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Jaewon Kim 1 Article
The Association Between the Basic Old-Age Pension and Depression of the Older Adults in Korea
Jaewon Kim, Tae-Jin Lee, Cheong-Seok Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(5):332-341.   Published online July 13, 2020
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the Basic Old-Age Pension (BOP), which is a noncontributory pension, and depression in BOP beneficiaries in Korea.
We used the second and third waves (2007-2008) of the Korea Welfare Panel Study to identify the effect of the BOP on mental health in the year of its introduction. The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale, applied in a Korean context, was used to evaluate mental health. To analyze the effect of the BOP, a difference-in-difference approach was used in analyses of all subjects and subgroups.
For this study population of 760 adults, the BOP did not have a statistically significant relationship with depression in its beneficiaries. After controlling for type of household, the BOP was still not associated with lower reporting of depression, either in singlebeneficiary or double-beneficiary households, in the year of the benefit.
The BOP policy had no significant relationship with the level of depression among recipients. However, this should not be interpreted as implying that income subsidy programs for older adults, such as the BOP, do not affect mental health, considering the importance of economic hardship in this population and the program’s socioeconomic effects.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association of the Type of Public Pension With Mental Health Among South Korean Older Adults: Longitudinal Observational Study
    Seung Hoon Kim, Hyunkyu Kim, Sung Hoon Jeong, Eun-Cheol Park
    JMIR Public Health and Surveillance.2024; 10: e49129.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Aging in Place among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Korea: Findings from a National Survey
    Myong Sun Cho, Mi Young Kwon
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2023; 20(3): 2740.     CrossRef
  • Comparing the mental health effects of different social assistance programmes in Hong Kong
    Chenhong Peng, Paul S. F. Yip
    Journal of Asian Public Policy.2022; : 1.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health