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Gyeong Suk Jeon 1 Article
The Impact of Socioeconomic Factors on the Gender Differences of Disability and Subjective Health Among Elderly Koreans.
Gyeong Suk Jeon, Soong Nang Jang, Seon Ja Rhee
J Prev Med Public Health. 2009;42(3):199-207.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Research on the gender differences of health among older Korean people has been limited compared with the research for other stages of life. This study first examined the patterns and magnitude of the gender differences of health in later life. Second, we examined the gender differences in the health of older men and women that were attributable to differing socioeconomic conditions. METHODS: Using the nationally representative 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, the gender differences in disability and subjective poor health were assessed by calculating the age adjusted and gender-specific prevalence. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess if the differences between the men and women for health could be explained by differential exposure to socioeconomic factors and/or the differential vulnerability of men and women to these socioeconomic factors. RESULTS: Our results indicated that older women were more likely than the men to report disability and poor subjective health. The health disadvantage of older women was diminished by differential experiences with socioeconomic factors, and especially education. The differences shrink as much as 43.7% in the case of disability and 35.4% in the case of poor subjective health by the differential exposure to educational attainment. Any differential vulnerability to socioeconomic factors was not found between the men and women, which means that socioeconomic factors may have similar effect on health in both genders. CONCLUSIONS: Differential socioeconomic experience and exposure between the men and women might cause gender difference in health in old age Koreans.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Socioeconomic Inequalities in Depressive Symptoms among Korean Older Men and Women: Contribution of Social Support Resources
    Jeong Lee, Kyungwon Choi, Gyeong-Suk Jeon
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2020; 31(1): 13.     CrossRef
  • Predictive Model for Quality of Life of the Older Men Living Alone
    Su Jin Kim, Gyeong-Suk Jeon
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2020; 50(6): 799.     CrossRef
  • Care inequality: care received according to gender, marital status, and socioeconomic status among Korean older adults with disability
    Soong-nang Jang, Ichiro Kawachi
    International Journal for Equity in Health.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The effects of medication adherence and health literacy on health‐related quality of life in older people with hypertension
    Nam Hee Park, Mi Sook Song, So Young Shin, Ji‐hye Jeong, Hyo Young Lee
    International Journal of Older People Nursing.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic and Social Support Factors of Malnutrition among Korean Elderly in the Community
    Su-Jin Kim, Gyeong-Suk Jeon
    The Korean Journal of Health Service Management.2017; 11(3): 79.     CrossRef
  • Activities of Daily Living, Depression, and Self-rated Health and Related Factors in Korean Elderly: Focused on Socioeconomic Status and Family Support
    Seieun Oh, Young Ko
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2015; 26(2): 140.     CrossRef
  • Perceived Health, Life Satisfaction, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Elderly Korean Immigrants and Elderly Koreans
    Mo-Kyung Sin, Young-Ran Chae, Myoung-Ae Choe, Patrick Murphy, Jeungim Kim, Mi-Yang Jeon
    Journal of Gerontological Nursing.2011; 37(3): 43.     CrossRef
  • Analysis for the Impact of Adulthood and Childhood Socioeconomic Positions and Intergenerational Social Mobility on Adulthood Health
    Jae-Hee Seo, Ho Kim, Young-Jeon Shin
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2010; 43(2): 138.     CrossRef
  • Trends in the Health Status of Older Koreans
    Soong‐Nang Jang, Dong‐Hyun Kim
    Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.2010; 58(3): 592.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health