Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Search
Jihye Kim 1 Article
Association Between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Adults: Evidence From the 2001 to 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Jihye Kim, Shreela V. Sharma, Sung Kyun Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2014;47(2):94-103.   Published online March 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2014.47.2.94
  • 12,319 View
  • 101 Download
  • 22 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The present study examined relationships between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity and body mass index (BMI) as well as the effects of health-related behavioral and psychological factors on the relationships.

Methods

A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted on Korean adults aged 20 to 79 years using data from the 2001, 2005, and 2007 to 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Multivariate logistic and linear regression models were used to estimate odds ratios of obesity and mean differences in BMI, respectively, across SES levels after controlling for health-related behavioral and psychological factors.

Results

We observed significant gender-specific relationships of SES with obesity and BMI after adjusting for all covariates. In men, income, but not education, showed a slightly positive association with BMI (p<0.05 in 2001 and 2005). In women, education, but not income, was inversely associated with both obesity and BMI (p<0.0001 in all datasets). These relationships were attenuated with adjusting for health-related behavioral factors, not for psychological factors.

Conclusions

Results confirmed gender-specific disparities in the associations of SES with obesity and BMI among adult Korean population. Focusing on intervention for health-related behaviors may be effective to reduce social inequalities in obesity.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Trends in obesity, leisure-time physical activity, and sedentary behavior in Korean adults: Korea national health and nutritional examinations survey from 2014 to 2021
    Yunmin Han, Hoyong Sung, Younghwan Choi, Yeon Soo Kim, Hee-Taik Kang
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(1): e0296042.     CrossRef
  • Who did it better? Gender differences in effects of a dietary self-management intervention for older community-dwelling adults
    Jung-Hua Shao, Su-Hui Chen
    Journal of Women & Aging.2021; 33(5): 473.     CrossRef
  • Two-year follow-up cohort study focused on gender-specific associations between socioeconomic status and body weight changes in overweight and obese middle-aged and older adults
    Malgorzata Biskup, Pawel Macek, Stanislaw Gozdz, Malgorzata Terek-Derszniak, Halina Krol, Piotr Kedzierawski, Marek Zak
    BMJ Open.2021; 11(7): e050127.     CrossRef
  • Cancer Incidence by Occupation in Korea: Longitudinal Analysis of a Nationwide Cohort
    Hye-Eun Lee, Masayoshi Zaitsu, Eun-A Kim, Ichiro Kawachi
    Safety and Health at Work.2020; 11(1): 41.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic inequalities and severe obesity—Sex differences in a nationwide study of 1.12 million Israeli adolescents
    Orit Pinhas‐Hamiel, Brian Reichman, Arnon Afek, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Uri Hamiel, Tarif Bader, Khitam Muhsen, Gilad Twig
    Pediatric Obesity.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors contributing to educational differences in obesity among women: evidence from South Korea
    Woojin Chung, Seungji Lim
    BMC Public Health.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Reversal of the Association between Education Level and Obesity Risk during Ageing: A Gender-Specific Longitudinal Study in South Korea
    Woojin Chung, Roeul Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(18): 6755.     CrossRef
  • Ethnicity, Neighborhood and Individual Socioeconomic Status, and Obesity: The Singapore Multiethnic Cohort
    Su Hyun Park, Mary Nicolaou, Borame Sue Lee Dickens, Qianyu Yang, Ken Wei Tan, Rob M. van Dam
    Obesity.2020; 28(12): 2405.     CrossRef
  • Energy imbalance: obesity, associated comorbidities, prevention, management and public health implications
    Shazia Jehan, Ferdinand Zizi, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Samy I McFarlane, Girardin Jean-Louis, Alyson K Myers
    Advances in Obesity, Weight Management & Control.2020; 10(5): 146.     CrossRef
  • Measuring Socioeconomic Inequalities in Obesity among Korean Adults, 1998–2015
    Jongnam Hwang, Eun-Young Lee, Chung Gun Lee
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2019; 16(9): 1617.     CrossRef
  • Do trends in the prevalence of overweight by socio-economic position differ between India’s most and least economically developed states?
    Shammi Luhar, Poppy Alice Carson Mallinson, Lynda Clarke, Sanjay Kinra
    BMC Public Health.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Influence of Body Mass Index at Diagnosis on Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease
    Han Soo Yoo, Seok Jong Chung, Phil Hyu Lee, Young H. Sohn, Suk Yun Kang
    Journal of Clinical Neurology.2019; 15(4): 517.     CrossRef
  • Social and Psychological Predictors of Body Mass Index among South Africans 15 Years and Older: SANHANES-1
    Zandile June-Rose Mchiza, Whadi-Ah Parker, Muhammad Zakir Hossin, Amy Heshmati, Demetre Labadarios, Daniel Falkstedt, Ilona Koupil
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2019; 16(20): 3919.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic and behavioural determinants of overweight/obesity among adults in Botswana: a cross-sectional study
    Mpho Keetile, Kannan Navaneetham, Gobopamang Letamo, Kenabetsho Bainame, Serai Daniel Rakgoasi, Lesego Gabaitiri, Tiny Masupe, Robert Molebatsi
    BMJ Open.2019; 9(12): e029570.     CrossRef
  • Sex-specific role of education on the associations of socioeconomic status indicators with obesity risk: A population-based study in South Korea
    Woojin Chung, Jaeyeun Kim, Seung-ji Lim, Sunmi Lee, Meian He
    PLOS ONE.2018; 13(1): e0190499.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Health Behaviors, Metabolic Control, and Chronic Complications in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    So Hun Kim, Seung Youn Lee, Chei Won Kim, Young Ju Suh, Seongbin Hong, Seong Hee Ahn, Da Hae Seo, Moon-Suk Nam, Suk Chon, Jeong-Taek Woo, Sei Hyun Baik, Yongsoo Park, Kwan Woo Lee, Young Seol Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(5): 380.     CrossRef
  • Educational Disparities in Risk for Metabolic Syndrome
    Insub Kim, Yun-Mi Song, Hyeonyoung Ko, Joohon Sung, Kayoung Lee, Jinyoung Shin, Sujeong Shin
    Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.2018; 16(8): 416.     CrossRef
  • Geographic Association Between Income Inequality and Obesity Among Adults in New York State
    Daniel Kim, Fusheng Wang, Chrisa Arcan
    Preventing Chronic Disease.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The association between socioeconomic status and reactions to radiation exposure: a cross-sectional study after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station accident
    Taro Kusama, Jun Aida, Toru Tsuboya, Kemmyo Sugiyama, Takafumi Yamamoto, Ayaka Igarashi, Ken Osaka, Antonio Palazón-Bru
    PLOS ONE.2018; 13(10): e0205531.     CrossRef
  • Educational Inequality in Obesity-Related Mortality in Korea
    Mi-Hyun Kim, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyeonyoung Ko, Yun-Mi Song
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2017; 32(3): 386.     CrossRef
  • Outdoor artificial light at night, obesity, and sleep health: Cross-sectional analysis in the KoGES study
    Yong Seo Koo, Jin-Young Song, Eun-Yeon Joo, Heon-Jeong Lee, Eunil Lee, Sang-kun Lee, Ki-Young Jung
    Chronobiology International.2016; 33(3): 301.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic Disparities in Osteoporosis Prevalence: Different Results in the Overall Korean Adult Population and Single-person Households
    Jungmee Kim, Joongyub Lee, Ju-Young Shin, Byung-Joo Park
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2015; 48(2): 84.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health