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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

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Heuisug Jo 2 Articles
The Relationship of Organizational Culture and Organizational Effectiveness at the General Hospital.
Heuisug Jo, Sunhee Lee, Woohyun Cho, Kihong Chun, Okryun Moon
Korean J Prev Med. 1999;32(3):374-382.
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OBJECTIVES
Organizational culture has been important in field of organizational behavior research for the past decade. Although there has been a growing interest in the organizational culture and organizational effectiveness, there is few research in health care field. This study was carried out to investigate the relationship of organizational culture and organizational effectiveness at general hospital. METHODS: Data was collected by self-administrated questionares. Organizational cultures were measured by using Likert scale. A general hospital in Kyunggi-Do was selected and survey was conducted to 675 workers. Data was analyzed with computer package, PC- SPSS. RESULTS: There were four types of organizational culture in this hospital : consensual culture, developmental culture, hierarchical culture, rational culture. Many workers recognized their culture as rational culture and developmental culture. This finding showed that the hospital had both human related and task related climate. There were some differences in recognition of sub-organizational culture by occupational group, but perceived organizational culture was in accordance with sub-organizational culture in general. Multiple regression analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis were conducted to find the relationship of organizational culture and organizational effectiveness. As a result, developmental culture showed a strong relationship with organizational commitment and job-satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: These results showed that types of organizational culture were significantly related to organizational effectiveness and understanding the existing culture is essential to develope their organizational effectiveness.
Summary
Factors Related to the Health Behavior of Urban Residents on the Basis of Theory of Reasoned Action.
Sunhee Lee, Heuisug Jo
Korean J Prev Med. 1999;32(2):183-190.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study is to analyse factors related to the health promotion behavior on the basis of theory of reasoned action(TRA). METHODS: 509 residents in the city of Kyunggi-do were selected through multistage random sampling. A structured questionnaire was developed on the basis of Triandis model and collected by interviewing. RESULTS: Expectation toward act and social normative influence and age showed significant relationship to health promotion behavior. Also, facilitating factors, affective attitude, education level are indirectly related to health promotion behavior. CONCLUSIONS: The result suggest that TRA is useful in understanding the mechanism of health promotion behavior.
Summary

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health