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Hyeongap Jang 2 Articles
Differences in Obesity Rates Between People With and Without Disabilities and the Association of Disability and Obesity: A Nationwide Population Study in South Korea
Moo-Kyung Oh, Hyeongap Jang, Yong-Ik Kim, Belong Jo, Yoon Kim, Jong-Heon Park, Jin-Seok Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(4):211-218.   Published online July 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.4.211
  • 9,216 View
  • 70 Download
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The objective of this study was to identify the differences in obesity rates among people with and without disabilities, and evaluate the relationship between obesity rates and the existence of disabilities or characteristics of disabilities.

Methods

Mass screening data from 2008 from the National Disability Registry and National Health Insurance (NHI) are used. For analysis, we classified physical disability into three subtypes: upper limb disability, lower limb disability, and spinal cord injury. For a control group, we extracted people without disabilities by each subtype. To adjust for the participation rate in the NHI mass screening, we calculated and adopted the weight stratified by sex, age, and grade of disability. Differences in obesity rates between people with and without disabilities were examined by a chi-squared test. In addition, the effect of the existence of disabilities and grade of disabilities on obesity was examined by multiple logistic regression analysis.

Results

People with disabilities were found to have a higher obesity rate than those without disabilities. The obesity rates were 35.2% and 35.0% (people with disabilities vs. without disabilities) in the upper limb disability, 44.5% and 34.8% in the lower limb disability, 43.4% and 34.6% in the spinal cord injury. The odds for existence of physical disability and grade of disability are higher than the non-disabilities.

Conclusions

These results show that people with physical disability have a higher vulnerability to obesity.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Weight history of individuals with and without physical disability in the International Weight Control Registry
    Julianne G. Clina, R. Drew Sayer, Anna M. Gorczyca, Sai Krupa Das, James E. Friedman, Tsz Kiu Chui, Susan B. Roberts, James O. Hill
    Obesity Science & Practice.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Health-related Physical Fitness, Blood Pressure, and Body Mass Index among People with Intellectual Disability, Visual Impairment, and Hearing Impairment
    Young Hoon Kim, Su Hyun Kim, Taegyu Kim, Rui Ma
    Exercise Science.2024; 33(1): 93.     CrossRef
  • Pilot evaluation of a behavioral weight loss program for adults with physical disabilities: State of Slim Everybody usability and feasibility
    Julianne G. Clina, Holly R. Wyatt, James O. Hill, Christine C. Ferguson, Hui‐Ju Young, James H. Rimmer
    Obesity Science & Practice.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Adapting an evidence-based physical activity questionnaire for people with physical disabilities: A methodological process
    Julianne G. Clina, Cassandra Herman, Christine C. Ferguson, James H. Rimmer
    Disability and Health Journal.2023; 16(3): 101447.     CrossRef
  • Investigation of the Relationship Between Psychiatry Visit and Suicide After Deliberate Self-harm: Longitudinal National Cohort Study
    Hye Hyeon Kim, Chanyoung Ko, Ji Ae Park, In Han Song, Yu Rang Park
    JMIR Public Health and Surveillance.2023; 9: e41261.     CrossRef
  • A cross‐sectional study on the use of big data for the past H1N1 influenza epidemic in obesity after COVID‐19: Focused on the body slimming cream and leptin via DTC gene test
    Jinkyung Lee, Ki Han Kwon
    Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.2022; 21(11): 5321.     CrossRef
  • A Study on the Research Trends on Obese People with Disabilities: Focused on Domestic Journal
    Jung-Sik Park, Yun-Kyung Song
    Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research.2019; 19(1): 68.     CrossRef
  • Association of employment status and income with self-rated health among waged workers with disabilities in South Korea: population-based panel study
    Jae Woo Choi, Juyeong Kim, Euna Han, Tae Hyun Kim
    BMJ Open.2019; 9(11): e032174.     CrossRef
  • The complexity of reaching and maintaining a healthy body weight – the experience from adults with a mobility disability
    Marianne Holmgren, Magnus Sandberg, Gerd Ahlström
    BMC Obesity.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The bidirectional association between body weight and mobility disability: A population-based cohort
    Jeroen S. de Munter, Per Tynelius, Gerd Ahlström, Finn Rasmussen
    Disability and Health Journal.2016; 9(4): 632.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a walking exercise program for obese individuals with intellectual disability staying in a residential care facility
    Sungmin Son, Byoungjin Jeon, Heejung Kim
    Journal of Physical Therapy Science.2016; 28(3): 788.     CrossRef
  • Impacts of mobility disability and high and increasing body mass index on health-related quality of life and participation in society: a population-based cohort study from Sweden
    Marianne Holmgren, Anna Lindgren, Jeroen de Munter, Finn Rasmussen, Gerd Ahlström
    BMC Public Health.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comparison of sarcopenic status between elderly leprosy survivors and general population
    Won Kim, Hee Won Park, Byung Kwan Hwang, Soon Ook Bae, In Kwon Kim, Sun G. Chung
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2014; 58(1): 134.     CrossRef
  • Recent Developments in Obesity Research: Linkages between Obesity, Disability, and Physical Functioning
    Sandra L. Reynolds
    Current Obesity Reports.2013; 2(3): 267.     CrossRef
Factors Affecting Public Prejudice and Social Distance on Mental Illness: Analysis of Contextual Effect by Multi-level Analysis
Hyeongap Jang, Jun-Tae Lim, Juhwan Oh, Seon-Young Lee, Yong-Ik Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2012;45(2):90-97.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.2.90
  • 10,030 View
  • 136 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

While there have been many quantitative studies on the public's attitude towards mental illnesses, it is hard to find quantitative study which focused on the contextual effect on the public's attitude. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that affect the public's beliefs and attitudes including contextual effects.

Methods

We analyzed survey on the public's beliefs and attitudes towards mental illness in Korea with multi-level analysis. We analyzed the public's beliefs and attitudes in terms of prejudice as an intermediate outcome and social distance as a final outcome. Then, we focused on the associations of factors, which were individual and regional socio-economic factors, familiarity, and knowledge based on the comparison of the intermediate and final outcomes.

Results

Prejudice was not explained by regional variables but was only correlated with individual factors. Prejudice increased with age and decreased by high education level. However, social distance controlling for prejudice increased in females, in people with a high education level, and in regions with a high education level and a high proportion of the old. Therefore, social distance without controlling for prejudice increased in females, in the elderly, in highly educated people, and in regions with a high education and aged community.

Conclusions

The result of the multi-level analysis for the regional variables suggests that social distance for mental illness are not only determined by individual factors but also influenced by the surroundings so that it could be tackled sufficiently with appropriate considering of the relevant regional context with individual characteristics.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Mental health literacy for social phobia in Ghana: Investigation of gender stereotypes and previous experience for recognition rates and prejudice
    Peter Adu, Tomas Jurcik, Emmanuel Demah, Patrick T Korang, Dmitry Grigoryev
    International Journal of Social Psychiatry.2024; 70(2): 271.     CrossRef
  • Awareness and attitude about mental illness in the rural population of India: A mixed method study
    Kaustubh S. Kulkarni, Mudita N. Joshi, Harshal S. Sathe, Chetna Maliye
    Indian Journal of Psychiatry.2023; 65(10): 1069.     CrossRef
  • Patient Factors Influencing Outpatient Retention in Patients with Affective and Anxiety Disorders: A Retrospective Study
    Seyeon Chang, Young Sup Woo, Sheng-Min Wang, Hyun Kook Lim, Won-Myong Bahk
    Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience.2021; 19(3): 545.     CrossRef
  • Sikap terhadap Gangguan Mental pada Mahasiswa Psikologi Universitas Airlangga Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin
    Grace Ririn, Atika Dian Ariana
    Buletin Riset Psikologi dan Kesehatan Mental (BRPKM).2021; 1(1): 1030.     CrossRef
  • The effect of knowledge on healthcare professionals' perceptions of obesity
    Thazin Wynn, Nazrul Islam, Charlotte Thompson, Khin Swe Myint
    Obesity Medicine.2018; 11: 20.     CrossRef
  • Korean adults’ beliefs about and social distance toward attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Tourette syndrome, and autism spectrum disorder
    Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Chul Eung Kim
    Psychiatry Research.2018; 269: 633.     CrossRef
  • State of the art of population-based attitude research on mental health: a systematic review
    M. C. Angermeyer, G. Schomerus
    Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences.2017; 26(3): 252.     CrossRef
  • Beliefs and Prejudices Versus Knowledge and Awareness: How to Cope Stigma Against Mental Illness. A College Staff E-survey
    Chiara Buizza, Alberto Ghilardi, Clarissa Ferrari
    Community Mental Health Journal.2017; 53(5): 589.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitude and social distance practices of young undergraduates towards mental illness in India: A comparative analysis
    Aggarwal Shruti, Shalini Singh, Dinesh Kataria
    Asian Journal of Psychiatry.2016; 23: 64.     CrossRef
  • The effects of low-level laser irradiation on breast tumor in mice and the expression of Let-7a, miR-155, miR-21, miR125, and miR376b
    Vahid Khori, Ali Mohammad Alizadeh, Zohre Gheisary, Sadaf Farsinejad, Farrokh Najafi, Solmaz Khalighfard, Fatemeh Ghafari, Maryam Hadji, Hamid Khodayari
    Lasers in Medical Science.2016; 31(9): 1775.     CrossRef
  • Socially restrictive attitudes towards people with mental illness among the non-psychiatry medical professionals in a university teaching hospital in South India
    Shashwath Sathyanath, Rohan Dilip Mendonsa, Anitha Maria Thattil, Varikkara Mohan Chandran, Ravichandra S Karkal
    International Journal of Social Psychiatry.2016; 62(3): 221.     CrossRef
  • Community attitudes and social distance towards the mentally ill in South Sudan: a survey from a post-conflict setting with no mental health services
    Touraj Ayazi, Lars Lien, Arne Eide, Elizabeth Joseph Shadar Shadar, Edvard Hauff
    Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.2014; 49(5): 771.     CrossRef
  • Impact of gender and age on attitudes towards mental illness in Sweden
    Béatrice Ewalds-Kvist, Torbjörn Högberg, Kim Lützén
    Nordic Journal of Psychiatry.2013; 67(5): 360.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health