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Dyah Pradnyaparamita Duarsa 1 Article
A Peer-support Mini-counseling Model to Improve Treatment in HIV-positive Pregnant Women in Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
Artha Camellia, Plamularsih Swandari, Gusni Rahma, Tuti Parwati Merati, I Made Bakta, Dyah Pradnyaparamita Duarsa
J Prev Med Public Health. 2023;56(3):238-247.   Published online April 11, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.22.516
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Low adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) therapy in pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) increases the risk of virus transmission from mother to newborn. Increasing mothers’ knowledge and motivation to access treatment has been identified as a critical factor in prevention. Therefore, this research aimed to explore barriers and enablers in accessing HIV care and treatment services.
Methods
This research was the first phase of a mixed-method analysis conducted in Kupang, a remote city in East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. Samples were taken by purposive sampling of 17 people interviewed, consisting of 6 mothers with HIV, 5 peer facilitators, and 6 health workers. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, observations, and document review. Inductive thematic analysis was also performed. The existing data were grouped into several themes, then relationships and linkages were drawn from each group of informants.
Results
Barriers to accessing care and treatment were lack of knowledge about the benefits of ARV; stigma from within and the surrounding environment; difficulty in accessing services due to distance, time, and cost; completeness of administration; drugs’ side effects; and the quality of health workers and HIV services.
Conclusions
There was a need for a structured and integrated model of peer support to improve ARV uptake and treatment in pregnant women with HIV. This research identified needs including mini-counseling sessions designed to address psychosocial barriers as an integrated approach to support antenatal care that can effectively assist HIV-positive pregnant women in improving treatment adherence.
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Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Letter to the Editor: Supporting the Sick and the Vulnerable
    Fides A. del Castillo
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(4): 392.     CrossRef
  • Author Response: Supporting the Sick and the Vulnerable
    Artha Camellia, Gusni Rahma
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(4): 394.     CrossRef

JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health