July 27, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.057
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study was performed to investigate the relationship between the incidence of national notifiable infectious diseases (NNIDs) and meteorological factors, air pollution levels, and hospital resources in Korea.
Methods
We collected and stored 660 000 pieces of publicly available data associated with infectious diseases from public data portals and the Diseases Web Statistics System of Korea. We analyzed correlations between the monthly incidence of these diseases and monthly average temperatures and monthly average relative humidity, as well as vaccination rates, number of hospitals, and number of hospital beds by district in Seoul.
Results
Of the 34 NNIDs, malaria showed the most significant correlation with temperature (r=0.949, p<0.01) and concentration of nitrogen dioxide (r=-0.884, p<0.01). We also found a strong correlation between the incidence of NNIDs and the number of hospital beds in 25 districts in Seoul (r=0.606, p<0.01). In particular, Geumcheon-gu was found to have the lowest incidence rate of NNIDs and the highest number of hospital beds per patient.
Conclusions
In this study, we conducted a correlational analysis of public data from Korean government portals that can be used as parameters to forecast the spread of outbreaks.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Environmental Research.2017; 156: 306.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health