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Chang-yup Kim 8 Articles
Regional Differences in the Effects of Social Relations on Depression Among Korean Elderly and the Moderating Effect of Living Alone
Chanki Kim, Eun Jee Chang, Chang-yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2021;54(6):441-450.   Published online October 22, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.337
  • 3,574 View
  • 141 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Socioeconomic disadvantages interact with numerous factors which affect geriatric mental health. One of the main factors is the social relations of the elderly. The elderly have different experiences and meanings in their social lives depending on their socio-cultural environment. In this study, we compared the effects of social relations on depression among the elderly according to their living arrangement (living alone or living with others) and residential area.
Methods
We defined social relations as “meetings with neighbors” (MN). We then analyzed the impact of MN on depression using data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging Panel with the generalized estimating equation model. We also examined the moderating effect of living alone and performed subgroup analysis by dividing the sample according to which area they lived in.
Results
MN was associated with a reduced risk of depressive symptoms among elderlies. The size of the effect was larger in rural areas than in large cities. However, elderly those who lived alone in rural areas had a smaller protective impact of MN on depression, comparing to those who lived with others. The moderating effect of living alone was significant only in rural areas.
Conclusions
The social relations among elderlies had a positive effect on their mental health: The more frequent MN were held, the less risk of depressive symptoms occurred. However, the effect may vary depending on their living arrangement and environment. Thus, policies or programs targeting to enhance geriatric mental health should consider different socio-cultural backgrounds among elderlies.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 사회적 관계가 노인의 우울에 미치는 영향이 독거 상태 및 거주 지역에 따라 달라지는지 확인하였다. 사회적 관계를 이웃과의 만남 빈도로 정의하고 고령화연구패널자료를 분석한 결과 사회적 관계의 효과 크기는 대도시에서 가장 작었고 독거의 조절효과는 농어촌에서만 유의하였다.

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    Doo Woong Lee, Jieun Jang, Jaeyong Shin
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  • Nutritional Risk, Depression, and Physical Function in Older People Living Alone
    Jeong-Hye Park, Se-Won Kang
    Healthcare.2024; 12(2): 164.     CrossRef
  • Urban-Rural Differences in Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms and Its Related Factors Among Older Adults: Findings from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging
    Bongjeong Kim, Jinseub Hwang, Dohyang Kim, Soo Jin Kang
    Research in Community and Public Health Nursing.2024; 35: 51.     CrossRef
  • Global rural health disparities in Alzheimer's disease and related dementias: State of the science
    Lisa Ann Kirk Wiese, Allison Gibson, Marc Aaron Guest, Amy R. Nelson, Raven Weaver, Aditi Gupta, Owen Carmichael, Jordan P. Lewis, Allison Lindauer, Samantha Loi, Rachel Peterson, Kylie Radford, Elizabeth K. Rhodus, Christina G. Wong, Megan Zuelsdorff, La
    Alzheimer's & Dementia.2023; 19(9): 4204.     CrossRef
  • Living alone and the risk of depressive symptoms: a cross-sectional and cohort analysis based on the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study
    Guangjun Zheng, Biying Zhou, Zhenger Fang, Chunxia Jing, Sui Zhu, Mingliang Liu, Xia Chen, Lei Zuo, Haiyan Chen, Guang Hao
    BMC Psychiatry.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessment of the relationship between living alone and the risk of depression based on longitudinal studies: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Daolin Wu, Fuwei Liu, Shan Huang
    Frontiers in Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of Serious Games on Depression in Older Adults: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
    Yesol Kim, Soomin Hong, Mona Choi
    Journal of Medical Internet Research.2022; 24(9): e37753.     CrossRef
Effects of the Out-of-pocket Payment Exemption in the Public Health Center on Medical Utilization of the Korean Elderly
Kiryong Nam, Eunhye Park, Yuhjin Chung, Chang-yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2020;53(6):455-464.   Published online October 20, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.20.341
  • 3,261 View
  • 134 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The distribution of hospitals in Korea is unbalanced in terms of accessibility. Many local public health centers (PHCs) exempt out-of-pocket payments (OOPs) based on local government laws to increase coverage. However, this varies across administrative regions, as many make this exemption for the elderly, while others do not. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the OOP exemption at local PHCs among elderly individuals.
Methods
This study used online data on Korean national law to gather information on individual local governments’ regulations regarding OOP exemptions. Individual-level data were gathered from the 2018 Community Health Survey and regional-level data from public online sources.
Results
The study analyzed 132 regions and 44 918 elderly people. A statistical analysis of rate differences and 2-level multiple logistic regression were carried out. The rate difference according to whether elderly individuals resided in areas with the OOP exemption was 1.97%p (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07 to 2.88) for PHC utilization, 1.37%p (95% CI, 0.67 to 2.08) for hypertension treatment, and 2.19%p (95% CI, 0.63 to 3.74) for diabetes treatment. The regression analysis showed that OOP exemption had an effect on hypertension treatment, with a fixed-effect odds ratio of 1.25 (95% CI, 1.05 to 1.48).
Conclusions
The OOP exemption at PHCs can affect medical utilization in Korea, especially for hypertension treatment. The OOP exemption should be expanded to improve healthcare utilization in Korea.
Summary

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  • Access of older people to primary health care in low and middle-income countries: A systematic scoping review
    Saydeh Dableh, Kate Frazer, Diarmuid Stokes, Thilo Kroll, Dirceu Henrique Paulo Mabunda
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(4): e0298973.     CrossRef
Association Between Convenience of Transportation and Unmet Healthcare Needs of Rural Elderly in Korea
Youngeun Choi, Kiryong Nam, Chang-yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2019;52(6):355-365.   Published online October 3, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.19.172
  • 9,550 View
  • 218 Download
  • 23 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
In rural areas of Korea, where public transportation infrastructure is lacking and alternative systems are poor, the elderly experience inconveniences in using healthcare, although their need is high. This study aimed to analyze the association between the convenience of transportation and unmet healthcare needs among the rural elderly.
Methods
The data used were collected in the 2016 Community Health Survey among rural elderly individuals aged 65 or older. Dependent variable was the unmet healthcare needs, explanatory variable was the convenience of transportation. The elderly were divided into 3 groups: with no driver in the household, with a driver, and the elderly individual was the driver (the self-driving group). Covariates were classified into predisposing, enabling, and need factors. They included gender, age, education, income, economic activity, household type, motor ability, subjective health level, number of chronic diseases, anxiety/depression, and pain/discomfort. The data were analyzed using logistic regression and stratification.
Results
A significant association was found between the convenience of transportation and unmet healthcare needs. When examined unadjusted odds ratio of the group with a driver in the household, using the group with no driver as a reference, was 0.61 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54 to 0.68), while that of the self-driving group was 0.34 (95% CI, 0.30 to 0.38). The odds ratios adjusted for all factors were 0.69 (95% CI, 0.59 to 0.80) and 0.79 (95% CI, 0.67 to 0.91).
Conclusions
We confirmed a significant association between inconvenient transportation and unmet healthcare needs among the rural elderly even after adjustment for existing known factors. This implies that policies aimed at improving healthcare accessibility must consider the means of transportation available.
Summary
Korean summary
대중교통 인프라가 부족하고 대안적 교통수단 체계가 미흡한 농촌 지역 노인들은 의료 필요는 높으나 도보이동이나 불편한 이동수단을 이용하기 어려워 의료이용에 불편을 겪는다. 본 연구는 의료접근성 향상과 불평등한 접근성 문제에 대한 제안의 근거 마련을 목적으로 질병관리본부 지역사회건강조사 데이터를 이용하여 농촌 노인의 이동수단의 편의성과 미충족의료 경험의 연관성을 살펴보았다. 분석결과 농촌지역 노인에게 교통편 불편은 미충족의료 경험의 주된 이유로 나타났고 기존에 알려진 요인들을 보정한 후에도 이동수단의 편의성과 미충족의료 경험 사이에 유의한 관계가 있음을 확인하였다.

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  • Patients with diabetes in regions with population decline and likelihood of receiving diabetes management education and screenings for related complications in Korea
    Yeong Jun Ju, Woorim Kim, Kyujin Chang, Tae Hoon Lee, Soon Young Lee
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Civic Participation and Self-rated Health: A Cross-national Multi-level Analysis Using the World Value Survey
Saerom Kim, Chang-yup Kim, Myung Soon You
J Prev Med Public Health. 2015;48(1):18-27.   Published online January 27, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.031
  • 11,207 View
  • 144 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Civic participation, that which directly influences important decisions in our personal lives, is considered necessary for developing a society. We hypothesized that civic participation might be related to self-rated health status.
Methods
We constructed a multi-level analysis using data from the World Value Survey (44 countries, n=50 859).
Results
People who participated in voting and voluntary social activities tended to report better subjective health than those who did not vote or participate in social activities, after controlling for socio-demographic factors at the individual level. A negative association with unconventional political activity and subjective health was found, but this effect disappeared in a subset analysis of only the 18 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Moreover, social participation and unconventional political participation had a statistically significant contextual association with subjective health status, but this relationship was not consistent throughout the analysis. In the analysis of the 44 countries, social participation was of borderline significance, while in the subset analysis of the OECD countries unconventional political participation was a stronger determinant of subjective health. The democratic index was a significant factor in determining self-rated health in both analyses, while public health expenditure was a significant factor in only the subset analysis.
Conclusions
Despite the uncertainty of its mechanism, civic participation might be a significant determinant of the health status of a country.
Summary

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  • Effect of social capital, social support and social network formation on the quality of life of American adults during COVID-19
    Ebenezer Larnyo, Sharon Tettegah, Brianna Griffin, Jonathan Aseye Nutakor, Natasha Preece, Stephen Addai-Dansoh, Natalia Dubon, Senyuan Liu
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Public Participation in the Process of Local Public Health Policy, Using Policy Network Analysis
Yukyung Park, Chang-yup Kim, Myoung Soon You, Kun Sei Lee, Eunyoung Park
J Prev Med Public Health. 2014;47(6):298-308.   Published online November 11, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.14.029
  • 12,028 View
  • 116 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To assess the current public participation in-local health policy and its implications through the analysis of policy networks in health center programs.
Methods
We examined the decision-making process in sub-health center installations and the implementation process in metabolic syndrome management program cases in two districts (‘gu’s) of Seoul. Participants of the policy network were selected by the snowballing method and completed self-administered questionnaires. Actors, the interactions among actors, and the characteristics of the network were analyzed by Netminer.
Results
The results showed that the public is not yet actively participating in the local public health policy processes of decision-making and implementation. In the decision-making process, most of the network actors were in the public sector, while the private sector was a minor actor and participated in only a limited number of issues after the major decisions were made. In the implementation process, the program was led by the health center, while other actors participated passively.
Conclusions
Public participation in Korean public health policy is not yet well activated. Preliminary discussions with various stakeholders, including civil society, are needed before making important local public health policy decisions. In addition, efforts to include local institutions and residents in the implementation process with the public officials are necessary to improve the situation.
Summary
Association Between Local Government Social Expenditures and Mortality Levels in Korea
Hansoo Ko, Jinseob Kim, Donggil Kim, Saerom Kim, Yukyung Park, Chang-yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2013;46(1):1-9.   Published online January 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.1.1
  • 8,477 View
  • 73 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

We examined the association between social expenditures of the local government and the mortality level in Korea, 2004 to 2010.

Methods

We used social expenditure data of 230 local governments during 2004 to 2010 from the Social Expenditure Database prepared by the Korean Institute for Health and Social Affairs. Fixed effect panel data regression analysis was adopted to look for associations between social expenditures and age-standardized mortality and the premature death index.

Results

Social expenditures of local governments per capita was not significantly associated with standardized mortality but was associated with the premature death index (decline of 1.0 [for males] and 0.5 [for females] for each expenditure of 100 000 Korean won, i.e., approximately 100 US dollar). As an index of the voluntary effort of local governments, the self-managed project ratio was associated with a decline in the standardized mortality in females (decline of 0.4 for each increase of 1%). The share of health care was not significant.

Conclusions

There were associations between social expenditures of the local government and the mortality level in Korea. In particular, social expenditures per capita were significantly associated with a decline in premature death. However, the voluntary efforts of local governments were not significantly related to the decline in premature death.

Summary

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  • Public health management: systemic analysis of social determinants of health in Brazilian municipalities
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Disparities in Health Care Utilization Among Urban Homeless in South Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study
Changgyo Yoon, Young-Su Ju, Chang-yup Kim
J Prev Med Public Health. 2011;44(6):267-274.   Published online November 14, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.6.267
  • 9,682 View
  • 96 Download
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

We examined health care disparities in Korean urban homeless people and individual characteristics associated with the utilization of health care.

Methods

We selected a sample of 203 homeless individuals at streets, shelters, and drop-in centers in Seoul and Daejeon by a quota sampling method. We surveyed demographic information, information related to using health care, and health status with a questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was adopted to identify factors associated with using health care and to reveal health care disparities within the Korean urban homeless population.

Results

Among 203 respondents, 89 reported that they had visited health care providers at least once in the past 6 months. Twenty persons (22.5%) in the group that used health care (n = 89) reported feeling discriminated against. After adjustment for age, sex, marital status, educational level, monthly income, perceived health status, Beck Depression Inventory score, homeless period, and other covariates, three factors were significantly associated with medical utilization: female sex (adjusted odds ratio [aOR, 15.95; 95% CI, 3.97 to 64.04], having three or more diseases (aOR, 24.58; 95% CI, 4.23 to 142.78), and non-street residency (aOR, 11.39; 95% CI, 3.58 to 36.24).

Conclusions

Health care disparities in Seoul and Daejeon homeless exist in terms of the main place to stay, physical illnesses, and gender. Under the current homeless support system in South Korea, street homeless have poorer accessibility to health care versus non-street homeless. To provide equitable medical aid for homeless people, strategies to overcome barriers against health care for the street homeless are needed.

Summary

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JPMPH : Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health